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Language: Maori (1773)

Source/Author:  Sydney Parkinson (1773) 
Notes:  SYDNEY PARKINSON, Draughtsman to JOSEPH BANKS, Esq. on his late Expedition with Dr. SOLANDER, round the World. (London, 1773)

"Something has already been mentioned respecting the language of the New-Zealanders, and of its affinity to that of the people of Otaheite; the following Vocabulary will more fully shew this agreement, which is a very extraordinary circumstance, and leads us to conclude that one place was originally peopled from the other, though they are at near two thousand miles distance, and nothing but the ocean intervenes, at least to our knowledge; and such a long navigation, we should hardly believe, could be practicable in their small canoes, the only vessels that they appear to have ever possessed; yet what should lead too distinct people, having no communication with each other, to affix the same sounds to the same things, would be hard to account for In any other manner."

"This opinion is farther corroborated, by comparing their customs and manners, as also their instruments of war and household utensils, which will be found to agree in many particulars. The migra-tion was probably from New-Zealand to Otaheite; as the inhabitants of the former place were totally unacquainted with the use of bows and arrows till we first taught them; whereas the people of the latter island use them with great dexterity, having doubtless discovered the use of them by some accident after their separation; and it cannot be supposed that the New-Zealanders would have lost so beneficial an acquisition, if they had ever been acquainted with it." 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Richard Parker  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Tahitic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand      
2 left      
3 right      
4 leg/foot      
5 to walk      
6 road/path      
7 to come      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin      
13 back word info      
14 belly      
15 bone      
16 intestines      
17 liver      
18 breast      
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
21 to think      
22 to fear      
23 blood      
24 head he aowpohó   10  
25 neck      
26 hair word info      
27 nose he eih   1  
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth he gaõwai      
31 tooth he neeho   1  
32 tongue haiàeeò   15  
33 to laugh      
34 to cry      
35 to vomit      
36 to spit      
37 to eat eëi victuals 1, 44  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
40 to drink      
41 to bite      
42 to suck      
43 ear      
44 to hear      
45 eye he matta   1  
46 to see      
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep      
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream      
51 to sit      
52 to stand      
53 person/human being      
54 man/male      
55 woman/female      
56 child hetamàéh boy or son    
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother      
60 father papa borrowing?-MW   L?
61 house hèàwhài   14?  
62 thatch/roof      
63 name      
64 to say orero to speak or speech 11  
65 rope      
66 to tie up, fasten      
67 to sew word info      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info      
73 to steal      
74 to kill      
75 to die, be dead      
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info      
79 stick/wood tracaow wood 1  
80 to split word info      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info patoopatoo to throw stones, to threaten    
95 to fall word info      
96 dog egoorree e kuri-MW 7  
97 bird      
98 egg      
99 feather      
100 wing      
101 to fly      
102 rat      
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease      
105 tail      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info      
109 mosquito      
110 spider      
111 fish teyka   1  
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf heaow   1?  
115 root      
116 flower      
117 fruit      
118 grass      
119 earth/soil      
120 stone powhattoo   1, 19  
121 sand      
122 water word info hewai   2  
123 to flow      
124 sea      
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
128 sky      
129 moon      
130 star      
131 cloud word info      
132 fog      
133 rain      
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
136 wind      
137 to blow word info      
138 warm word info      
139 cold word info      
140 dry word info      
141 wet      
142 heavy      
143 fire      
144 to burn word info      
145 smoke word info      
146 ash      
147 black      
148 white      
149 red      
150 yellow      
151 green      
152 small      
153 big      
154 short word info      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info      
163 new      
164 good apoorotoo   125  
165 bad, evil ekeeno bad 9  
166 correct, true      
167 night      
168 day      
169 year      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near      
180 far      
181 where? word info      
182 I      
183 thou      
184 he/she      
185 we word info      
186 you      
187 they      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not kaowra no 12  
196 to count      
197 One word info katahè   14, 48  
198 Two word info karooa   1  
199 Three word info katarroo   1  
200 Four word info kawha   1, 66  
201 Five word info kareema   1  
202 Six word info kàònoo   1  
203 Seven word info kawheetoo   1  
204 Eight word info kawarroo   3  
205 Nine word info kàeeva   5, 66  
206 Ten word info kacahaowroo   5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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