https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: S.W. Palawano

Source/Author:  Bill Davis 
Notes:  (Author is translator with New Tribes Mission, working among SWP since 1982)

I will use our orthography, since it is a simple sound system. We do not write the final glottal but I will use an apostrophe for that and for intervocalic glottal; voiceless stops are unaspirated; <ng> represents the velar nasal phoneme; <l> is high-tongued; <r> is flapped; stress is penultimate unless I say "final" in the author annotation column; there are 4 vowel phonemes (i: high front, a: low central; a slightly rounded mid vowel further back than a schwa but not quite "open o" of 'caught.' for which we use the letter <e>; and a high back rounded. We use both <o> and <u> in the orthography as a bridge to reading Tagalog... there is non-phonemic range of sound which corresponds somewhat to the rules of the orthography (last vowel of word: write as <o>, double is <oo>, otherwise, <u>. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Bill Davis  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Philippine:Greater Central Philippine:Palawanic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
2 left gibang   24  
3 right kewanan   1, 62  
9 to swim langoy   1  
9 to swim lumangoy   1  
9 to swim meglangoy   1  
10 dirty meridi'      
11 dust elikabok   1, 48  
12 skin kulit   1  
15 bone tulang   1  
17 liver atey   1  
18 breast dudo'   15  
19 shoulder ebaga   1  
21 to think pikir   22  
22 to fear takot   1  
24 head ulo   1  
27 nose edong   1  
28 to breathe ginawa   1, 70  
29 to sniff, smell arek   1  
32 tongue dila'   4  
35 to vomit suka   9  
35 to vomit sumuka   9  
35 to vomit kesuda      
36 to spit ibeg   47  
38 to chew word info sepa'   17  
39 to cook word info iluto'   20  
40 to drink inom   1  
41 to bite kagat   1  
42 to suck sepsep   1  
44 to hear kingeg   1, 65  
46 to see biri'      
47 to yawn wab   19  
48 to sleep iga'   99  
49 to lie down word info buntol      
50 to dream teginep   30  
51 to sit adong   47  
52 to stand teyeg      
54 man/male lelaki   2, 99  
55 woman/female libon   17  
57 husband esawa   2  
58 wife esawa   1  
61 house benwa      
63 name ngaran   1  
64 to say beres      
66 to tie up, fasten siget      
67 to sew word info tehi'   1  
68 needle dagom   1  
70 to shoot word info pana'   1  
71 to stab, pierce seksak   68  
72 to hit word info lipak      
73 to steal takew   1  
74 to kill imatey   2  
75 to die, be dead patey   1, 35  
76 to live, be alive megbiag   15  
77 to scratch word info kutkot   21  
79 stick/wood kayo   1  
81 sharp metarem   1  
82 dull, blunt megaddel   40, 27  
84 to plant luak   26  
85 to choose pili'   1  
86 to grow word info dekla'      
87 to swell word info baga'   1  
88 to squeeze word info pega   1, 37  
89 to hold word info kepet   25  
90 to dig kali   1  
91 to buy elen      
92 to open, uncover tukas      
93 to pound, beat word info lebek   14  
94 to throw word info bakal   97  
95 to fall word info degdag   56  
97 bird begit      
98 egg tilog   1, 76  
101 to fly lepad   21  
105 tail ipos   30  
106 snake seli      
107 worm (earthworm) lungati   1, 75  
108 louse word info kuto   1  
109 mosquito kuramot      
111 fish seda'   18  
113 branch word info sanga   2  
115 root gamot   3  
119 earth/soil lugta'   25, 83  
120 stone bato   1  
121 sand egis      
122 water word info danom   1  
123 to flow burbor      
127 woods/forest talon   30  
128 sky langit   1  
131 cloud word info inarak      
132 fog habong      
135 lightning kilat   1  
143 fire apoy   1  
145 smoke word info tabok   30  
146 ash abo   1  
150 yellow mekunit   1  
155 long word info melembo'   94  
160 painful, sick mesakit   1  
161 shy, ashamed megleo      
163 new bago   1, 54  
171 to hide word info tago'   13  
171 to hide word info petago'   13  
179 near mekabi'      
180 far merayo'   1  
184 he/she ya   1  
187 they diye      
188 what? word info eno   2, 65  
191 all tanan   24  
191 all ginsan      
192 and bo'      
193 if ba'   20  
199 Three word info telo   1  
200 Four word info epat   1  
202 Six word info enem   1  
204 Eight word info walo   3  
173 at doot "at (far)" 39  
173 at eset "at (general not too far)"    
173 at atot "at (near)"    
139 cold word info meramig-ramig "cool" 22  
166 correct, true sugat "correct" (final)    
8 to turn word info misi' et debdeb "go straight" (chest) (irrealis)    
174 in, inside seled "inside" 14  
190 other le'in "other, another," or "different" 2  
190 other iba "other, another," or "different" (final) 12  
166 correct, true banar "true" (final) 1  
8 to turn word info misi' et gibang "turn left" (irrealis)    
8 to turn word info misi' et kewanan "turn right" (irrealis)    
144 to burn word info tutong (act of burning something) 1, 94  
151 green melunew (also = blue) 33  
99 feather bulbol (also = fur, body hair) 1, 68  
196 to count itong (also hear bilang) 31  
124 sea dagat (at the beach, the sea is "dagat") 25  
70 to shoot word info megpana' (but we don't have arrows… this would be a small spear gun for crayfish), (irrealis) 1  
1 hand elima (final) 1  
4 leg/foot tiked (final) 108  
6 road/path dalan (final) 1  
13 back word info likod (final) 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable meseudan (final)    
23 blood dugo' (final) 16  
29 to sniff, smell erkan (final) 1  
34 to cry sumiak (final)    
36 to spit mibeg (final) 47  
37 to eat kaan (final) 1  
40 to drink minom (final) 1  
42 to suck megsepsep (final) 1  
43 ear telinga (final) 1  
44 to hear kumingeg (final) 1, 65  
44 to hear pekingeg (final) 1, 65  
45 eye mata (final) 1  
48 to sleep miga' (final) 99  
49 to lie down word info pebuntol (final)    
50 to dream meneginep (final) 30  
52 to stand tumyeg (final)    
53 person/human being taaw (final) 1  
56 child memulek (final)    
59 mother indo' (final) 16  
60 father ama' (final) 1  
69 to hunt word info menubok (final)    
71 to stab, pierce sumeksak (final) 68  
72 to hit word info lumipak (final)    
72 to hit word info meglipak (final)    
76 to live, be alive biag (final) 15  
77 to scratch word info kumutkot (final) 21  
77 to scratch word info mengutkot (final) 21  
78 to cut, hack word info tumigbas (final)    
86 to grow word info dumekla' (final)    
89 to hold word info kumpet (final) 25  
91 to buy melen (final)    
93 to pound, beat word info menglebek (final) 14  
94 to throw word info megbakal (final) 97  
94 to throw word info megbakal (final) 97  
96 dog ideng (final)    
100 wing elad (final) 23  
101 to fly lumpad (final) 21  
103 meat/flesh uned (final) 27  
104 fat/grease taba' (final) 23  
110 spider kelelawa' (final) 1  
112 rotten word info burok (final) 1, 102  
112 rotten word info meburok (final) 1, 102  
116 flower burak-burak (final) 22  
125 salt asin (final) 3  
128 sky lengew-legnew (final)    
129 moon bulan (final) 1  
133 rain delek (final)    
134 thunder duldog (final) 2, 68  
136 wind deres (final) 82  
142 heavy mebegat (final) 1  
147 black meitem (final) 1  
148 white meputi' (final) 1  
149 red mepula (final) 28  
159 wide mebkang (final)    
162 old word info megurang (final) 21  
164 good menunga (final)    
165 bad, evil meyaat (final) 88  
167 night gebi (final) 21, 90  
168 day eldew (final) 1  
169 year te'on (final) 1  
170 when? word info ngiran (final) 1, 24  
172 to climb word info tumungol (final)    
181 where? word info embe (final) 2, 70  
198 Two word info dua (final) 1  
201 Five word info lima (final) 1  
203 Seven word info turo' (final)    
205 Nine word info siam (final) 9  
207 Twenty word info duang pulo' (final) 3, 6  
208 Fifty word info llimang pulo' (final) 1, 2  
172 to climb word info tumindal (final) "go up stairs"    
26 hair word info buek (final) (no glottal between in most subdialects) 1, 65  
20 to know, be knowledgeable seod (final) (no glottal between); as verb "to learn"    
25 neck lieg (final) (no glottal) 1  
34 to cry siak (final) (no glottal)    
139 cold word info meramig (final) = cold 22  
37 to eat mengaan (final) = eat meal 1  
37 to eat kumaan (final) = eat something 1  
157 thick word info mekapal (final) = flat objects 1  
62 thatch/roof sapew (final) = roof, 15  
158 narrow mekitib (final) = thin object    
102 rat belab (final) …generic    
172 to climb word info tindal (final) for ladder    
154 short word info mepandak (final) for short people    
183 thou ikew (final) free 1  
195 no, not sala' (final) if not identity; as in that's not a pig    
14 belly berebewang (final) is lower abdomen    
114 leaf deon (final) no glottal in most subdialects 1  
117 fruit bua' (final) no glottal in most subdialects 1  
130 star bituen (final) no glottal in most subdialects 1  
144 to burn word info tumutong (final) set fire to s.t. 1, 94  
177 this ito' (final) this is basic form, has 4 forms each of this/that/that, 4 each of here/there/there, and 4 each of "this way/that way/that way" 10  
140 dry word info ipetoog (final) to dry s.t.    
197 One word info isa' (final), (not as modifier… that is seng- a bound form) 1  
157 thick word info measlag (final), for rope etc    
182 I ako (final); free nominative; 1, 5  
206 Ten word info sengpulo' (final); here's the seng- this is "ten" as modifer, in rare instances you might hear pulo' alone to mean abstract "ten" or "there were ten(s) of something" 5  
8 to turn word info isi' (final); literally "to take"    
194 how? word info enukuan (final); no glottal    
95 to fall word info medegdag (final, 1-place intransitive) 56  
95 to fall word info dumegdag (final, 2-place intransitive) 56  
84 to plant lumuak (final, plant item) 26  
84 to plant mengluak (final, plant many things) 26  
21 to think memikir (irrealis) 22  
22 to fear tumakot (irrealis) 1  
28 to breathe megginawa (irrealis) 1, 70  
29 to sniff, smell marek (irrealis) 1  
33 to laugh kumsit (irrealis)    
38 to chew word info megsepa' (irrealis) 17  
39 to cook word info meg'iluto' (irrealis) 20  
41 to bite kumagat (irrealis) 1  
46 to see mebiri' (irrealis)    
47 to yawn megwab (irrealis) 19  
51 to sit peadong (irrealis) 47  
51 to sit madong (irrealis) 47  
64 to say meres (irrealis)    
66 to tie up, fasten sumiget (irrealis)    
67 to sew word info tumehi' (irrealis) 1  
73 to steal menakew (irrealis) 1  
83 to work word info megkeradya (irrealis)    
85 to choose memili' (irrealis) 1  
87 to swell word info maga' (irrealis) 1  
90 to dig megkali (irrealis) 1  
123 to flow murbor (irrealis)    
88 to squeeze word info megpega (irrealis, rare in AF) 1, 37  
33 to laugh kesit (most basic of many words)    
178 that yatin (most common and inuitive… see annotation for "this") 55  
83 to work word info keradya (most generic for "work")    
69 to hunt word info subok (most generic of many terms)    
80 to split word info megbela' (rare), (irrealis)    
189 who? word info sino (some areas si'no) 14, 47  
141 wet basa' (some say mebasa' but most call that a Tagalogism) 1  
80 to split word info bela' (split solid object)    
57 husband esawa na' lelaki (to be specific) 2  
58 wife esawa na' libon (to be specific) 1  
73 to steal laog (to rob face-to-face)    
176 below sirib (under object) if under a house (which is on stilts) 27  
124 sea lawed (while inland the sea and seashore are "lawed") 6  
74 to kill mengimatey (with no object=suicide) 2  
78 to cut, hack word info tigbas = chop with machete or ax 106  
92 to open, uncover tumukas = open lid (final)    
172 to climb word info ineik a. 1  
140 dry word info toog a. & b.    
137 to blow word info dumres a. (final) 48  
140 dry word info tumoog b.    
137 to blow word info tepiog b. (final)    
137 to blow word info tumepiog b. (final)    
137 to blow word info tepig b. (final)    
137 to blow word info tumepig b. (final)    
172 to climb word info tungol b. (final)    
182 I ko both clitic nominative and genitive x  
172 to climb word info mineik climb ladder/tree 1  
183 thou ke clitic    
185 we word info kay clitic 2, 51  
186 you kew clitic (kaw in some areas)    
66 to tie up, fasten sigtan Dir. Focus.    
31 tooth tango eye tooth    
156 thin word info merinek for rope etc. (final)    
152 small merinek for tiny particle objects    
185 we word info kami free 2, 51  
186 you kemuyo free 1, 13  
209 One Hundred word info senggatos gatos is root used in pireng gatos ("how many hundred?") but not as modifier 4  
138 warm word info meinit hot 23  
195 no, not diki if "I did NOT shoot the pig"    
170 when? word info kengiran if in past (final) 1, 11  
161 shy, ashamed meleo if incidental rather than personality trait    
80 to split word info randang if long    
144 to burn word info deket intransitive "to burn"    
144 to burn word info dektan intransitive "to burn" (final)    
5 to walk manew irrealis    
7 to come mato' irrealis    
16 intestines bituka large intestine 21  
118 grass kenit-kenit lawn-type grass in general    
30 mouth munong lips    
7 to come ato' literally "here/come here"    
46 to see mebiri' look at (intentional)    
74 to kill mimatey mimatey 2  
75 to die, be dead matey mimatey 1  
31 tooth bigang molar    
152 small ibon-ibon more generic 127  
30 mouth baba' mouth opening 1  
158 narrow mekpit narrow space between (final)    
153 big kela' note above under "grow larger": dekla' is root for verb form with -um-, plural adjective mededekra' (final)    
109 mosquito tegnek other type (final) 27  
84 to plant sasad plant rice (final)    
167 night gebii rare (final) 21, 90  
210 One Thousand word info sengribo ribo is root used in pireng ribo ("how many thousand?") but not as modifier 5  
5 to walk panew root; with -um- 2  
65 rope tali rope 1  
65 rope siget s/t to tie with 77  
154 short word info mebaba' same for both a./b. 54  
127 woods/forest bengley second growth    
16 intestines tine'i small intestine 1  
80 to split word info ridis spilt a second time    
14 belly beteng stomach (internal) and upper belly (outer) 49  
20 to know, be knowledgeable keseudan tenseless "know" (final) with genitive agent    
62 thatch/roof pawed thatch 15  
62 thatch/roof pinawed thatch 15  
126 lake - they have no lakes; "Sea of Galilee" has been called dagat-dagatan" but this is contrived    
156 thin word info menipis this = flat object 1  
31 tooth nipen tooth 1  
175 above timbew top surface or above the surface 2, 20  
176 below sirong under shade of tree/eave etc 35, 78  
165 bad, evil meraat var. (final) 1  
127 woods/forest geba' virgin forest 104  
138 warm word info meinit-init warm 23  
159 wide melawak wide space between 1, 64  

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