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Language: Naman

Source/Author:  Crowley, T. (2006). Naman: a vanishing language... 
Notes:  Crowley, T. (2006). Naman: a vanishing language of Malakula (Vanuatu). Edited by John Lynch. Pacific Linguistics. Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies. The Australian National University.

/kh/ = velar fricative, /ng/ = velar nasal, /ë/ = schwa 
Problems:  Andreea: replaced /kh/ with velar fricative:
-- voiced velar fricative intervocalically, word initially
-- voiceless velar fricative word finally, or adjacent to unvoiced consonants
(cf. Malcolm Ross)

Also replaced ë with ə. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Russell Gray  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Malekula Interior:Malekula Central 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 15 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
10 dirty      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
85 to choose      
104 fat/grease      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
123 to flow      
125 salt      
126 lake      
147 black      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
173 at      
202 Six word info      
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
196 to count (dongo)dongon   42  
181 where? word info (e)abe   3  
185 we word info (i)get pl. incl. 1  
185 we word info (i)getaru dl. incl. 1  
186 you (i)gəm pl. 1  
185 we word info (i)gət pl. incl. 1  
185 we word info (i)gətaru dl. incl. 1  
152 small (itə)varəɣ   1, 42  
188 what? word info (n)san   1  
207 Twenty word info (na)ngavəl iru   9  
187 they (r)aru dl. x  
183 thou ag   1, 17  
184 he/she ai   1  
187 they air pl. 1, 70  
183 thou axug   1, 17  
131 cloud word info babar   38  
193 if bar   17  
24 head batən   9  
193 if bavar(si)   17  
134 thunder belever   15, 38  
19 shoulder berberən   1, 65  
153 big bolo      
15 bone bologon   37  
30 mouth bongon   41  
43 ear borən   16  
167 night bung   1  
154 short word info buxubuɣ   3  
66 to tie up, fasten bəg (do)   41?  
192 and bəle      
74 to kill bən   1  
78 to cut, hack word info bət      
14 belly daba(x)an   36, 99  
121 sand dabnowen   1, 79  
4 leg/foot dalen   34  
43 ear delngen   1, 40  
124 sea deswe des+we = water 1, 47  
11 dust dilmoxosxos   15?  
192 and e   1?  
195 no, not esəɣ   10  
177 this evan this one    
178 that evan that one    
9 to swim garagar (swim from one place to another) 5  
27 nose gunsən   1, 58  
174 in, inside i   4  
171 to hide word info iban   1?  
105 tail iber      
155 long word info iber   16  
112 rotten word info ibu   52  
164 good ides   110  
142 heavy iduv   14  
186 you igem pl. 1  
95 to fall word info igər      
165 bad, evil iis   1  
76 to live, be alive ijəɣ      
5 to walk ilel   63  
201 Five word info iləm   1  
163 new imed   19  
75 to die, be dead imes   1  
141 wet imim   36  
82 dull, blunt ingot blunt 32  
29 to sniff, smell ingus   64  
86 to grow word info iraɣ   20  
198 Two word info iru   1  
83 to work word info irəb   47?  
101 to fly isel xən   31  
42 to suck isəs   25  
34 to cry iteng   1  
199 Three word info itəl   1  
200 Four word info ives   1, 65  
88 to squeeze word info ivi   17?  
74 to kill ixəj   13  
93 to pound, beat word info ixəj beat 10  
179 near jəxən   54  
185 we word info kam(em) pl. excl. 2  
185 we word info kamem(a)ru dl. excl. 2  
185 we word info kamru dl. excl. 2  
182 I kine   1, 21, 22  
102 rat labət   45  
131 cloud word info langnous   37  
51 to sit leg   110  
76 to live, be alive leg   23  
58 wife lektərvarəɣ   29  
96 dog libaɣ   29  
46 to see lis   14, 94  
87 to swell word info lub   67  
70 to shoot word info lue   15  
5 to walk lungolung   60  
35 to vomit luolu   8  
66 to tie up, fasten ləɣ   1, 39  
57 husband matərvarəɣ      
60 father matərvarəɣ      
139 cold word info melaas   51  
140 dry word info mes   11  
45 eye meten   1  
168 day metenal   1, 54  
50 to dream metmetər bori   11, 10  
48 to sleep metər   1  
149 red miel   1, 55  
156 thin word info milmiləv   1, 43  
66 to tie up, fasten miləns   80  
146 ash misnav   75  
128 sky misni|rin   31  
157 thick word info mitəl   3  
148 white mivəs   1  
17 liver mobun   7  
76 to live, be alive mour   1, 76  
86 to grow word info mour live, be alive x  
92 to open, uncover movoɣ   1  
53 person/human being moxot   35  
40 to drink mən   1, 49  
130 star mənse   13  
22 to fear mətoxtoxon   1  
143 fire naab   19  
127 woods/forest naadu met   61  
26 hair word info naansvələn (batən)   31, 33  
98 egg nadəl   1, 66  
106 snake namat   12  
59 mother nane   1, 83  
170 when? word info nangsen   1, 43  
63 name nangsən   1, 36  
117 fruit navan   1, 26  
79 stick/wood naxe   1  
23 blood nede   1  
61 house neim   1  
103 meat/flesh nejoxon   10  
136 wind neleng   1, 77  
31 tooth nelvən   1, 35  
32 tongue nelwemen   7, 17  
61 house nemaɣ   51  
109 mosquito nenom   1  
114 leaf ner (naxe)   1  
113 branch word info nerangasən   1, 21  
114 leaf nereun   1  
6 road/path nesel   1  
16 intestines nesnen   1  
169 year nesɣo   29  
119 earth/soil neten soil 1  
56 child netite   5  
13 back word info netren   12  
56 child netən   5  
55 woman/female nevdoro   87  
58 wife nevdoro      
120 stone nevet   1  
12 skin nevnen   28  
116 flower nevngan   1  
80 to split word info ngar(angar)   28  
62 thatch/roof niet   1  
145 smoke word info niisən   2  
57 husband niliəɣ   38  
97 bird nimin   1  
18 breast nisən   1  
129 moon nivəl   1  
135 lightning nivəlivəl   26  
111 fish niəɣ   1  
209 One Hundred word info nongot   12  
133 rain nous   1  
122 water word info nowe   2  
25 neck nowen   18  
99 feather nowen   6  
65 rope noxo   25  
108 louse word info noxot   1  
100 wing noxoverən   61, 68  
190 other nsebnseb   37  
205 Nine word info nsoves   5  
203 Seven word info nsuru   9  
204 Eight word info nsutəl   11, 7  
67 to sew word info nsəl   31  
21 to think nsəmnsəm   13  
54 man/male numin   1  
115 root nuxurən   2, 41  
1 hand nəverən   16  
118 grass nəvilviləs   1  
176 below raadin   9  
175 above raxe   25  
44 to hear rong   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable rongdur   19, 91  
8 to turn word info rəvəxes   31  
206 Ten word info sangavəl   5  
197 One word info savaɣ   1, 40  
9 to swim seroɣ (underwater) 72  
137 to blow word info sesar of the wind 26  
88 to squeeze word info sese   45  
5 to walk seso      
138 warm word info sesov hot 42  
172 to climb word info siəɣ xən   2  
112 rotten word info sov   53?  
144 to burn word info səli   4  
59 mother sənen   1  
52 to stand səɣ   27  
191 all tabaɣ      
39 to cook word info tabəɣ   86  
189 who? word info tan   62, 63  
60 father tate   19  
36 to spit telbəs   15  
60 father temen   1  
58 wife tenivən   5, 27  
81 sharp terer   86  
160 painful, sick tetən painful    
132 fog tevtevbang      
28 to breathe tiəɣ nsuvən = pull + wind 36?  
89 to hold word info togo   49  
162 old word info toro   27, 126  
180 far tuoso far away 1  
194 how? word info tusɣəni      
78 to cut, hack word info təbe   40  
153 big təleb   10  
148 white uvov   41  
7 to come vale   25  
21 to think var   40  
64 to say var   30  
166 correct, true varedog true 24  
127 woods/forest vasan toro      
7 to come velet   25  
73 to steal venoɣ   1, 58  
74 to kill vibən(bən)   1  
91 to buy vəl   1  
8 to turn word info vələs   24?  
49 to lie down word info vələsan on ground    
72 to hit word info vər   94?  
74 to kill vər      
93 to pound, beat word info vər bəlautan   30  
36 to spit vərəxən   35  
88 to squeeze word info vəs   18  
194 how? word info vəsaan   57  
94 to throw word info vəsan   53?  
194 how? word info vəsaɣ   57  
33 to laugh vətmas   47  
37 to eat xan   1  
144 to burn word info xan = eat 40  
47 to yawn xanmo   36  
151 green xansxansen   8  
38 to chew word info xas   22  
41 to bite xas   1, 60  
77 to scratch word info xorxor itch 12  
84 to plant xov   10  
90 to dig xəl   1  
2 left xəmir   1, 59  
3 right xəmutu   5, 37  
150 yellow yangayang   9  

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