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Language: Äiwoo

Source/Author:   
Notes:  Åshild Næss, Pers.Comm.

Ross, M. & Næss, Å. (2007). An Oceanic origin for Äiwoo, the language of the Reef Islands? Oceanic Linguistics, 46, 2.

Some entries from:
Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By:  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Temotu:Reefs-Santa Cruz 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above uu (locative adverb "up above")    
191 all du      
192 and e   8  
192 and mo   2  
192 and mo   2  
146 ash nubolese   31  
173 at ngä      
13 back word info numwangu 1min 106  
13 back word info numwangä 3min 106  
165 bad, evil ea      
14 belly nuwoso 1min 97  
14 belly nuwosä 3min 97  
176 below vi (locative adverb 'down below')    
153 big eolo   19  
97 bird dekuluwo (nominalization, from luwo "jump, fly, dive")    
147 black woeo      
23 blood delâ   1  
15 bone neve (of mammals, birds) 24  
15 bone nyiji (of fish) 2  
113 branch word info nula   1  
18 breast nyio 1min 32  
18 breast nyiä 3min    
56 child devalili   91  
56 child dowâlili   91  
131 cloud word info noo      
139 cold word info dango (of things, weather)    
139 cold word info balelo (to feel cold)    
166 correct, true une      
168 day nubula = dawn, daylight    
168 day une      
168 day iis(i) ?    
10 dirty bilängi      
10 dirty bulängi      
96 dog kuli Probable Polynesian borrowing 7 L?
140 dry word info vepe      
82 dull, blunt tubu   3  
11 dust      
43 ear nugokä 3min    
43 ear nugoko 1min    
119 earth/soil nubo      
98 egg nuwoli      
204 Eight word info polee      
45 eye nyibä 3min 28  
45 eye nyibe 1min 28  
180 far nyopu      
104 fat/grease teenu grease, oil    
60 father tumwä 3min    
60 father tumo 1min 1  
99 feather nyiluu      
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire nyie   1, 5  
111 fish sii      
201 Five word info vili   1  
116 flower nup(w)a   11  
132 fog ñiŋganwale      
200 Four word info uvä   1  
117 fruit nuwa   1  
164 good päko      
118 grass numwa nebo   29  
151 green momâlâ light green/blue    
151 green mou "dark green/blue"    
26 hair word info nyiluu body & head hair (& feather) 31  
1 hand nyime 1min 1, 66  
1 hand nyimä 3min 1, 66  
184 he/she ine   1, 6  
184 he/she inâ   1, 6  
24 head nuwotau 1min 9  
24 head nuwotaa 3min 9  
142 heavy miou      
142 heavy biou      
61 house nuopwa      
194 how? word info doo      
57 husband giäle 3min    
57 husband giâlu 1min    
57 husband peego (more respectful)    
182 I iu   1, 21  
193 if nemaa      
174 in, inside ngä      
16 intestines nyidau 1min 86  
16 intestines nyida 3min 86  
126 lake nuwoi elo Not a lot of lakes in the Reefs. The Gospel of Mark uses 'big (body of) fresh water'.    
114 leaf taapi      
114 leaf nugo      
2 left numou   41  
4 leg/foot nyike 3min 86  
4 leg/foot nuku 1min 86  
135 lightning vei V. "flash, shine"    
17 liver teaate Polynesian borrowing   L
155 long word info eobulou   16  
108 louse word info nou   1  
54 man/male sigiläi      
103 meat/flesh numamu (in the sense of animal or fish meat as food)    
103 meat/flesh nuu(wä) (meat of e.g. coconuts)    
129 moon nepe   1  
109 mosquito namo   1  
109 mosquito dekumwange (lit "thing that bites")    
59 mother isä 3min    
59 mother iso 1min 25  
30 mouth nede 3min    
30 mouth nedu 1min    
63 name näängu 1min 53  
63 name näängä 3min 53  
158 narrow      
179 near vaa      
25 neck nulo 1min 18  
25 neck nulä 3min 18  
68 needle nyâpole      
163 new maea   8  
167 night bu   13, 1  
205 Nine word info polouvä      
195 no, not ba      
27 nose notä 3min    
27 nose noto 1min 37  
162 old word info nuwola (of things) x  
162 old word info penyibe (of humans: old, mature, respected)    
197 One word info nyigi      
209 One Hundred word info tevisiki Probable Polynesian borrowing 14 L?
210 One Thousand word info nuobu      
190 other otherbäjä      
190 other othermäjä      
190 other otherlä      
190 other otherdami "different"    
160 painful, sick mäde hurt    
160 painful, sick bei sick    
53 person/human being sime      
133 rain teuwâ Polynesian borrowing 20 L
102 rat lâpu   1  
149 red opulo   1  
3 right numoji      
6 road/path nubotage related to nubo 'ground, earth'?    
6 road/path nubatag related to nubo 'ground, earth'?    
115 root ñikile      
115 root nyikile      
65 rope nuwale   2  
112 rotten word info bulobu      
125 salt sopoi      
121 sand bumeu (cf. meu "fine", bu- "earth, soil")    
124 sea nelo   6  
203 Seven word info polelu   11, 2  
81 sharp mebädo      
154 short word info mobo   9  
19 shoulder nabulä 3min 100  
19 shoulder nabulou 1min? 100  
161 shy, ashamed mibia      
202 Six word info polegi      
12 skin läge      
128 sky topwaaluwa      
152 small laki      
145 smoke word info nyigase      
145 smoke word info nugase      
106 snake nyigidowe   46  
110 spider nubuli      
130 star nyuu   1, 50  
79 stick/wood nyenaa      
120 stone nyiivä   1  
120 stone teväivä      
105 tail nyigile   35  
206 Ten word info nugolu   5  
178 that eângâ      
178 that eââ      
62 thatch/roof nulou ?    
62 thatch/roof doluwe      
187 they ijii 3AUG      
187 they ijiile 3U-AUG      
157 thick word info nudu      
156 thin word info tagolo of animals    
156 thin word info bulela of humans    
177 this enge (demonstrative modifier to nouns)    
177 this ee (demonstrative modifier to nouns)    
183 thou iumu      
199 Three word info eve      
134 thunder gulolangi      
134 thunder pangi (V)    
41 to bite mââ   35  
41 to bite mwangi      
137 to blow word info uu   4, 57  
28 to breathe mibiou      
144 to burn word info leu itr.    
144 to burn word info pulo itr.    
144 to burn word info wâpoeâ tr.    
91 to buy ve   67  
91 to buy veve   67  
38 to chew word info momo "chew to swallow" 1  
38 to chew word info mabe "chew to soften" (e.g. chewing gum; lit bite-soften)    
85 to choose lokee "pick out"    
85 to choose tekie      
172 to climb word info ngabo      
172 to climb word info ngabwee (ee = up)    
7 to come pumä go-hither, mä = dir. suffix 1  
39 to cook word info epave str. 52  
39 to cook word info epavi tr. 52  
196 to count gâwââ str    
196 to count gââ tr    
34 to cry engi   1  
78 to cut, hack word info täke      
78 to cut, hack word info täki      
75 to die, be dead nubo   19  
90 to dig kili tr. 1  
90 to dig kei str. 1  
50 to dream mebeta      
40 to drink nu   1  
37 to eat vängä intransitive 1, 53  
37 to eat ngä transitive 1, 12  
95 to fall word info eobu "fall over"    
95 to fall word info luwo "drop, dive"    
22 to fear bou      
123 to flow pe ? 78  
101 to fly mele      
86 to grow word info bee      
44 to hear ngo   1  
44 to hear vingo   1  
171 to hide word info kou itr.    
171 to hide word info vaakou itr.    
171 to hide word info lagovapä tr.    
171 to hide word info wâteläi tr.    
72 to hit word info togulo      
89 to hold word info siwo      
89 to hold word info towâ      
89 to hold word info tuwo      
69 to hunt word info one      
74 to kill wânubo str.    
74 to kill wânubowâ tr. Literally "CAUS-die" with an extra suffix for the transitive form    
20 to know, be knowledgeable kää   18  
33 to laugh maea   63  
33 to laugh mängä      
49 to lie down word info ko      
76 to live, be alive lu "life" 34  
92 to open, uncover lääpoli "open a parcel"    
92 to open, uncover upwee "open an earth oven"    
92 to open, uncover vakaa "lift a lid or covering" 73  
92 to open, uncover väkaa "lift a lid or covering" 73  
92 to open, uncover vakalâ "open a door (lâ = outwards)" 73  
92 to open, uncover wâmwa "open mouth, suitcase, basket"    
92 to open, uncover wolipee "spread open (i.e. open a book)"    
84 to plant vii      
84 to plant ngäne str. "push into the ground" 68  
84 to plant ngänyi tr. "push into the ground" 68  
84 to plant paapoiwoli "plant by digging into the ground"    
93 to pound, beat word info väbe "beat to soften"    
93 to pound, beat word info vali beat to make noise, e.g. a drum"    
64 to say kâ ~ kä "want, think, say" 10?  
64 to say eeu "speak"    
64 to say ko "say"    
77 to scratch word info gâlo scratch an itch 1  
77 to scratch word info ovälo (scratch at the ground, like a chicken looking for food)    
77 to scratch word info väke (scratch at the ground, like a chicken looking for food)    
77 to scratch word info vängä (scratch off, e.g bark off a tree)    
46 to see eamoli "look"? 31  
46 to see te      
67 to sew word info tako      
70 to shoot word info ve      
70 to shoot word info epâ   1  
51 to sit tokoli   15  
48 to sleep mei   37  
29 to sniff, smell eââto      
36 to spit bwii tr.    
36 to spit boi str.    
80 to split word info lägäte str. "split, cleave (with chopping motion)"    
80 to split word info lägäsi tr. "split, cleave (with a chopping motion)"    
88 to squeeze word info wowâ      
88 to squeeze word info nuŋgī      
88 to squeeze word info nugee str. "squeeze to extract liquid".    
88 to squeeze word info nugii tr. "squeeze to extract liquid".    
71 to stab, pierce iuu "pierce ears/nose"    
71 to stab, pierce mepeli "drill a hole through"    
71 to stab, pierce topo "pierce, puncture"    
52 to stand liää to stand up, rise    
52 to stand so to be in a standing position 2  
73 to steal str. 1, 58  
73 to steal pââ tr. 1, 58  
73 to steal lolovile itr.    
42 to suck mââvili (suck on e.g. a sweet lit bite-around)    
42 to suck piau (suck in, e.g. water through a straw, smoke from a cigarette)    
87 to swell word info pu      
9 to swim wokâu bathe (cf kâu "wade"; wo- "go"??) 25  
9 to swim da swim, drift, float    
21 to think vääi to arrange things, to put things in order 47  
21 to think vääi nulo "I think (about something), lit. to arrange my neck".    
21 to think nulo kuwä 'my neck is going'.    
94 to throw word info päe str. 112  
94 to throw word info päi tr. 112  
66 to tie up, fasten dââ tr.    
66 to tie up, fasten dâwââ str.    
8 to turn word info eävile      
35 to vomit   8  
5 to walk "go" (not necc. walking) 71  
5 to walk savele stroll, wander about, play around    
5 to walk pu "go" (not necc. walking)    
83 to work word info pole      
47 to yawn âbwa   19  
32 tongue näbiliä 3min    
32 tongue näbilio 1min    
31 tooth nuwotede 3min 60  
31 tooth nuwotedu 1min 60  
207 Twenty word info nugolu wä lilu      
198 Two word info lilu   1  
138 warm word info lele      
138 warm word info vepe      
122 water word info nuwoi   2  
185 we word info iuji 1+2MIN    
185 we word info iudele 1+2U-AUG    
185 we word info iude 1+2AUG    
185 we word info iungole 1U-AUG    
185 we word info iungo(pu)      
141 wet biletu      
141 wet betu      
141 wet bulotu      
188 what? word info doo   31  
170 when? word info dee      
181 where? word info kälää (adverb)    
181 where? word info nyowää "which place (noun)"    
148 white opwa   45  
189 who? word info iie      
159 wide mâpolâ      
58 wife siväle 3min    
58 wife isäpelivano 'mother of my children'    
58 wife sivälu 1min    
136 wind nyengi   1  
100 wing nabulä   19  
55 woman/female singedâ   115  
55 woman/female singâdâ   115  
55 woman/female singodâ   115  
127 woods/forest malo bush    
127 woods/forest da "wild forest, unused bush"    
107 worm (earthworm) nyiba      
169 year dâlo      
150 yellow mebulâ   40  
186 you imile 2U-AUG    
186 you imi 2AUG    

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