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Language: Äiwoo

Source/Author:   
Notes:  Åshild Næss, Pers.Comm.

Ross, M. & Næss, Å. (2007). An Oceanic origin for Äiwoo, the language of the Reef Islands? Oceanic Linguistics, 46, 2.

Some entries from:
Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By:  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Temotu:Reefs-Santa Cruz 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
11 dust      
158 narrow      
208 Fifty word info      
195 no, not ba      
139 cold word info balelo (to feel cold)    
86 to grow word info bee      
160 painful, sick bei sick    
141 wet betu      
141 wet biletu      
10 dirty bilängi      
142 heavy biou      
36 to spit boi str.    
22 to fear bou      
167 night bu   13, 1  
156 thin word info bulela of humans    
112 rotten word info bulobu      
141 wet bulotu      
10 dirty bulängi      
121 sand bumeu (cf. meu "fine", bu- "earth, soil")    
36 to spit bwii tr.    
9 to swim da swim, drift, float    
127 woods/forest da "wild forest, unused bush"    
139 cold word info dango (of things, weather)    
170 when? word info dee      
97 bird dekuluwo (nominalization, from luwo "jump, fly, dive")    
109 mosquito dekumwange (lit "thing that bites")    
23 blood delâ   1  
56 child devalili   91  
62 thatch/roof doluwe      
188 what? word info doo   31  
194 how? word info doo      
56 child dowâlili   91  
191 all du      
169 year dâlo      
66 to tie up, fasten dâwââ str.    
66 to tie up, fasten dââ tr.    
192 and e   8  
165 bad, evil ea      
46 to see eamoli "look"? 31  
177 this ee (demonstrative modifier to nouns)    
64 to say eeu "speak"    
177 this enge (demonstrative modifier to nouns)    
34 to cry engi   1  
95 to fall word info eobu "fall over"    
155 long word info eobulou   16  
153 big eolo   19  
39 to cook word info epave str. 52  
39 to cook word info epavi tr. 52  
70 to shoot word info epâ   1  
199 Three word info eve      
178 that eângâ      
178 that eââ      
29 to sniff, smell eââto      
8 to turn word info eävile      
57 husband giâlu 1min    
57 husband giäle 3min    
134 thunder gulolangi      
77 to scratch word info gâlo scratch an itch 1  
196 to count gâwââ str    
196 to count gââ tr    
189 who? word info iie      
168 day iis(i) ?    
187 they ijii 3AUG      
187 they ijiile 3U-AUG      
186 you imi 2AUG    
186 you imile 2U-AUG    
184 he/she ine   1, 6  
184 he/she inâ   1, 6  
59 mother iso 1min 25  
59 mother isä 3min    
58 wife isäpelivano 'mother of my children'    
182 I iu   1, 21  
185 we word info iude 1+2AUG    
185 we word info iudele 1+2U-AUG    
185 we word info iuji 1+2MIN    
183 thou iumu      
185 we word info iungo(pu)      
185 we word info iungole 1U-AUG    
71 to stab, pierce iuu "pierce ears/nose"    
90 to dig kei str. 1  
90 to dig kili tr. 1  
49 to lie down word info ko      
64 to say ko "say"    
171 to hide word info kou itr.    
96 dog kuli Probable Polynesian borrowing 7 L?
64 to say kâ ~ kä "want, think, say" 10?  
181 where? word info kälää (adverb)    
20 to know, be knowledgeable kää   18  
171 to hide word info lagovapä tr.    
152 small laki      
138 warm word info lele      
144 to burn word info leu itr.    
198 Two word info lilu   1  
52 to stand liää to stand up, rise    
85 to choose lokee "pick out"    
73 to steal lolovile itr.    
76 to live, be alive lu "life" 34  
95 to fall word info luwo "drop, dive"    
35 to vomit   8  
102 rat lâpu   1  
12 skin läge      
80 to split word info lägäsi tr. "split, cleave (with a chopping motion)"    
80 to split word info lägäte str. "split, cleave (with chopping motion)"    
92 to open, uncover lääpoli "open a parcel"    
38 to chew word info mabe "chew to soften" (e.g. chewing gum; lit bite-soften)    
33 to laugh maea   63  
163 new maea   8  
127 woods/forest malo bush    
50 to dream mebeta      
150 yellow mebulâ   40  
81 sharp mebädo      
48 to sleep mei   37  
101 to fly mele      
71 to stab, pierce mepeli "drill a hole through"    
161 shy, ashamed mibia      
28 to breathe mibiou      
142 heavy miou      
192 and mo   2  
192 and mo   2  
154 short word info mobo   9  
38 to chew word info momo "chew to swallow" 1  
151 green momâlâ light green/blue    
151 green mou "dark green/blue"    
41 to bite mwangi      
159 wide mâpolâ      
41 to bite mââ   35  
42 to suck mââvili (suck on e.g. a sweet lit bite-around)    
160 painful, sick mäde hurt    
33 to laugh mängä      
19 shoulder nabulou 1min? 100  
19 shoulder nabulä 3min 100  
100 wing nabulä   19  
109 mosquito namo   1  
30 mouth nede 3min    
30 mouth nedu 1min    
124 sea nelo   6  
193 if nemaa      
129 moon nepe   1  
15 bone neve (of mammals, birds) 24  
172 to climb word info ngabo      
172 to climb word info ngabwee (ee = up)    
44 to hear ngo   1  
37 to eat ngä transitive 1, 12  
173 at ngä      
174 in, inside ngä      
84 to plant ngäne str. "push into the ground" 68  
84 to plant ngänyi tr. "push into the ground" 68  
131 cloud word info noo      
27 nose noto 1min 37  
27 nose notä 3min    
108 louse word info nou   1  
40 to drink nu   1  
6 road/path nubatag related to nubo 'ground, earth'?    
75 to die, be dead nubo   19  
119 earth/soil nubo      
146 ash nubolese   31  
6 road/path nubotage related to nubo 'ground, earth'?    
168 day nubula = dawn, daylight    
110 spider nubuli      
157 thick word info nudu      
145 smoke word info nugase      
88 to squeeze word info nugee str. "squeeze to extract liquid".    
88 to squeeze word info nugii tr. "squeeze to extract liquid".    
114 leaf nugo      
43 ear nugoko 1min    
43 ear nugokä 3min    
206 Ten word info nugolu   5  
207 Twenty word info nugolu wä lilu      
4 leg/foot nuku 1min 86  
113 branch word info nula   1  
25 neck nulo 1min 18  
21 to think nulo kuwä 'my neck is going'.    
62 thatch/roof nulou ?    
25 neck nulä 3min 18  
103 meat/flesh numamu (in the sense of animal or fish meat as food)    
3 right numoji      
2 left numou   41  
118 grass numwa nebo   29  
13 back word info numwangu 1min 106  
13 back word info numwangä 3min 106  
210 One Thousand word info nuobu      
61 house nuopwa      
116 flower nup(w)a   11  
103 meat/flesh nuu(wä) (meat of e.g. coconuts)    
117 fruit nuwa   1  
65 rope nuwale   2  
122 water word info nuwoi   2  
126 lake nuwoi elo Not a lot of lakes in the Reefs. The Gospel of Mark uses 'big (body of) fresh water'.    
162 old word info nuwola (of things) x  
98 egg nuwoli      
14 belly nuwoso 1min 97  
14 belly nuwosä 3min 97  
24 head nuwotaa 3min 9  
24 head nuwotau 1min 9  
31 tooth nuwotede 3min 60  
31 tooth nuwotedu 1min 60  
88 to squeeze word info nuŋgī      
79 stick/wood nyenaa      
136 wind nyengi   1  
107 worm (earthworm) nyiba      
45 eye nyibe 1min 28  
45 eye nyibä 3min 28  
16 intestines nyida 3min 86  
16 intestines nyidau 1min 86  
143 fire nyie   1, 5  
145 smoke word info nyigase      
197 One word info nyigi      
106 snake nyigidowe   46  
105 tail nyigile   35  
120 stone nyiivä   1  
15 bone nyiji (of fish) 2  
4 leg/foot nyike 3min 86  
115 root nyikile      
26 hair word info nyiluu body & head hair (& feather) 31  
99 feather nyiluu      
1 hand nyime 1min 1, 66  
1 hand nyimä 3min 1, 66  
18 breast nyio 1min 32  
18 breast nyiä 3min    
180 far nyopu      
181 where? word info nyowää "which place (noun)"    
130 star nyuu   1, 50  
68 needle nyâpole      
32 tongue näbilio 1min    
32 tongue näbiliä 3min    
63 name näängu 1min 53  
63 name näängä 3min 53  
69 to hunt word info one      
149 red opulo   1  
148 white opwa   45  
190 other otherbäjä      
190 other otherdami "different"    
190 other otherlä      
190 other othermäjä      
77 to scratch word info ovälo (scratch at the ground, like a chicken looking for food)    
84 to plant paapoiwoli "plant by digging into the ground"    
134 thunder pangi (V)    
123 to flow pe ? 78  
57 husband peego (more respectful)    
162 old word info penyibe (of humans: old, mature, respected)    
42 to suck piau (suck in, e.g. water through a straw, smoke from a cigarette)    
83 to work word info pole      
204 Eight word info polee      
202 Six word info polegi      
203 Seven word info polelu   11, 2  
205 Nine word info polouvä      
5 to walk pu "go" (not necc. walking)    
87 to swell word info pu      
144 to burn word info pulo itr.    
7 to come pumä go-hither, mä = dir. suffix 1  
73 to steal pââ tr. 1, 58  
73 to steal str. 1, 58  
94 to throw word info päe str. 112  
94 to throw word info päi tr. 112  
164 good päko      
5 to walk savele stroll, wander about, play around    
54 man/male sigiläi      
111 fish sii      
53 person/human being sime      
55 woman/female singedâ   115  
55 woman/female singodâ   115  
55 woman/female singâdâ   115  
58 wife siväle 3min    
58 wife sivälu 1min    
89 to hold word info siwo      
52 to stand so to be in a standing position 2  
125 salt sopoi      
114 leaf taapi      
156 thin word info tagolo of animals    
67 to sew word info tako      
46 to see te      
17 liver teaate Polynesian borrowing   L
104 fat/grease teenu grease, oil    
85 to choose tekie      
133 rain teuwâ Polynesian borrowing 20 L
209 One Hundred word info tevisiki Probable Polynesian borrowing 14 L?
120 stone teväivä      
72 to hit word info togulo      
51 to sit tokoli   15  
71 to stab, pierce topo "pierce, puncture"    
128 sky topwaaluwa      
89 to hold word info towâ      
82 dull, blunt tubu   3  
60 father tumo 1min 1  
60 father tumwä 3min    
89 to hold word info tuwo      
78 to cut, hack word info täke      
78 to cut, hack word info täki      
166 correct, true une      
168 day une      
92 to open, uncover upwee "open an earth oven"    
137 to blow word info uu   4, 57  
175 above uu (locative adverb "up above")    
200 Four word info uvä   1  
179 near vaa      
171 to hide word info vaakou itr.    
92 to open, uncover vakaa "lift a lid or covering" 73  
92 to open, uncover vakalâ "open a door (lâ = outwards)" 73  
93 to pound, beat word info vali beat to make noise, e.g. a drum"    
70 to shoot word info ve      
91 to buy ve   67  
135 lightning vei V. "flash, shine"    
138 warm word info vepe      
140 dry word info vepe      
91 to buy veve   67  
176 below vi (locative adverb 'down below')    
84 to plant vii      
201 Five word info vili   1  
44 to hear vingo   1  
93 to pound, beat word info väbe "beat to soften"    
92 to open, uncover väkaa "lift a lid or covering" 73  
77 to scratch word info väke (scratch at the ground, like a chicken looking for food)    
37 to eat vängä intransitive 1, 53  
77 to scratch word info vängä (scratch off, e.g bark off a tree)    
21 to think vääi to arrange things, to put things in order 47  
21 to think vääi nulo "I think (about something), lit. to arrange my neck".    
147 black woeo      
9 to swim wokâu bathe (cf kâu "wade"; wo- "go"??) 25  
92 to open, uncover wolipee "spread open (i.e. open a book)"    
88 to squeeze word info wowâ      
92 to open, uncover wâmwa "open mouth, suitcase, basket"    
74 to kill wânubo str.    
74 to kill wânubowâ tr. Literally "CAUS-die" with an extra suffix for the transitive form    
144 to burn word info wâpoeâ tr.    
171 to hide word info wâteläi tr.    
5 to walk "go" (not necc. walking) 71  
47 to yawn âbwa   19  
115 root ñikile      
132 fog ñiŋganwale      

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