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Language: Nduke

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983) 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:Meso Melanesian:New Ireland:South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic:New Georgia:West 
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ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
190 other      
1 hand hɛhe-na arm    
5 to walk nimbaka to walk    
5 to walk ɣore go down    
5 to walk saɣe go up/ascend    
5 to walk lelegho to stroll.    
6 road/path ripe road    
8 to turn word info ilaŋa turn    
10 dirty nena dirty    
12 skin tutupa-na skin    
15 bone humuma-na bone    
22 to fear malaŋgu fear    
26 hair word info mbumburu-na hair (body)    
30 mouth hurɔ-na mouth    
31 tooth patu-na ancient "respect" word for teeth.    
34 to cry ŋire cry    
38 to chew word info teteku to eat (polite)    
39 to cook word info nako (on a fire)    
41 to bite kipea bite    
54 man/male remalea man    
55 woman/female remaŋgota woman    
57 husband baroghoso lit. "mature man" - no special term.    
58 wife nggoele      
61 house ɣuɣusu house    
64 to say ŋɔvere say    
65 rope pahu rope    
66 to tie up, fasten sandɔa tie    
68 needle suni      
69 to hunt word info rɔŋgɔhɔ hunt    
70 to shoot word info ghoto      
71 to stab, pierce hoele to pierce/spear through s.t.    
72 to hit word info mazea hit (stick)    
77 to scratch word info ɣeɣerua scratch    
78 to cut, hack word info taŋgea cut (wood)    
79 stick/wood labete plank    
81 sharp ɣiɣiri sharp    
84 to plant riva      
88 to squeeze word info mbɔua squeeze, press, massage    
89 to hold word info taminia hold    
92 to open, uncover silanga      
94 to throw word info okini      
97 bird rɔpete bird    
100 wing mbetete-na wing    
101 to fly aka fly    
103 meat/flesh pupusi meat/flesh    
112 rotten word info tumbu rotten    
113 branch word info kapaha-na branch    
117 fruit nɔa ɣae fruit    
119 earth/soil melaka earth    
124 sea hivoko sea    
127 woods/forest heŋga bush    
128 sky taloso      
129 moon rea moon    
133 rain sɔŋe rain    
137 to blow word info ivoro blow    
138 warm word info navoɣo warm    
141 wet nenevu wet    
144 to burn word info hutea burn    
144 to burn word info huta burn    
146 ash ɔrɔ ashes    
147 black ŋgila black    
151 green endendaka green    
152 small hitelena small    
155 long word info ɣɔndɔrɔ-na long    
158 narrow vivingge Narrow/Thin    
159 wide bero (-na)      
160 painful, sick ranu fever    
161 shy, ashamed kikizu      
170 when? word info kɔsava when?    
177 this hoa (1p sg)    
177 this hora (1p sg)    
181 where? word info ova      
191 all dovuru      
193 if kɔni if    
194 how? word info osu how?    
5 to walk laɣo go 1  
7 to come mai come 1  
18 breast susu-na breast 1  
19 shoulder vara   1  
27 nose isu-na nose 1  
43 ear taliŋi-na ear 1  
45 eye mata-na eye 1  
59 mother tina-na mother 1  
60 father tama-na father 1  
75 to die, be dead mate die 1  
79 stick/wood ghae tree/stick/log 1  
108 louse word info ɣutu louse 1  
108 louse word info vutu louse 1  
111 fish iɣana fish 1  
120 stone patu stone 1  
156 thin word info manivisi thin 1  
167 night mbɔŋi night 1  
180 far ɣasau far 1  
183 thou ghoi   1  
184 he/she aia he 1  
185 we word info ɣikɔri we (1du.incl) 1  
185 we word info ɣikasa we (1pl.incl) 1  
185 we word info ɣita we (1pl.incl) 1  
186 you ɣamu you (2pl) 1  
188 what? word info saɣa what? 1  
189 who? word info seɣai who is it/who's that? 1  
189 who? word info segha   1  
201 Five word info lima five 1  
203 Seven word info vitu seven 1  
208 Fifty word info limangvulu   1  
42 to suck nɔnɔpo suck 1, 22  
5 to walk lamua "you go" 1, 69  
85 to choose vile   1, 24  
182 I rai I (1sg) 1, 24  
31 tooth livɔ-na tooth 1, 35  
130 star pipino star 1, 40  
202 Six word info vɔnɔmɔ six 1, 55  
121 sand karakɔne sand 1, 60  
53 person/human being tinoni person 10  
153 big lavata big 10  
209 One Hundred word info keka ɣɔɣɔto one hundred 10  
196 to count tasea count 10, 58  
51 to sit tɔtu sit 104  
96 dog siki dog 11  
125 salt kavi   11  
199 Three word info kuhe three 11  
9 to swim hihiu to bathe 12  
56 child kɔmburu child 12  
62 thatch/roof ropoto thatch 12  
98 egg vovoto egg 12  
73 to steal hiko steal 13  
80 to split word info veŋgalia split 13  
132 fog kɔvele fog 13  
135 lightning kapi lightning 13  
176 below pa kauru-na below 13  
36 to spit ɣɔso spit 14, 83  
29 to sniff, smell humaŋa smell 15  
37 to eat ŋaŋau eat 15  
48 to sleep puta sleep 15  
116 flower havɔrɔ flower 15  
123 to flow tɔtɔlɔ flow 15  
157 thick word info mɔata thick 15  
204 Eight word info vesu eight 15  
2 left ɣende-na left 16  
106 snake ndɔle snake 16  
139 cold word info imbulu cold 16  
207 Twenty word info rambete   16  
46 to see ɔmea see 17  
71 to stab, pierce hɔperia to spear 17  
71 to stab, pierce hɔva to stab 17  
83 to work word info tatavete work 17  
118 grass heheu grass 17  
150 yellow meava yellow 17  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɣiɣilea know 18  
25 neck rua-na neck 18  
114 leaf vuvuru leaf 18  
148 white keɔrɔ white 18  
171 to hide word info tome   18  
177 this pia (ostensive) 18  
177 this tia (ostensive) 18  
206 Ten word info manoɣa ten 18  
4 leg/foot nene-na leg 19  
47 to yawn mamava   19  
67 to sew word info pipiti sew 19  
178 that sana (2P SG) 19  
178 that hana (2P SG) 19  
178 that sara (2P PL) 19  
178 that hara (2P PL) 19  
74 to kill vamatea kill 2  
115 root aɣara-na root 2  
185 we word info ɣami we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info ɣami kɔri we (1du.excl) 2  
52 to stand turu stand 2, 69  
210 One Thousand word info keka tina one thousand 20  
164 good leana good 22  
172 to climb word info keasa   24  
174 in, inside pa korapa-na in 24  
87 to swell word info mɔŋgo swell 24, 56  
192 and mbeti and 24, 36  
187 they ria they (3pl) 25  
63 name isoŋɔ-na name 26  
65 rope veve rope 26  
86 to grow word info tonggo   27  
126 lake kopi lake, pond, pool, flooded area 27  
143 fire ikuhu fire 28  
193 if mbi if 28  
91 to buy vaghi   29  
107 worm (earthworm) rute   29  
107 worm (earthworm) dol' rute   29  
175 above ululu   29  
13 back word info mundi-na back 3  
200 Four word info mande four 3  
102 rat kurezu irreg reflex 3, 62  
23 blood ɔruŋu-na blood 30  
197 One word info keka one 31, 14  
163 new kɔreɣana new 32  
166 correct, true tuvisi true, correct 32  
50 to dream puputa (redup. of "puta": to sleep) 34  
28 to breathe ŋɔhi breathe 36  
105 tail pikutu-na tail 37  
16 intestines laɣu-na guts 39  
44 to hear lemonia to hear it 39  
44 to hear lemono   39  
95 to fall word info ndukele fall 39, 116  
37 to eat teteku eat 42  
49 to lie down word info kɔle lie down 42  
99 feather vuvuru rɔpete feather 43  
110 spider kaŋgaɣa spider (an unusual but valid variant) 43  
110 spider kangga   43  
54 man/male tinoni man 46  
142 heavy mamata heavy 46, 35  
8 to turn word info kekere turn 47  
104 fat/grease zɔŋai fat/grease 47  
169 year ran' haɔro (with specific year) 47  
169 year haoro   47  
165 bad, evil hikerena bad 48  
88 to squeeze word info pinduria twist, wring, e.g. wring out laundry 49  
149 red zimiri red 49  
137 to blow word info ivua blow 5  
205 Nine word info sia nine 5  
3 right matao-na right 5, 13  
9 to swim ruasa swim 50  
21 to think ororu think 50  
109 mosquito nɔnɔɣo mosquito 50  
136 wind ivɔro wind 52  
145 smoke word info tula smoke 52  
39 to cook word info raro (in a pot) 56  
77 to scratch word info viraka scratch 56  
93 to pound, beat word info ruza   56  
131 cloud word info lei cloud 56  
168 day rane day 6  
82 dull, blunt raka blunt 62  
162 old word info ŋgoele old (person) 62  
195 no, not ndake no 63  
14 belly hiapa-na belly 65  
134 thunder paka thunder 65  
140 dry word info pindili dry 65  
33 to laugh ɣeɣele laugh 69  
122 water word info kɔlo water 7  
32 tongue elembe-na tongue 7, 17  
11 dust kavuru dust 72  
78 to cut, hack word info kɔpɔtia cut (string) 76  
162 old word info mbaroɣoso old (person) 77  
17 liver kola-na liver 8  
35 to vomit lua vomit 8  
38 to chew word info ngangau to eat (vulgar), to chew, to gouge 8  
40 to drink mbei drink 8  
76 to live, be alive tɔa life 8  
76 to live, be alive tɔa alive 8  
173 at pa at 8  
198 Two word info kori two 8  
76 to live, be alive tinɔa life 8, 39  
90 to dig sokia dig 81  
24 head mbatu-na head 9  
154 short word info pɔpɔti short 9  
179 near tata near 9  
160 painful, sick vitingi pain 95  
183 thou ɣɔi you (2sg) s  
78 to cut, hack word info kinɔ Barringtonia edulis "cut-nut" x  
162 old word info sasauna old (thing) x  
162 old word info kɔlena old (thing) x  
181 where? word info ovia where is it? x  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
186 you -mi ɣamu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you ɣamu kɔri you (2du) x  
187 they ri kɔri they (3du) x  
108 louse word info lisa louse egg x20  

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