https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tolo

Source/Author:  Susan Smith Crowley via Malcolm Ross 
Notes:  Crowley, Susan Smith, Tolo dictionary (PL C-91, 1986, 129pp.) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Malcolm Ross  Checked By: Malcolm Ross 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Gela-Guadalcanal:Guadalcanal 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above tohu      
191 all      
192 and mai and 2, 46  
192 and mana and 2, 40  
146 ash tora   27  
146 ash tɔra ashes 27  
173 at i   1  
13 back word info buke body part 13  
13 back word info muri relation 3  
13 back word info mbuke-na back 13  
165 bad, evil savi      
165 bad, evil sekɔ bad 50  
14 belly toba   36  
14 belly tɔmba-na belly 36  
176 below vava   1  
176 below vava-na below 1  
176 below pita below    
153 big lava   10  
97 bird manu   1  
147 black bau   42  
147 black mbau black 42  
23 blood habu   5  
23 blood hambu-na blood 5  
15 bone suli   52  
15 bone kau-na bone 36  
15 bone suli-na bone 52  
113 branch word info masaŋa   2  
113 branch word info areŋa-na branch 1, 17, 37  
18 breast cucu   1  
18 breast čuču-na breast 1  
56 child dale   28  
56 child ndale-na child 28  
56 child mbaka child 41  
131 cloud word info parako lovolovo = 'sky' 74  
131 cloud word info lavo cloud 62  
139 cold word info bisi   46  
139 cold word info mbisi cold 46  
166 correct, true dou = 'good' 45  
166 correct, true hɔtɔ correct 13  
166 correct, true ndɔu correct 45  
168 day dani   6  
168 day ndani day 6  
10 dirty bau   66  
10 dirty mbau dirty 66  
10 dirty naŋgu dirty 55  
96 dog kau   17  
140 dry word info mamaca   11  
140 dry word info mamača dry 11  
82 dull, blunt modu   55  
82 dull, blunt mɔndu blunt 55  
11 dust pasapasa   19  
43 ear kuli   6  
43 ear kuli-na ear 6  
119 earth/soil pitapita   49  
98 egg kolu   1  
98 egg kɔlu-na egg 1  
204 Eight word info alu   3  
45 eye maka   1  
45 eye maka-na eye 1  
180 far sau   1  
104 fat/grease laka   70  
104 fat/grease mona fat/grease 1, 65  
104 fat/grease čečerena fat/grease 35  
60 father tama   1  
60 father tama-na father 1  
99 feather ivu   7  
99 feather ivu-na feather 7  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire kebe   31  
143 fire kembe fire 31  
111 fish hahano   58  
111 fish ɣaɣanɔ fish 58  
201 Five word info cehe   16  
201 Five word info lima five 1  
201 Five word info čeɣe five 16  
116 flower saga   12  
116 flower saŋga-na flower 12  
132 fog rasu   58  
132 fog ɣavu fog 1  
200 Four word info vati   1, 65  
117 fruit vua   1  
117 fruit vua-na fruit 1  
164 good dou   54  
164 good ndɔu good 54  
118 grass buruburu   19  
118 grass mburumburu grass 19  
151 green marao   13  
151 green maraɔ green 13  
26 hair word info ivu   13  
26 hair word info vuluvulu-na hair (body) 31  
1 hand lima   1  
1 hand lima-na arm 1  
184 he/she hia   1, 69  
24 head lova   47  
24 head ulu   1  
24 head lɔva-na head 47  
142 heavy mava   46  
142 heavy māva heavy 46  
61 house vale   14  
194 how? word info vahavei      
194 how? word info vaɣa vei how?    
57 husband ati      
182 I nau   1, 22  
193 if tina if 51  
174 in, inside lalo   1  
174 in, inside lalɔ in 1  
16 intestines tinae   1  
16 intestines tinae-na guts 1  
126 lake kuma      
114 leaf rau   1  
2 left mauli   1, 59  
2 left maili-na left 1, 59  
4 leg/foot tua   95  
4 leg/foot tua-na leg 95  
135 lightning pilapila   26  
17 liver ate   1  
17 liver ate-na liver 1  
155 long word info kaci   57  
155 long word info kači long 57  
108 louse word info ŋutu irregular *k > ŋ 1, 27  
108 louse word info lisa louse egg x20  
54 man/male gare   50  
54 man/male ŋgare man 50  
103 meat/flesh vinisi   17, 67  
103 meat/flesh vinesi-na meat/flesh 17, 67  
129 moon vula   1  
109 mosquito ŋi   39  
59 mother nana   1, 83  
59 mother na-na mother 1, 83  
30 mouth maŋa   13  
30 mouth mana-na mouth; irregular *ŋ > n 13  
63 name asa   1, 18  
63 name asa-na name 1, 18  
158 narrow kapicocoha irregular *a > o 1  
179 near lihi      
179 near haraŋi near 1, 74  
25 neck kokono   44  
25 neck kɔkɔnɔ-na neck 44  
68 needle      
163 new vaolu   1  
163 new vaɔlu new 1  
167 night boŋi   1  
167 night mbɔŋi night 1  
205 Nine word info siu irregular loss of *a 5  
195 no, not taiɣa no 4, 70  
27 nose isu   1  
27 nose isu-na nose 1  
162 old word info tuali   48  
162 old word info tuŋgatuŋga old (person) 78  
197 One word info cika   42  
197 One word info čikai one 42  
209 One Hundred word info casaŋatu irregular loss of *R 4, 38  
209 One Hundred word info saŋatu one hundred; irregular loss of *R 4, 38  
210 One Thousand word info čikai toɣa one thousand 27  
190 other      
160 painful, sick biu pain    
160 painful, sick masaɣe sick; irregular *i > e 1  
53 person/human being gare = 'man' 43  
53 person/human being ŋgare person 43  
133 rain laŋi   7  
102 rat husuve   3  
102 rat ɣusuve rat 3  
149 red cici   19  
149 red čiči red 19  
3 right madoa irregular loss of *l/*R 9  
3 right mandɔa-na right; irregular loss of *l/*R; irregular diphthongisation of final vowels 9  
6 road/path sala   1  
115 root lamu   3  
115 root lamu-na root 3  
65 rope alo   2  
112 rotten word info raca   55  
112 rotten word info rača rotten 55  
125 salt tasi   20  
121 sand mamarasa   61  
124 sea tasi   1  
203 Seven word info vitu seven 1  
81 sharp kacukacuha      
81 sharp hahani sharp 14  
81 sharp vaŋavaŋa sharp 14, 20  
154 short word info kolukolu   18  
154 short word info kɔlukɔlu short 18  
19 shoulder kokove   43  
161 shy, ashamed vaŋama   38  
202 Six word info ono   1  
202 Six word info ɔnɔ six 1  
12 skin huli   1  
12 skin huli-na skin 1  
128 sky parako   34  
128 sky mbarambara sky 45  
152 small kiki   78  
152 small kikiki small 78  
152 small pepeči small 57  
145 smoke word info puŋu   28  
145 smoke word info puɣu smoke; irregular *ŋ > ɣ 28  
106 snake muata   12  
110 spider lao   9  
110 spider kokomiči spider 46  
130 star vetuhu   1, 50  
130 star vetuɣu star 1, 50  
79 stick/wood hai   1  
120 stone vatu   1  
105 tail kali   34  
105 tail kali-na tail 34  
206 Ten word info saŋavulu   5  
178 that      
62 thatch/roof ato sago palm 1  
62 thatch/roof hinava thatch    
187 they hira   1, 69  
187 they rauka they (3du) x  
187 they ɣira they (3pl) 1, 69  
157 thick word info paku   36  
156 thin word info garo      
156 thin word info matipi thin 1, 32, 44  
177 this neni this 28  
183 thou hoe SG 1  
183 thou hoe you (2sg) s  
199 Three word info tolu   1  
199 Three word info tɔlu three 1  
134 thunder gululu   53  
134 thunder visa thunder 19  
41 to bite halati   1  
41 to bite halatia bite 1  
137 to blow word info uvi   4  
137 to blow word info harahara blow 49  
137 to blow word info uvia blow 4  
28 to breathe asease   16  
144 to burn word info hani   40  
144 to burn word info ɣuma burn    
144 to burn word info kerea burn 50  
91 to buy voli   1  
38 to chew word info ŋata   35  
85 to choose vili   1  
172 to climb word info halaha      
7 to come mai   1  
39 to cook word info kuki     L
196 to count icu PSS *iju[mi] 'count' 46  
196 to count čɔkɔa count 60  
196 to count ʔčumia count; irregular loss of *i 46  
34 to cry ŋara   5  
78 to cut, hack word info hado      
78 to cut, hack word info vāla cut nut X  
78 to cut, hack word info kala cut (wood) 62  
78 to cut, hack word info tɔɣia cut (string) 3, 96  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
90 to dig heli   1  
90 to dig ari      
90 to dig ɣelia dig 1  
50 to dream bolebole   10  
40 to drink inu   1  
37 to eat hani   1  
37 to eat kuta eat 36  
95 to fall word info puka   19  
22 to fear matahuni   1  
22 to fear mataɣu fear 1  
123 to flow nere      
123 to flow tɔtɔtɔ flow 15  
101 to fly lovo   1  
101 to fly lɔvo fly 1  
101 to fly laŋo fly (insect!) x  
86 to grow word info maurisi cause to grow 15  
44 to hear roŋoni   1  
44 to hear rɔŋɔnia hear 1  
171 to hide word info koku      
72 to hit word info labu   42  
72 to hit word info lambua hit (stick) 42  
89 to hold word info vele   63  
89 to hold word info velesia hold 63  
69 to hunt word info ruhu   13  
69 to hunt word info ruɣu hunt 13  
74 to kill labu-mate 'hit dead' 42, 2  
74 to kill lambumatea kill 42, 2  
20 to know, be knowledgeable dona   56  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ndɔna know 56  
33 to laugh colo   56  
33 to laugh čɔlɔ laugh 56  
49 to lie down word info eno   1  
49 to lie down word info mɔnɔ lie down 50  
76 to live, be alive mauri   1, 76  
76 to live, be alive emauri alive 1, 76  
92 to open, uncover ovaova      
84 to plant cuka   51  
84 to plant vasi   12  
93 to pound, beat word info tutuku   20, 2  
64 to say koe   64  
64 to say kɔea say 64  
77 to scratch word info vora      
77 to scratch word info ŋgaruŋgaru scratch 44  
46 to see resi irregular *l > r 14, 94  
46 to see mbereŋia see 61  
67 to sew word info tula   30  
67 to sew word info tulā sew 30  
70 to shoot word info vanasi   1  
51 to sit horo   85  
51 to sit hɔrɔ sit 85  
48 to sleep makuru   1  
29 to sniff, smell sihini smell 12  
29 to sniff, smell siɣinia smell 12  
36 to spit cuve   19, 88  
36 to spit čuve spit 19, 88  
80 to split word info tavota   41  
80 to split word info tea split 65  
88 to squeeze word info losi   19  
88 to squeeze word info lɔsia squeeze 19  
71 to stab, pierce tutukua stab 63  
52 to stand tui   2  
73 to steal beli   12  
73 to steal mbeli steal 12  
42 to suck mucu   20  
42 to suck mučua suck 20  
87 to swell word info čomo swell 45  
9 to swim salo   58  
9 to swim leso bathe; irregular *o > e 8  
21 to think pada   36  
21 to think papanda think 36  
94 to throw word info sui      
66 to tie up, fasten kuru   62  
66 to tie up, fasten kurua tie 62  
8 to turn word info pilo   86  
35 to vomit mutamuta   1  
5 to walk vavano   2  
5 to walk sivo go down    
5 to walk mba go 78  
5 to walk halaɣa go up    
83 to work word info ago   32  
83 to work word info aŋgo work 32  
47 to yawn maomao   19  
32 tongue lapi   21  
32 tongue lapi-na tongue 21  
31 tooth livo   1, 35  
31 tooth livo-na tooth 1, 35  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info ruka irregular medial -k- 1, 21  
138 warm word info tutunu   12  
122 water word info kolo   42  
185 we word info hami excl. 2  
185 we word info hita incl. 1  
185 we word info tauka we (1du.incl) 67  
185 we word info ɣami we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info ɣita we (1pl.incl) 1  
185 we word info ɣarika we (1du.excl) 2  
141 wet boci   55  
141 wet mboči wet 55  
188 what? word info sava   1  
188 what? word info sāva what? 1  
170 when? word info ŋisa   1, 24  
181 where? word info vei   3  
148 white sere   15  
189 who? word info sei   1  
159 wide dama      
58 wife ati   30  
136 wind loha   54  
136 wind loɣa wind 54  
100 wing rapo   50  
100 wing rapo-na wing 50  
55 woman/female daki   25  
55 woman/female ndaki woman 25  
127 woods/forest čukuna bush 65  
107 worm (earthworm) biri      
169 year uvi   41  
150 yellow mila   44  
150 yellow aŋo yellow 9  
186 you hamu PL 1  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
186 you -miu your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you ɣaruka you (2du) x  
186 you ɣamu you (2pl) 1  

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