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Language: Nduke

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983) 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:Meso Melanesian:New Ireland:South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic:New Georgia:West 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand hɛhe-na arm    
2 left ɣende-na left 16  
3 right matao-na right 5, 13  
4 leg/foot nene-na leg 19  
5 to walk nimbaka to walk    
5 to walk ɣore go down    
5 to walk lamua "you go" 1, 69  
5 to walk laɣo go 1  
5 to walk saɣe go up/ascend    
5 to walk lelegho to stroll.    
6 road/path ripe road    
7 to come mai come 1  
8 to turn word info kekere turn 47  
8 to turn word info ilaŋa turn    
9 to swim hihiu to bathe 12  
9 to swim ruasa swim 50  
10 dirty nena dirty    
11 dust kavuru dust 72  
12 skin tutupa-na skin    
13 back word info mundi-na back 3  
14 belly hiapa-na belly 65  
15 bone humuma-na bone    
16 intestines laɣu-na guts 39  
17 liver kola-na liver 8  
18 breast susu-na breast 1  
19 shoulder vara   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɣiɣilea know 18  
21 to think ororu think 50  
22 to fear malaŋgu fear    
23 blood ɔruŋu-na blood 30  
24 head mbatu-na head 9  
25 neck rua-na neck 18  
26 hair word info mbumburu-na hair (body)    
27 nose isu-na nose 1  
28 to breathe ŋɔhi breathe 36  
29 to sniff, smell humaŋa smell 15  
30 mouth hurɔ-na mouth    
31 tooth patu-na ancient "respect" word for teeth.    
31 tooth livɔ-na tooth 1, 35  
32 tongue elembe-na tongue 7, 17  
33 to laugh ɣeɣele laugh 69  
34 to cry ŋire cry    
35 to vomit lua vomit 8  
36 to spit ɣɔso spit 14, 83  
37 to eat teteku eat 42  
37 to eat ŋaŋau eat 15  
38 to chew word info ngangau to eat (vulgar), to chew, to gouge 8  
38 to chew word info teteku to eat (polite)    
39 to cook word info raro (in a pot) 56  
39 to cook word info nako (on a fire)    
40 to drink mbei drink 8  
41 to bite kipea bite    
42 to suck nɔnɔpo suck 1, 22  
43 ear taliŋi-na ear 1  
44 to hear lemonia to hear it 39  
44 to hear lemono   39  
45 eye mata-na eye 1  
46 to see ɔmea see 17  
47 to yawn mamava   19  
48 to sleep puta sleep 15  
49 to lie down word info kɔle lie down 42  
50 to dream puputa (redup. of "puta": to sleep) 34  
51 to sit tɔtu sit 104  
52 to stand turu stand 2, 69  
53 person/human being tinoni person 10  
54 man/male remalea man    
54 man/male tinoni man 46  
55 woman/female remaŋgota woman    
56 child kɔmburu child 12  
57 husband baroghoso lit. "mature man" - no special term.    
58 wife nggoele      
59 mother tina-na mother 1  
60 father tama-na father 1  
61 house ɣuɣusu house    
62 thatch/roof ropoto thatch 12  
63 name isoŋɔ-na name 26  
64 to say ŋɔvere say    
65 rope pahu rope    
65 rope veve rope 26  
66 to tie up, fasten sandɔa tie    
67 to sew word info pipiti sew 19  
68 needle suni      
69 to hunt word info rɔŋgɔhɔ hunt    
70 to shoot word info ghoto      
71 to stab, pierce hɔperia to spear 17  
71 to stab, pierce hɔva to stab 17  
71 to stab, pierce hoele to pierce/spear through s.t.    
72 to hit word info mazea hit (stick)    
73 to steal hiko steal 13  
74 to kill vamatea kill 2  
75 to die, be dead mate die 1  
76 to live, be alive tinɔa life 8, 39  
76 to live, be alive tɔa life 8  
76 to live, be alive tɔa alive 8  
77 to scratch word info viraka scratch 56  
77 to scratch word info ɣeɣerua scratch    
78 to cut, hack word info kinɔ Barringtonia edulis "cut-nut" x  
78 to cut, hack word info taŋgea cut (wood)    
78 to cut, hack word info kɔpɔtia cut (string) 76  
79 stick/wood ghae tree/stick/log 1  
79 stick/wood labete plank    
80 to split word info veŋgalia split 13  
81 sharp ɣiɣiri sharp    
82 dull, blunt raka blunt 62  
83 to work word info tatavete work 17  
84 to plant riva      
85 to choose vile   1, 24  
86 to grow word info tonggo   27  
87 to swell word info mɔŋgo swell 24, 56  
88 to squeeze word info mbɔua squeeze, press, massage    
88 to squeeze word info pinduria twist, wring, e.g. wring out laundry 49  
89 to hold word info taminia hold    
90 to dig sokia dig 81  
91 to buy vaghi   29  
92 to open, uncover silanga      
93 to pound, beat word info ruza   56  
94 to throw word info okini      
95 to fall word info ndukele fall 39, 116  
96 dog siki dog 11  
97 bird rɔpete bird    
98 egg vovoto egg 12  
99 feather vuvuru rɔpete feather 43  
100 wing mbetete-na wing    
101 to fly aka fly    
102 rat kurezu irreg reflex 3, 62  
103 meat/flesh pupusi meat/flesh    
104 fat/grease zɔŋai fat/grease 47  
105 tail pikutu-na tail 37  
106 snake ndɔle snake 16  
107 worm (earthworm) rute   29  
107 worm (earthworm) dol' rute   29  
108 louse word info ɣutu louse 1  
108 louse word info vutu louse 1  
108 louse word info lisa louse egg x20  
109 mosquito nɔnɔɣo mosquito 50  
110 spider kaŋgaɣa spider (an unusual but valid variant) 43  
110 spider kangga   43  
111 fish iɣana fish 1  
112 rotten word info tumbu rotten    
113 branch word info kapaha-na branch    
114 leaf vuvuru leaf 18  
115 root aɣara-na root 2  
116 flower havɔrɔ flower 15  
117 fruit nɔa ɣae fruit    
118 grass heheu grass 17  
119 earth/soil melaka earth    
120 stone patu stone 1  
121 sand karakɔne sand 1, 60  
122 water word info kɔlo water 7  
123 to flow tɔtɔlɔ flow 15  
124 sea hivoko sea    
125 salt kavi   11  
126 lake kopi lake, pond, pool, flooded area 27  
127 woods/forest heŋga bush    
128 sky taloso      
129 moon rea moon    
130 star pipino star 1, 40  
131 cloud word info lei cloud 56  
132 fog kɔvele fog 13  
133 rain sɔŋe rain    
134 thunder paka thunder 65  
135 lightning kapi lightning 13  
136 wind ivɔro wind 52  
137 to blow word info ivoro blow    
137 to blow word info ivua blow 5  
138 warm word info navoɣo warm    
139 cold word info imbulu cold 16  
140 dry word info pindili dry 65  
141 wet nenevu wet    
142 heavy mamata heavy 46, 35  
143 fire ikuhu fire 28  
144 to burn word info hutea burn    
144 to burn word info huta burn    
145 smoke word info tula smoke 52  
146 ash ɔrɔ ashes    
147 black ŋgila black    
148 white keɔrɔ white 18  
149 red zimiri red 49  
150 yellow meava yellow 17  
151 green endendaka green    
152 small hitelena small    
153 big lavata big 10  
154 short word info pɔpɔti short 9  
155 long word info ɣɔndɔrɔ-na long    
156 thin word info manivisi thin 1  
157 thick word info mɔata thick 15  
158 narrow vivingge Narrow/Thin    
159 wide bero (-na)      
160 painful, sick ranu fever    
160 painful, sick vitingi pain 95  
161 shy, ashamed kikizu      
162 old word info mbaroɣoso old (person) 77  
162 old word info ŋgoele old (person) 62  
162 old word info sasauna old (thing) x  
162 old word info kɔlena old (thing) x  
163 new kɔreɣana new 32  
164 good leana good 22  
165 bad, evil hikerena bad 48  
166 correct, true tuvisi true, correct 32  
167 night mbɔŋi night 1  
168 day rane day 6  
169 year ran' haɔro (with specific year) 47  
169 year haoro   47  
170 when? word info kɔsava when?    
171 to hide word info tome   18  
172 to climb word info keasa   24  
173 at pa at 8  
174 in, inside pa korapa-na in 24  
175 above ululu   29  
176 below pa kauru-na below 13  
177 this pia (ostensive) 18  
177 this tia (ostensive) 18  
177 this hoa (1p sg)    
177 this hora (1p sg)    
178 that sana (2P SG) 19  
178 that hana (2P SG) 19  
178 that sara (2P PL) 19  
178 that hara (2P PL) 19  
179 near tata near 9  
180 far ɣasau far 1  
181 where? word info ovia where is it? x  
181 where? word info ova      
182 I rai I (1sg) 1, 24  
183 thou ɣɔi you (2sg) s  
183 thou ghoi   1  
184 he/she aia he 1  
185 we word info ɣikɔri we (1du.incl) 1  
185 we word info ɣami we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info ɣikasa we (1pl.incl) 1  
185 we word info ɣita we (1pl.incl) 1  
185 we word info ɣami kɔri we (1du.excl) 2  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
186 you -mi ɣamu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you ɣamu kɔri you (2du) x  
186 you ɣamu you (2pl) 1  
187 they ri kɔri they (3du) x  
187 they ria they (3pl) 25  
188 what? word info saɣa what? 1  
189 who? word info seɣai who is it/who's that? 1  
189 who? word info segha   1  
190 other      
191 all dovuru      
192 and mbeti and 24, 36  
193 if kɔni if    
193 if mbi if 28  
194 how? word info osu how?    
195 no, not ndake no 63  
196 to count tasea count 10, 58  
197 One word info keka one 31, 44  
198 Two word info kori two 8  
199 Three word info kuhe three 11  
200 Four word info mande four 3  
201 Five word info lima five 1  
202 Six word info vɔnɔmɔ six 1, 55  
203 Seven word info vitu seven 1  
204 Eight word info vesu eight 15  
205 Nine word info sia nine 5  
206 Ten word info manoɣa ten 18  
207 Twenty word info rambete   16  
208 Fifty word info limangvulu   1  
209 One Hundred word info keka ɣɔɣɔto one hundred 10  
210 One Thousand word info keka tina one thousand 20  

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