https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Kuni

Source/Author:  Alan Jones, Barnabas Maua, Malcolm Ross 
Notes:  All stems functioning as finite verbs are preceded by a subject-marking clitic or prefix. In the third person (the usual citation form) this can be either e- or i-. The former marks the verb as irrealis while the latter is the characteristic form for narratives. I have chosen to represent all verbs with the irrealis e- form, for consistency.

All noun stems that may be inalienably possessed (body parts, relations, etc.) are represented with the 3rd person suffix marker -na, indexing a third person ""possessor"" - such stems, when used as adjectives, as a general rule take a person-marking suffix ; on some stems this has become fossilised, while others resist it (possibly only in some uses). Hyphenation indicates affixation; even the subject markers are represented here as prefixes, though the argument for this has yet to be made.
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Janet Moody  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:Papuan Tip:Peripheral:Central Papuan:West Central Papuan:Nuclear 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand ima-na also arm 1  
2 left awali-na   1, 42  
3 right idifa-na = right (hand) 22  
4 leg/foot ae-na   1  
5 to walk e-dada   35  
5 to walk e-da   35  
6 road/path daya   1  
7 to come e-mai   1  
8 to turn word info ebabili   66  
9 to swim e-uve      
10 dirty ofu   21  
10 dirty ofu-na   21  
11 dust waufoa-na      
11 dust waufoa      
12 skin aba-na   54  
12 skin aba   54  
13 back word info kafe-na   109  
14 belly foa-na   21  
15 bone kulia-na   40  
16 intestines foa-na      
17 liver ake-na   1  
18 breast fae-na   35  
19 shoulder bau-na   17  
20 to know, be knowledgeable valia-na Noun; some dialects walia-na    
21 to think      
22 to fear e-makau   1  
23 blood lala-na   1  
23 blood lala   1  
24 head ola-na   44  
25 neck ayo-na   1, 31  
26 hair word info bui-na   31  
26 hair word info bui   31  
27 nose idu-na   1  
28 to breathe nua-na e-yaka Lit. his heart is pumping; also nua-na e-veli    
29 to sniff, smell e-midi midi (a) smell    
30 mouth ala-na      
31 tooth ike-na   24  
32 tongue maya-na   7  
33 to laugh e-yave      
34 to cry e-kani   1  
35 to vomit e-ula   7  
36 to spit e-anodi Spittle 14, 84  
37 to eat e-ani   1  
38 to chew word info e-mema   1  
38 to chew word info e-kua   33  
39 to cook word info e-na a. general term 108  
39 to cook word info e-nadu b. boil food 3  
40 to drink e-inu   1  
41 to bite e-ala   1  
42 to suck e-defa      
42 to suck e-momoi Suck breast: e-fae 34  
43 ear kaia-na   1  
44 to hear e-yo   1, 36  
45 eye maka-na   1  
46 to see e-ika   1  
47 to yawn e-mavada   19  
48 to sleep e-faluba   54  
49 to lie down word info e-eko   104  
50 to dream e-nibi a dream 1, 60  
51 to sit e-mia   26  
52 to stand e-yaba   42  
53 person/human being wabekau People in general 1, 68  
54 man/male kau   22  
54 man/male mukau bigman    
55 woman/female vabine   1, 106  
56 child feafea      
56 child ene girl girl    
56 child melo boy 8  
57 husband adava-na   2  
57 husband adava   2  
58 wife adava   1  
58 wife adava-na   1  
59 mother tsina-na   1  
60 father kama-na   1  
61 house luma   1  
62 thatch/roof gabia k.o. grass or reeds: <g> doesn't occur in Kuni: error? 41  
63 name ada   1, 18  
63 name ada-na   1, 18  
64 to say e-ou(a)   98  
65 rope valo Also: cord, string 2  
66 to tie up, fasten e-do   38  
66 to tie up, fasten e-fatsi   60  
67 to sew word info      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info e-fai      
70 to shoot word info e-leva   7  
71 to stab, pierce e-ko   13  
72 to hit word info e-aku Hit in general; also kill 50  
73 to steal e-anida      
74 to kill e-aku e-fa S/he hits s/he dies. 18  
75 to die, be dead e-fa Be sick, die 28  
75 to die, be dead i-fa-ko s/he died. 28  
76 to live, be alive e-mauli   1, 76  
76 to live, be alive mauli-na   1, 76  
77 to scratch word info e-atsitsi   58  
78 to cut, hack word info e-iva      
78 to cut, hack word info e-ali With a knife, e.g. a rope    
78 to cut, hack word info e-kala E.g. with axe 1  
79 stick/wood au Tree , wood, stick 1  
80 to split word info e-foya   1  
81 sharp ano-na   51  
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info e-bilaula   19, 31  
84 to plant e-bado plant 45  
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info e-galoa      
87 to swell word info e-baka      
88 to squeeze word info e-afi-bebe   21, 80  
89 to hold word info e-afi   23  
90 to dig e-kabi   59  
91 to buy e-kava(ya) Kava, price; kava-na e-beni, pay for. 66  
92 to open, uncover e-akufa      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info e-male to throw (as a stone)    
94 to throw word info e-ne      
95 to fall word info e-deo      
96 dog obeka   41  
96 dog oyame      
97 bird neka      
98 egg avoi-na E.g. neka avoi-na 1  
99 feather neka bui-na Bui = hair, bristle, feather 1  
100 wing bani-na   2  
101 to fly e-bibi      
102 rat idube   3  
103 meat/flesh tsitsi   31, 102  
104 fat/grease oko   22  
104 fat/grease oko-na   22  
104 fat/grease e-oko   22  
105 tail iu-na   1  
106 snake odabu Cf. odafu python 75  
107 worm (earthworm) tsima   48  
108 louse word info uku   1  
109 mosquito moidi   57  
110 spider dao      
111 fish moke      
112 rotten word info e-feda Verb 9, 74  
113 branch word info le-na au le-na 1, 14  
114 leaf lau-na   1  
115 root lumi-na   3?  
116 flower maneba      
117 fruit      
118 grass ava grass 35  
118 grass dabia Long grass used for thatch    
119 earth/soil kano   1  
119 earth/soil katsia      
120 stone debo   14  
121 sand afinu   68  
122 water word info vei also river 2  
123 to flow      
124 sea adu   19  
125 salt damea   25  
126 lake obu Pond, pool, etc. 15  
127 woods/forest yauka   7, 121  
128 sky dia =sun    
128 sky ufa   17  
129 moon buia   1  
130 star anĂ¡ana      
131 cloud word info dada =raincloud    
131 cloud word info mafula cloud, generic    
132 fog aduadu ground mist 15  
132 fog abu Mist 1  
133 rain tsimu   12  
134 thunder aika E.g. aika e-luku 76  
135 lightning daleva E.g. daleva e-kaba    
136 wind ama (wind) blows    
137 to blow word info e-bua of the wind 17  
137 to blow word info e-bina      
138 warm word info tsiabu   21  
138 warm word info e-tsiabu   21  
139 cold word info amana Cf. wind ama 79  
140 dry word info ololo E-ololo, it becomes dry    
141 wet doma      
142 heavy e-mekau   48  
142 heavy mekau(-na)   48  
143 fire aloba   18  
144 to burn word info e-na itr.    
144 to burn word info e-kou tr.    
144 to burn word info e-ba-na      
144 to burn word info e-kou-vi (-vi = with care)    
145 smoke word info vaikafu   30, 38  
146 ash labu cinders, grey ash 67  
146 ash ika black ash 93  
147 black ikaika-na      
148 white deva-na   69  
149 red aiva-na      
150 yellow yaofa-na   87  
151 green ufi-na Green, unripe    
151 green manalea-na Green, velevety, shiny    
152 small bea-na      
153 big nama-na   123  
153 big galoa-na      
154 short word info odoba-na      
155 long word info yakaia-na      
155 long word info mafakele   67  
156 thin word info kevekeve-na      
157 thick word info imudi-na      
158 narrow abiabi-na      
159 wide lelei-na      
160 painful, sick e-kaudua      
160 painful, sick e-moidi a pain 73  
161 shy, ashamed e-fautsia be ashamed: lit. fau = forehead and tsia = bad    
162 old word info aiai-na      
163 new makamaka   19  
163 new mauli-na   19  
164 good jobia-na      
165 bad, evil avaya-na   113  
166 correct, true momoa   98  
167 night labi   21  
168 day dia   11  
168 day eno      
169 year tsinibo tsinibo is an annual grass 59  
169 year jaibo jaibo an almond (tree) 59  
170 when? word info aidai   1  
171 to hide word info e-buni intr. 1  
171 to hide word info e-buni-ai tr. x  
172 to climb word info e-duau climb a ladder, climb a mountain    
173 at [NOUN]-ai   12  
174 in, inside ayo-nai   1  
175 above yaka-nai   1  
176 below binu-nai   56  
177 this eni Also = here 1  
178 that enu Also = there    
178 that diotsi      
179 near      
180 far daua   1  
181 where? word info wamo      
181 where? word info waidai      
181 where? word info waikai      
182 I yau   1, 21  
183 thou oi you (sing.) 1  
184 he/she ia he 1  
184 he/she ia she 1  
185 we word info imai we (excl.) 2  
185 we word info ika we (incl.) 1  
186 you      
187 they itsi   25  
188 what? word info daba   1  
189 who? word info dai who 1  
190 other foi-na      
191 all fofou(-na)      
192 and me and, or 2  
192 and mai with 2, 46  
193 if      
194 how? word info vaikadina      
195 no, not atsi   1  
195 no, not tsi   1  
196 to count e-dina Cf e-dina, choose    
197 One word info kau-na   14, 79  
197 One word info kao-na   14, 79  
198 Two word info lua   1  
199 Three word info koi   1  
200 Four word info luana lua '2 + 2' 8  
201 Five word info imai   1  
202 Six word info ima na tauna query 'tauna', poor photocopy    
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info ima lua      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info tsinabu   37  
210 One Thousand word info salele doka salele = many; doka = very    

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