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Language: Äiwoo

Source/Author:   
Notes:  Åshild Næss, Pers.Comm.

Ross, M. & Næss, Å. (2007). An Oceanic origin for Äiwoo, the language of the Reef Islands? Oceanic Linguistics, 46, 2.

Some entries from:
Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
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Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Temotu:Reefs-Santa Cruz 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand nyime 1min 1, 66  
1 hand nyimä 3min 1, 66  
2 left numou   41  
3 right numoji      
4 leg/foot nyike 3min 86  
4 leg/foot nuku 1min 86  
5 to walk "go" (not necc. walking) 71  
5 to walk savele stroll, wander about, play around    
5 to walk pu "go" (not necc. walking)    
6 road/path nubotage related to nubo 'ground, earth'?    
6 road/path nubatag related to nubo 'ground, earth'?    
7 to come pumä go-hither, mä = dir. suffix 1  
8 to turn word info eävile      
9 to swim wokâu bathe (cf kâu "wade"; wo- "go"??) 25  
9 to swim da swim, drift, float    
10 dirty bilängi      
10 dirty bulängi      
11 dust      
12 skin läge      
13 back word info numwangu 1min 106  
13 back word info numwangä 3min 106  
14 belly nuwoso 1min 97  
14 belly nuwosä 3min 97  
15 bone neve (of mammals, birds) 24  
15 bone nyiji (of fish) 2  
16 intestines nyidau 1min 86  
16 intestines nyida 3min 86  
17 liver teaate Polynesian borrowing   L
18 breast nyio 1min 32  
18 breast nyiä 3min    
19 shoulder nabulä 3min 100  
19 shoulder nabulou 1min? 100  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kää   18  
21 to think vääi to arrange things, to put things in order 47  
21 to think vääi nulo "I think (about something), lit. to arrange my neck".    
21 to think nulo kuwä 'my neck is going'.    
22 to fear bou      
23 blood delâ   1  
24 head nuwotau 1min 9  
24 head nuwotaa 3min 9  
25 neck nulo 1min 18  
25 neck nulä 3min 18  
26 hair word info nyiluu body & head hair (& feather) 31  
27 nose notä 3min    
27 nose noto 1min 37  
28 to breathe mibiou      
29 to sniff, smell eââto      
30 mouth nede 3min    
30 mouth nedu 1min    
31 tooth nuwotede 3min 60  
31 tooth nuwotedu 1min 60  
32 tongue näbiliä 3min    
32 tongue näbilio 1min    
33 to laugh maea   63  
33 to laugh mängä      
34 to cry engi   1  
35 to vomit   8  
36 to spit bwii tr.    
36 to spit boi str.    
37 to eat vängä intransitive 1, 53  
37 to eat ngä transitive 1, 12  
38 to chew word info momo "chew to swallow" 1  
38 to chew word info mabe "chew to soften" (e.g. chewing gum; lit bite-soften)    
39 to cook word info epave str. 52  
39 to cook word info epavi tr. 52  
40 to drink nu   1  
41 to bite mââ   35  
41 to bite mwangi      
42 to suck mââvili (suck on e.g. a sweet lit bite-around)    
42 to suck piau (suck in, e.g. water through a straw, smoke from a cigarette)    
43 ear nugokä 3min    
43 ear nugoko 1min    
44 to hear ngo   1  
44 to hear vingo   1  
45 eye nyibä 3min 28  
45 eye nyibe 1min 28  
46 to see eamoli "look"? 31  
46 to see te      
47 to yawn âbwa   19  
48 to sleep mei   37  
49 to lie down word info ko      
50 to dream mebeta      
51 to sit tokoli   15  
52 to stand liää to stand up, rise    
52 to stand so to be in a standing position 2  
53 person/human being sime      
54 man/male sigiläi      
55 woman/female singedâ   115  
55 woman/female singâdâ   115  
55 woman/female singodâ   115  
56 child devalili   91  
56 child dowâlili   91  
57 husband giäle 3min    
57 husband giâlu 1min    
57 husband peego (more respectful)    
58 wife siväle 3min    
58 wife isäpelivano 'mother of my children'    
58 wife sivälu 1min    
59 mother isä 3min    
59 mother iso 1min 25  
60 father tumwä 3min    
60 father tumo 1min 1  
61 house nuopwa      
62 thatch/roof nulou ?    
62 thatch/roof doluwe      
63 name näängu 1min 53  
63 name näängä 3min 53  
64 to say kâ ~ kä "want, think, say" 10?  
64 to say eeu "speak"    
64 to say ko "say"    
65 rope nuwale   2  
66 to tie up, fasten dââ tr.    
66 to tie up, fasten dâwââ str.    
67 to sew word info tako      
68 needle nyâpole      
69 to hunt word info one      
70 to shoot word info ve      
70 to shoot word info epâ   1  
71 to stab, pierce iuu "pierce ears/nose"    
71 to stab, pierce mepeli "drill a hole through"    
71 to stab, pierce topo "pierce, puncture"    
72 to hit word info togulo      
73 to steal str. 1, 58  
73 to steal pââ tr. 1, 58  
73 to steal lolovile itr.    
74 to kill wânubo str.    
74 to kill wânubowâ tr. Literally "CAUS-die" with an extra suffix for the transitive form    
75 to die, be dead nubo   19  
76 to live, be alive lu "life" 34  
77 to scratch word info gâlo scratch an itch 1  
77 to scratch word info ovälo (scratch at the ground, like a chicken looking for food)    
77 to scratch word info väke (scratch at the ground, like a chicken looking for food)    
77 to scratch word info vängä (scratch off, e.g bark off a tree)    
78 to cut, hack word info täke      
78 to cut, hack word info täki      
79 stick/wood nyenaa      
80 to split word info lägäte str. "split, cleave (with chopping motion)"    
80 to split word info lägäsi tr. "split, cleave (with a chopping motion)"    
81 sharp mebädo      
82 dull, blunt tubu   3  
83 to work word info pole      
84 to plant vii      
84 to plant ngäne str. "push into the ground" 68  
84 to plant ngänyi tr. "push into the ground" 68  
84 to plant paapoiwoli "plant by digging into the ground"    
85 to choose lokee "pick out"    
85 to choose tekie      
86 to grow word info bee      
87 to swell word info pu      
88 to squeeze word info wowâ      
88 to squeeze word info nuŋgī      
88 to squeeze word info nugee str. "squeeze to extract liquid".    
88 to squeeze word info nugii tr. "squeeze to extract liquid".    
89 to hold word info siwo      
89 to hold word info towâ      
89 to hold word info tuwo      
90 to dig kili tr. 1  
90 to dig kei str. 1  
91 to buy ve   67  
91 to buy veve   67  
92 to open, uncover lääpoli "open a parcel"    
92 to open, uncover upwee "open an earth oven"    
92 to open, uncover vakaa "lift a lid or covering" 73  
92 to open, uncover väkaa "lift a lid or covering" 73  
92 to open, uncover vakalâ "open a door (lâ = outwards)" 73  
92 to open, uncover wâmwa "open mouth, suitcase, basket"    
92 to open, uncover wolipee "spread open (i.e. open a book)"    
93 to pound, beat word info väbe "beat to soften"    
93 to pound, beat word info vali beat to make noise, e.g. a drum"    
94 to throw word info päe str. 112  
94 to throw word info päi tr. 112  
95 to fall word info eobu "fall over"    
95 to fall word info luwo "drop, dive"    
96 dog kuli Probable Polynesian borrowing 7 L?
97 bird dekuluwo (nominalization, from luwo "jump, fly, dive")    
98 egg nuwoli      
99 feather nyiluu      
100 wing nabulä   19  
101 to fly mele      
102 rat lâpu   1  
103 meat/flesh numamu (in the sense of animal or fish meat as food)    
103 meat/flesh nuu(wä) (meat of e.g. coconuts)    
104 fat/grease teenu grease, oil    
105 tail nyigile   35  
106 snake nyigidowe   46  
107 worm (earthworm) nyiba      
108 louse word info nou   1  
109 mosquito namo   1  
109 mosquito dekumwange (lit "thing that bites")    
110 spider nubuli      
111 fish sii      
112 rotten word info bulobu      
113 branch word info nula   1  
114 leaf taapi      
114 leaf nugo      
115 root ñikile      
115 root nyikile      
116 flower nup(w)a   11  
117 fruit nuwa   1  
118 grass numwa nebo   29  
119 earth/soil nubo      
120 stone nyiivä   1  
120 stone teväivä      
121 sand bumeu (cf. meu "fine", bu- "earth, soil")    
122 water word info nuwoi   2  
123 to flow pe ? 78  
124 sea nelo   6  
125 salt sopoi      
126 lake nuwoi elo Not a lot of lakes in the Reefs. The Gospel of Mark uses 'big (body of) fresh water'.    
127 woods/forest malo bush    
127 woods/forest da "wild forest, unused bush"    
128 sky topwaaluwa      
129 moon nepe   1  
130 star nyuu   1, 50  
131 cloud word info noo      
132 fog ñiŋganwale      
133 rain teuwâ Polynesian borrowing 20 L
134 thunder gulolangi      
134 thunder pangi (V)    
135 lightning vei V. "flash, shine"    
136 wind nyengi   1  
137 to blow word info uu   4, 57  
138 warm word info lele      
138 warm word info vepe      
139 cold word info dango (of things, weather)    
139 cold word info balelo (to feel cold)    
140 dry word info vepe      
141 wet biletu      
141 wet betu      
141 wet bulotu      
142 heavy miou      
142 heavy biou      
143 fire nyie   1, 5  
144 to burn word info leu itr.    
144 to burn word info pulo itr.    
144 to burn word info wâpoeâ tr.    
145 smoke word info nyigase      
145 smoke word info nugase      
146 ash nubolese   31  
147 black woeo      
148 white opwa   45  
149 red opulo   1  
150 yellow mebulâ   40  
151 green momâlâ light green/blue    
151 green mou "dark green/blue"    
152 small laki      
153 big eolo   19  
154 short word info mobo   9  
155 long word info eobulou   16  
156 thin word info tagolo of animals    
156 thin word info bulela of humans    
157 thick word info nudu      
158 narrow      
159 wide mâpolâ      
160 painful, sick mäde hurt    
160 painful, sick bei sick    
161 shy, ashamed mibia      
162 old word info nuwola (of things) x  
162 old word info penyibe (of humans: old, mature, respected)    
163 new maea   8  
164 good päko      
165 bad, evil ea      
166 correct, true une      
167 night bu   13, 1  
168 day nubula = dawn, daylight    
168 day une      
168 day iis(i) ?    
169 year dâlo      
170 when? word info dee      
171 to hide word info kou itr.    
171 to hide word info vaakou itr.    
171 to hide word info lagovapä tr.    
171 to hide word info wâteläi tr.    
172 to climb word info ngabo      
172 to climb word info ngabwee (ee = up)    
173 at ngä      
174 in, inside ngä      
175 above uu (locative adverb "up above")    
176 below vi (locative adverb 'down below')    
177 this enge (demonstrative modifier to nouns)    
177 this ee (demonstrative modifier to nouns)    
178 that eângâ      
178 that eââ      
179 near vaa      
180 far nyopu      
181 where? word info kälää (adverb)    
181 where? word info nyowää "which place (noun)"    
182 I iu   1, 21  
183 thou iumu      
184 he/she ine   1, 6  
184 he/she inâ   1, 6  
185 we word info iuji 1+2MIN    
185 we word info iudele 1+2U-AUG    
185 we word info iude 1+2AUG    
185 we word info iungole 1U-AUG    
185 we word info iungo(pu)      
186 you imile 2U-AUG    
186 you imi 2AUG    
187 they ijii 3AUG      
187 they ijiile 3U-AUG      
188 what? word info doo   31  
189 who? word info iie      
190 other otherbäjä      
190 other othermäjä      
190 other otherlä      
190 other otherdami "different"    
191 all du      
192 and e   8  
192 and mo   2  
192 and mo   2  
193 if nemaa      
194 how? word info doo      
195 no, not ba      
196 to count gâwââ str    
196 to count gââ tr    
197 One word info nyigi      
198 Two word info lilu   1  
199 Three word info eve      
200 Four word info uvä   1  
201 Five word info vili   1  
202 Six word info polegi      
203 Seven word info polelu   11, 2  
204 Eight word info polee      
205 Nine word info polouvä      
206 Ten word info nugolu   5  
207 Twenty word info nugolu wä lilu      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info tevisiki Probable Polynesian borrowing 14 L?
210 One Thousand word info nuobu      

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