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Language: Lengo (Ghaimuta)

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983) 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Gela-Guadalcanal:Gela 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand lima arm 1  
2 left mauli left 1, 59  
3 right      
4 leg/foot tua-na leg 95  
5 to walk ndatɔ go up    
5 to walk ndea go 30  
5 to walk sivɔ go down    
5 to walk ndea walk 30  
6 road/path sa road    
7 to come mai come 1  
8 to turn word info pililiu turn 2  
9 to swim swim 91  
9 to swim pɔpɔɣɔ bathe 31  
10 dirty mbili dirty 13  
10 dirty papaŋga dirty 52  
11 dust ravu dust 29  
12 skin ɣuli-na skin 1  
13 back word info mbuke-na back 13  
14 belly tɔmba-na belly 36  
15 bone suli-na bone 52  
16 intestines kutu-na guts 43  
17 liver ate-na liver 1  
18 breast čuču-na breast 1  
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɣilaɣanā know 18  
21 to think tutuŋgā think    
22 to fear mataɣu fear 1  
23 blood ɣambu-na blood 5  
24 head lɔva-na head 47  
25 neck liɔ-na neck 1  
26 hair word info ɣore hair (body) 42  
27 nose isu-na nose 1  
28 to breathe asembɔna breathe 16, 63  
29 to sniff, smell siɣini smell 12  
30 mouth maŋa-na mouth 13  
31 tooth livɔ-na tooth 1, 35  
32 tongue lapi-na tongue 21  
33 to laugh kalaɔ laugh 81  
34 to cry ɔra cry 45  
35 to vomit lulua vomit 8  
36 to spit čuve spit 19, 88  
37 to eat ɣaɣani eat 1  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
40 to drink inu drink 1  
41 to bite ɣania bite 38  
42 to suck mučua suck 20  
43 ear kuli-na ear 6  
44 to hear rɔŋɔsia hear 1  
45 eye mata-na eye 1  
46 to see kaɔa see    
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep maturu sleep 1  
49 to lie down word info enɔ lie down 1  
50 to dream      
51 to sit čambɔla sit    
52 to stand stand 2  
53 person/human being tinoni person 10  
54 man/male mane man 1  
54 man/male luvaolu man    
55 woman/female ɣaoka woman 44  
56 child ŋgari child; irregular *e > i 40  
56 child ndae child 28  
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother tina mother 1  
60 father tama father 1  
61 house vae house 14  
61 house luma house 1  
62 thatch/roof      
63 name asa name 1, 18  
64 to say kɔea say 64  
65 rope taŋgi rope    
66 to tie up, fasten sɔria tie 57  
67 to sew word info taia sew; probably loan from Longgu rather than only Oceanic language to reflect Pan *tahiq 2 L
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info ndea na ɔŋa hunt 52  
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce tua stab    
72 to hit word info ambua hit (stick); irregular loss of *l 42  
73 to steal ŋgitɔ steal 46  
74 to kill ambumatea kill 42, 2  
75 to die, be dead mate die 1  
76 to live, be alive mauri alive 1, 76  
76 to live, be alive mauri life 1, 76  
77 to scratch word info ŋgarusia scratch 44  
78 to cut, hack word info tɔɣia cut (string) 3, 96  
78 to cut, hack word info kalia cut (wood) 62  
78 to cut, hack word info meŋga cut nut X  
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info tea split 65  
81 sharp vavaŋa sharp 14, 20  
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info aŋgɔ work 32  
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info pira swell    
88 to squeeze word info lusia squeeze; irregular *o > u 19, 65  
89 to hold word info taria hold 62  
90 to dig ɣelia dig 1  
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info lumba fall    
96 dog kau dog 17  
97 bird manu bird 1  
98 egg tɔlu-na egg 1  
99 feather vulunimanu feather (of bird) 1  
100 wing rapɔ-na wing 50  
101 to fly eŋɔ fly (insect!) x  
101 to fly ɔvɔ fly 1  
102 rat ɣusuve rat 3  
103 meat/flesh venesi-na meat/flesh 17, 67  
104 fat/grease ɣauɣa fat/grease 51  
105 tail kali-na tail 34  
106 snake pɔli snake 44  
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info lisa louse egg x20  
108 louse word info ŋutu louse; irregular *k > ŋ 1, 27  
109 mosquito namɔ mosquito 1  
110 spider laɔ spider 9  
111 fish iɣa fish 1  
112 rotten word info ranĵa rotten 55  
112 rotten word info vuvusa rotten 9, 74  
113 branch word info      
114 leaf rau leaf 1  
115 root lamu root 3  
115 root lali root 16  
116 flower saŋga flower 12  
117 fruit vua fruit 1  
117 fruit vuŋu fruit 9  
118 grass mbumburu grass 19  
119 earth/soil pari earth 45  
120 stone vatu stone 1  
121 sand mamaone sand 1, 59  
122 water word info kolo water 42  
123 to flow tave flow 10  
124 sea tasi sea 1  
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
128 sky oka sky 42  
129 moon vula moon 1  
130 star vetuɣu star 1, 50  
131 cloud word info parakɔ cloud 74  
132 fog lavo fog 3  
133 rain usa rain 1  
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
136 wind ara wind 55  
137 to blow word info uvia blow 4  
138 warm word info papara warm 71  
138 warm word info ɣuvuɣuvu warm 65  
139 cold word info mbimbisi cold 46  
140 dry word info čečele dry 76  
141 wet      
142 heavy mava heavy 46  
143 fire lake fire 6  
144 to burn word info kerea burn 50  
145 smoke word info asu smoke 2  
145 smoke word info mboɣu smoke    
146 ash ravu ashes 67  
147 black mbau black 42  
148 white kerere white    
149 red čiči red 19  
150 yellow mila yellow 44  
151 green marao green 13  
151 green kina green 53  
152 small kiki small 78  
153 big ŋgulai big 57  
154 short word info      
155 long word info ndaɣo long 58  
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info noɣa old (thing) x  
163 new vaolu new 1  
164 good ndoku good; irregular medial k 54  
165 bad, evil saɣata bad 1, 49  
166 correct, true      
167 night rondo night 11  
168 day ndani day 6  
169 year      
170 when? word info ŋisa when? 1, 24  
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at ni at 18  
173 at tana at 7  
174 in, inside leo in; irregular loss of *l 1, 69  
175 above      
176 below ruruɣu below 42  
177 this inde this 27  
177 this nia this 1  
178 that      
179 near ɣaɣare near 79  
180 far sau-na far 1  
181 where? word info vei where? 3  
182 I inau I (1sg) 1, 22  
183 thou iɣoe you (2sg) s  
184 he/she ia he 1  
185 we word info ikoɣami we (1du.excl) 2  
185 we word info iɣita we (1pl.incl) 1  
185 we word info iɣami we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info ikoɣita we (1du.incl) 1  
186 you iɣamu you (2pl) 1  
186 you ikoɣamu you (2du) x  
186 you -miu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
187 they ira they (3pl) 1, 70  
187 they ikoira they (3du) x  
188 what? word info na hua what? 36  
189 who? word info asei who? 1, 68  
190 other      
191 all      
192 and mana and 2, 40  
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not teiɣa no 4, 70  
196 to count mbunia count 50  
197 One word info čikai one 42  
198 Two word info ruka two; irregular medial -k- 1, 21  
199 Three word info tɔlu three 1  
200 Four word info vati four 1, 65  
201 Five word info lima five 1  
202 Six word info ɔnɔ six 1  
203 Seven word info vitu seven 1  
204 Eight word info alu eight 3  
205 Nine word info siu nine; irregular loss of *a 5  
206 Ten word info saŋavulu ten 5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info seŋetu one hundred; irregular loss of *R 4, 38  
210 One Thousand word info toɣa one thousand 27  

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