https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Atoni

Source/Author:  Blust 
Notes:  This list appears to be represent a mixture of the Baikeno, Molo and Amfo'an dialects -ASch

Annotations made on the basis of Owens (2016) by ASch. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Debasish Roy  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern:Central Malayo-Polynesian:Timor:Extra-Ramelaic:West 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
86 to grow word info      
92 to open, uncover      
134 thunder      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
7 to come in nɛm      
8 to turn word info ta-teʔun Owens (2016) gives the borrowing -bani for this meaning    
9 to swim tabhaɛʔ      
12 skin poʔak      
12 skin pasu      
19 shoulder hanu-      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ta|hin [< kila ?]    
21 to think ta|tɛnab      
24 head naka-      
26 hair word info nafu-      
28 to breathe at hɛlak snasak      
29 to sniff, smell ta|skɔk      
34 to cry ʔat kaɛ      
36 to spit ʔat poolin hopɛ      
37 to eat t|ax      
41 to bite ʔat sauʔ      
46 to see ʔat fua      
46 to see kiɔs      
47 to yawn ta|sɛɔʔ      
49 to lie down word info ʔat bɔ      
50 to dream tamnauʔ      
50 to dream tamnai      
51 to sit ʔat tɔk      
52 to stand ʔat haɛk      
54 man/male atoni Means 'person' not male.    
57 husband mɔnɛ      
62 thatch/roof umɛ pɛnɛn      
64 to say mak      
68 needle anɛt      
69 to hunt word info ʔat sɛok      
70 to shoot word info ʔat kɛn      
72 to hit word info ʔat tɔm      
73 to steal ta|bak      
77 to scratch word info ʔat aɔ      
78 to cut, hack word info ʔat oɛt      
80 to split word info ʔat pɔl      
81 sharp naʔaik      
82 dull, blunt kax naʔaik      
83 to work word info ʔatmeu      
84 to plant ʔat sɛn      
87 to swell word info anku      
88 to squeeze word info ʔat ap      
90 to dig ʔat hani      
93 to pound, beat word info tapau      
94 to throw word info ʔat polin      
100 wing manu ninɛ-      
101 to fly taplɛl      
107 worm (earthworm) itɛ      
109 mosquito basin      
110 spider lilnaʔo      
112 rotten word info pun      
113 branch word info tɔɛ-      
115 root baʔa-      
118 grass hun      
119 earth/soil afu      
121 sand [a]snaɛn      
123 to flow saiʔ      
126 lake nɛfɔ      
127 woods/forest mɛpat      
128 sky nɛnɔ also means 'day' < PMP *qalejaw    
131 cloud word info nɔpɛ      
132 fog nipu      
135 lightning limat      
138 warm word info maʔotuʔ      
140 dry word info mɛtɔ      
141 wet napɛt      
141 wet tapɛt      
144 to burn word info ʔat tot      
149 red mtasaʔ      
153 big [a]ʔnaɛk      
154 short word info [tuk]tukaʔ      
154 short word info [pal]palaʔ      
157 thick word info mafauʔ      
158 narrow maʔlɛl      
159 wide manuan      
160 painful, sick tamɛn      
162 old word info amnasit This appears to be an affixed form erroneously included here. Owens (2016) gives mnaaʔ 'old' regularly reflecting PMP *daqan meaning 'old (time), long ago'    
164 good lɛkɔ      
165 bad, evil leuf      
166 correct, true namnɛɔ      
167 night [an]fai      
170 when? word info lɛkaʔ      
176 below biʔ pinan      
178 that naɛ      
179 near paumakaʔ      
180 far [aʔ]lɔb      
184 he/she in      
191 all ʔalʔal      
191 all ɔkɔkɛʔ      
193 if kalu     L
194 how? word info ɔn mɛ      
195 no, not kax      
195 no, not kafaʔ      
196 to count ʔatsoiʔ      
5 to walk naɔ   1  
6 road/path lalan   1  
10 dirty lɛkɛ   1  
11 dust afu   1  
14 belly tai   1  
16 intestines tai ʔnanaŋ   1  
17 liver ʔatɛ-   1  
18 breast susu   1  
22 to fear ta|mtau   1  
23 blood naʔ   1  
30 mouth fɛfa-   1  
31 tooth nisi-   1  
38 to chew word info atmam   1  
40 to drink t|iun Root is -inu 1  
44 to hear ʔat nɛɛn Unmetathesised root is -nena. 1  
45 eye mata-   1  
46 to see t|it   1  
54 man/male mɔnɛ   1  
55 woman/female bifɛl   1  
56 child anax   1  
59 mother ainaʔ   1  
60 father amaʔ   1  
61 house umɛ   1  
65 rope tani   1  
75 to die, be dead ʔat maɛt This a compound, with metathesised form. Unmetathesised root is -mate 1  
79 stick/wood hau   1  
85 to choose ʔat pil   1  
96 dog asu   1  
99 feather manu nafu-   1  
102 rat ifɔ   1  
103 meat/flesh s|isi   1  
104 fat/grease min   1  
105 tail iku-   1  
108 louse word info hutu   1  
111 fish ikaʔ   1  
117 fruit fua-   1  
120 stone fatu   1  
124 sea tasiʔ   1  
129 moon funan   1  
130 star [a]fkun Owens (2016) gived fkuun for the Molo dialect; he sees this as a regular reflex of PMP *bituqən 1  
133 rain ulan   1  
136 wind anin   1  
139 cold word info manikin   1  
142 heavy maʔ fɛnaʔ   1  
143 fire aj   1  
143 fire ai   1  
146 ash afu   1  
147 black mɛtan   1  
148 white mutiʔ   1  
151 green matɛʔ   1  
155 long word info mnanuʔ   1  
156 thin word info manɛax Owens (2016) gives mainihas for 'thin', representing a regular reflex of PMP *ma-nipis. The form given in this list appears to represent a rough transcription of the phonemic form of Owens (2016) and so is coded as part of cognate set 1. 1  
161 shy, ashamed maɛʔ   1  
163 new feʔu   1  
168 day nɛnɔ   1  
169 year tɔn   1  
174 in, inside nanan   1  
182 I auʔ   1  
183 thou   1  
185 we word info hit   1  
185 we word info hai   1  
187 they sin   1  
188 what? word info saʔ   1  
189 who? word info sɛ|k   1  
198 Two word info nua   1  
199 Three word info tenu   1  
200 Four word info ha   1  
53 person/human being atoni   1, 79  
4 leg/foot h|aɛ-   1, 100  
95 to fall word info ʔat mof   1, 106  
3 right ʔneʔu   1, 62?  
1 hand nima-   1, 66  
197 One word info m|ɛsɛʔ   1, 68  
76 to live, be alive ʔat moin   1, 76?  
67 to sew word info ʔat sɔʔ   10  
89 to hold word info ʔat naʔ   101?  
186 you hi   11  
2 left ʔliʔ   1?  
35 to vomit ʔat lɔʔ   1?  
63 name kana-   1?  
98 egg manu tɛkoʔ   1?  
114 leaf nɔʔ   1?  
116 flower tunaʔ   1?  
15 bone nui-   2  
74 to kill taʔ maɛt   2  
122 water word info oɛl The final l appears to represent an unetymological element that is regularly appended to vowel final forms in the Baikeno dialect 2  
145 smoke word info m|asuʔ   2  
175 above biʔ fafɔn   2  
181 where? word info bi mɛ   2  
190 other bian   2  
173 at bi   20  
39 to cook word info tahan   2?  
106 snake ka|unaʔ   2?  
33 to laugh ʔat mani   3  
125 salt masiʔ   3, 45  
58 wife fɛl Shows Amfo'an consonant insertion; regular reflex of PMP *bahi 31  
91 to buy sɔs   31  
150 yellow mɔlɔʔ   34  
13 back word info kɔti   37  
48 to sleep ʔat tuup   43  
88 to squeeze word info ap|mɛs   43  
43 ear lukɛ-   47?  
137 to blow word info ʔat fu   5  
177 this ija   5  
177 this ʔi   5  
118 grass maʔu   58  
42 to suck ʔat muus   6  
42 to suck muis   6  
27 nose pana-   7  
32 tongue maa- < PCEMP *maya; Loss of CEMP y is regular. 7  
71 to stab, pierce tapauʔ   7  
25 neck nɛɔ-   74?  
97 bird kɔlɔ also /manu/ ? 77  
192 and nɔk   7?  
152 small ananaʔ Reflects PMP *anak 'child'; Owens (2016) gives root as anaʔ; the form given in this list may be a reduplication. 8  
66 to tie up, fasten ʔat fut   9  

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