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Language: Uruava

Source/Author:  Palmer, Bill (2004) Uruava dictionary, Additions from Piet Lincoln 
Notes:  Palmer's dictionary is an exhaustive compilation from older sources. Uruava is an extinct language of Bougainville. Missing items are probably lost for ever. 
Problems:  Sources diagree as to whether Palmers <g> represents [g] or [ŋ]. Palmer assumes [g]. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Malcolm Ross  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:Meso Melanesian:New Ireland:South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic:Mono-Uruava 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
31 tooth      
64 to say      
80 to split word info      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
92 to open, uncover      
123 to flow      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
166 correct, true      
169 year      
171 to hide word info      
175 above      
184 he/she      
185 we word info      
187 they      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
1 hand kabe-na   42  
2 left kabe mairi   1, 59  
3 right kabe βana      
4 leg/foot nane-na   19  
5 to walk rara   1, 69  
6 road/path arana   1  
7 to come ra-mai   1, 85  
9 to swim nabe   43  
9 to swim sirupi   12  
10 dirty mino      
10 dirty minominono      
11 dust koaβu   21  
12 skin uri-na   1  
13 back word info pou-na   108  
15 bone tua-na   1, 10  
16 intestines siopa-na   36  
17 liver ate-na   1  
18 breast susú-na   1  
19 shoulder báe-na   30  
20 to know, be knowledgeable mataú-i   1  
21 to think onóui   37  
21 to think matauni anogo      
22 to fear kuira      
22 to fear (mare) kokora      
23 blood revái   8  
24 head patu-na   9  
25 neck koekoe-na      
26 hair word info vurú-na   31  
27 nose niú-na   27  
28 to breathe napu      
29 to sniff, smell sie-i   92  
29 to sniff, smell sie   92  
30 mouth gunu-na      
32 tongue vere-na      
33 to laugh pa   101  
33 to laugh pai   101  
33 to laugh papaina   101  
34 to cry tani   1  
35 to vomit rua-rua   8  
36 to spit rovi   118  
37 to eat tamu   40  
38 to chew word info mama   1  
39 to cook word info raro-i   56  
40 to drink nokoi   61  
41 to bite karas-i   1  
41 to bite kakirigana      
43 ear tarina-na   1  
43 ear talina   1  
44 to hear baroro   38  
44 to hear baror-i   38  
44 to hear barori   38  
45 eye mata-na   1  
46 to see doi   56  
46 to see toru   126  
47 to yawn mavoa   19  
49 to lie down word info boretarava      
50 to dream rio   35  
51 to sit piutu      
52 to stand toru   2, 69  
53 person/human being kau   1  
54 man/male soni   46, 68  
54 man/male sooni   46, 68  
55 woman/female maru   114  
56 child tu-na   5  
57 husband egu-sani      
58 wife egu-maru      
59 mother sina-na   1  
60 father tama-na   1  
60 father tamagu   1  
61 house ruma   1  
62 thatch/roof ikana-na      
63 name iana-na   1, 18  
65 rope tabiroro   47?  
66 to tie up, fasten piri   18  
67 to sew word info kumata   70  
67 to sew word info kumas-i   70  
67 to sew word info ko tuai      
68 needle navis      
69 to hunt word info mane-mane      
70 to shoot word info pira-di   27  
71 to stab, pierce e wanayau      
72 to hit word info atunu   50  
72 to hit word info atun-i   50  
73 to steal vainao   1, 32  
73 to steal vainao-i   1, 32  
74 to kill va-mate-i   2  
74 to kill atunu   18  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
81 sharp kadi-kadi      
81 sharp kani-kani   14  
82 dull, blunt patugu   45  
88 to squeeze word info pitu-i   51  
89 to hold word info agos-i      
90 to dig karo-i      
91 to buy romo-i      
96 dog mosi      
97 bird mareki   32  
98 egg tagu-na   11  
98 egg toru   1  
98 egg tou   1  
99 feather vataka-na      
103 meat/flesh baba-na      
104 fat/grease menaka-na   1  
105 tail kure-na   27  
106 snake korukoru   21  
108 louse word info utu   1  
109 mosquito lolo   42  
110 spider gave   12  
110 spider piproka      
111 fish iana   1  
113 branch word info karapi-na   18  
115 root agara-na   19  
116 flower kaba-na      
117 fruit ua-na   1  
118 grass bubu-re   19  
119 earth/soil karisi      
120 stone patu   1  
121 sand motokaka      
122 water word info arakao      
126 lake makoku      
126 lake tokogosi      
129 moon vogera   31?  
130 star vesunu   1  
131 cloud word info kabo-kabo      
132 fog kamoi      
133 rain uana   1  
134 thunder kurukurumu   2, 56  
135 lightning sinava   2  
136 wind giuvu   65  
140 dry word info mamaa   11  
142 heavy marabu      
143 fire udaka   23  
144 to burn word info totoi      
145 smoke word info ao   2  
146 ash koavu   1, 69  
147 black ravarava      
148 white kakara   43  
149 red revarevai      
150 yellow kakagou      
151 green bulu-bulu   45  
152 small mudeka   77  
153 big dako      
154 short word info kuburu      
154 short word info kuguru      
155 long word info dea-na      
159 wide dababara   37  
160 painful, sick avo   17  
161 shy, ashamed maeva-na   1  
163 new vaoru   1  
164 good saide      
165 bad, evil rori   44  
165 bad, evil rori   44  
167 night boni   1  
168 day rani   6  
172 to climb word info kabe   35  
173 at -a   12, 31  
173 at -ia   12, 31  
174 in, inside tavana-na   20  
177 this ni   1  
178 that me      
179 near vasika-na      
180 far deadea-na      
182 I aria   1, 24  
183 thou aro   1  
186 you aramu   1, 22  
188 what? word info nava   1  
189 who? word info taka      
196 to count koke-i      
197 One word info kape   31, 46  
198 Two word info rua   1  
199 Three word info toru   1  
200 Four word info vasi   1, 65  
201 Five word info ruma   1  
202 Six word info onomo   1  
203 Seven word info vitu   1  
204 Eight word info aru   3  
205 Nine word info ia   5  
206 Ten word info avuru   5  
207 Twenty word info rua avúru      
208 Fifty word info nai rima avuru      
209 One Hundred word info rasu   4  
210 One Thousand word info kokole   19  
40 to drink ani = 'eat, drink' 33  
107 worm (earthworm) kodu-kodu 'snake, worm'    
138 warm word info kasi-kasi (of fire only?)    
181 where? word info vei-a -a 'at' 3, 35  
84 to plant luga-luga ?    
76 to live, be alive podo also 'be born' 77  
176 below kopera area underneath stilt house    
42 to suck susu nokonokoaina baby drink susu    
162 old word info tuari be old (unspecified) 48  
93 to pound, beat word info sevu-sevuri beat sago to produce sago water    
144 to burn word info e kurumu burn (intrans.)    
78 to cut, hack word info buri chop through    
139 cold word info pugete cold (of air only?)    
139 cold word info maramu cold (of person)    
78 to cut, hack word info toki cut 27, 96  
78 to cut, hack word info karukarusi cut (as with knife)    
48 to sleep ruka doze    
140 dry word info madoata dry in general    
104 fat/grease minaka fat (subst.) 1  
127 woods/forest usina forest 23  
114 leaf vuru-na hair, fur, leaves 18  
51 to sit piutu nogu I am sitting (?)    
40 to drink ari u noko I drink 61  
44 to hear aria u barori I hear 38  
20 to know, be knowledgeable aria matauni anogo I know 1  
63 name aria ianagu I name-my 1, 18  
46 to see aria u toru I see 126  
67 to sew word info aria ko tuai I sew    
29 to sniff, smell aria u sie I smell 92  
174 in, inside tawanana inside house 20  
102 rat kue irreg reflex 3, 61  
144 to burn word info wakurumi make burn    
59 mother sinagu mother-my 1  
141 wet mare ui ekana madoata not dry    
83 to work word info sikodo PCL: possibly Japanese loan? <sigoto> but collected 1939 before J occupation.    
53 person/human being buri sooni plenty man x  
53 person/human being buri maru plenty woman x  
128 sky ranisi POc *laŋit 1  
7 to come moi possible error 1  
95 to fall word info uka regular loss of *p- 19  
112 rotten word info koaβa rotten (as a log) 76  
77 to scratch word info kori scratch 12  
77 to scratch word info korikori aigu scratch me 12  
124 sea asipu sea, ocean; salt    
125 salt asipu sea, ocean; salt 50  
48 to sleep ebete sleep    
107 worm (earthworm) korukorumudeka small snake    
106 snake kodu-kodu snake, worm 18  
88 to squeeze word info pisuini squeeze (particulary shredded coconut) 31  
14 belly kobava-na stomach 2  
87 to swell word info tubu swelling, boil (PCL: in context of disease) 12  
178 that daume that    
94 to throw word info pogoini throw    
94 to throw word info pogoiniamai throw back x  
57 husband mo soni thy husband    
58 wife mo maru thy wife    
137 to blow word info kiuβu to blow of wind    
72 to hit word info erua buri soni wariatunu to fight (esp. humans) - two plural men each.other-hit    
101 to fly e βurau to fly    
72 to hit word info e βaora to hit (esp. with fist)    
49 to lie down word info ebetenobu to lie (on side) x  
66 to tie up, fasten wagasa to tie (knot)    
79 stick/wood au tree 1  
127 woods/forest veasi undeveloped forest    
137 to blow word info piubi vowel metathesis? 17  
170 when? word info veta rani which day?    
100 wing baina wing = shoulder 16  
107 worm (earthworm) mooge worm esp. earthworm    
52 to stand tolunomu you are standing (?)    
20 to know, be knowledgeable aro matauni anogo you know 1  
8 to turn word info ko βego you turn    
69 to hunt word info kom nanoi yumi hunt    

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