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Language: Naman

Source/Author:  Crowley, T. (2006). Naman: a vanishing language... 
Notes:  Crowley, T. (2006). Naman: a vanishing language of Malakula (Vanuatu). Edited by John Lynch. Pacific Linguistics. Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies. The Australian National University.

/kh/ = velar fricative, /ng/ = velar nasal, /ë/ = schwa 
Problems:  Andreea: replaced /kh/ with velar fricative:
-- voiced velar fricative intervocalically, word initially
-- voiceless velar fricative word finally, or adjacent to unvoiced consonants
(cf. Malcolm Ross)

Also replaced ë with ə. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Russell Gray  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Malekula Interior:Malekula Central 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 15 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand nəverən   16  
2 left xəmir   1, 59  
3 right xəmutu   5, 37  
4 leg/foot dalen   34  
5 to walk ilel   63  
5 to walk lungolung   60  
5 to walk seso   102?  
6 road/path nesel   1  
7 to come vale   25  
7 to come velet   25  
8 to turn word info rəvəxes   31  
8 to turn word info vələs   24?  
9 to swim garagar (swim from one place to another) 5  
9 to swim seroɣ (underwater) 72  
10 dirty      
11 dust dilmoxosxos   15?  
12 skin nevnen   28  
13 back word info netren   12  
14 belly daba(x)an   36, 99  
15 bone bologon   37  
16 intestines nesnen   1  
17 liver mobun   7  
18 breast nisən   1  
19 shoulder berberən   73  
20 to know, be knowledgeable rongdur   19, 91  
21 to think nsəmnsəm   13  
21 to think var   40  
22 to fear mətoxtoxon   1  
23 blood nede   1  
24 head batən   9  
25 neck nowen   18  
26 hair word info naansvələn (batən)   31, 33  
27 nose gunsən   1, 58  
28 to breathe tiəɣ nsuvən = pull + wind 36?  
29 to sniff, smell ingus   64  
30 mouth bongon   41  
31 tooth nelvən   1, 35  
32 tongue nelwemen   7, 17  
33 to laugh vətmas   47  
34 to cry iteng   1  
35 to vomit luolu   8  
36 to spit vərəxən   35  
36 to spit telbəs   15  
37 to eat xan   1  
38 to chew word info xas   22  
39 to cook word info tabəɣ   86  
40 to drink mən   1, 49  
41 to bite xas   1, 60  
42 to suck isəs   25  
43 ear borən   16  
43 ear delngen   1, 40  
44 to hear rong   1  
45 eye meten   1  
46 to see lis   14, 94  
47 to yawn xanmo   36  
48 to sleep metər   1  
49 to lie down word info vələsan on ground    
50 to dream metmetər bori   11, 10  
51 to sit leg   41  
52 to stand səɣ   27  
53 person/human being moxot   35  
54 man/male numin   1  
55 woman/female nevdoro   87  
56 child netən   5  
56 child netite   5  
57 husband matərvarəɣ      
57 husband niliəɣ   38  
58 wife lektərvarəɣ   29  
58 wife nevdoro      
58 wife tenivən   5, 27  
59 mother nane   1, 83  
59 mother sənen   1  
60 father matərvarəɣ      
60 father tate   15  
60 father temen   1  
61 house neim   1  
61 house nemaɣ   51  
62 thatch/roof niet   1  
63 name nangsən   1, 36  
64 to say var   30  
65 rope noxo   25  
66 to tie up, fasten miləns   80  
66 to tie up, fasten ləɣ   1, 39  
66 to tie up, fasten bəg (do)   41?  
67 to sew word info nsəl   31  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info lue   15  
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info vər   94?  
73 to steal venoɣ   1, 58  
74 to kill ixəj   13  
74 to kill vər      
74 to kill vibən(bən)   1  
74 to kill bən   1  
75 to die, be dead imes   1  
76 to live, be alive ijəɣ      
76 to live, be alive leg   23  
76 to live, be alive mour   1, 76  
77 to scratch word info xorxor itch 12  
78 to cut, hack word info bət      
78 to cut, hack word info təbe   40  
79 stick/wood naxe   1  
80 to split word info ngar(angar)   28  
81 sharp terer   86  
82 dull, blunt ingot blunt 32  
83 to work word info irəb   47?  
84 to plant xov   10  
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info iraɣ   20  
86 to grow word info mour live, be alive x  
87 to swell word info lub   61  
88 to squeeze word info ivi   17?  
88 to squeeze word info sese   45  
88 to squeeze word info vəs   18  
89 to hold word info togo   49  
90 to dig xəl   1  
91 to buy vəl   1  
92 to open, uncover movoɣ   1  
93 to pound, beat word info ixəj beat 10  
93 to pound, beat word info vər bəlautan   30  
94 to throw word info vəsan   53?  
95 to fall word info igər      
96 dog libaɣ   29  
97 bird nimin   1  
98 egg nadəl   1, 66  
99 feather nowen   6  
100 wing noxoverən   61, 68  
101 to fly isel xən   31  
102 rat labət   45  
103 meat/flesh nejoxon   10  
104 fat/grease      
105 tail iber      
106 snake namat   12  
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info noxot   1  
109 mosquito nenom   1  
110 spider      
111 fish niəɣ   1  
112 rotten word info ibu   52  
112 rotten word info sov   53?  
113 branch word info nerangasən   1, 21  
114 leaf ner (naxe)   1  
114 leaf nereun   1  
115 root nuxurən   2, 41  
116 flower nevngan   1  
117 fruit navan   1, 26  
118 grass nəvilviləs   1  
119 earth/soil neten soil 1  
120 stone nevet   1  
121 sand dabnowen   1, 79  
122 water word info nowe   2  
123 to flow      
124 sea deswe des+we = water 1*  
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest naadu met   61  
127 woods/forest vasan toro      
128 sky misni|rin   31  
129 moon nivəl   1  
130 star mənse   13  
131 cloud word info langnous   37  
131 cloud word info babar   38  
132 fog tevtevbang      
133 rain nous   1  
134 thunder belever   15, 38  
135 lightning nivəlivəl   26  
136 wind neleng   1, 77  
137 to blow word info sesar of the wind 26  
138 warm word info sesov hot 42  
139 cold word info melaas   51  
140 dry word info mes   11  
141 wet imim   36  
142 heavy iduv   31  
143 fire naab   19  
144 to burn word info xan = eat 40  
144 to burn word info səli   4  
145 smoke word info niisən   2  
146 ash misnav   75  
147 black      
148 white mivəs   1  
148 white uvov   41  
149 red miel   1, 55  
150 yellow yangayang   9  
151 green xansxansen   8  
152 small (itə)varəɣ   1, 42  
153 big bolo      
153 big təleb   10, 83  
154 short word info buxubuɣ   3  
155 long word info iber   16  
156 thin word info milmiləv   1, 43  
157 thick word info mitəl   3  
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick tetən painful    
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info toro   27, 126  
163 new imed   19  
164 good ides   110  
165 bad, evil iis   1?  
166 correct, true varedog true 24  
167 night bung   1  
168 day metenal   1, 54  
169 year nesɣo   44  
170 when? word info nangsen   1, 43  
171 to hide word info iban   1?  
172 to climb word info siəɣ xən   2  
173 at      
174 in, inside i   4  
175 above raxe   25  
176 below raadin   9  
177 this evan this one    
178 that evan that one    
179 near jəxən   54  
180 far tuoso far away 1  
181 where? word info (e)abe   3  
182 I kine   1, 21, 22  
183 thou ag   1, 17  
183 thou axug   1, 17  
184 he/she ai   1  
185 we word info kamem(a)ru dl. excl. 2  
185 we word info kamru dl. excl. 2  
185 we word info (i)getaru dl. incl. 1  
185 we word info (i)gətaru dl. incl. 1  
185 we word info kam(em) pl. excl. 2  
185 we word info (i)gət pl. incl. 1  
185 we word info (i)get pl. incl. 1  
186 you (i)gəm pl. 1, 13  
186 you igem pl. 1, 13  
187 they (r)aru dl. x  
187 they air pl. 1, 70  
188 what? word info (n)san   1, 33, 52, 60  
189 who? word info tan   62, 63  
190 other nsebnseb   37  
191 all tabaɣ      
192 and bəle      
192 and e   1?  
193 if bar   17  
193 if bavar(si)   17  
194 how? word info tusɣəni      
194 how? word info vəsaan   57  
194 how? word info vəsaɣ   57  
195 no, not esəɣ   10  
196 to count (dongo)dongon   42  
197 One word info savaɣ   1, 40  
198 Two word info iru   1  
199 Three word info itəl   1  
200 Four word info ives   1, 65  
201 Five word info iləm   1  
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info nsuru   9  
204 Eight word info nsutəl   11, 7  
205 Nine word info nsoves   5  
206 Ten word info sangavəl   5  
207 Twenty word info (na)ngavəl iru   9  
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info nongot   12  
210 One Thousand word info      

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