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Language: Marquesan

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark), David Addison 
Notes:  This is an amalgamation of North (MRQ) and South Marquesan (QMS)
Pollex supplemented from Dordillon 1931-1932 
Problems:  This is an amalgamation of North (MRQ) and South Marquesan (QMS) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill and Russell Gray  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Marquesic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above 'uka Above (NKH) (I) 9  
175 above 'una Above 9  
191 all tiatohu      
192 and maa And (with numerals) 2  
146 ash ànahu Ashes 67  
146 ash kaàhu charcoal; wood ashes 67  
146 ash 'ehu/ahi Ashes 67  
146 ash kehu/ahi Ashes; irregular 67  
146 ash ke/'ehu/ Ashes; irregular 67  
173 at i Preposition indicating location 1  
13 back word info tua Dos, echine, se mettre dos a dos (Dln) 11  
165 bad, evil kino Mechant, mauvais, chiche (Dln) 9  
165 bad, evil ìno Mechant, mauvais, chiche (Dln) 9  
165 bad, evil hauhau bad/evil 32  
14 belly kopu Belly, stomach 2  
14 belly 'opu Belly, stomach 2  
176 below à'o Under, below 8  
153 big nui Beaucoup, plusieurs, gros, grand (Dln) 11  
153 big maaka   31  
97 bird manu Bird 1  
147 black kèe/kèe Black 5  
147 black hivahiva Gray, silver-gray 6  
23 blood toto Sang, saigner (Dln) 4  
15 bone ivi Bone (Bgs) 52, 5  
113 branch word info àà Petites branches (Dln) 1, 33  
18 breast u Sein, mamelle, gorge (Dln) 1  
18 breast ki'i nene      
56 child tama   6  
131 cloud word info ao (i) Nuage (Dln) 12  
139 cold word info makaìì Cold, chilly 1, 52  
139 cold word info kamaìì Cold, chilly (metathesis?) 1, 52?  
139 cold word info makkarede Cold, or the cold (Crk) 1, 52  
139 cold word info anu Froid, coup de sang, avoir froid (Dln) 8  
139 cold word info kamariri in 'Ua Pou ((metathesis?)) 1, 52?  
166 correct, true mea hei      
166 correct, true toitoi   41  
168 day ao Jour oppose a nuit (Dln) 1, 54  
168 day oatea daylight 27  
10 dirty paàpaà Tres mur, gate, pourri (Dln) 7  
10 dirty hava Souille, sali, tache (Dln) 8  
96 dog peto in NH, from English "pet"   L
96 dog ku'i Probable arch. form - as dogs were lost in the Marquesas by the time the Europeans arrived. 7  
96 dog nuhe Southern MRQ, problematic?    
140 dry word info paka Scab x  
140 dry word info pa/paka/ Dry 12  
140 dry word info pakaka Dur, coriace, non flexible (Dln) 12  
140 dry word info mo'o   13  
82 dull, blunt mué   10  
82 dull, blunt tumué   10  
82 dull, blunt puriki dull in modern NH, most likely derived from the word for donkey (after French burique), and hence metaphorically stupid, dull 18  
11 dust 'epo reflex of PEP *repo 'dirt' MW x  
43 ear pua/ìka/   19  
43 ear pua/ìna/   19  
119 earth/soil 'epo Boue, fange, terre, poussiere (Dln) 11  
98 egg mama'i   6  
204 Eight word info va'u used on Nuku Hiva currently 3  
45 eye konohi Eye 4  
45 eye korohi Eye 4  
45 eye mata Eye,face 1  
180 far mamao   13  
180 far mema'o ? 13  
104 fat/grease kao Huile, graisse, sauce, jus (Dln)    
104 fat/grease hinu àma Huile noiratre qui decoule de lama (Dln) 12  
104 fat/grease kerehi (Eng?)   L?
60 father motua   1, 9  
99 feather huú manu   1  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire ahi Fire 1  
111 fish ika Fish (Mqn) 1  
111 fish Fish (Mqs) 1  
201 Five word info 'ima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
116 flower pua Flower (I) 1  
132 fog kohu Cloud, fog 1, 47  
200 Four word info faa Four 1, 66  
117 fruit hua To fruit 1  
164 good 'eka Enjoy 14  
164 good meitaì Bon, agreable 15  
164 good kanahau good 62  
118 grass mutie Herbe, gazon, foin (Dln) 13  
151 green ki óu ti teé      
151 green ʔoutite'e      
26 hair word info hu'u Plume, poil (Dln) (Archaic) 31  
26 hair word info 'ouoho   40  
1 hand ìma Five, hand 1  
184 he/she ia Il, elle, lui (Dln) 1  
24 head u'u Head 1  
24 head upoko Head (Dln) 10  
142 heavy tono      
142 heavy toko   38  
61 house aika Terre, propriete, domicile, richesses, manoir, foyer domestique 6  
61 house ha'e House 14  
61 house fa'e House 14  
194 how? word info peehea Comment? pourquoi? (Dln) 11  
57 husband hahana The male of mankind and of all birds. A husband (Crk) 13?  
182 I au First person singular pronoun (Bgs) 1, 21  
182 I ='u First person singular x  
193 if me If 5  
174 in, inside i Preposition indicating location x  
174 in, inside ioo Location in space; to, in, into, on. beside, near, at, or to the home of (Mtu) 5  
174 in, inside 'oto Inside 5  
16 intestines koekoe   31  
126 lake vai óto   6  
114 leaf àu Leaf 1  
2 left akeake      
2 left 'ima a'ea'e left hand    
4 leg/foot vae Leg (I) 1, 100  
135 lightning uià Eclair, eclairer (Dln) 2  
17 liver ate Foie (Dln) 1  
155 long word info 'oa Long 12  
108 louse word info kutu Louse (in NH) 1  
108 louse word info kutu papa Crab lice 1, 6  
108 louse word info 'utu Louse 1  
54 man/male tama 'oa male child 10  
54 man/male tane Fortement (Dln) 1, 11  
54 man/male heko male 17?  
54 man/male toa male (of animals) x  
103 meat/flesh kiko Flesh 10  
129 moon mahina Moon 37, 5  
129 moon me'ama   7  
109 mosquito nono the endemic Marquesan biting black fly 1, 74  
109 mosquito nono kia mosquito; 1, 74  
109 mosquito nono purutia (German nono) the sand fly purportedly introducted by a freighter unloading ballast with sand (and eggs) from PGN (then a German colony? or just "German" because of its ferociousness?) 1, 74  
59 mother kui   15  
30 mouth haha Bouche, geule, ouverture (Dln) B. [<] 1 L?
30 mouth fafa Mouth (Crk) B. [<] 1 L?
30 mouth nutu Snout, head of animal 2  
63 name inoa Name 6  
63 name ikoa Name 6  
158 narrow iti      
158 narrow faiti   84  
179 near tata Proche, pres (Dln) 9  
25 neck kaakii Neck, throat (Bgs) 20  
68 needle nina     L
68 needle rira     L
163 new hou New 1  
167 night poo Nuit, tenebres, jour de vingt-quatre heures (Dln) 1  
205 Nine word info iva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
195 no, not ie(hh)ai A negative, not, cannot (Crk) 10, 84  
195 no, not tee Negativiser (Mtu) 13  
27 nose ihu Nose 1  
162 old word info ko'oua Aged, decrepit (Dln) 9  
162 old word info koua Old man (Crk) 9  
162 old word info tehito Ancient 10  
162 old word info kakiu (ancient)    
197 One word info tahi One 41  
209 One Hundred word info 'au Originally two hundred or four hundred but now one hundred (Bgs).(Source: Pollex) 2  
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other ke   8?  
160 painful, sick mamae Souffrir 10  
160 painful, sick memae souffrance 10  
53 person/human being 'enata Homme, en general (Dln) 1, 66  
53 person/human being 'enana Homme, en general (Dln) 1, 66, 11  
53 person/human being kenana Homme, en general (Dln) 1, 66, 11  
133 rain ua Pluie (Dln) 1  
102 rat kio'e Rat 12  
102 rat kumakuma Rat (Dln) 13  
149 red kuà Red 13  
149 red kuwa Red, applied to feathers, cloth etc. imported to the islands,also to the scarlet berries or peas used in their ornaments (Crk) 13  
149 red pukiki   43  
3 right atamai Droit, a droit (Dln) 7  
3 right 'ima oko right hand 33  
6 road/path vaà/nui Road 22  
115 root aka Racine (Dln) 2  
65 rope touà Corde, grosse corde (Dln) 9  
112 rotten word info paà Ripe (I) 13  
112 rotten word info pee rotten (Tahitian borrowing? 16 L?
125 salt kanatai   20  
125 salt puhinaú      
125 salt pa'atai (ripe saltwater?) 20, 19  
121 sand one Sable 1  
124 sea moana deep ocean, La haute mer (Dln) 10  
124 sea tai saltwater or the nearshore 1  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
81 sharp koi Sharp, Sharp 14, 66  
154 short word info nohinohi Short stature (Tgr)    
154 short word info poto Short (Bgs) 9  
19 shoulder pauhihi   8  
19 shoulder paufifi   8  
161 shy, ashamed hakaika      
202 Six word info ono Pollex 06: Ono. :Six (Dln). 1  
12 skin kiì Skin 1  
128 sky àni Sky 1  
128 sky àki Sky 1  
128 sky de ahgy Heaven or sky (Rbt) 1  
152 small iti Petit, peau (Dln) 121  
152 small ìki Petit, etroit (Dln) 66  
152 small poto Short (Bgs) 10  
152 small kaiu small (metaphorically from "eat breast"?) 37  
145 smoke word info au/ahi Fumee, vapeur (Dln) 2  
145 smoke word info auahi Fumee, vapeur (Dln) 2  
106 snake puhi henua 'land eel'-MW    
110 spider pukavèevèe   1, 57  
110 spider punavèevèe   1, 57  
110 spider puka/vèevèe/   1, 57  
110 spider puna/vèevèe/   1, 57  
130 star hetuu Star 1  
130 star fetuu Star 1  
130 star fettoe Star 1  
79 stick/wood àkau Bois (Dln) 1  
120 stone hatu-keàa Boulder 1, 38  
120 stone ke'a (or ke'aa) = rock 38  
105 tail iku Lime de peau de certains poissons (Dln) [<] 1 L
105 tail hiku Tail, rear portion (of fish) 13  
105 tail vèo Queue d'un animal (Dln) 10  
206 Ten word info 'onohu'u Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5, 32  
206 Ten word info 'okohu'u Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5, 32?  
178 that tena   1  
178 that na   1  
178 that ia'a over there 1  
178 that te'aa that (far) 1  
62 thatch/roof ato Frame to which thatch is tied 1  
62 thatch/roof hatu Pieces of thatch are called hatu, but the only reference I've heard for this is in relation to the hame of (F)Hatu 'Iva (the southernmost MRQ island). Thatch is extremely rare on NH today. 1  
187 they 'atou   1, 72  
157 thick word info moto'u Thick 3  
156 thin word info áhiáhi   5  
156 thin word info kahikahi   5?  
156 thin word info ákiaki   18  
156 thin word info piáhiáhi   5  
177 this tenei   7, 1  
183 thou koe Second person singular 1  
183 thou koe 2PS 1  
183 thou ko'ua thou x  
183 thou 'oe thou 1  
183 thou 'oe   1  
199 Three word info to'u Three 1  
134 thunder hatutiì Tonnere (Dln) 14  
134 thunder pha too tee Thunder (Rbt) 14  
41 to bite kakahu Bite 7  
41 to bite nennahhu To bite (Crk) 7  
41 to bite nahu Mordre (Dln) 7  
137 to blow word info puhi Souffler (Dln) 6  
28 to breathe menava Breath, anterior fontanelle 1  
28 to breathe ha Extenue de fatigue (Dln) 11  
144 to burn word info tutu Incendier, bruler, mettre le feu a quelque chose (Dln) 6  
144 to burn word info hakau'a to light a fire (or lamp); by extension turn on an electric light 3  
91 to buy hoko Echanger, acheter, payer, vendre (Dln) 7  
91 to buy ho'o Echanger, acheter, payer, vendre (Dln) 7  
38 to chew word info kakahu Bite [<] 8 L
38 to chew word info nennahhu To bite (Crk) [<] 8 L
85 to choose vae   10  
172 to climb word info hiti   6  
7 to come tihe to arrive    
7 to come he'e mai   1, 42  
39 to cook word info tao =baked (either in an umu or a modern oven). 10  
39 to cook word info nunu cook in general e.g. nunu te kaikai = cook the food 9  
196 to count ta/tau/ Compter, conter, reciter (Dln) 8  
34 to cry taki Son, sonner, chanter (Dln) 1  
34 to cry tani Son, sonner, chanter (Dln) 1  
34 to cry ue   38  
78 to cut, hack word info 'ihi to peel / Peler (Dln) 10  
78 to cut, hack word info 'o'oti Cut, clip 9  
78 to cut, hack word info kokoti Cut, clip 9  
78 to cut, hack word info taài Tailler, ciseler, travailler le bois ou la pierre (Dln) 1  
75 to die, be dead mate Mort, la mort, mourir, souffrir, malade, malaise, maladie, mal (Dln) 1  
75 to die, be dead kèo Die (of a person), go out (of a light) (Dln)    
90 to dig keì (i) Dig 1  
50 to dream moemoea   7, 27  
40 to drink inu To drink 1  
37 to eat kai Food 1, 44  
37 to eat 'ai Food 1, 44  
95 to fall word info mekèe   10  
95 to fall word info maku'u   11  
95 to fall word info moku'u   11  
95 to fall word info hika (m'n)   44  
95 to fall word info hina   44  
95 to fall word info topa   124  
95 to fall word info vi'i to fall (in the sense of becoming unbalanced, slipping) 86?  
95 to fall word info huu te henua to fall in the sense of an avalanche or rock slide    
22 to fear meta'u (MQN) To fear, be afraid 1  
22 to fear ha'ameta'u to fear 1  
123 to flow tahe Couler, ruisseler, se repandre (Dln) 10  
101 to fly ona insect?    
86 to grow word info tupu Pousser, croitre, germer 1  
44 to hear 'oko To hear, news (mqn) 1  
44 to hear 'ono To hear, news (mqs) 1  
171 to hide word info pu/puni/ Se cacher (Dln) 1  
171 to hide word info hakanaa      
72 to hit word info paki/paki Donner des petits coups avec la main (Dln) 6  
72 to hit word info paì/paì Donner des petits coups avec la main (Dln) 6  
72 to hit word info patu Strike (in flaying skin or bark), strike, nudge with elbow (I) 7  
72 to hit word info tuki Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 8  
72 to hit word info tuì Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 8  
72 to hit word info kere to hit (punch with the fist)    
72 to hit word info pehi hit generally    
72 to hit word info ta "to strike" (perhaps taa) 10  
89 to hold word info ííma      
89 to hold word info mau   54  
69 to hunt word info tute      
69 to hunt word info tatai      
74 to kill haámate   2  
74 to kill kukumi   28  
74 to kill pehi   43  
20 to know, be knowledgeable hani Accoutume, habituee, fait a, avour l'habitude de, etre accoutume (Dln)    
33 to laugh kata Laugh 7  
33 to laugh àta Laugh 7  
49 to lie down word info moe Lie down 6  
76 to live, be alive pohué   36  
92 to open, uncover pepeu   36  
92 to open, uncover pe'ua to open 36?  
84 to plant nanu   2  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 2  
93 to pound, beat word info tuì Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 2  
64 to say peáu   12  
64 to say teáo      
64 to say tekao      
77 to scratch word info tuveé      
46 to see íte   1  
67 to sew word info tui Coudre, percer, enfiler (Dln) 13  
70 to shoot word info toi      
70 to shoot word info puhi to shoot(also NH word for firearm and to blow [breath out]) 17  
51 to sit noho Sit, dwell, stay 16  
48 to sleep hiamoe   10  
29 to sniff, smell hoki Baiser, faire toucher nez contre nez (Dln) 9  
29 to sniff, smell hone honi? Touch noses together (Crk) 9  
36 to spit tufa   120  
80 to split word info koava      
88 to squeeze word info hota Clarifier le kava 8  
88 to squeeze word info koko Squeeze, press 9  
88 to squeeze word info 'omi Squeeze, press upon 10  
71 to stab, pierce huki Morceau de bois pointu pour percer les poulpes (Dln) 1, 8  
52 to stand tuu Etre debout, se tenir debout, droit (Dln) 2  
73 to steal kai hue (Mot etranger) voleur (Dln) 5  
73 to steal kamo Voler, voleur (Dln) 6  
42 to suck 'omo Suck (Bgs) 7  
42 to suck omo Suck 7  
87 to swell word info hete Gonfle, fermente, engle (Dln) 5  
87 to swell word info huhu'a Swollen 10  
9 to swim kau Nager, aller a la nage (Dln) 5  
21 to think maákau   7  
94 to throw word info tiì Throw 9  
94 to throw word info tio'a to throw 10  
66 to tie up, fasten fitiì Lier, attacher, nouer (Dln) 148  
66 to tie up, fasten hitiki Lier, attacher, nouer (Dln) 148  
66 to tie up, fasten nati Tie, fasten (NKH) 13  
66 to tie up, fasten nani Tie, fasten 13  
8 to turn word info kavií   90  
35 to vomit 'ua Vomit 8  
5 to walk hèe Go (I) 6  
83 to work word info hana Action, acte, travailler, oeuvre (Dln) 10  
47 to yawn mama Ouvrir la bouche (Dln) 19, 28  
32 tongue a'èo Tongue 15  
31 tooth niho Dent (Dln) 1  
207 Twenty word info tekau Twenty.(Source: Pollex) 4  
198 Two word info 'ua Two (I) 1  
138 warm word info mahana Lukewarm 1, 72  
138 warm word info ha'amaahanahana to warm 1, 72  
122 water word info vai Water (I) 2  
185 we word info tatou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
185 we word info matou   2, 39  
185 we word info maua   2, 29  
185 we word info taua 1 dual incl. 1, 29  
141 wet kutaú   80  
141 wet útau   80  
141 wet toku   80  
141 wet kutai   80  
141 wet áutau   80  
188 what? word info aha What? 1  
170 when? word info aahea When (future interrogative) 5  
181 where? word info hea   3, 35  
148 white tea Clear, white 8  
148 white tèo Blanc (Dln) 9  
148 white teko Blanc (Dln) 9  
148 white tavai'e   47  
189 who? word info ai Who? - possible loan-MW 1 L?
159 wide fatea   21  
58 wife vehine   5, 68  
136 wind metaki Wind (in NH) 1, 66  
136 wind metani Wind 1, 66  
100 wing peheu Aile (Dln) 1, 59  
100 wing pekeu   1, 59  
55 woman/female vehine Woman (Dln) 1, 106, 116  
55 woman/female -hine Female (I don't understand why this is treated as a suffix - MW) 1, 41  
127 woods/forest vao Forest (I) 14  
107 worm (earthworm) noke Worm 7  
107 worm (earthworm) to'e Worm 7  
107 worm (earthworm) toke Worm 7  
169 year tau Year consisting of ten moons 1  
169 year hua'a   28  
150 yellow putokatoha      
150 yellow tokatoka      
186 you kootou 2P dual pronoun (Dln) 16  
186 you 'otou 2PP pronoun 16  
186 you kotou Vous (Dln) 16  

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