https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Hmong, White

Source/Author:  Heimbach 1979, Bertrais 1979, McKibben 1992 
Notes:  Also called Hmong Daw. The numbers indicate historical tone categories, the precise phonetic values of which are not important for comparative work.  
Data Entry:  Typed By: Martha Ratliff  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 211
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Hmong-Mien:Hmongic:Chuanqiandian 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand te 4      
2 left lau 6      
3 right si 7      
4 leg/foot taw 5 foot    
5 to walk mu 4 walk, go, depart    
6 road/path ke 3      
7 to come lɔ 4      
8 to turn word info le 8      
9 to swim ua 5-lua 8-de 2 make-slide-water    
10 dirty tsa 1      
11 dust hmɔŋ 3-a 3 powder-soil    
12 skin taɨ 3 skin, bark, leather    
13 back word info qau 8      
14 belly pla 1      
15 bone tsha 5      
16 intestines hnju 3      
17 liver ʃia 1      
18 breast mi 4      
19 shoulder pɯ 6      
20 to know, be knowledgeable pau 1      
21 to think sa 3      
22 to fear ntʃhai 5      
23 blood ntʃha 3      
24 head tau 1-hau 5 gourd-head    
25 neck da 1      
26 hair word info plau 1 hair, feather, fur    
27 nose ntʃɯ 6      
28 to breathe ua 5-pa 5 make-breath    
29 to sniff, smell hnia 5 perceive odor (not sniff)    
30 mouth ncau 2      
31 tooth hnia 3 front tooth, not molar    
32 tongue mplai 6      
33 to laugh lua 6 laugh, smile    
34 to cry qua 2      
35 to vomit ntua 3      
36 to spit nti 5 not forcible    
37 to eat nɔ 2      
38 to chew word info sɔ 5 bite down (of humans)    
39 to cook word info ua 5-nɔ 2-ua 5-hau 7 make-eat-make-drink    
40 to drink hau 7 drink, smoke    
41 to bite tɔ 8      
42 to suck ntsai 7      
43 ear ntʃe 2      
44 to hear hnɔ 3      
45 eye mua 6   1?  
46 to see pɔ 8      
47 to yawn rua 5-hlɔ 5 open-suck in    
48 to sleep tʃau 6-ʒɔ 6      
49 to lie down word info pɯ 5      
50 to dream ua 5 mpau 5-sua 3 make-dream    
51 to sit ʒau 8      
52 to stand ʃaɯ 3 get up, rise    
53 person/human being nɛŋ 2 person    
54 man/male tsi 3-nɛŋ 2 male-person    
55 woman/female pɔ 2-nia 8 woman, wife (female-mother)    
56 child me 5-njua 8 small-little    
57 husband tsi 3 male, father, husband    
58 wife pɔ 2-nia 8 woman, wife (female-mother)    
59 mother nia 8      
60 father tsi 3 male, father, husband    
61 house tʃe 3      
62 thatch/roof ɴqɛŋ 1 thatch for roofing    
63 name mpe 5      
64 to say hai 7      
65 rope hlua 5      
66 to tie up, fasten khi 5      
67 to sew word info saɯ 7      
68 needle kɔŋ 1      
69 to hunt word info plɔ 1      
70 to shoot word info tua 5 shoot, kill    
71 to stab, pierce ŋkau 6 (many verbs of piercing)    
72 to hit word info ntau 7      
73 to steal njia 6 steal secretly (vs. rob)    
74 to kill tua 5 shoot, kill    
75 to die, be dead tua 6      
76 to live, be alive cia 2 alive    
77 to scratch word info khaɯ 1      
78 to cut, hack word info tsia 3 cut    
79 stick/wood ntɔŋ 5 wood      
79 stick/wood ntɔŋ 5 wood    
80 to split word info tu 5      
81 sharp ntʃe 5      
82 dull, blunt mpu 1      
83 to work word info ua 5      
84 to plant cɔ 6      
85 to choose sai 3      
86 to grow word info hlɔ 1      
87 to swell word info ɔ 5      
88 to squeeze word info nje 8 grasp firmly    
89 to hold word info mua 1 take hold    
90 to dig khaɯ 1      
91 to buy mua 4      
92 to open, uncover qhi 1 open (door)    
93 to pound, beat word info ntau 7      
94 to throw word info pɔ 3      
95 to fall word info pɔŋ 1      
96 dog de 3      
97 bird nɔŋ 6      
98 egg qe 5      
99 feather plau 1 hair, feather, fur    
100 wing ti 7      
101 to fly ja 5      
102 rat na 4 rodent    
103 meat/flesh ɴqai 2 meat, wild game, flesh    
104 fat/grease rɔ 2      
105 tail tɯ 5      
106 snake na 1      
107 worm (earthworm) ka 1 insect, worm, spider    
108 louse word info ntʃhau 3 head louse (vs. body louse)    
109 mosquito jɔŋ 3-tʃha 2-cu 8 fly-thin    
110 spider ka 1 insect, worm, spider    
111 fish ntʃe 4      
112 rotten word info lɯ 2      
113 branch word info ce 6 leg, limb, branch    
114 leaf mplɔŋ 2      
115 root ca 6      
116 flower pa 2      
117 fruit tsi 3      
118 grass nrɔ 2 weeds, vegetation    
119 earth/soil a 3      
120 stone ʒe 1 rock, stone    
121 sand hmɔŋ 3-ʒe 1 powder-stone    
122 water word info de 2      
123 to flow ntɯ 4      
124 sea hia 3-tsɯ 3      
125 salt ntʃe 3      
126 lake pa 4      
127 woods/forest ʒɔŋ 5 jungle    
128 sky ntu 2 sky, stratum    
129 moon hli 5      
130 star hnu 1-qu 1 sun-star    
131 cloud word info hua 1 cloud, fog    
132 fog hua 1 cloud, fog    
133 rain na 6      
134 thunder sɔ 1 qua 2 "Xob" cries out    
135 lightning sɔ 1 lai 8 "Xob" flashes    
136 wind cua 5      
137 to blow word info tshua 1      
138 warm word info ʃɔ 3      
139 cold word info nɔ 5      
140 dry word info qhua 3      
141 wet ntu 1      
142 heavy hnja 3      
143 fire hlua 3-taɯ 4      
144 to burn word info hlaɯ 3      
145 smoke word info nchɔ 5 produce smoke    
146 ash tʃhau 3      
147 black du 1      
148 white daɯ 1      
149 red lia 1      
150 yellow da 2      
151 green ntʃua 1      
152 small me 5      
153 big lɔ 2      
154 short word info lu 3      
155 long word info nte 3      
156 thin word info njia 4      
157 thick word info tua 1      
158 narrow ɴqai 8      
159 wide da 3      
160 painful, sick mɔ 1 pain, sickness, to be hurt    
161 shy, ashamed tsa 2      
162 old word info lau 4      
163 new tʃhia 1      
164 good ʒɔŋ 5      
165 bad, evil phe 8 evil    
166 correct, true tʃɛŋ 1 true    
167 night hmɔ 5      
168 day hnu 1 sun, day    
169 year sjɔŋ 5      
170 when? word info thau 8-tɯ 6 time-which    
171 to hide word info ʒai 7      
172 to climb word info nce 5      
173 at rau 5 place    
174 in, inside hau 3      
175 above ʃau 8      
176 below hau 3-qa 1 in-under    
177 this nɔ 5      
178 that ntaɯ 8b      
179 near ʒe 5      
180 far de 1      
181 where? word info qhɔ 3-tɯ 6 place-which    
182 I ku 3   1  
183 thou kɔ 2   1  
184 he/she nɯ 4      
185 we word info pe 1      
186 you ne 2      
187 they laɯ 3      
188 what? word info da 1-tʃi 5      
189 who? word info lɛŋ 2-tɯ 6 person-which    
190 other lua 6      
191 all ti 1-ʃi 5 all, altogether, everything    
192 and thia 1      
193 if jɔ 6      
194 how? word info li 5 ca 4      
195 no, not tʃi 7      
196 to count ʃua 3      
197 One word info i 1      
198 Two word info ɔ 1      
199 Three word info pe 1      
200 Four word info plau 1      
201 Five word info tʃi 1      
202 Six word info rau 5      
203 Seven word info sja 5      
204 Eight word info ji 8      
205 Nine word info cua 2      
206 Ten word info kau 8      
207 Twenty word info nɛŋ 4-ŋkau 8 two-ten    
208 Fifty word info tʃi 1-cau 8 five-ten    
209 One Hundred word info i 1-pua 7 one-hundred    
210 One Thousand word info i 1-tshia 1 one-thousand    

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