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Language: Kwamera

Source/Author:  Lindstrom 1986. Kwamera dictionary 
Notes:  South Tanna, Vanuatu. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: John Lynch  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:South Vanuatu:Tanna 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand rəŋə-   32  
2 left mour   1, 59  
3 right mwatuk   5, 77  
4 leg/foot nəsu-   75  
5 to walk an   2  
6 road/path suatuk   47  
7 to come ave|he   25  
8 to turn word info ikou   23  
8 to turn word info əkakini   117?  
9 to swim aiu   5, 24  
10 dirty əmkermək   14  
11 dust nəmakwrur   8  
12 skin tekə-   27  
13 back word info taku|ta-   12  
14 belly təpu-   36  
15 bone nəkakri-   7  
16 intestines naninha   1, 77  
17 liver nakan|mapwu-   4, 7  
18 breast nas   1  
18 breast nanhə-   1  
19 shoulder nura-   61  
20 to know, be knowledgeable (ru)kurən   18  
21 to think arhi      
22 to fear əhekər   69  
23 blood neta   1  
23 blood nəte-   1  
24 head kapwa   9, 17  
25 neck nua-   18, 83  
26 hair word info numwherə-   32  
27 nose nəpa|seŋi-   1, 33  
28 to breathe eiahaŋ   15  
29 to sniff, smell eŋis      
29 to sniff, smell peŋhi   42, 73  
30 mouth nakwa- inner mouth 84  
30 mouth tərhu- outer mouth 94  
31 tooth revu-   1, 35  
32 tongue naramə-   7, 48  
33 to laugh arəs   97  
34 to cry asək   33  
34 to cry eau   24  
35 to vomit eua Possibly a Lenakel loan 8  
36 to spit araŋavus *luaq 'vomit' + *ŋapus 'spit' 19, 38  
37 to eat ani   1  
38 to chew word info ahi      
39 to cook word info avan   50  
40 to drink anumwi   1, 72  
41 to bite ahi   1, 60  
42 to suck tumwi   17  
43 ear nəf|reŋə-   1  
44 to hear reŋi   1, 84  
45 eye nenime-   1  
46 to see ata   1  
47 to yawn akwaŋ-ase open-?? 12  
48 to sleep apri   11  
49 to lie down word info amak   46  
50 to dream əməkraha lie.down-bad 13  
51 to sit akure   107  
52 to stand arer   2, 57  
53 person/human being iermama   55  
54 man/male ierman   1, 14  
55 woman/female pran also 'wife' 1, 35  
56 child neru- w. 1&2sg 5  
56 child ti- w. all other 5  
57 husband ierman = man 17  
58 wife rukwe-      
59 mother ri|nhə-   1, 61  
60 father remu-   1  
61 house nimwa   1  
62 thatch/roof kwanei      
63 name nahaŋ   1, 18  
63 name naŋhu-   1, 18  
64 to say ni   104  
65 rope kwa-nakwus   60  
66 to tie up, fasten arihi   1, 39  
67 to sew word info atiri   71  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info ef|aiuk      
70 to shoot word info arukwi      
71 to stab, pierce əp   74  
72 to hit word info os   85  
73 to steal akres   10  
74 to kill os apune   1  
75 to die, be dead emha   1  
76 to live, be alive muru   1, 76  
77 to scratch word info əki   13  
78 to cut, hack word info arai   1  
79 stick/wood nei   1  
80 to split word info oskriŋi      
81 sharp ahia   17  
82 dull, blunt fa   16  
83 to work word info amhu   1, 13  
84 to plant ahavi   24  
85 to choose ata amwhen ata = see 23  
86 to grow word info vera not cognate w. Lenakel    
87 to swell word info rupu   12  
88 to squeeze word info akwriŋi      
89 to hold word info avahi   33  
90 to dig eri   1  
91 to buy avahi nenime- hold eye 73  
92 to open, uncover akwaŋ open 38  
92 to open, uncover asisi uncover    
93 to pound, beat word info ərui   11  
94 to throw word info rukwi   52  
95 to fall word info asas      
95 to fall word info mwei   40  
96 dog kuri Pn loan? 7 L
97 bird menu   1  
98 egg kwan|are-   1, 61  
99 feather numwherə-   23  
100 wing rəŋi-   65  
101 to fly iva   1  
102 rat iesukw   3  
103 meat/flesh nəsa-   10  
104 fat/grease nərpwa   15  
105 tail nəpiki-   1, 31  
106 snake ŋata   12  
107 worm (earthworm) mwətikaro   38  
108 louse word info ur   1  
109 mosquito mwi   1  
110 spider katəmnumun   30?  
111 fish nəmu   51  
112 rotten word info mərər   116  
113 branch word info rəŋi-   1, 21  
114 leaf nəma-   30  
115 root nua-   2  
116 flower tihi-   73  
117 fruit nəkwa-   1, 26  
118 grass nurhi   1  
119 earth/soil tup|rena   1  
120 stone kəpwier   6  
121 sand nəpəkər   30  
122 water word info nui   2  
123 to flow arəs   57  
124 sea təsi   1  
125 salt nəŋar   8  
126 lake nəsiui   10  
127 woods/forest rumunan   98?  
128 sky neai   12  
129 moon makwa   28  
130 star kumhau   13  
131 cloud word info napua   16  
132 fog n-amahakw-ien   3, 32  
133 rain nesən   1  
134 thunder karuarua   2, 64, 18  
135 lightning n-əruapen-ien   25  
136 wind nəmataŋi Pn. loan 1, 66  
137 to blow word info ekwi   5  
137 to blow word info əsəsau   12  
138 warm word info areuan   1, 98  
139 cold word info akwiei   108  
140 dry word info avahak thing 15  
140 dry word info maha liquid 11  
141 wet əmtəmət   35  
142 heavy f(w)am   30  
142 heavy p(w)am   30  
143 fire napw   19, 25  
144 to burn word info ahi   42  
145 smoke word info nəse-   2  
146 ash nəmrakw   1, 73  
147 black pitov      
148 white apsan   14  
149 red aruveruv   52  
150 yellow akweis   42  
151 green amrəmera   1  
152 small akəku   104  
153 big asori   47  
154 short word info kwakwa   96  
155 long word info apomus   14  
156 thin word info əkərakiri   20  
157 thick word info asori = big 3  
158 narrow avirəŋ   14  
159 wide asori = big x  
160 painful, sick amemha   1  
161 shy, ashamed aurəs   36  
162 old word info erŋhara   84  
163 new vi   1  
164 good amasan   140  
165 bad, evil eraha   1  
166 correct, true atukwatukw   x  
167 night nəpən   1  
168 day nəpən measure of time x  
168 day iaran daytime 6  
169 year nuk = yam 41  
170 when? word info nesən   1, 43  
171 to hide word info arukwafa   32  
172 to climb word info uta   39  
173 at fwe      
174 in, inside reri-   1  
175 above irenha      
176 below inherəp      
177 this u   47  
178 that fwe      
179 near ipaka   32  
180 far isu|pwən   1  
181 where? word info pa|ku   92  
182 I iou   1, 21  
183 thou ik   1, 17  
184 he/she in   1, 43  
185 we word info kətaha   1  
185 we word info kəmaha   2  
186 you kəmiaha   1, 13  
187 they iraha   1, 75  
188 what? word info nəfe   60  
189 who? word info si   1  
189 who? word info sin   1  
190 other apa   73  
191 all pam   50  
192 and məne NPs 2, 68  
192 and kəni VPs 1  
193 if tukwa   22  
194 how? word info əf- verbal prefix 1  
195 no, not rekəm   55  
196 to count avsini   26  
197 One word info kwatia   14, 44  
198 Two word info kəru   1  
199 Three word info kahar   1  
200 Four word info kefa   1, 65  
201 Five word info kərirum   1, 14  
202 Six word info kərirum-kwatia      
203 Seven word info kərirum-kəru      
204 Eight word info kərirum-kahar      
205 Nine word info kərirum-kefa      
206 Ten word info kərirum-kərirum      
207 Twenty word info iuan u miuan u not.be this and not.be that    
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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