https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Maori (1773)

Source/Author:  Sydney Parkinson (1773) 
Notes:  SYDNEY PARKINSON, Draughtsman to JOSEPH BANKS, Esq. on his late Expedition with Dr. SOLANDER, round the World. (London, 1773)

"Something has already been mentioned respecting the language of the New-Zealanders, and of its affinity to that of the people of Otaheite; the following Vocabulary will more fully shew this agreement, which is a very extraordinary circumstance, and leads us to conclude that one place was originally peopled from the other, though they are at near two thousand miles distance, and nothing but the ocean intervenes, at least to our knowledge; and such a long navigation, we should hardly believe, could be practicable in their small canoes, the only vessels that they appear to have ever possessed; yet what should lead too distinct people, having no communication with each other, to affix the same sounds to the same things, would be hard to account for In any other manner."

"This opinion is farther corroborated, by comparing their customs and manners, as also their instruments of war and household utensils, which will be found to agree in many particulars. The migra-tion was probably from New-Zealand to Otaheite; as the inhabitants of the former place were totally unacquainted with the use of bows and arrows till we first taught them; whereas the people of the latter island use them with great dexterity, having doubtless discovered the use of them by some accident after their separation; and it cannot be supposed that the New-Zealanders would have lost so beneficial an acquisition, if they had ever been acquainted with it." 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Richard Parker  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Tahitic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above      
191 all      
192 and      
146 ash      
173 at      
13 back word info      
165 bad, evil ekeeno bad 9  
14 belly      
176 below      
153 big      
97 bird      
147 black      
23 blood      
15 bone      
113 branch word info      
18 breast      
56 child hetamàéh boy or son    
131 cloud word info      
139 cold word info      
166 correct, true      
168 day      
10 dirty      
96 dog egoorree e kuri-MW 7  
140 dry word info      
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust      
43 ear      
119 earth/soil      
98 egg      
204 Eight word info kawarroo   3  
45 eye he matta   1  
180 far      
104 fat/grease      
60 father papa L from English   L
99 feather      
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire      
111 fish teyka   1  
201 Five word info kareema   1  
116 flower      
132 fog      
200 Four word info kawha   1, 66  
117 fruit      
164 good apoorotoo   125  
118 grass      
151 green      
26 hair word info      
1 hand      
184 he/she      
24 head he aowpohó   10  
142 heavy      
61 house hèàwhài   14?  
194 how? word info      
57 husband      
182 I      
193 if      
174 in, inside      
16 intestines      
126 lake      
114 leaf heaow   1?  
2 left      
4 leg/foot      
135 lightning      
17 liver      
155 long word info      
108 louse word info      
54 man/male      
103 meat/flesh      
129 moon      
109 mosquito      
59 mother      
30 mouth he gaõwai      
63 name      
158 narrow      
179 near      
25 neck      
68 needle      
163 new      
167 night      
205 Nine word info kàeeva   5, 44, 66  
195 no, not kaowra no 12  
27 nose he eih   1  
162 old word info      
197 One word info katahè   41  
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other      
160 painful, sick      
53 person/human being      
133 rain      
102 rat      
149 red      
3 right      
6 road/path      
115 root      
65 rope      
112 rotten word info      
125 salt      
121 sand      
124 sea      
203 Seven word info kawheetoo   1  
81 sharp      
154 short word info      
19 shoulder      
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info kàònoo   1  
12 skin      
128 sky      
152 small      
145 smoke word info      
106 snake      
110 spider      
130 star      
79 stick/wood tracaow wood 1  
120 stone powhattoo   1, 19  
105 tail      
206 Ten word info kacahaowroo      
178 that      
62 thatch/roof      
187 they      
157 thick word info      
156 thin word info      
177 this      
183 thou      
199 Three word info katarroo   1  
134 thunder      
41 to bite      
137 to blow word info      
28 to breathe      
144 to burn word info      
91 to buy      
38 to chew word info      
85 to choose      
172 to climb word info      
7 to come      
39 to cook word info      
196 to count      
34 to cry      
78 to cut, hack word info      
75 to die, be dead      
90 to dig      
50 to dream      
40 to drink      
37 to eat eëi victuals 1, 47  
95 to fall word info      
22 to fear      
123 to flow      
101 to fly      
86 to grow word info      
44 to hear      
171 to hide word info      
72 to hit word info      
89 to hold word info      
69 to hunt word info      
74 to kill      
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
33 to laugh      
49 to lie down word info      
76 to live, be alive      
92 to open, uncover      
84 to plant      
93 to pound, beat word info      
64 to say orero to speak or speech 11  
77 to scratch word info      
46 to see      
67 to sew word info      
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit      
48 to sleep      
29 to sniff, smell      
36 to spit      
80 to split word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
52 to stand      
73 to steal      
42 to suck      
87 to swell word info      
9 to swim      
21 to think      
94 to throw word info patoopatoo to throw stones, to threaten    
66 to tie up, fasten      
8 to turn word info      
35 to vomit      
5 to walk      
83 to work word info      
47 to yawn      
32 tongue haiàeeò   15  
31 tooth he neeho   1  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info karooa   1  
138 warm word info      
122 water word info hewai   2  
185 we word info      
141 wet      
188 what? word info      
170 when? word info      
181 where? word info      
148 white      
189 who? word info      
159 wide      
58 wife      
136 wind      
100 wing      
55 woman/female      
127 woods/forest      
107 worm (earthworm)      
169 year      
150 yellow      
186 you      

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