https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Atoni

Source/Author:  Blust 
Notes:  This list appears to be represent a mixture of the Baikeno, Molo and Amfo'an dialects -ASch

Annotations made on the basis of Owens (2016) by ASch. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Debasish Roy  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern:Central Malayo-Polynesian:Timor:Extra-Ramelaic:West 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above biʔ fafɔn   2  
191 all ʔalʔal      
191 all ɔkɔkɛʔ      
192 and nɔk   7?  
146 ash afu   1  
173 at bi   20  
13 back word info kɔti   37  
165 bad, evil leuf      
14 belly tai   1  
176 below biʔ pinan      
153 big [a]ʔnaɛk      
97 bird kɔlɔ also /manu/ ? 77  
147 black mɛtan   1  
23 blood naʔ   1  
15 bone nui-   2  
113 branch word info tɔɛ-      
18 breast susu   1  
56 child anax   1  
131 cloud word info nɔpɛ      
139 cold word info manikin   1  
166 correct, true namnɛɔ      
168 day nɛnɔ   1  
10 dirty lɛkɛ   1  
96 dog asu   1  
140 dry word info mɛtɔ      
82 dull, blunt kax naʔaik      
11 dust afu   1  
43 ear lukɛ-   47?  
119 earth/soil afu      
98 egg manu tɛkoʔ   1?  
204 Eight word info      
45 eye mata-   1  
180 far [aʔ]lɔb      
104 fat/grease min   1  
60 father amaʔ   1  
99 feather manu nafu-   1  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire aj   1  
143 fire ai   1  
111 fish ikaʔ   1  
201 Five word info      
116 flower tunaʔ   1?  
132 fog nipu      
200 Four word info ha   1  
117 fruit fua-   1  
164 good lɛkɔ      
118 grass hun      
118 grass maʔu   58  
151 green matɛʔ   1  
26 hair word info nafu-      
1 hand nima-   1, 66  
184 he/she in      
24 head naka-      
142 heavy maʔ fɛnaʔ   1  
61 house umɛ   1  
194 how? word info ɔn mɛ      
57 husband mɔnɛ      
182 I auʔ   1  
193 if kalu     L
174 in, inside nanan   1  
16 intestines tai ʔnanaŋ   1  
126 lake nɛfɔ      
114 leaf nɔʔ   1?  
2 left ʔliʔ   1?  
4 leg/foot h|aɛ-   1, 100  
135 lightning limat      
17 liver ʔatɛ-   1  
155 long word info mnanuʔ   1  
108 louse word info hutu   1  
54 man/male atoni Means 'person' not male.    
54 man/male mɔnɛ   1  
103 meat/flesh s|isi   1  
129 moon funan   1  
109 mosquito basin      
59 mother ainaʔ   1  
30 mouth fɛfa-   1  
63 name kana-   1?  
158 narrow maʔlɛl      
179 near paumakaʔ      
25 neck nɛɔ-   74?  
68 needle anɛt      
163 new feʔu   1  
167 night [an]fai      
205 Nine word info      
195 no, not kax      
195 no, not kafaʔ      
27 nose pana-   7  
162 old word info amnasit This appears to be an affixed form erroneously included here. Owens (2016) gives mnaaʔ 'old' regularly reflecting PMP *daqan meaning 'old (time), long ago'    
197 One word info m|ɛsɛʔ   1, 68  
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other bian   2  
160 painful, sick tamɛn      
53 person/human being atoni   1, 79  
133 rain ulan   1  
102 rat ifɔ   1  
149 red mtasaʔ      
3 right ʔneʔu   1, 62?  
6 road/path lalan   1  
115 root baʔa-      
65 rope tani   1  
112 rotten word info pun      
125 salt masiʔ   3, 45  
121 sand [a]snaɛn      
124 sea tasiʔ   1  
203 Seven word info      
81 sharp naʔaik      
154 short word info [tuk]tukaʔ      
154 short word info [pal]palaʔ      
19 shoulder hanu-      
161 shy, ashamed maɛʔ   1  
202 Six word info      
12 skin poʔak      
12 skin pasu      
128 sky nɛnɔ also means 'day' < PMP *qalejaw    
152 small ananaʔ Reflects PMP *anak 'child'; Owens (2016) gives root as anaʔ; the form given in this list may be a reduplication. 8  
145 smoke word info m|asuʔ   2  
106 snake ka|unaʔ   2?  
110 spider lilnaʔo      
130 star [a]fkun Owens (2016) gived fkuun for the Molo dialect; he sees this as a regular reflex of PMP *bituqən 1  
79 stick/wood hau   1  
120 stone fatu   1  
105 tail iku-   1  
206 Ten word info      
178 that naɛ      
62 thatch/roof umɛ pɛnɛn      
187 they sin   1  
157 thick word info mafauʔ      
156 thin word info manɛax Owens (2016) gives mainihas for 'thin', representing a regular reflex of PMP *ma-nipis. The form given in this list appears to represent a rough transcription of the phonemic form of Owens (2016) and so is coded as part of cognate set 1. 1  
177 this ija   5  
177 this ʔi   5  
183 thou   1  
199 Three word info tenu   1  
134 thunder      
41 to bite ʔat sauʔ      
137 to blow word info ʔat fu   5  
28 to breathe at hɛlak snasak      
144 to burn word info ʔat tot      
91 to buy sɔs   31  
38 to chew word info atmam   1  
85 to choose ʔat pil   1  
172 to climb word info      
7 to come in nɛm      
39 to cook word info tahan   2?  
196 to count ʔatsoiʔ      
34 to cry ʔat kaɛ      
78 to cut, hack word info ʔat oɛt      
75 to die, be dead ʔat maɛt This a compound, with metathesised form. Unmetathesised root is -mate 1  
90 to dig ʔat hani      
50 to dream tamnauʔ      
50 to dream tamnai      
40 to drink t|iun Root is -inu 1  
37 to eat t|ax      
95 to fall word info ʔat mof   1, 106  
22 to fear ta|mtau   1  
123 to flow saiʔ      
101 to fly taplɛl      
86 to grow word info      
44 to hear ʔat nɛɛn Unmetathesised root is -nena. 1  
171 to hide word info      
72 to hit word info ʔat tɔm      
89 to hold word info ʔat naʔ   101?  
69 to hunt word info ʔat sɛok      
74 to kill taʔ maɛt   2  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ta|hin [< kila ?]    
33 to laugh ʔat mani   3  
49 to lie down word info ʔat bɔ      
76 to live, be alive ʔat moin   1, 76?  
92 to open, uncover      
84 to plant ʔat sɛn      
93 to pound, beat word info tapau      
64 to say mak      
77 to scratch word info ʔat aɔ      
46 to see ʔat fua      
46 to see kiɔs      
46 to see t|it   1  
67 to sew word info ʔat sɔʔ   10  
70 to shoot word info ʔat kɛn      
51 to sit ʔat tɔk      
48 to sleep ʔat tuup   43  
29 to sniff, smell ta|skɔk      
36 to spit ʔat poolin hopɛ      
80 to split word info ʔat pɔl      
88 to squeeze word info ʔat ap      
88 to squeeze word info ap|mɛs   43  
71 to stab, pierce tapauʔ   7  
52 to stand ʔat haɛk      
73 to steal ta|bak      
42 to suck ʔat muus   6  
42 to suck muis   6  
87 to swell word info anku      
9 to swim tabhaɛʔ      
21 to think ta|tɛnab      
94 to throw word info ʔat polin      
66 to tie up, fasten ʔat fut   9  
8 to turn word info ta-teʔun Owens (2016) gives the borrowing -bani for this meaning    
35 to vomit ʔat lɔʔ   1?  
5 to walk naɔ   1  
83 to work word info ʔatmeu      
47 to yawn ta|sɛɔʔ      
32 tongue maa- < PCEMP *maya; Loss of CEMP y is regular. 7  
31 tooth nisi-   1  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info nua   1  
138 warm word info maʔotuʔ      
122 water word info oɛl The final l appears to represent an unetymological element that is regularly appended to vowel final forms in the Baikeno dialect 2  
185 we word info hit   1  
185 we word info hai   1  
141 wet napɛt      
141 wet tapɛt      
188 what? word info saʔ   1  
170 when? word info lɛkaʔ      
181 where? word info bi mɛ   2  
148 white mutiʔ   1  
189 who? word info sɛ|k   1  
159 wide manuan      
58 wife fɛl Shows Amfo'an consonant insertion; regular reflex of PMP *bahi 31  
136 wind anin   1  
100 wing manu ninɛ-      
55 woman/female bifɛl   1  
127 woods/forest mɛpat      
107 worm (earthworm) itɛ      
169 year tɔn   1  
150 yellow mɔlɔʔ   34  
186 you hi   11  

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