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Language: Dumagat, Casiguran

Source/Author:  T.N. Headland in Reid (1971) 
Notes:  Reid, L.A. (1971). Philippine Minor Languages: Word Lists and Phonologies. Oceanic Linguistics Special Publication no. 8. University of Hawaii Press. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Janet Moody  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Philippine:Northern Luzon:Northern Cordilleran:Northeastern Luzon:Northern 
Map 
 

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
6 road/path      
7 to come      
21 to think      
28 to breathe      
47 to yawn      
49 to lie down word info      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
72 to hit word info      
76 to live, be alive      
80 to split word info      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
92 to open, uncover      
103 meat/flesh      
113 branch word info      
118 grass      
123 to flow      
126 lake      
132 fog      
151 green      
166 correct, true      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
175 above      
177 this      
178 that      
182 I      
183 thou      
184 he/she      
185 we word info      
186 you      
187 they      
192 and      
208 Fifty word info      
1 hand ka'mɨt The sound correspondence isn't regular, but sporadic g/k interchange is fairly common as a result of what is sometimes called 'the aerodynamic voicing constraint' in the general phonetics literature. 21  
2 left kawi'heʔ   1, 42  
3 right kawa'nan   1, 62  
4 leg/foot ti'kɨd   70, 102  
5 to walk 'lakad   40  
8 to turn word info 'pihit      
9 to swim na'ngoy   1, 45  
10 dirty mɛlɨ'geʔ      
11 dust ʔalika'buk   1, 48  
12 skin ku'let   1  
13 back word info ʔa'dɨg   21  
14 belly ti'yan   1  
15 bone 'tulang   1  
16 intestines bitu'kaʔ   21  
17 liver 'ʔagteʔ   1, 51  
18 breast gi'sat   54  
18 breast ha'kcʔ      
19 shoulder sala'pad      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ma'tenggiʔ know (a person)    
22 to fear 'ʔanteng   36  
23 blood di'geʔ   1  
24 head 'ʔuloʔ   1  
25 neck 'leg   1  
26 hair word info 'buk   1, 68  
27 nose du'ngos   1, 71  
29 to sniff, smell ʔa'hob   35  
30 mouth 'labiʔ   90  
32 tongue di'laʔ   4  
33 to laugh 'ngihit   34  
34 to cry sa'nget   1, 74  
35 to vomit 'ʔotaʔ   1  
36 to spit 'loktab   29, 75  
37 to eat mɨ'ngan   1, 14  
38 to chew word info ʔi'man *betel chew 1  
39 to cook word info li'but 30. *to boil    
39 to cook word info ta'hemaʔ      
40 to drink ʔi'nom   1  
41 to bite 'kaget   1  
42 to suck sɨp'sɨp   1  
43 ear tali'ngaʔ   1  
44 to hear 'batiʔ   21  
45 eye 'mataʔ   1  
46 to see 'metaʔ   1, 24  
48 to sleep ti'dug   1, 70  
50 to dream ta'genɨp   30  
51 to sit ʔik'not   59  
52 to stand 'taknɨg   85  
53 person/human being 'tolay   1, 31  
54 man/male lɨla'keʔ   2, 99  
55 woman/female bɨ'beʔ   1, 105  
56 child ʔa'nak   1  
57 husband ʔasa'waʔ   2  
58 wife ʔasa'waʔ   1  
59 mother 'ʔinaʔ   1, 76  
60 father 'ʔamaʔ   1, 18  
61 house bu'lɛʔ   14  
62 thatch/roof ʔa'tɨp   1  
63 name nga'hen   1  
64 to say 'kagiʔ   1  
65 rope ʔi'gut   40  
66 to tie up, fasten ʔi'yegut      
67 to sew word info da'hop      
68 needle di'gum   1  
71 to stab, pierce bi'kal      
73 to steal ta'kɔʔ   1  
74 to kill bu'noʔ   1  
75 to die, be dead tu'ling dead    
77 to scratch word info gi'tɨl itch 37, 41  
77 to scratch word info 'gus'gus   80  
78 to cut, hack word info 'gɨl'gɨl      
79 stick/wood ka'yoʔ   1  
81 sharp ta'dɨm   1  
82 dull, blunt ngu'dɨl   40, 27  
83 to work word info tara'bahoʔ      
84 to plant 'mulaʔ   1  
85 to choose pi'liʔ   1  
88 to squeeze word info kɨ'mɨl      
89 to hold word info kɨbi'lan      
90 to dig 'kotkot   13  
91 to buy bugto'ngen      
93 to pound, beat word info bi'yoʔ   1  
94 to throw word info bati'kal      
95 to fall word info tɨp'duk      
96 dog ʔa'soʔ   1  
97 bird ma'nok   1  
98 egg bu'nay   75  
99 feather lam'bayung      
100 wing 'pakpak   33  
101 to fly 'ʔegbɨh   86  
102 rat ku'yɨng      
104 fat/grease ta'beʔ 104. fat (n.) 23  
105 tail ʔi'pos   30  
106 snake ʔu'lag   2, 33  
107 worm (earthworm) ʔa'lontayag      
108 louse word info ku'toʔ lice (head) 1  
109 mosquito na'mok   1, 90  
110 spider bug'kaw      
111 fish ʔi'kan   1  
112 rotten word info hu'not      
114 leaf 'don   1  
115 root gi'mot   3  
116 flower bu'laklak   22  
117 fruit bu'ngaʔ   9  
119 earth/soil 'lutaʔ   25  
120 stone bi'toʔ   1  
121 sand 'bay'bay   52  
122 water word info di'nom   1  
124 sea di'get   25  
125 salt ʔa'sen   3  
127 woods/forest ta'lon   30  
128 sky la'nget   1  
129 moon bu'lan   1  
130 star bi'ton   1  
131 cloud word info ku'nɨm   49  
133 rain ʔu'den   1  
134 thunder kɨ'duh   2, 89  
135 lightning ki'lat   1  
136 wind pa'hɨs   48  
137 to blow word info yop'yop   1, 32  
138 warm word info mepa'siʔ hot (as in water) 26  
139 cold word info mela'mid      
140 dry word info mema'deʔ dry (not wet) 26  
140 dry word info kag'kag to dry 27  
141 wet bi'saʔ   1  
142 heavy mɛdɨ'giʔ   1, 62  
143 fire ʔa'poy   1  
144 to burn word info tu'tod   95  
145 smoke word info ʔa'sok   2, 53  
146 ash 'ʔabuʔ   1  
147 black ngi'tet   17  
148 white mɛla'tak      
149 red medi'deg   1, 107  
152 small kɨ'tihɨk   1, 121  
153 big dɨ'kɨl   22, 102  
154 short word info ʔa'pehit short (person)    
154 short word info ʔa'pehit short (object)    
155 long word info ʔa'takdug   42  
156 thin word info la'pes   1, 49  
158 narrow pi'ʔit      
159 wide mɛla'waʔ   1  
160 painful, sick sa'ket   1  
161 shy, ashamed sani'keʔ      
162 old word info 'datiʔ old (objects) x  
163 new bi'guʔ   1, 54  
164 good ma'husay      
165 bad, evil medu'kɨs   1, 33  
167 night kɨ'lɨp   20, 71  
168 day ʔal'dɔʔ   1  
169 year ta'ʔon   1  
170 when? word info nɨ'kisiyaʔ      
171 to hide word info li'soʔ      
172 to climb word info ʔu'nek   1, 60  
176 below sa'hok under    
179 near ʔa'deneʔ   1, 35  
180 far ʔa'deyoʔ   1, 76  
181 where? word info ʔa'bɛʔ   2, 70  
188 what? word info 'ʔanyaʔ   24  
189 who? word info tisɨyaʔ   14, 47  
190 other ba'kɨn   10  
191 all ʔɨta'nan   24  
193 if 'ʔɨng      
194 how? word info se'nganyaʔ how many x  
195 no, not ʔɨ'wan   36, 52  
196 to count bi'lang   1  
197 One word info 'ʔɛsaʔ   1  
198 Two word info ʔɨdu'waʔ   1, 27  
199 Three word info ʔɨtɨ'loʔ   1, 15  
200 Four word info ʔɨ'pat   1  
201 Five word info li'maʔ   1  
202 Six word info ʔɨ'nɨm   1  
203 Seven word info pi'tuʔ   1  
204 Eight word info wa'luʔ   3  
205 Nine word info si'yam   9  
206 Ten word info 'sapuluʔ   5  
207 Twenty word info du'wapuluʔ   3, 6  
209 One Hundred word info sanda'ʔan   49  
210 One Thousand word info san'libuʔ   5  
31 tooth ngi'pin from Tagalog   L
150 yellow medi'law from Tagalog   L
157 thick word info ba'gɨl     L
162 old word info ma'tandaʔ from Tagalog   L

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