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Language: Tawaroga

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983) 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Malaita-San Cristobal:San Cristobal 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand ruma-na arm; irregular shift from *i > u 1  
2 left maha-na left 57  
3 right oto-na right 42  
4 leg/foot ɚɣa-na leg; irregular *q >ɣ 1  
5 to walk taworaoha walk 84  
5 to walk watu go down    
5 to walk rɔ̄ go 1  
5 to walk akœ go up    
6 road/path atara road; irregular addition of initial vowel 1  
7 to come rœ me come 1, 87  
8 to turn word info ahoro turn 37  
9 to swim mamanu bathe 62  
9 to swim arasi swim 63  
10 dirty bwɔɛra dirty 79  
11 dust rahuɣa-na dust 29  
12 skin ɣawɔ-na skin 35  
13 back word info murina back 3  
13 back word info ɣerina back 39  
14 belly ɔbwa-na belly 36  
15 bone suri-na bone 52  
16 intestines aŋe-na guts 59  
17 liver rɔkɔ-na liver 25  
18 breast susu-na breast 1  
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɣirara know; irregular addition of reduplicated final syllable 18, 102  
21 to think takosia think 38  
22 to fear maɣu fear 1  
23 blood ɣapu-na blood 5  
24 head pwə-na head; irregular *au > ə 9  
25 neck riɔ-na neck 1  
26 hair word info warehu-na hair (body); irregular loss of *a 54  
27 nose pwarusu-na nose 1, 12  
28 to breathe manawa breathe 1  
29 to sniff, smell siɣini smell 12  
30 mouth hara-na mouth 42  
31 tooth riwɔ-na tooth 1, 35  
32 tongue mea-na tongue 7  
33 to laugh mamana laugh 51  
34 to cry aŋi cry 1  
35 to vomit momoa vomit; irregular *u > o 1  
36 to spit musu spit 14, 82  
37 to eat ŋœ eat; irregular *au > œ 15  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
40 to drink tono drink 35  
41 to bite ɣara bite; irregular *k > ɣ 1  
42 to suck nuɣua suck 29  
43 ear kariŋa-na ear 1, 24  
44 to hear roŋo hear 1  
45 eye mā-na eye 1  
46 to see bwore see    
46 to see ono see    
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep meru sleep 1, 70  
49 to lie down word info lie down 51  
50 to dream      
51 to sit koa sit    
51 to sit oɣa sit 80  
52 to stand ura stand 40  
53 person/human being enuni person; irregular *i > e and *o > u 10  
54 man/male mwane man 1  
55 woman/female hehɛne woman 1, 47  
56 child kerekare child 40  
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother ena-na mother; irregular *i > e 1  
60 father ema-na father; irregular *a > e 1  
61 house ruma house 1  
62 thatch/roof ruma āo thatch 1  
63 name ata-na name 1, 18  
64 to say wīsia say 71  
65 rope warɔ rope 2  
66 to tie up, fasten raku tie 64  
67 to sew word info tea sew; irregular *ai > e 2  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info haɣawasi hunt 15  
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce ahura stab 64  
72 to hit word info tahuru hit (stick) 45  
73 to steal hanaɣo steal 1, 58  
74 to kill nahu kill 50  
75 to die, be dead me die; irregular loss of *a 1  
76 to live, be alive tahiŋa life 32  
76 to live, be alive tahi alive 32  
77 to scratch word info ɣarosia scratch 1, 88  
78 to cut, hack word info hara cut nut X  
78 to cut, hack word info tapi cut (wood) 66  
78 to cut, hack word info rete cut (string) 98  
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info easita split 55  
81 sharp emāsi sharp 72  
82 dull, blunt māmasusu blunt 56  
83 to work word info taɣara work 53  
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info bwote swell 17  
88 to squeeze word info rosia squeeze 19  
89 to hold word info tœa hold 77  
90 to dig tapa dig 78  
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info wota fall 71  
96 dog ao dog 58  
97 bird manu bird 1  
98 egg ɔru-na egg 1  
99 feather warehu-na feather 45  
100 wing ɣaɣaha-na wing 1, 39  
101 to fly ɣaha fly 36  
101 to fly raŋɔ fly (insect!) x  
102 rat kiki rat 56  
103 meat/flesh hisiɣɔ-na meat/flesh 10  
104 fat/grease əpwe-na fat/grease 56  
105 tail kere-na tail 39  
106 snake amwā snake; irregular addition of initial vowel 12  
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info ɣū louse 1  
108 louse word info rita louse egg x20  
109 mosquito namu mosquito 1  
110 spider rawa spider 1  
111 fish sare fish 61  
112 rotten word info kakaɣa rotten 58  
113 branch word info ara-na branch 1, 17  
114 leaf aha-na leaf 34  
115 root waɣa-na root 2  
116 flower taka-na flower 12  
117 fruit ɣua-na fruit 1, 26  
118 grass rauɣa grass; irregular velar fricative 16  
119 earth/soil mwakɔ earth 51  
120 stone stone; irregular *a > o 1  
121 sand ne sand; irregular loss of *o 1  
122 water word info water 2  
123 to flow ɣoɣo flow 48  
124 sea asi sea 1  
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest tɔro bush 69  
127 woods/forest mwū bush    
128 sky wawearo sky 49  
129 moon haɣeha moon 39  
130 star hiɣu star 1, 51  
131 cloud word info arɔto cloud; irregular addition of initial vowel 65  
132 fog raho fog 3  
133 rain raŋi rain 7  
134 thunder ɣuɣuruhia thunder 2, 63  
135 lightning maraŋea lightning 53  
136 wind rɔɣa wind 54  
137 to blow word info roɣa blow 51  
138 warm word info mahana warm 1, 72  
139 cold word info marato cold 65  
140 dry word info mamata dry 11  
141 wet eruhu wet 66  
142 heavy hiɣa heavy 41  
143 fire aɣī fire; irregular addition of initial a- 33  
144 to burn word info tete burn 61  
145 smoke word info easu smoke 2  
145 smoke word info rɔpworɔpwo smoke 14  
146 ash rahu ashes 67  
147 black māsuri black 54  
148 white esiki white 58  
149 red memera red 1  
150 yellow tɔratɔrakaɣa yellow 54  
151 green marawarara green 13  
152 small sisite small 63  
153 big raha big 10  
154 short word info eapwupwu short 56  
155 long word info bwɔrahu long 16  
156 thin word info mahinihini thin; irregular metathesis of *n and *s 1  
157 thick word info eupupuɣa thick 12  
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick matɔro sick 11  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info ɣēmœa old (person) 61  
162 old word info mweraha old (person) 85  
162 old word info bwanimwar old (thing) x  
163 new hru new 1  
164 good koro good 55  
165 bad, evil ēra bad 52  
166 correct, true eɔto correct 13  
167 night bwɔŋi night 1  
168 day taŋiana day 6  
169 year harisi year 8  
170 when? word info matenata when? 45  
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at i at 1  
174 in, inside iraro-na in 1  
175 above      
176 below naruhuɣa-na below 60  
177 this ekani this 44  
178 that      
179 near haɣaraŋi near 1, 74  
180 far haɣatœ far 1, 18  
181 where? word info ihe where? 3  
182 I inœ I (1sg) 1, 22  
183 thou iɣo you (2sg) s  
184 he/she ŋaia he 1, 68  
185 we word info iɣœrua we (1du.incl) 6  
185 we word info iɣami we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info iɣia we (1pl.incl) 1  
185 we word info iɣamirua we (1du.excl) 2  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
186 you iɣamurua you (2du) x  
186 you iɣamu you (2pl) x  
187 they ŋairœrua they (3du) x  
187 they ŋaira they (3pl) 1, 71  
188 what? word info ata what? 53  
189 who? word info wati who? 1, 69  
190 other      
191 all      
192 and ma and 2  
193 if maŋa if 3, 68  
194 how? word info maŋa ihe how? 48  
195 no, not mareha no 74  
196 to count toma count 14  
197 One word info etaɣe one 32  
197 One word info etā one 32  
198 Two word info irua two 1  
199 Three word info eɔru three 1  
200 Four word info ehē four 1, 65  
201 Five word info irima five 1  
202 Six word info iɔnɔ six 1  
203 Seven word info ipiu seven 1  
204 Eight word info ewaru eight 3  
205 Nine word info isiwa nine 5  
206 Ten word info taŋahuru ten 5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info taŋarə netaɣe one hundred; irregular metathesis of l and ŋ 39  
210 One Thousand word info pwera netaɣe one thousand 23  

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