https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tonsea

Source/Author:  Billy S.C Ticoalu 
Notes:  /'/ representing accent  
Data Entry:  Typed By: Billy Ticoalu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Philippine:Minahasan:North:Northeast 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand dengen      
2 left kawii left 1, 42  
2 left kiday left handed 56  
3 right kenawan   1, 67  
4 leg/foot kuku Semantic shift from PMP *kuhkuh "toe nail, finger nail" 108  
5 to walk kumelang      
6 road/path lalan   1  
7 to come ma'ai      
8 to turn word info rumeko'   21  
9 to swim ma'oyouw      
10 dirty rerek      
11 dust awu   1  
12 skin dunus      
13 back word info ru'ur      
14 belly po'ot   19, 34  
14 belly tian   1  
15 bone dui   2  
16 intestines tina'i   1  
17 liver ate   1  
18 breast toto' breast 1, 53  
18 breast wed-wed chest    
19 shoulder paduka      
20 to know, be knowledgeable mata'u   1  
21 to think ghumenang to think    
21 to think maghenang thinking    
22 to fear ma'inde      
23 blood daa'   1  
23 blood seding      
24 head udu   1  
25 neck dee'      
26 hair word info wu'uk   1, 65  
27 nose ngirung   27  
28 to breathe ma'aseng   23  
29 to sniff, smell mawou smell 71  
29 to sniff, smell rumindek to breathe air in through your nose in a way that makes a sound, especially when you are crying, have a cold, etc    
30 mouth suma      
30 mouth semut      
31 tooth wa'ang   53/54  
32 tongue dida'   4  
33 to laugh kume'ke      
34 to cry mame'      
34 to cry ma'ame'      
35 to vomit dumua'   8  
36 to spit dumuda'   1, 30  
37 to eat kuman   1, 14  
38 to chew word info numayo'      
38 to chew word info manayo'      
39 to cook word info dumutu'   20  
40 to drink melep   58  
41 to bite kumiki   69  
42 to suck sumepsep   1  
43 ear dunteng      
44 to hear tumerang      
44 to hear tumadinga      
45 eye weren      
46 to see melek      
46 to see ma'elek      
47 to yawn matetekel   42  
48 to sleep tumekel   24  
49 to lie down word info kumolo'      
50 to dream maupipi      
51 to sit mumpe'      
51 to sit mempo'      
52 to stand rumondor      
53 person/human being tou   1  
54 man/male tuama   25  
55 woman/female wewene   1, 106  
56 child rinte'      
57 husband ka'awu      
58 wife ka'awu      
58 wife karia      
59 mother ina'   1, 76  
60 father ama'   1, 18  
61 house wale   14  
62 thatch/roof atep   1  
63 name ngaran   1  
64 to say dumakut      
64 to say tumudu      
64 to say tumarnem      
65 rope tadi   1  
66 to tie up, fasten waduden      
66 to tie up, fasten wa'kesen   112  
67 to sew word info mawilit      
68 needle jarong      
68 needle wewilit   35  
69 to hunt word info mapalele'      
70 to shoot word info sumeput      
71 to stab, pierce rumuki      
71 to stab, pierce rumundek      
71 to stab, pierce sumuit      
72 to hit word info mapentek      
72 to hit word info mawewe      
73 to steal mangudu      
74 to kill mapate kill 2  
74 to kill mate tou kill someone 2  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
76 to live, be alive tumou   73  
76 to live, be alive matou   73  
77 to scratch word info kumorkor   42  
78 to cut, hack word info kumetor      
79 stick/wood teken      
80 to split word info maweteng separate into parts or portions    
80 to split word info mapekang separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument    
81 sharp tadem   1  
81 sharp tewel   1  
82 dull, blunt tumpul   3, 37  
83 to work word info ma'yang      
84 to plant tumanem   2  
85 to choose metin      
86 to grow word info sumuwuk to grow (plant)    
86 to grow word info tumou to grow but has a broader meaning 1  
87 to swell word info sumegha      
88 to squeeze word info rumo'mbes      
88 to squeeze word info mapuus      
89 to hold word info mingka'      
90 to dig kumiar      
91 to buy tumeles   12  
92 to open, uncover mawuka   1  
92 to open, uncover wuka'an   1  
93 to pound, beat word info wewengku   14, 52  
94 to throw word info dumombo' throw    
94 to throw word info mawaleng hurling a stone    
95 to fall word info maraghos      
96 dog asu   1  
97 bird ko'ko'      
98 egg etedu      
99 feather wutwut      
100 wing tetelew   74  
101 to fly tumelew to fly (bird only) 82  
101 to fly sumendow to fly with broader meaning    
102 rat bobot      
103 meat/flesh dadeina      
104 fat/grease tawa'   23  
104 fat/grease werewes      
105 tail ipus   30  
106 snake ude'      
106 snake sawa   25  
107 worm (earthworm) loloati   1  
108 louse word info pelotung head louse    
108 louse word info kokoanseng animal louse    
108 louse word info kutu general term - probably an Indonesian loan 1 L?
109 mosquito ro'ongit      
110 spider karibobotan      
111 fish pe'en      
112 rotten word info wu'ut      
113 branch word info panga   22  
114 leaf dadi'na      
115 root amut   3  
116 flower seput      
116 flower seputna      
117 fruit wua'   1  
117 fruit wua'na   1, 45  
118 grass dukut   2  
119 earth/soil tana' soil 1  
119 earth/soil reghe-reghesan earth    
120 stone watu   1  
121 sand eris   86  
122 water word info doud   1, 55  
122 water word info dano (ancient tonsea) 1, 55  
123 to flow ma'aduy      
124 sea tasik   1  
125 salt asin   3  
126 lake dano   1  
126 lake tambu'      
127 woods/forest tadun   30  
128 sky dangit   1  
129 moon lelo'on      
130 star toti'   75, 76  
131 cloud word info engur      
132 fog lalemdem      
133 rain udan   1  
134 thunder tangker      
135 lightning kila'pong      
136 wind reghes   82, 88  
137 to blow word info sumengo      
138 warm word info pasu'   26  
139 cold word info date'      
140 dry word info pera   55  
141 wet dembes      
141 wet pi'pi'      
142 heavy wuted      
143 fire layas   1  
143 fire api   1  
144 to burn word info rumengis      
144 to burn word info tumunu   1  
144 to burn word info rumangket      
145 smoke word info terbur   51  
146 ash awu   1  
147 black didem      
148 white puti'   1  
149 red rundang   105  
150 yellow ririi      
151 green mata'   1  
152 small koki'      
152 small rintek   1  
153 big sela   96, 97  
153 big wangko   98  
154 short word info poghar short in height    
154 short word info poto' short in length    
155 long word info dambo'   35  
155 long word info dabo   35  
156 thin word info tawis   1, 48  
157 thick word info dempad      
158 narrow peset   30  
159 wide doang      
159 wide lesa      
160 painful, sick kumenit      
161 shy, ashamed ma'idang   73  
162 old word info tu'a   1  
163 new weru   1, 54  
164 good le'os      
165 bad, evil lewo'      
166 correct, true betul   23  
167 night wengi      
168 day endo   1, 56  
169 year taon   1  
170 when? word info sawisa when (in the future) 28, 70  
170 when? word info ngkawisa when (past) 28, 71  
171 to hide word info kumo'ot      
172 to climb word info sumake climb a ladder 2  
172 to climb word info dumawa climb a ladder    
172 to climb word info sumosod to climb a mountain    
173 at mena      
173 at aki   42  
174 in, inside roro      
174 in, inside aki roro      
174 in, inside witu roro      
175 above wawo   2  
176 below lalem   20  
177 this nyi'ai   40  
178 that ni'itu   16  
179 near rende      
179 near rempe'      
180 far dou'      
181 where? word info wisa      
182 I nyaku   1, 5  
182 I ni aku   1, 5  
183 thou niko   1, 31  
183 thou ni ko   1, 31  
184 he/she nsia   1, 31  
184 he/she ni sia   1, 31  
185 we word info ngkami   2, 54  
185 we word info ni kami   2, 54  
186 you niko   s  
186 you ngko   s  
187 they nsera   1  
187 they ni sera   1  
188 what? word info nepa      
188 what? word info epa   1, 66  
189 who? word info sipa   20  
190 other wadina   17  
191 all waya      
191 all piri'      
191 all peleng   41  
192 and karia      
192 and wo   27  
193 if sa   75  
194 how? word info kura   1  
195 no, not tea'kan      
195 no, not dai'      
196 to count rumeken   39  
196 to count mareken   39  
197 One word info esa   1  
198 Two word info dua   1  
199 Three word info tedu   1  
200 Four word info epat   1  
201 Five word info dima   1  
202 Six word info enem   1  
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
204 Eight word info wadu   3  
205 Nine word info siouw   5, 34  
206 Ten word info mapudu'   5, 40  
207 Twenty word info dua nepudu'   3, 6  
208 Fifty word info dima nepudu'   1, 2  
209 One Hundred word info matus   4, 52  
210 One Thousand word info seiwu   5  

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