https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: S.W. Palawano

Source/Author:  Bill Davis 
Notes:  (Author is translator with New Tribes Mission, working among SWP since 1982)

I will use our orthography, since it is a simple sound system. We do not write the final glottal but I will use an apostrophe for that and for intervocalic glottal; voiceless stops are unaspirated; <ng> represents the velar nasal phoneme; <l> is high-tongued; <r> is flapped; stress is penultimate unless I say "final" in the author annotation column; there are 4 vowel phonemes (i: high front, a: low central; a slightly rounded mid vowel further back than a schwa but not quite "open o" of 'caught.' for which we use the letter <e>; and a high back rounded. We use both <o> and <u> in the orthography as a bridge to reading Tagalog... there is non-phonemic range of sound which corresponds somewhat to the rules of the orthography (last vowel of word: write as <o>, double is <oo>, otherwise, <u>. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Bill Davis  Checked By:  
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Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Philippine:Greater Central Philippine:Palawanic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
5 to walk manew irrealis    
7 to come ato' literally "here/come here"    
7 to come mato' irrealis    
8 to turn word info isi' (final); literally "to take"    
8 to turn word info misi' et gibang "turn left" (irrealis)    
8 to turn word info misi' et kewanan "turn right" (irrealis)    
8 to turn word info misi' et debdeb "go straight" (chest) (irrealis)    
10 dirty meridi'      
14 belly berebewang (final) is lower abdomen    
20 to know, be knowledgeable seod (final) (no glottal between); as verb "to learn"    
20 to know, be knowledgeable keseudan tenseless "know" (final) with genitive agent    
20 to know, be knowledgeable meseudan (final)    
30 mouth munong lips    
31 tooth bigang molar    
31 tooth tango eye tooth    
33 to laugh kesit (most basic of many words)    
33 to laugh kumsit (irrealis)    
34 to cry siak (final) (no glottal)    
34 to cry sumiak (final)    
35 to vomit kesuda      
46 to see mebiri' (irrealis)    
46 to see mebiri' look at (intentional)    
46 to see biri'      
49 to lie down word info buntol      
49 to lie down word info pebuntol (final)    
52 to stand teyeg      
52 to stand tumyeg (final)    
56 child memulek (final)    
61 house benwa      
64 to say beres      
64 to say meres (irrealis)    
66 to tie up, fasten siget      
66 to tie up, fasten sumiget (irrealis)    
66 to tie up, fasten sigtan Dir. Focus.    
69 to hunt word info subok (most generic of many terms)    
69 to hunt word info menubok (final)    
72 to hit word info lipak      
72 to hit word info lumipak (final)    
72 to hit word info meglipak (final)    
73 to steal laog (to rob face-to-face)    
78 to cut, hack word info tumigbas (final)    
80 to split word info randang if long    
80 to split word info bela' (split solid object)    
80 to split word info megbela' (rare), (irrealis)    
80 to split word info ridis spilt a second time    
83 to work word info keradya (most generic for "work")    
83 to work word info megkeradya (irrealis)    
84 to plant sasad plant rice (final)    
86 to grow word info dekla'      
86 to grow word info dumekla' (final)    
91 to buy elen      
91 to buy melen (final)    
92 to open, uncover tumukas = open lid (final)    
92 to open, uncover tukas      
96 dog ideng (final)    
97 bird begit      
102 rat belab (final) …generic    
106 snake seli      
109 mosquito kuramot      
118 grass kenit-kenit lawn-type grass in general    
121 sand egis      
123 to flow burbor      
123 to flow murbor (irrealis)    
126 lake - they have no lakes; "Sea of Galilee" has been called dagat-dagatan" but this is contrived    
127 woods/forest bengley second growth    
128 sky lengew-legnew (final)    
131 cloud word info inarak      
132 fog habong      
133 rain delek (final)    
137 to blow word info tepiog b. (final)    
137 to blow word info tumepiog b. (final)    
137 to blow word info tepig b. (final)    
137 to blow word info tumepig b. (final)    
140 dry word info toog a. & b.    
140 dry word info ipetoog (final) to dry s.t.    
140 dry word info tumoog b.    
144 to burn word info deket intransitive "to burn"    
144 to burn word info dektan intransitive "to burn" (final)    
152 small merinek for tiny particle objects    
153 big kela' note above under "grow larger": dekla' is root for verb form with -um-, plural adjective mededekra' (final)    
154 short word info mepandak (final) for short people    
156 thin word info merinek for rope etc. (final)    
157 thick word info measlag (final), for rope etc    
158 narrow mekitib (final) = thin object    
158 narrow mekpit narrow space between (final)    
159 wide mebkang (final)    
161 shy, ashamed meleo if incidental rather than personality trait    
161 shy, ashamed megleo      
164 good menunga (final)    
166 correct, true sugat "correct" (final)    
172 to climb word info tindal (final) for ladder    
172 to climb word info tumindal (final) "go up stairs"    
172 to climb word info tungol b. (final)    
172 to climb word info tumungol (final)    
173 at atot "at (near)"    
173 at eset "at (general not too far)"    
179 near mekabi'      
183 thou ke clitic    
186 you kew clitic (kaw in some areas)    
187 they diye      
191 all ginsan      
192 and bo'      
194 how? word info enukuan (final); no glottal    
195 no, not diki if "I did NOT shoot the pig"    
195 no, not sala' (final) if not identity; as in that's not a pig    
203 Seven word info turo' (final)    
1 hand elima (final) 1  
6 road/path dalan (final) 1  
9 to swim langoy   1  
9 to swim lumangoy   1  
9 to swim meglangoy   1  
12 skin kulit   1  
13 back word info likod (final) 1  
15 bone tulang   1  
16 intestines tine'i small intestine 1  
17 liver atey   1  
19 shoulder ebaga   1  
22 to fear takot   1  
22 to fear tumakot (irrealis) 1  
24 head ulo   1  
25 neck lieg (final) (no glottal) 1  
27 nose edong   1  
29 to sniff, smell arek   1  
29 to sniff, smell marek (irrealis) 1  
29 to sniff, smell erkan (final) 1  
30 mouth baba' mouth opening 1  
31 tooth nipen tooth 1  
37 to eat kumaan (final) = eat something 1  
37 to eat kaan (final) 1  
37 to eat mengaan (final) = eat meal 1  
40 to drink inom   1  
40 to drink minom (final) 1  
41 to bite kagat   1  
41 to bite kumagat (irrealis) 1  
42 to suck sepsep   1  
42 to suck megsepsep (final) 1  
43 ear telinga (final) 1  
45 eye mata (final) 1  
53 person/human being taaw (final) 1  
58 wife esawa   1  
58 wife esawa na' libon (to be specific) 1  
60 father ama' (final) 1  
63 name ngaran   1  
65 rope tali rope 1  
67 to sew word info tehi'   1  
67 to sew word info tumehi' (irrealis) 1  
68 needle dagom   1  
70 to shoot word info pana'   1  
70 to shoot word info megpana' (but we don't have arrows… this would be a small spear gun for crayfish), (irrealis) 1  
73 to steal takew   1  
73 to steal menakew (irrealis) 1  
75 to die, be dead matey mimatey 1  
79 stick/wood kayo   1  
81 sharp metarem   1  
85 to choose pili'   1  
85 to choose memili' (irrealis) 1  
87 to swell word info baga'   1  
87 to swell word info maga' (irrealis) 1  
90 to dig kali   1  
90 to dig megkali (irrealis) 1  
108 louse word info kuto   1  
110 spider kelelawa' (final) 1  
114 leaf deon (final) no glottal in most subdialects 1  
117 fruit bua' (final) no glottal in most subdialects 1  
120 stone bato   1  
122 water word info danom   1  
128 sky langit   1  
129 moon bulan (final) 1  
130 star bituen (final) no glottal in most subdialects 1  
135 lightning kilat   1  
141 wet basa' (some say mebasa' but most call that a Tagalogism) 1  
142 heavy mebegat (final) 1  
143 fire apoy   1  
146 ash abo   1  
147 black meitem (final) 1  
148 white meputi' (final) 1  
150 yellow mekunit   1  
156 thin word info menipis this = flat object 1  
157 thick word info mekapal (final) = flat objects 1  
160 painful, sick mesakit   1  
165 bad, evil meraat var. (final) 1  
166 correct, true banar "true" (final) 1  
168 day eldew (final) 1  
169 year te'on (final) 1  
172 to climb word info ineik a. 1  
172 to climb word info mineik climb ladder/tree 1  
180 far merayo'   1  
183 thou ikew (final) free 1  
184 he/she ya   1  
197 One word info isa' (final), (not as modifier… that is seng- a bound form) 1  
198 Two word info dua (final) 1  
199 Three word info telo   1  
200 Four word info epat   1  
201 Five word info lima (final) 1  
202 Six word info enem   1  
112 rotten word info burok (final) 1, 102  
112 rotten word info meburok (final) 1, 102  
170 when? word info kengiran if in past (final) 1, 11  
186 you kemuyo free 1, 13  
208 Fifty word info llimang pulo' (final) 1, 2  
170 when? word info ngiran (final) 1, 24  
75 to die, be dead patey   1, 35  
88 to squeeze word info megpega (irrealis, rare in AF) 1, 37  
88 to squeeze word info pega   1, 37  
11 dust elikabok   1, 48  
182 I ako (final); free nominative; 1, 5  
163 new bago   1, 54  
3 right kewanan   1, 62  
159 wide melawak wide space between 1, 64  
26 hair word info buek (final) (no glottal between in most subdialects) 1, 65  
44 to hear kingeg   1, 65  
44 to hear kumingeg (final) 1, 65  
44 to hear pekingeg (final) 1, 65  
99 feather bulbol (also = fur, body hair) 1, 68  
28 to breathe ginawa   1, 70  
28 to breathe megginawa (irrealis) 1, 70  
107 worm (earthworm) lungati   1, 75  
98 egg tilog   1, 76  
144 to burn word info tumutong (final) set fire to s.t. 1, 94  
144 to burn word info tutong (act of burning something) 1, 94  
177 this ito' (final) this is basic form, has 4 forms each of this/that/that, 4 each of here/there/there, and 4 each of "this way/that way/that way" 10  
127 woods/forest geba' virgin forest 104  
78 to cut, hack word info tigbas = chop with machete or ax 106  
4 leg/foot tiked (final) 108  
190 other iba "other, another," or "different" (final) 12  
152 small ibon-ibon more generic 127  
171 to hide word info tago'   13  
171 to hide word info petago'   13  
93 to pound, beat word info lebek   14  
93 to pound, beat word info menglebek (final) 14  
174 in, inside seled "inside" 14  
189 who? word info sino (some areas si'no) 14, 47  
18 breast dudo'   15  
62 thatch/roof sapew (final) = roof, 15  
62 thatch/roof pawed thatch 15  
62 thatch/roof pinawed thatch 15  
76 to live, be alive biag (final) 15  
76 to live, be alive megbiag   15  
23 blood dugo' (final) 16  
59 mother indo' (final) 16  
38 to chew word info sepa'   17  
38 to chew word info megsepa' (irrealis) 17  
55 woman/female libon   17  
111 fish seda'   18  
47 to yawn wab   19  
47 to yawn megwab (irrealis) 19  
5 to walk panew root; with -um- 2  
57 husband esawa   2  
57 husband esawa na' lelaki (to be specific) 2  
74 to kill imatey   2  
74 to kill mengimatey (with no object=suicide) 2  
74 to kill mimatey mimatey 2  
113 branch word info sanga   2  
190 other le'in "other, another," or "different" 2  
175 above timbew top surface or above the surface 2, 20  
185 we word info kami free 2, 51  
185 we word info kay clitic 2, 51  
188 what? word info eno   2, 65  
134 thunder duldog (final) 2, 68  
181 where? word info embe (final) 2, 70  
54 man/male lelaki   2, 99  
39 to cook word info iluto'   20  
39 to cook word info meg'iluto' (irrealis) 20  
193 if ba'   20  
16 intestines bituka large intestine 21  
77 to scratch word info kutkot   21  
77 to scratch word info kumutkot (final) 21  
77 to scratch word info mengutkot (final) 21  
101 to fly lepad   21  
101 to fly lumpad (final) 21  
162 old word info megurang (final) 21  
167 night gebi (final) 21, 90  
167 night gebii rare (final) 21, 90  
21 to think pikir   22  
21 to think memikir (irrealis) 22  
116 flower burak-burak (final) 22  
139 cold word info meramig (final) = cold 22  
139 cold word info meramig-ramig "cool" 22  
100 wing elad (final) 23  
104 fat/grease taba' (final) 23  
138 warm word info meinit hot 23  
138 warm word info meinit-init warm 23  
2 left gibang   24  
191 all tanan   24  
89 to hold word info kepet   25  
89 to hold word info kumpet (final) 25  
124 sea dagat (at the beach, the sea is "dagat") 25  
119 earth/soil lugta'   25, 83  
84 to plant luak   26  
84 to plant lumuak (final, plant item) 26  
84 to plant mengluak (final, plant many things) 26  
103 meat/flesh uned (final) 27  
109 mosquito tegnek other type (final) 27  
176 below sirib (under object) if under a house (which is on stilts) 27  
149 red mepula (final) 28  
115 root gamot   3  
125 salt asin (final) 3  
204 Eight word info walo   3  
207 Twenty word info duang pulo' (final) 3, 6  
50 to dream teginep   30  
50 to dream meneginep (final) 30  
105 tail ipos   30  
127 woods/forest talon   30  
145 smoke word info tabok   30  
196 to count itong (also hear bilang) 31  
151 green melunew (also = blue) 33  
176 below sirong under shade of tree/eave etc 35, 78  
173 at doot "at (far)" 39  
32 tongue dila'   4  
209 One Hundred word info senggatos gatos is root used in pireng gatos ("how many hundred?") but not as modifier 4  
82 dull, blunt megaddel   40, 27  
36 to spit ibeg   47  
36 to spit mibeg (final) 47  
51 to sit adong   47  
51 to sit peadong (irrealis) 47  
51 to sit madong (irrealis) 47  
137 to blow word info dumres a. (final) 48  
14 belly beteng stomach (internal) and upper belly (outer) 49  
206 Ten word info sengpulo' (final); here's the seng- this is "ten" as modifer, in rare instances you might hear pulo' alone to mean abstract "ten" or "there were ten(s) of something" 5  
210 One Thousand word info sengribo ribo is root used in pireng ribo ("how many thousand?") but not as modifier 5  
154 short word info mebaba' same for both a./b. 54  
178 that yatin (most common and inuitive… see annotation for "this") 55  
95 to fall word info degdag   56  
95 to fall word info dumegdag (final, 2-place intransitive) 56  
95 to fall word info medegdag (final, 1-place intransitive) 56  
124 sea lawed (while inland the sea and seashore are "lawed") 6  
71 to stab, pierce seksak   68  
71 to stab, pierce sumeksak (final) 68  
65 rope siget s/t to tie with 77  
136 wind deres (final) 82  
165 bad, evil meyaat (final) 88  
35 to vomit suka   9  
35 to vomit sumuka   9  
205 Nine word info siam (final) 9  
155 long word info melembo'   94  
94 to throw word info bakal   97  
94 to throw word info megbakal (final) 97  
94 to throw word info megbakal (final) 97  
48 to sleep iga'   99  
48 to sleep miga' (final) 99  
182 I ko both clitic nominative and genitive x  

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