https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tape

Source/Author:  Crowley 
Notes:  Also Known As Maragus

Crowley, T. (2006). Tape: a declining language of Malakula (Vanuatu). Edited by John Lynch. Pacific Linguistics. Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies. The Australian National University.

kh = velar fricative, ng = velar nasal, ë = schwa. 
Problems:  Andreea: replaced /kh/ with velar fricative:
-- voiced velar fricative intervocalically, word initially
-- voiceless velar fricative word finally, or adjacent to unvoiced consonants
(cf. Malcolm Ross)

Also replaced all ë with ə.  
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Malekula Interior:Malekula Central 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 18 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
42 to suck      
49 to lie down word info      
68 needle      
71 to stab, pierce      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
123 to flow      
126 lake      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
190 other      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
192 and an      
134 thunder belevər   15, 38  
112 rotten word info bu   52  
13 back word info bwəlin   52  
82 dull, blunt bəjij   15?  
146 ash bətnie   75  
88 to squeeze word info bəxəj   32  
154 short word info bəɣ   3  
119 earth/soil deb   11  
23 blood deen   1  
39 to cook word info denge   94  
142 heavy dip   14  
53 person/human being dui      
54 man/male dui   45  
57 husband dui   37  
22 to fear dədəngen   25, 60  
43 ear dəlngen   1, 40  
95 to fall word info dəm   42  
173 at e   1  
176 below edeb      
57 husband elaɣ   38  
174 in, inside elel   1  
174 in, inside elelvenu   1, 49  
184 he/she en   1  
187 they er   1, 70  
173 at erengen      
189 who? word info es   1  
180 far eso   1  
175 above esoweies   52  
60 father etmen   1  
181 where? word info evi   3  
179 near evibəɣ   2, 61  
177 this gi   6  
34 to cry ij   66  
201 Five word info iləm   1  
207 Twenty word info ingelru   9  
208 Fifty word info ingeləm   x  
137 to blow word info ip   5  
198 Two word info iru   1  
41 to bite is   1, 60  
197 One word info isig   42  
197 One word info isimək   1, 40?  
206 Ten word info isngel   5  
195 no, not isxa   10  
195 no, not isxe   10  
199 Three word info itəl   1  
133 rain iu   1  
200 Four word info ives   1, 65  
78 to cut, hack word info jej      
80 to split word info jej bəri vt 1  
192 and jere   32  
192 and jere|te   32, 30  
205 Nine word info jevet   20?  
151 green jijen   8  
76 to live, be alive jiləp   57  
203 Seven word info jiru   2  
204 Eight word info jitəl   7  
38 to chew word info jomo   21  
15 bone jun   2  
145 smoke word info jəl   46?  
107 worm (earthworm) jələj   68, 72  
16 intestines jənin   1  
196 to count jəpon   69  
94 to throw word info jəren   87  
186 you kem   1, 13  
186 you kem   1, 13  
186 you kemru   x  
186 you kemtəl   x  
185 we word info kəmem excl.pl E42  
185 we word info kəmemru excl.dt 2  
185 we word info kəmemtəl excl.tl 2  
182 I kənək   1, 21, 22, 23  
27 nose kəsən   1, 58, 55  
102 rat laabət   45  
127 woods/forest lebəb tərep      
103 meat/flesh lelən   51  
178 that levər      
51 to sit liek   110  
153 big lil   91  
12 skin lil pekən   104  
5 to walk ling   60  
96 dog lipaɣ   29  
46 to see lis   14, 94  
167 night lixat   42  
84 to plant lo vi 10  
70 to shoot word info lu   15  
35 to vomit luaɣ   8  
84 to plant lulo vt 10  
31 tooth lun   1, 35  
70 to shoot word info luo   15  
67 to sew word info lələɣ   28  
1 hand ləmen   1  
202 Six word info ləmjis   20  
104 fat/grease lənglang   31  
66 to tie up, fasten ləɣ   1, 39  
47 to yawn mamau   19  
83 to work word info mekar   7  
83 to work word info mekarien   7  
140 dry word info memes   11  
75 to die, be dead mes   1  
48 to sleep metər   1  
50 to dream metər lilis = sleep see 11, 10  
149 red miel   1, 55  
139 cold word info miles   51  
32 tongue mimin   7, 41  
7 to come mo   1  
17 liver mopən   7  
80 to split word info mor vi 1?  
2 left mornen L Hand 1, 59  
17 liver movmit   7  
163 new mədaɣ   19?  
130 star məji   13  
3 right məldon R Hand 44  
119 earth/soil məlulo      
81 sharp məməlxai   14  
40 to drink mən   1, 49  
156 thin word info mənəmənəp   1  
156 thin word info mərej   13  
160 painful, sick məsit sick 1  
45 eye məten   1  
185 we word info naakəd incl.pl 1  
183 thou naakəm   1, 17, 18, 25  
115 root naarin   2, 41  
185 we word info nakedru incl.dt 1  
185 we word info nakedətəl incl.tl 1  
65 rope nau   25  
79 stick/wood ne   1  
110 spider nelo   1  
56 child netite   5  
28 to breathe ngip   59?  
143 fire nib   19  
98 egg nidələn   1, 66  
146 ash nies nib   75  
62 thatch/roof niet thatch 1  
129 moon nil moon/month 1  
26 hair word info nil pətin   31, 60  
99 feather nil tiu   1  
105 tail nilen      
12 skin nilən      
99 feather nilən   1  
118 grass nines   51  
116 flower ningen   1  
10 dirty ninit   2  
136 wind nitəp   79  
100 wing nivivən wing/penis wrapper 2  
135 lightning nivəl   26  
117 fruit novon   1, 26  
105 tail nululen      
59 mother nunu   53  
121 sand nunwin sand/beach 1  
122 water word info nuo   2  
122 water word info nuon   2  
168 day nəbəng   16  
61 house nəmaɣ   51  
111 fish nəmej   53  
97 bird nəmen   1  
11 dust nəmi   95  
106 snake nəmot   12  
120 stone nəvet   1  
109 mosquito nəxmaɣ   1  
108 louse word info nəxət   1  
63 name nəɣsen   1, 35  
131 cloud word info pekren cloud/sky    
128 sky pek|ren cloud/sky 31  
164 good pij   48  
25 neck potaɣ|dəlin   42  
193 if povər   17  
30 mouth pwingin   41  
155 long word info pəre   16  
194 how? word info pərvi   55  
19 shoulder pəti vwisin   71, 65  
24 head pətin   9  
173 at ra   41  
138 warm word info rang hot 46  
113 branch word info rangan   1, 21  
160 painful, sick rar pain 34  
113 branch word info rengesən   1, 21  
191 all rivwi      
114 leaf ron   1  
114 leaf rone   1  
8 to turn word info ruten   111  
44 to hear rəng   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable rəngdo   19, 91  
172 to climb word info saxen   2  
6 road/path sel   1  
165 bad, evil set bad 1  
171 to hide word info su   37  
9 to swim suvsip   12  
144 to burn word info səli   4  
74 to kill səpij      
87 to swell word info səren swell up/swollen 29  
18 breast səsən   1  
29 to sniff, smell səsərip sniff    
188 what? word info səte   56  
170 when? word info səvərən   56, 57  
169 year səxo   29  
52 to stand səɣ   27  
36 to spit tebəs   15  
124 sea tes   1  
125 salt tes saltwater/sea 20  
60 father tete   19  
80 to split word info tibəs vt 6?  
4 leg/foot tilin   34  
171 to hide word info tosusuen   37, 39  
33 to laugh təməs   47  
145 smoke word info təngting   94  
132 fog təngting ne nuis      
162 old word info tərep old (sg.) 27, 115  
162 old word info tərtərep old (pl.) 27, 115  
69 to hunt word info tərəɣ      
101 to fly tətip   32  
157 thick word info tətəb   7?  
55 woman/female təvet   24  
55 woman/female təvələɣ   24  
58 wife təvələɣ      
37 to eat udi   13  
91 to buy ul   1  
92 to open, uncover uri      
89 to hold word info use   46  
144 to burn word info vang   39  
14 belly vetən   5  
64 to say vwiri   30  
166 correct, true vwərdo   24  
147 black vəlɣə|mit   1  
73 to steal vənaxen vt 1, 58  
73 to steal vənaɣ vi 1, 58  
193 if vər   17  
21 to think vərəng listen/think 10  
90 to dig vəs   48  
152 small vəs   106  
52 to stand və|tir   2, 69  
148 white wip   41  
150 yellow woj   67  
141 wet wor   35, 47  
139 cold word info xasɣas   106  
72 to hit word info xəj   82  
74 to kill xəj   13  
93 to pound, beat word info xəj   10  
90 to dig xəl   1  
77 to scratch word info xər   12  

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