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Language: Naman

Source/Author:  Crowley, T. (2006). Naman: a vanishing language... 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:lzl  Glottocode: litz1237 
Notes:  Crowley, T. (2006). Naman: a vanishing language of Malakula (Vanuatu). Edited by John Lynch. Pacific Linguistics. Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies. The Australian National University.

/kh/ = velar fricative, /ng/ = velar nasal, /ë/ = schwa 
Problems:  Andreea: replaced /kh/ with velar fricative:
-- voiced velar fricative intervocalically, word initially
-- voiceless velar fricative word finally, or adjacent to unvoiced consonants
(cf. Malcolm Ross)

Also replaced ë with ə. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Russell Gray  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Malekula Interior:Malekula Central 
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Change History:

Showing all of 15 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
10 dirty      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
85 to choose      
104 fat/grease      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
123 to flow      
125 salt      
126 lake      
147 black      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
173 at      
202 Six word info      
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
5 to walk seso      
49 to lie down word info vələsan on ground    
57 husband matərvarəɣ      
58 wife nevdoro      
60 father matərvarəɣ      
74 to kill vər      
76 to live, be alive ijəɣ      
78 to cut, hack word info bət      
95 to fall word info igər      
105 tail iber      
127 woods/forest vasan toro      
132 fog tevtevbang      
153 big bolo      
160 painful, sick tetən painful    
177 this evan this one    
178 that evan that one    
191 all tabaɣ      
192 and bəle      
194 how? word info tusɣəni      
6 road/path nesel   1  
16 intestines nesnen   1  
18 breast nisən   1  
22 to fear mətoxtoxon   1  
23 blood nede   1  
34 to cry iteng   1  
37 to eat xan   1  
44 to hear rong   1  
45 eye meten   1  
48 to sleep metər   1  
54 man/male numin   1  
59 mother sənen   1  
60 father temen   1  
61 house neim   1  
62 thatch/roof niet   1  
74 to kill vibən(bən)   1  
74 to kill bən   1  
75 to die, be dead imes   1  
79 stick/wood naxe   1  
90 to dig xəl   1  
91 to buy vəl   1  
92 to open, uncover movoɣ   1  
97 bird nimin   1  
108 louse word info noxot   1  
109 mosquito nenom   1  
111 fish niəɣ   1  
114 leaf ner (naxe)   1  
114 leaf nereun   1  
116 flower nevngan   1  
118 grass nəvilviləs   1  
119 earth/soil neten soil 1  
120 stone nevet   1  
129 moon nivəl   1  
133 rain nous   1  
148 white mivəs   1  
165 bad, evil iis   1  
167 night bung   1  
180 far tuoso far away 1  
184 he/she ai   1  
185 we word info (i)getaru dl. incl. 1  
185 we word info (i)gətaru dl. incl. 1  
185 we word info (i)gət pl. incl. 1  
185 we word info (i)get pl. incl. 1  
186 you (i)gəm pl. 1  
186 you igem pl. 1  
188 what? word info (n)san   1  
198 Two word info iru   1  
199 Three word info itəl   1  
201 Five word info iləm   1  
183 thou ag   1, 17  
183 thou axug   1, 17  
117 fruit navan   1, 26  
63 name nangsən   1, 36  
43 ear delngen   1, 40  
197 One word info savaɣ   1, 40  
152 small (itə)varəɣ   1, 42  
156 thin word info milmiləv   1, 43  
124 sea deswe des+we = water 1, 47  
168 day metenal   1, 54  
149 red miel   1, 55  
41 to bite xas   1, 60  
98 egg nadəl   1, 66  
187 they air pl. 1, 70  
76 to live, be alive mour   1, 76  
136 wind neleng   1, 77  
121 sand dabnowen   1, 79  
113 branch word info nerangasən   1, 21  
182 I kine   1, 21, 22  
31 tooth nelvən   1, 35  
66 to tie up, fasten ləɣ   1, 39  
170 when? word info nangsen   1, 43  
40 to drink mən   1, 49  
27 nose gunsən   1, 58  
73 to steal venoɣ   1, 58  
2 left xəmir   1, 59  
19 shoulder berberən   1, 65  
200 Four word info ives   1, 65  
59 mother nane   1, 83  
84 to plant xov   10  
93 to pound, beat word info ixəj beat 10  
103 meat/flesh nejoxon   10  
153 big təleb   10  
195 no, not esəɣ   10  
5 to walk ilel   10, 63  
140 dry word info mes   11  
50 to dream metmetər bori   11, 10  
204 Eight word info nsutəl   11, 7  
51 to sit leg   110  
164 good ides   110  
13 back word info netren   12  
77 to scratch word info xorxor itch 12  
106 snake namat   12  
209 One Hundred word info nongot   12  
21 to think nsəmnsəm   13  
74 to kill ixəj   13  
130 star mənse   13  
142 heavy iduv   14  
46 to see lis   14, 94  
36 to spit telbəs   15  
70 to shoot word info lue   15  
134 thunder belever   15, 38  
11 dust dilmoxosxos   15?  
1 hand nəverən   16  
43 ear borən   16  
155 long word info iber   16  
193 if bar   17  
193 if bavar(si)   17  
88 to squeeze word info ivi   17?  
25 neck nowen   18  
88 to squeeze word info vəs   18  
60 father tate   19  
143 fire naab   19  
163 new imed   19  
20 to know, be knowledgeable rongdur   19, 91  
171 to hide word info iban   1?  
192 and e   1?  
122 water word info nowe   2  
145 smoke word info niisən   2  
172 to climb word info siəɣ xən   2  
185 we word info kamem(a)ru dl. excl. 2  
185 we word info kamru dl. excl. 2  
185 we word info kam(em) pl. excl. 2  
115 root nuxurən   2, 41  
86 to grow word info iraɣ   20  
38 to chew word info xas   22  
76 to live, be alive leg   23  
166 correct, true varedog true 24  
8 to turn word info vələs   24?  
7 to come vale   25  
7 to come velet   25  
42 to suck isəs   25  
65 rope noxo   25  
175 above raxe   25  
135 lightning nivəlivəl   26  
137 to blow word info sesar of the wind 26  
52 to stand səɣ   27  
162 old word info toro   27, 126  
12 skin nevnen   28  
80 to split word info ngar(angar)   28  
58 wife lektərvarəɣ   29  
96 dog libaɣ   29  
169 year nesɣo   29  
154 short word info buxubuɣ   3  
157 thick word info mitəl   3  
181 where? word info (e)abe   3  
64 to say var   30  
93 to pound, beat word info vər bəlautan   30  
8 to turn word info rəvəxes   31  
67 to sew word info nsəl   31  
101 to fly isel xən   31  
128 sky misni|rin   31  
26 hair word info naansvələn (batən)   31, 33  
82 dull, blunt ingot blunt 32  
4 leg/foot dalen   34  
36 to spit vərəxən   35  
53 person/human being moxot   35  
47 to yawn xanmo   36  
141 wet imim   36  
14 belly daba(x)an   36, 99  
28 to breathe tiəɣ nsuvən = pull + wind 36?  
15 bone bologon   37  
131 cloud word info langnous   37  
190 other nsebnseb   37  
57 husband niliəɣ   38  
131 cloud word info babar   38  
144 to burn word info səli   4  
174 in, inside i   4  
21 to think var   40  
78 to cut, hack word info təbe   40  
144 to burn word info xan = eat 40  
30 mouth bongon   41  
148 white uvov   41  
66 to tie up, fasten bəg (do)   41?  
138 warm word info sesov hot 42  
196 to count (dongo)dongon   42  
88 to squeeze word info sese   45  
102 rat labət   45  
33 to laugh vətmas   47  
83 to work word info irəb   47?  
89 to hold word info togo   49  
9 to swim garagar (swim from one place to another) 5  
56 child netən   5  
56 child netite   5  
205 Nine word info nsoves   5  
206 Ten word info sangavəl   5  
58 wife tenivən   5, 27  
3 right xəmutu   5, 37  
61 house nemaɣ   51  
139 cold word info melaas   51  
112 rotten word info ibu   52  
94 to throw word info vəsan   53?  
112 rotten word info sov   53?  
179 near jəxən   54  
194 how? word info vəsaan   57  
194 how? word info vəsaɣ   57  
99 feather nowen   6  
5 to walk lungolung   60  
127 woods/forest naadu met   61  
100 wing noxoverən   61, 68  
189 who? word info tan   62, 63  
29 to sniff, smell ingus   64  
87 to swell word info lub   67  
17 liver mobun   7  
32 tongue nelwemen   7, 17  
9 to swim seroɣ (underwater) 72  
146 ash misnav   75  
35 to vomit luolu   8  
151 green xansxansen   8  
66 to tie up, fasten miləns   80  
39 to cook word info tabəɣ   86  
81 sharp terer   86  
55 woman/female nevdoro   87  
24 head batən   9  
150 yellow yangayang   9  
176 below raadin   9  
203 Seven word info nsuru   9  
207 Twenty word info (na)ngavəl iru   9  
72 to hit word info vər   94?  
86 to grow word info mour live, be alive x  
187 they (r)aru dl. x  

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