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Language: Marquesan

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark), David Addison 
Notes:  This is an amalgamation of North (MRQ) and South Marquesan (QMS)
Pollex supplemented from Dordillon 1931-1932 
Problems:  This is an amalgamation of North (MRQ) and South Marquesan (QMS) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill and Russell Gray  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Marquesic 
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Showing 3 of 124 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
37 to eat 'ai Food 1, 44  
187 they 'atou   1, 72  
209 One Hundred word info 'au Originally two hundred or four hundred but now one hundred (Bgs).(Source: Pollex) 2  
146 ash 'ehu/ahi Ashes 67  
164 good 'eka Enjoy 14  
53 person/human being 'enana Homme, en general (Dln) 1, 66, 11  
53 person/human being 'enata Homme, en general (Dln) 1, 66  
11 dust 'epo reflex of PEP *repo 'dirt' MW x  
119 earth/soil 'epo Boue, fange, terre, poussiere (Dln) 11  
78 to cut, hack word info 'ihi to peel / Peler (Dln) 10  
201 Five word info 'ima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
2 left 'ima a'ea'e left hand    
3 right 'ima oko right hand 33  
78 to cut, hack word info 'o'oti Cut, clip 9  
155 long word info 'oa Long 12  
183 thou 'oe thou 1  
183 thou 'oe   1  
44 to hear 'oko To hear, news (mqn) 1  
206 Ten word info 'okohu'u Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5, 32?  
88 to squeeze word info 'omi Squeeze, press upon 10  
42 to suck 'omo Suck (Bgs) 7  
44 to hear 'ono To hear, news (mqs) 1  
206 Ten word info 'onohu'u Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5, 32  
14 belly 'opu Belly, stomach 2  
174 in, inside 'oto Inside 5  
186 you 'otou 2PP pronoun 16  
26 hair word info 'ouoho   40  
35 to vomit 'ua Vomit 8  
198 Two word info 'ua Two (I) 1  
175 above 'uka Above (NKH) (I) 9  
175 above 'una Above 9  
108 louse word info 'utu Louse 1  
55 woman/female -hine Female (I don't understand why this is treated as a suffix - MW) 1, 41  
182 I ='u First person singular x  
32 tongue a'èo Tongue 15  
170 when? word info aahea When (future interrogative) 5  
188 what? word info aha What? 1  
143 fire ahi Fire 1  
189 who? word info ai Who? - possible loan-MW 1 L?
61 house aika Terre, propriete, domicile, richesses, manoir, foyer domestique 6  
115 root aka Racine (Dln) 2  
2 left akeake      
139 cold word info anu Froid, coup de sang, avoir froid (Dln) 8  
168 day ao Jour oppose a nuit (Dln) 1, 54  
131 cloud word info ao (i) Nuage (Dln) 12  
3 right atamai Droit, a droit (Dln) 7  
17 liver ate Foie (Dln) 1  
62 thatch/roof ato Frame to which thatch is tied 1  
182 I au First person singular pronoun (Bgs) 1, 21  
145 smoke word info au/ahi Fumee, vapeur (Dln) 2  
145 smoke word info auahi Fumee, vapeur (Dln) 2  
128 sky de ahgy Heaven or sky (Rbt) 1  
61 house fa'e House 14  
200 Four word info faa Four 1, 66  
30 mouth fafa Mouth (Crk) B. [<] 1 L?
158 narrow faiti   84  
159 wide fatea   21  
130 star fettoe Star 1  
130 star fetuu Star 1  
66 to tie up, fasten fitiì Lier, attacher, nouer (Dln) 148  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
28 to breathe ha Extenue de fatigue (Dln) 11  
138 warm word info ha'amaahanahana to warm 1, 72  
22 to fear ha'ameta'u to fear 1  
61 house ha'e House 14  
30 mouth haha Bouche, geule, ouverture (Dln) B. [<] 1 L?
57 husband hahana The male of mankind and of all birds. A husband (Crk) 13?  
161 shy, ashamed hakaika      
171 to hide word info hakanaa      
144 to burn word info hakau'a to light a fire (or lamp); by extension turn on an electric light 3  
83 to work word info hana Action, acte, travailler, oeuvre (Dln) 10  
20 to know, be knowledgeable hani Accoutume, habituee, fait a, avour l'habitude de, etre accoutume (Dln)    
62 thatch/roof hatu Pieces of thatch are called hatu, but the only reference I've heard for this is in relation to the hame of (F)Hatu 'Iva (the southernmost MRQ island). Thatch is extremely rare on NH today. 1  
120 stone hatu-keàa Boulder 1, 38  
134 thunder hatutiì Tonnere (Dln) 14  
165 bad, evil hauhau bad/evil 32  
10 dirty hava Souille, sali, tache (Dln) 8  
74 to kill haámate   2  
7 to come he'e mai   1, 42  
181 where? word info hea   3, 35  
54 man/male heko male 17?  
87 to swell word info hete Gonfle, fermente, engle (Dln) 5  
130 star hetuu Star 1  
48 to sleep hiamoe   10  
95 to fall word info hika (m'n)   44  
105 tail hiku Tail, rear portion (of fish) 13  
95 to fall word info hina   44  
104 fat/grease hinu àma Huile noiratre qui decoule de lama (Dln) 12  
172 to climb word info hiti   6  
66 to tie up, fasten hitiki Lier, attacher, nouer (Dln) 148  
147 black hivahiva Gray, silver-gray 6  
91 to buy ho'o Echanger, acheter, payer, vendre (Dln) 7  
29 to sniff, smell hoki Baiser, faire toucher nez contre nez (Dln) 9  
91 to buy hoko Echanger, acheter, payer, vendre (Dln) 7  
29 to sniff, smell hone honi? Touch noses together (Crk) 9  
88 to squeeze word info hota Clarifier le kava 8  
163 new hou New 1  
26 hair word info hu'u Plume, poil (Dln) (Archaic) 31  
117 fruit hua To fruit 1  
169 year hua'a   28  
87 to swell word info huhu'a Swollen 10  
71 to stab, pierce huki Morceau de bois pointu pour percer les poulpes (Dln) 1, 8  
95 to fall word info huu te henua to fall in the sense of an avalanche or rock slide    
99 feather huú manu   1  
5 to walk hèe Go (I) 6  
173 at i Preposition indicating location 1  
174 in, inside i Preposition indicating location x  
184 he/she ia Il, elle, lui (Dln) 1  
178 that ia'a over there 1  
195 no, not ie(hh)ai A negative, not, cannot (Crk) 10, 84  
27 nose ihu Nose 1  
111 fish ika Fish (Mqn) 1  
63 name ikoa Name 6  
105 tail iku Lime de peau de certains poissons (Dln) [<] 1 L
63 name inoa Name 6  
40 to drink inu To drink 1  
174 in, inside ioo Location in space; to, in, into, on. beside, near, at, or to the home of (Mtu) 5  
152 small iti Petit, peau (Dln) 121  
158 narrow iti      
205 Nine word info iva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
15 bone ivi Bone (Bgs) 52, 5  
111 fish Fish (Mqs) 1  
25 neck kaakii Neck, throat (Bgs) 20  
156 thin word info kahikahi   5?  
37 to eat kai Food 1, 44  
73 to steal kai hue (Mot etranger) voleur (Dln) 5  
152 small kaiu small (metaphorically from "eat breast"?) 37  
38 to chew word info kakahu Bite [<] 8 L
41 to bite kakahu Bite 7  
162 old word info kakiu (ancient)    
139 cold word info kamariri in 'Ua Pou ((metathesis?)) 1, 52?  
139 cold word info kamaìì Cold, chilly (metathesis?) 1, 52?  
73 to steal kamo Voler, voleur (Dln) 6  
164 good kanahau good 62  
125 salt kanatai   20  
104 fat/grease kao Huile, graisse, sauce, jus (Dln)    
33 to laugh kata Laugh 7  
9 to swim kau Nager, aller a la nage (Dln) 5  
8 to turn word info kavií   90  
146 ash kaàhu charcoal; wood ashes 67  
190 other ke   8?  
120 stone ke'a (or ke'aa) = rock 38  
146 ash ke/'ehu/ Ashes; irregular 67  
146 ash kehu/ahi Ashes; irregular 67  
53 person/human being kenana Homme, en general (Dln) 1, 66, 11  
72 to hit word info kere to hit (punch with the fist)    
104 fat/grease kerehi (Eng?)   L?
90 to dig keì (i) Dig 1  
151 green ki óu ti teé      
18 breast ki'i nene      
103 meat/flesh kiko Flesh 10  
165 bad, evil kino Mechant, mauvais, chiche (Dln) 9  
102 rat kio'e Rat 12  
12 skin kiì Skin 1  
162 old word info ko'oua Aged, decrepit (Dln) 9  
183 thou ko'ua thou x  
80 to split word info koava      
183 thou koe Second person singular 1  
183 thou koe 2PS 1  
16 intestines koekoe   31  
132 fog kohu Cloud, fog 1, 47  
81 sharp koi Sharp, Sharp 14, 66  
88 to squeeze word info koko Squeeze, press 9  
78 to cut, hack word info kokoti Cut, clip 9  
45 eye konohi Eye 4  
186 you kootou 2P dual pronoun (Dln) 16  
14 belly kopu Belly, stomach 2  
45 eye korohi Eye 4  
186 you kotou Vous (Dln) 16  
162 old word info koua Old man (Crk) 9  
96 dog ku'i Probable arch. form - as dogs were lost in the Marquesas by the time the Europeans arrived. 7  
59 mother kui   15  
74 to kill kukumi   28  
102 rat kumakuma Rat (Dln) 13  
141 wet kutai   80  
141 wet kutaú   80  
108 louse word info kutu Louse (in NH) 1  
108 louse word info kutu papa Crab lice 1, 6  
149 red kuwa Red, applied to feathers, cloth etc. imported to the islands,also to the scarlet berries or peas used in their ornaments (Crk) 13  
149 red kuà Red 13  
147 black kèe/kèe Black 5  
75 to die, be dead kèo Die (of a person), go out (of a light) (Dln)    
192 and maa And (with numerals) 2  
153 big maaka   31  
138 warm word info mahana Lukewarm 1, 72  
129 moon mahina Moon 37, 5  
139 cold word info makaìì Cold, chilly 1, 52  
139 cold word info makkarede Cold, or the cold (Crk) 1, 52  
95 to fall word info maku'u   11  
47 to yawn mama Ouvrir la bouche (Dln) 19, 28  
98 egg mama'i   6  
160 painful, sick mamae Souffrir 10  
180 far mamao   13  
97 bird manu Bird 1  
45 eye mata Eye,face 1  
75 to die, be dead mate Mort, la mort, mourir, souffrir, malade, malaise, maladie, mal (Dln) 1  
185 we word info matou   2, 39  
89 to hold word info mau   54  
185 we word info maua   2, 29  
21 to think maákau   7  
193 if me If 5  
129 moon me'ama   7  
166 correct, true mea hei      
164 good meitaì Bon, agreable 15  
95 to fall word info mekèe   10  
180 far mema'o ? 13  
160 painful, sick memae souffrance 10  
28 to breathe menava Breath, anterior fontanelle 1  
22 to fear meta'u (MQN) To fear, be afraid 1  
136 wind metaki Wind (in NH) 1, 66  
136 wind metani Wind 1, 66  
140 dry word info mo'o   13  
124 sea moana deep ocean, La haute mer (Dln) 10  
49 to lie down word info moe Lie down 6  
50 to dream moemoea   7, 27  
95 to fall word info moku'u   11  
157 thick word info moto'u Thick 3  
60 father motua   1, 9  
118 grass mutie Herbe, gazon, foin (Dln) 13  
82 dull, blunt mué   10  
178 that na   1  
41 to bite nahu Mordre (Dln) 7  
66 to tie up, fasten nani Tie, fasten 13  
84 to plant nanu   2  
66 to tie up, fasten nati Tie, fasten (NKH) 13  
38 to chew word info nennahhu To bite (Crk) [<] 8 L
41 to bite nennahhu To bite (Crk) 7  
31 tooth niho Dent (Dln) 1  
68 needle nina     L
154 short word info nohinohi Short stature (Tgr)    
51 to sit noho Sit, dwell, stay 16  
107 worm (earthworm) noke Worm 7  
109 mosquito nono the endemic Marquesan biting black fly 1, 74  
109 mosquito nono kia mosquito; 1, 74  
109 mosquito nono purutia (German nono) the sand fly purportedly introducted by a freighter unloading ballast with sand (and eggs) from PGN (then a German colony? or just "German" because of its ferociousness?) 1, 74  
96 dog nuhe Southern MRQ, problematic?    
153 big nui Beaucoup, plusieurs, gros, grand (Dln) 11  
39 to cook word info nunu cook in general e.g. nunu te kaikai = cook the food 9  
30 mouth nutu Snout, head of animal 2  
168 day oatea daylight 27  
42 to suck omo Suck 7  
101 to fly ona insect?    
121 sand one Sable 1  
202 Six word info ono Pollex 06: Ono. :Six (Dln). 1  
125 salt pa'atai (ripe saltwater?) 20, 19  
140 dry word info pa/paka/ Dry 12  
140 dry word info paka Scab x  
140 dry word info pakaka Dur, coriace, non flexible (Dln) 12  
72 to hit word info paki/paki Donner des petits coups avec la main (Dln) 6  
72 to hit word info patu Strike (in flaying skin or bark), strike, nudge with elbow (I) 7  
19 shoulder paufifi   8  
19 shoulder pauhihi   8  
112 rotten word info paà Ripe (I) 13  
10 dirty paàpaà Tres mur, gate, pourri (Dln) 7  
72 to hit word info paì/paì Donner des petits coups avec la main (Dln) 6  
92 to open, uncover pe'ua to open 36?  
112 rotten word info pee rotten (Tahitian borrowing? 16 L?
194 how? word info peehea Comment? pourquoi? (Dln) 11  
100 wing peheu Aile (Dln) 1, 59  
72 to hit word info pehi hit generally    
74 to kill pehi   43  
100 wing pekeu   1, 59  
92 to open, uncover pepeu   36  
96 dog peto in NH, from English "pet"   L
64 to say peáu   12  
134 thunder pha too tee Thunder (Rbt) 14  
156 thin word info piáhiáhi   5  
76 to live, be alive pohué   36  
167 night poo Nuit, tenebres, jour de vingt-quatre heures (Dln) 1  
152 small poto Short (Bgs) 10  
154 short word info poto Short (Bgs) 9  
171 to hide word info pu/puni/ Se cacher (Dln) 1  
116 flower pua Flower (I) 1  
43 ear pua/ìka/   19  
43 ear pua/ìna/   19  
70 to shoot word info puhi to shoot(also NH word for firearm and to blow [breath out]) 17  
137 to blow word info puhi Souffler (Dln) 6  
106 snake puhi henua 'land eel'-MW    
125 salt puhinaú      
110 spider puka/vèevèe/   1, 57  
110 spider pukavèevèe   1, 57  
149 red pukiki   43  
110 spider puna/vèevèe/   1, 57  
110 spider punavèevèe   1, 57  
82 dull, blunt puriki dull in modern NH, most likely derived from the word for donkey (after French burique), and hence metaphorically stupid, dull 18  
150 yellow putokatoha      
68 needle rira     L
72 to hit word info ta "to strike" (perhaps taa) 10  
196 to count ta/tau/ Compter, conter, reciter (Dln) 8  
123 to flow tahe Couler, ruisseler, se repandre (Dln) 10  
197 One word info tahi One 41  
124 sea tai saltwater or the nearshore 1  
34 to cry taki Son, sonner, chanter (Dln) 1  
56 child tama   6  
54 man/male tama 'oa male child 10  
54 man/male tane Fortement (Dln) 1, 11  
34 to cry tani Son, sonner, chanter (Dln) 1  
39 to cook word info tao =baked (either in an umu or a modern oven). 10  
179 near tata Proche, pres (Dln) 9  
69 to hunt word info tatai      
185 we word info tatou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
169 year tau Year consisting of ten moons 1  
185 we word info taua 1 dual incl. 1, 29  
148 white tavai'e   47  
78 to cut, hack word info taài Tailler, ciseler, travailler le bois ou la pierre (Dln) 1  
178 that te'aa that (far) 1  
148 white tea Clear, white 8  
195 no, not tee Negativiser (Mtu) 13  
162 old word info tehito Ancient 10  
64 to say tekao      
207 Twenty word info tekau Twenty.(Source: Pollex) 4  
148 white teko Blanc (Dln) 9  
178 that tena   1  
177 this tenei   7, 1  
64 to say teáo      
191 all tiatohu      
7 to come tihe to arrive    
94 to throw word info tio'a to throw 10  
94 to throw word info tiì Throw 9  
107 worm (earthworm) to'e Worm 7  
199 Three word info to'u Three 1  
54 man/male toa male (of animals) x  
70 to shoot word info toi      
166 correct, true toitoi   41  
150 yellow tokatoka      
107 worm (earthworm) toke Worm 7  
142 heavy toko   38  
141 wet toku   80  
142 heavy tono      
95 to fall word info topa   124  
23 blood toto Sang, saigner (Dln) 4  
65 rope touà Corde, grosse corde (Dln) 9  
13 back word info tua Dos, echine, se mettre dos a dos (Dln) 11  
36 to spit tufa   120  
67 to sew word info tui Coudre, percer, enfiler (Dln) 13  
72 to hit word info tuki Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 8  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 2  
82 dull, blunt tumué   10  
86 to grow word info tupu Pousser, croitre, germer 1  
69 to hunt word info tute      
144 to burn word info tutu Incendier, bruler, mettre le feu a quelque chose (Dln) 6  
52 to stand tuu Etre debout, se tenir debout, droit (Dln) 2  
77 to scratch word info tuveé      
72 to hit word info tuì Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 8  
93 to pound, beat word info tuì Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 2  
148 white tèo Blanc (Dln) 9  
18 breast u Sein, mamelle, gorge (Dln) 1  
24 head u'u Head 1  
133 rain ua Pluie (Dln) 1  
34 to cry ue   38  
135 lightning uià Eclair, eclairer (Dln) 2  
24 head upoko Head (Dln) 10  
204 Eight word info va'u used on Nuku Hiva currently 3  
4 leg/foot vae Leg (I) 1, 100  
85 to choose vae   10  
122 water word info vai Water (I) 2  
126 lake vai óto   6  
127 woods/forest vao Forest (I) 14  
6 road/path vaà/nui Road 22  
55 woman/female vehine Woman (Dln) 1, 106, 116  
58 wife vehine   5, 68  
95 to fall word info vi'i to fall (in the sense of becoming unbalanced, slipping) 86  
105 tail vèo Queue d'un animal (Dln) 10  
176 below à'o Under, below 8  
79 stick/wood àkau Bois (Dln) 1  
128 sky àki Sky 1  
146 ash ànahu Ashes 67  
128 sky àni Sky 1  
33 to laugh àta Laugh 7  
114 leaf àu Leaf 1  
113 branch word info àà Petites branches (Dln) 1, 33  
156 thin word info áhiáhi   5  
156 thin word info ákiaki   18  
141 wet áutau   80  
152 small ìki Petit, etroit (Dln) 66  
1 hand ìma Five, hand 1  
165 bad, evil ìno Mechant, mauvais, chiche (Dln) 9  
46 to see íte   1  
89 to hold word info ííma      
141 wet útau   80  
151 green ʔoutite'e      

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