https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Chru

Source/Author:  Alex Shikanov: English-Chru Wordlist 
Notes:  The present work is based on the data collected during a field trip to a remote Chru community Podrang in Don Zyong county of Lam Dong province. The expedition was undertaken as a joint effort of the University of Ho Chi Minh city and the Institute of Folklore of the Commitee of Social Sciences of the SR of Vietnam as a part of a long term research program embracing various aspects of the ethnic diversity in this country. (http://www.geocities.com/alexshikanov/chru/alex1.html)
ph, th, kh = aspirated
c = voiceless palatal; j = voiced palatal
B, D = midvoiced (between voiceless and voiced)
nh = nasal palatal; ng = nasal velar
x = velar spirant
? = glottal stop
ç = "greek gamma" (a vowel)
Long vowels are followed by ":" ; Nasalized vowels are followed by "~"
Vowels of unidentified quality in unstressed syllabic positions are reflected as "‘" (schwa) 
Problems:  Andreea: I replaced:

/nh/ to /ɲ/
/ç/ to /ɤ/
/'/ to /ə/

Also, /?/ was replaced by /ʔ/ cf. e-mail from Alex. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Francisc Czobor  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Malayo-Chamic:Chamic:Highlands:Chru-Northern 
Map 
 

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Change History:

Showing 3 of 26 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
42 to suck      
47 to yawn      
72 to hit word info      
73 to steal      
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info      
83 to work word info      
85 to choose      
89 to hold word info      
92 to open, uncover      
98 egg      
100 wing      
102 rat      
107 worm (earthworm)      
113 branch word info      
123 to flow      
137 to blow word info      
146 ash      
160 painful, sick      
161 shy, ashamed      
166 correct, true      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
176 below      
2 left iã:u      
3 right xənuaʔ     L
7 to come trux      
8 to turn word info ue:      
10 dirty chəŭ      
18 breast mum breast    
22 to fear huôIʔ      
24 head əkoʔ      
30 mouth ka:ng      
35 to vomit tərgloɤ'ŏ      
36 to spit KəChuhʔ      
38 to chew word info BəMah      
41 to bite keʔ gɣuʔ      
44 to hear məxi~ʔ      
46 to see sbuai to look    
50 to dream LəPəI      
52 to stand Dɣng      
53 person/human being mənix      
59 mother mi:      
64 to say dɣ:m      
66 to tie up, fasten Blax      
67 to sew word info      
69 to hunt word info bruaʔ pətiãuʔ hunting    
70 to shoot word info Chuh      
71 to stab, pierce JəRăʔ      
79 stick/wood əsa:r wood    
82 dull, blunt lux      
84 to plant pətəmɣx      
88 to squeeze word info jəpaʔ      
93 to pound, beat word info xlɣu      
94 to throw word info prax      
95 to fall word info yərux      
97 bird cim form is Austroasiatic (cicum 'bird' – also shared with Moken)    
101 to fly pa:r loan form AA (Thurgood)   L
110 spider Blũ:ng      
112 rotten word info məʔix      
120 stone pətɣu      
131 cloud word info xəual      
134 thunder kəta:l      
135 lightning kəlrax      
139 cold word info mrit      
144 to burn word info əpui bɣng      
147 black ju:ʔ      
148 white ko:ʔ      
149 red phu:ng red    
152 small tit      
154 short word info əue:t      
159 wide lna:ng      
163 new hrɣu      
164 good sia:m      
165 bad, evil sɣuʔ bad    
165 bad, evil ətɣu evil    
167 night xrɣi      
168 day glai      
170 when? word info xlɣi      
174 in, inside tɣ:      
175 above tə́ɲǥŏ      
178 that Dix      
181 where? word info tlɣi      
182 I kəmi:      
184 he/she səʔai      
185 we word info Bu:l kau      
186 you Bu:l xã:      
189 who? word info əsɣi      
190 other krɣi      
192 and sɣng      
193 if miax      
194 how? word info yɣu xlɣi      
195 no, not bux xũ:      
196 to count yuau      
4 leg/foot təkai leg 1  
4 leg/foot pla:ʔ təkai foot 1  
6 road/path jəla:n   1  
12 skin kliʔ   1  
14 belly tung   1  
14 belly tian   1  
15 bone tla:ng   1  
18 breast təsɣu bosom 1  
19 shoulder Bra: 17? 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable thəu   1  
23 blood drax   1  
26 hair word info Buʔ   1  
27 nose əDu:ng   1  
28 to breathe saʔ yua:   1  
39 to cook word info Tənaʔ   1  
40 to drink məɲum   1  
43 ear tənia:   1  
45 eye mta:   1  
56 child ənãʔ   1  
60 father əma:   1  
63 name əngan   1  
65 rope tlɣi kəBɣu   1  
68 needle JəRum   1  
75 to die, be dead məta:i   1  
80 to split word info Box   1  
86 to grow word info təmɣx   1  
86 to grow word info təmũx   1  
87 to swell word info brah   1  
90 to dig klɣi   1  
91 to buy Blɣi   1  
99 feather Blɣu   1  
105 tail əku:   1  
108 louse word info kətɣu   1  
109 mosquito jəmuʔ   1  
111 fish əka:n   1  
116 flower bənga:   1  
117 fruit Box   1  
119 earth/soil tənax   1  
124 sea təsiʔ   1  
125 salt sra:   1  
126 lake Dənau   1  
128 sky ləngiʔ   1  
129 moon (ia:) Bla:n   1  
133 rain xəja:n   1  
136 wind əngi:n   1  
141 wet pəsax   1  
143 fire əpui   1  
149 red mriax scarlet 1  
151 green mtax green/blue 1  
151 green mətax   1  
156 thin word info lpix   1  
157 thick word info kəpa:l   1  
162 old word info tha:   1  
169 year thun   1  
174 in, inside Dlam   1  
177 this ni:   1  
178 that nɣn   1  
182 I kau   1  
197 One word info sa   1  
198 Two word info Dua:   1  
199 Three word info klɣu   1  
200 Four word info pa:ʔ   1  
201 Five word info lma:   1  
202 Six word info nam   1  
208 Fifty word info lma: plux   1, 2  
18 breast xa:r təDa: breast 12  
183 thou xã:   12  
55 woman/female kəmai   126  
61 house sa:ng   15  
187 they Bu:l ɲũ:   15  
31 tooth təgɣi   17  
1 hand tənga:n   18  
34 to cry xia:   18  
37 to eat xuaʔ   19  
188 what? word info xəgeʔ   19  
188 what? word info geʔ   19  
17 liver xətai   1?  
96 dog əsɣu   1?  
150 yellow kəɲiʔ   1?  
5 to walk nau to go, to walk 2  
54 man/male lkɣi   2  
74 to kill pəmta:i "to murder" 2  
106 snake əla:   2  
115 root əkha:   2  
184 he/she ɲũ:   2  
16 intestines pruaiʔ   23  
122 water word info ia:   23  
104 fat/grease lmaʔ   24  
84 to plant pla:   25  
142 heavy trauʔ   25  
49 to lie down word info dix   27  
9 to swim lua:i   29  
48 to sleep dix   29  
130 star (ia:) pətu:ʔ   29  
78 to cut, hack word info taʔ to cut 3  
207 Twenty word info Dua: plux   3, 6  
29 to sniff, smell cum bɣu   30  
33 to laugh klau   31  
132 fog xəual pa:ʔ mist 31  
21 to think sənɣng   32  
58 wife səDiuʔ   32  
121 sand cuax   32  
158 narrow gəniã:ʔ   33  
180 far ətax   33  
11 dust thul   34  
153 big pro:ng   34  
51 to sit doʔ gux   35  
81 sharp xənuãʔ   37  
155 long word info ətax   38  
134 thunder grum   39  
32 tongue Dlax   4  
203 Seven word info təjux   4  
204 Eight word info Dəlpan   4  
209 One Hundred word info sərtux   4  
57 husband pəsa:ng   41  
140 dry word info thu:   41  
205 Nine word info səlpan   41  
127 woods/forest glai   42  
13 back word info kəyã:ng   43  
103 meat/flesh rlo:   44  
145 smoke word info əsauʔ   49  
206 Ten word info səplux   5  
210 One Thousand word info sərBɣ:u   5  
138 warm word info pədau   53  
25 neck təkuai   55  
118 grass rɣʔ   55  
62 thatch/roof pəBung sa:ng   6  
114 leaf sla: Mon-Khmer loan 61 L
179 near jeʔ   69  
191 all əBix tix   9  

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