https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Atoni

Source/Author:  Blust 
Notes:  This list appears to be represent a mixture of the Baikeno, Molo and Amfo'an dialects -ASch

Annotations made on the basis of Owens (2016) by ASch. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Debasish Roy  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern:Central Malayo-Polynesian:Timor:Extra-Ramelaic:West 
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Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
86 to grow word info      
92 to open, uncover      
134 thunder      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
130 star [a]fkun Owens (2016) gived fkuun for the Molo dialect; he sees this as a regular reflex of PMP *bituqən 1  
121 sand [a]snaɛn      
153 big [a]ʔnaɛk      
167 night [an]fai      
180 far [aʔ]lɔb      
154 short word info [pal]palaʔ      
154 short word info [tuk]tukaʔ      
11 dust afu   1  
119 earth/soil afu      
146 ash afu   1  
143 fire ai   1  
59 mother ainaʔ   1  
143 fire aj   1  
60 father amaʔ   1  
162 old word info amnasit This appears to be an affixed form erroneously included here. Owens (2016) gives mnaaʔ 'old' regularly reflecting PMP *daqan meaning 'old (time), long ago'    
152 small ananaʔ Reflects PMP *anak 'child'; Owens (2016) gives root as anaʔ; the form given in this list may be a reduplication. 8  
56 child anax   1  
136 wind anin   1  
87 to swell word info anku      
68 needle anɛt      
88 to squeeze word info ap|mɛs   43  
96 dog asu   1  
28 to breathe at hɛlak snasak      
38 to chew word info atmam   1  
53 person/human being atoni   1, 79  
54 man/male atoni Means 'person' not male.    
182 I auʔ   1  
109 mosquito basin      
115 root baʔa-      
173 at bi   20  
181 where? word info bi mɛ   2  
190 other bian   2  
55 woman/female bifɛl   1  
175 above biʔ fafɔn   2  
176 below biʔ pinan      
120 stone fatu   1  
163 new feʔu   1  
117 fruit fua-   1  
129 moon funan   1  
30 mouth fɛfa-   1  
58 wife fɛl Shows Amfo'an consonant insertion; regular reflex of PMP *bahi 31  
200 Four word info ha   1  
185 we word info hai   1  
19 shoulder hanu-      
79 stick/wood hau   1  
186 you hi   11  
185 we word info hit   1  
118 grass hun      
108 louse word info hutu   1  
4 leg/foot h|aɛ-   1, 100  
183 thou   1  
102 rat ifɔ   1  
177 this ija   5  
111 fish ikaʔ   1  
105 tail iku-   1  
184 he/she in      
7 to come in nɛm      
107 worm (earthworm) itɛ      
195 no, not kafaʔ      
193 if kalu     L
63 name kana-   1?  
195 no, not kax      
82 dull, blunt kax naʔaik      
106 snake ka|unaʔ   2?  
46 to see kiɔs      
97 bird kɔlɔ also /manu/ ? 77  
13 back word info kɔti   37  
6 road/path lalan   1  
165 bad, evil leuf      
110 spider lilnaʔo      
135 lightning limat      
43 ear lukɛ-   47?  
170 when? word info lɛkaʔ      
164 good lɛkɔ      
10 dirty lɛkɛ   1  
32 tongue maa- < PCEMP *maya; Loss of CEMP y is regular. 7  
157 thick word info mafauʔ      
64 to say mak      
139 cold word info manikin   1  
99 feather manu nafu-   1  
100 wing manu ninɛ-      
98 egg manu tɛkoʔ   1?  
159 wide manuan      
156 thin word info manɛax Owens (2016) gives mainihas for 'thin', representing a regular reflex of PMP *ma-nipis. The form given in this list appears to represent a rough transcription of the phonemic form of Owens (2016) and so is coded as part of cognate set 1. 1  
125 salt masiʔ   3, 45  
45 eye mata-   1  
151 green matɛʔ   1  
161 shy, ashamed maɛʔ   1  
142 heavy maʔ fɛnaʔ   1  
158 narrow maʔlɛl      
138 warm word info maʔotuʔ      
118 grass maʔu   58  
104 fat/grease min   1  
155 long word info mnanuʔ   1  
149 red mtasaʔ      
42 to suck muis   6  
148 white mutiʔ   1  
145 smoke word info m|asuʔ   2  
197 One word info m|ɛsɛʔ   1, 68  
150 yellow mɔlɔʔ   34  
54 man/male mɔnɛ   1  
57 husband mɔnɛ      
127 woods/forest mɛpat      
147 black mɛtan   1  
140 dry word info mɛtɔ      
26 hair word info nafu-      
24 head naka-      
166 correct, true namnɛɔ      
174 in, inside nanan   1  
141 wet napɛt      
5 to walk naɔ   1  
178 that naɛ      
23 blood naʔ   1  
81 sharp naʔaik      
1 hand nima-   1, 66  
132 fog nipu      
31 tooth nisi-   1  
198 Two word info nua   1  
15 bone nui-   2  
192 and nɔk   7?  
131 cloud word info nɔpɛ      
114 leaf nɔʔ   1?  
126 lake nɛfɔ      
128 sky nɛnɔ also means 'day' < PMP *qalejaw    
168 day nɛnɔ   1  
25 neck nɛɔ-   74?  
122 water word info oɛl The final l appears to represent an unetymological element that is regularly appended to vowel final forms in the Baikeno dialect 2  
27 nose pana-   7  
12 skin pasu      
179 near paumakaʔ      
12 skin poʔak      
112 rotten word info pun      
123 to flow saiʔ      
188 what? word info saʔ   1  
187 they sin   1  
18 breast susu   1  
103 meat/flesh s|isi   1  
91 to buy sɔs   31  
189 who? word info sɛ|k   1  
8 to turn word info ta-teʔun Owens (2016) gives the borrowing -bani for this meaning    
9 to swim tabhaɛʔ      
39 to cook word info tahan   2?  
14 belly tai   1  
16 intestines tai ʔnanaŋ   1  
50 to dream tamnai      
50 to dream tamnauʔ      
160 painful, sick tamɛn      
65 rope tani   1  
93 to pound, beat word info tapau      
71 to stab, pierce tapauʔ   7  
101 to fly taplɛl      
141 wet tapɛt      
124 sea tasiʔ   1  
73 to steal ta|bak      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ta|hin [< kila ?]    
22 to fear ta|mtau   1  
29 to sniff, smell ta|skɔk      
47 to yawn ta|sɛɔʔ      
21 to think ta|tɛnab      
74 to kill taʔ maɛt   2  
199 Three word info tenu   1  
116 flower tunaʔ   1?  
37 to eat t|ax      
46 to see t|it   1  
40 to drink t|iun Root is -inu 1  
169 year tɔn   1  
113 branch word info tɔɛ-      
133 rain ulan   1  
61 house umɛ   1  
62 thatch/roof umɛ pɛnɛn      
191 all ɔkɔkɛʔ      
194 how? word info ɔn mɛ      
191 all ʔalʔal      
88 to squeeze word info ʔat ap      
77 to scratch word info ʔat aɔ      
49 to lie down word info ʔat bɔ      
137 to blow word info ʔat fu   5  
46 to see ʔat fua      
66 to tie up, fasten ʔat fut   9  
90 to dig ʔat hani      
52 to stand ʔat haɛk      
34 to cry ʔat kaɛ      
70 to shoot word info ʔat kɛn      
35 to vomit ʔat lɔʔ   1?  
33 to laugh ʔat mani   3  
75 to die, be dead ʔat maɛt This a compound, with metathesised form. Unmetathesised root is -mate 1  
95 to fall word info ʔat mof   1, 106  
76 to live, be alive ʔat moin   1, 76?  
42 to suck ʔat muus   6  
89 to hold word info ʔat naʔ   101?  
44 to hear ʔat nɛɛn Unmetathesised root is -nena. 1  
78 to cut, hack word info ʔat oɛt      
85 to choose ʔat pil   1  
94 to throw word info ʔat polin      
36 to spit ʔat poolin hopɛ      
80 to split word info ʔat pɔl      
41 to bite ʔat sauʔ      
67 to sew word info ʔat sɔʔ   10  
84 to plant ʔat sɛn      
69 to hunt word info ʔat sɛok      
144 to burn word info ʔat tot      
48 to sleep ʔat tuup   43  
51 to sit ʔat tɔk      
72 to hit word info ʔat tɔm      
83 to work word info ʔatmeu      
196 to count ʔatsoiʔ      
17 liver ʔatɛ-   1  
177 this ʔi   5  
2 left ʔliʔ   1?  
3 right ʔneʔu   1, 62?  

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