https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tonsea

Source/Author:  Billy S.C Ticoalu 
Notes:  /'/ representing accent  
Data Entry:  Typed By: Billy Ticoalu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Philippine:Minahasan:North:Northeast 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand dengen      
5 to walk kumelang      
7 to come ma'ai      
9 to swim ma'oyouw      
10 dirty rerek      
12 skin dunus      
13 back word info ru'ur      
18 breast wed-wed chest    
19 shoulder paduka      
21 to think ghumenang to think    
21 to think maghenang thinking    
22 to fear ma'inde      
23 blood seding      
25 neck dee'      
29 to sniff, smell rumindek to breathe air in through your nose in a way that makes a sound, especially when you are crying, have a cold, etc    
30 mouth suma      
30 mouth semut      
33 to laugh kume'ke      
34 to cry mame'      
34 to cry ma'ame'      
38 to chew word info numayo'      
38 to chew word info manayo'      
43 ear dunteng      
44 to hear tumerang      
44 to hear tumadinga      
45 eye weren      
46 to see melek      
46 to see ma'elek      
49 to lie down word info kumolo'      
50 to dream maupipi      
51 to sit mumpe'      
51 to sit mempo'      
52 to stand rumondor      
56 child rinte'      
57 husband ka'awu      
58 wife ka'awu      
58 wife karia      
64 to say dumakut      
64 to say tumudu      
64 to say tumarnem      
66 to tie up, fasten waduden      
67 to sew word info mawilit      
68 needle jarong      
69 to hunt word info mapalele'      
70 to shoot word info sumeput      
71 to stab, pierce rumuki      
71 to stab, pierce rumundek      
71 to stab, pierce sumuit      
72 to hit word info mapentek      
72 to hit word info mawewe      
73 to steal mangudu      
78 to cut, hack word info kumetor      
79 stick/wood teken      
80 to split word info maweteng separate into parts or portions    
80 to split word info mapekang separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument    
83 to work word info ma'yang      
85 to choose metin      
86 to grow word info sumuwuk to grow (plant)    
87 to swell word info sumegha      
88 to squeeze word info rumo'mbes      
88 to squeeze word info mapuus      
89 to hold word info mingka'      
90 to dig kumiar      
94 to throw word info dumombo' throw    
94 to throw word info mawaleng hurling a stone    
95 to fall word info maraghos      
97 bird ko'ko'      
98 egg etedu      
99 feather wutwut      
101 to fly sumendow to fly with broader meaning    
102 rat bobot      
103 meat/flesh dadeina      
104 fat/grease werewes      
106 snake ude'      
108 louse word info pelotung head louse    
108 louse word info kokoanseng animal louse    
109 mosquito ro'ongit      
110 spider karibobotan      
111 fish pe'en      
112 rotten word info wu'ut      
114 leaf dadi'na      
116 flower seput      
116 flower seputna      
119 earth/soil reghe-reghesan earth    
123 to flow ma'aduy      
126 lake tambu'      
129 moon lelo'on      
131 cloud word info engur      
132 fog lalemdem      
134 thunder tangker      
135 lightning kila'pong      
137 to blow word info sumengo      
139 cold word info date'      
141 wet dembes      
141 wet pi'pi'      
142 heavy wuted      
144 to burn word info rumengis      
144 to burn word info rumangket      
147 black didem      
150 yellow ririi      
152 small koki'      
154 short word info poghar short in height    
154 short word info poto' short in length    
157 thick word info dempad      
159 wide doang      
159 wide lesa      
160 painful, sick kumenit      
164 good le'os      
165 bad, evil lewo'      
167 night wengi      
171 to hide word info kumo'ot      
172 to climb word info dumawa climb a ladder    
172 to climb word info sumosod to climb a mountain    
173 at mena      
174 in, inside roro      
174 in, inside aki roro      
174 in, inside witu roro      
179 near rende      
179 near rempe'      
180 far dou'      
181 where? word info wisa      
188 what? word info nepa      
191 all waya      
191 all piri'      
192 and karia      
195 no, not tea'kan      
195 no, not dai'      
6 road/path lalan   1  
11 dust awu   1  
14 belly tian   1  
16 intestines tina'i   1  
17 liver ate   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable mata'u   1  
23 blood daa'   1  
24 head udu   1  
42 to suck sumepsep   1  
53 person/human being tou   1  
62 thatch/roof atep   1  
63 name ngaran   1  
65 rope tadi   1  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
81 sharp tadem   1  
81 sharp tewel   1  
86 to grow word info tumou to grow but has a broader meaning 1  
92 to open, uncover mawuka   1  
92 to open, uncover wuka'an   1  
96 dog asu   1  
107 worm (earthworm) loloati   1  
108 louse word info kutu general term - probably an Indonesian loan 1 L?
117 fruit wua'   1  
119 earth/soil tana' soil 1  
120 stone watu   1  
124 sea tasik   1  
126 lake dano   1  
128 sky dangit   1  
133 rain udan   1  
143 fire layas   1  
143 fire api   1  
144 to burn word info tumunu   1  
146 ash awu   1  
148 white puti'   1  
151 green mata'   1  
152 small rintek   1  
162 old word info tu'a   1  
169 year taon   1  
187 they nsera   1  
187 they ni sera   1  
194 how? word info kura   1  
197 One word info esa   1  
198 Two word info dua   1  
199 Three word info tedu   1  
200 Four word info epat   1  
201 Five word info dima   1  
202 Six word info enem   1  
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
55 woman/female wewene   1, 106  
37 to eat kuman   1, 14  
60 father ama'   1, 18  
208 Fifty word info dima nepudu'   1, 2  
36 to spit dumuda'   1, 30  
183 thou niko   1, 31  
183 thou ni ko   1, 31  
184 he/she nsia   1, 31  
184 he/she ni sia   1, 31  
2 left kawii left 1, 42  
117 fruit wua'na   1, 45  
156 thin word info tawis   1, 48  
182 I nyaku   1, 5  
182 I ni aku   1, 5  
18 breast toto' breast 1, 53  
163 new weru   1, 54  
122 water word info doud   1, 55  
122 water word info dano (ancient tonsea) 1, 55  
168 day endo   1, 56  
26 hair word info wu'uk   1, 65  
188 what? word info epa   1, 66  
3 right kenawan   1, 67  
59 mother ina'   1, 76  
149 red rundang   105  
4 leg/foot kuku Semantic shift from PMP *kuhkuh "toe nail, finger nail" 108  
66 to tie up, fasten wa'kesen   112  
91 to buy tumeles   12  
61 house wale   14  
93 to pound, beat word info wewengku   14, 52  
178 that ni'itu   16  
190 other wadina   17  
14 belly po'ot   19, 34  
15 bone dui   2  
74 to kill mapate kill 2  
74 to kill mate tou kill someone 2  
84 to plant tumanem   2  
118 grass dukut   2  
172 to climb word info sumake climb a ladder 2  
175 above wawo   2  
185 we word info ngkami   2, 54  
185 we word info ni kami   2, 54  
39 to cook word info dumutu'   20  
176 below lalem   20  
189 who? word info sipa   20  
8 to turn word info rumeko'   21  
113 branch word info panga   22  
28 to breathe ma'aseng   23  
104 fat/grease tawa'   23  
166 correct, true betul   23  
48 to sleep tumekel   24  
54 man/male tuama   25  
106 snake sawa   25  
138 warm word info pasu'   26  
27 nose ngirung   27  
192 and wo   27  
170 when? word info sawisa when (in the future) 28, 70  
170 when? word info ngkawisa when (past) 28, 71  
115 root amut   3  
125 salt asin   3  
204 Eight word info wadu   3  
82 dull, blunt tumpul   3, 37  
207 Twenty word info dua nepudu'   3, 6  
105 tail ipus   30  
127 woods/forest tadun   30  
158 narrow peset   30  
68 needle wewilit   35  
155 long word info dambo'   35  
155 long word info dabo   35  
196 to count rumeken   39  
196 to count mareken   39  
32 tongue dida'   4  
209 One Hundred word info matus   4, 52  
177 this nyi'ai   40  
191 all peleng   41  
47 to yawn matetekel   42  
77 to scratch word info kumorkor   42  
173 at aki   42  
210 One Thousand word info seiwu   5  
205 Nine word info siouw   5, 34  
206 Ten word info mapudu'   5, 40  
145 smoke word info terbur   51  
31 tooth wa'ang   53/54  
140 dry word info pera   55  
2 left kiday left handed 56  
40 to drink melep   58  
41 to bite kumiki   69  
29 to sniff, smell mawou smell 71  
76 to live, be alive tumou   73  
76 to live, be alive matou   73  
161 shy, ashamed ma'idang   73  
100 wing tetelew   74  
193 if sa   75  
130 star toti'   75, 76  
35 to vomit dumua'   8  
101 to fly tumelew to fly (bird only) 82  
136 wind reghes   82, 88  
121 sand eris   86  
153 big sela   96, 97  
153 big wangko   98  
186 you niko   s  
186 you ngko   s  

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