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Language: Marquesan

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark), David Addison 
Notes:  This is an amalgamation of North (MRQ) and South Marquesan (QMS)
Pollex supplemented from Dordillon 1931-1932 
Problems:  This is an amalgamation of North (MRQ) and South Marquesan (QMS) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill and Russell Gray  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Marquesic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
2 left akeake      
2 left 'ima a'ea'e left hand    
7 to come tihe to arrive    
18 breast ki'i nene      
20 to know, be knowledgeable hani Accoutume, habituee, fait a, avour l'habitude de, etre accoutume (Dln)    
64 to say teáo      
64 to say tekao      
68 needle nina     L
68 needle rira     L
69 to hunt word info tute      
69 to hunt word info tatai      
70 to shoot word info toi      
72 to hit word info kere to hit (punch with the fist)    
72 to hit word info pehi hit generally    
75 to die, be dead kèo Die (of a person), go out (of a light) (Dln)    
77 to scratch word info tuveé      
80 to split word info koava      
89 to hold word info ííma      
95 to fall word info huu te henua to fall in the sense of an avalanche or rock slide    
96 dog peto in NH, from English "pet"   L
96 dog nuhe Southern MRQ, problematic?    
101 to fly ona insect?    
104 fat/grease kao Huile, graisse, sauce, jus (Dln)    
104 fat/grease kerehi (Eng?)   L?
106 snake puhi henua 'land eel'-MW    
125 salt puhinaú      
142 heavy tono      
150 yellow putokatoha      
150 yellow tokatoka      
151 green ki óu ti teé      
151 green ʔoutite'e      
154 short word info nohinohi Short stature (Tgr)    
158 narrow iti      
161 shy, ashamed hakaika      
162 old word info kakiu (ancient)    
166 correct, true mea hei      
171 to hide word info hakanaa      
191 all tiatohu      
1 hand ìma Five, hand 1  
12 skin kiì Skin 1  
17 liver ate Foie (Dln) 1  
18 breast u Sein, mamelle, gorge (Dln) 1  
22 to fear meta'u (MQN) To fear, be afraid 1  
22 to fear ha'ameta'u to fear 1  
24 head u'u Head 1  
27 nose ihu Nose 1  
28 to breathe menava Breath, anterior fontanelle 1  
30 mouth haha Bouche, geule, ouverture (Dln) B. [<] 1 L?
30 mouth fafa Mouth (Crk) B. [<] 1 L?
31 tooth niho Dent (Dln) 1  
34 to cry taki Son, sonner, chanter (Dln) 1  
34 to cry tani Son, sonner, chanter (Dln) 1  
40 to drink inu To drink 1  
44 to hear 'oko To hear, news (mqn) 1  
44 to hear 'ono To hear, news (mqs) 1  
45 eye mata Eye,face 1  
46 to see íte   1  
62 thatch/roof ato Frame to which thatch is tied 1  
62 thatch/roof hatu Pieces of thatch are called hatu, but the only reference I've heard for this is in relation to the hame of (F)Hatu 'Iva (the southernmost MRQ island). Thatch is extremely rare on NH today. 1  
75 to die, be dead mate Mort, la mort, mourir, souffrir, malade, malaise, maladie, mal (Dln) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info taài Tailler, ciseler, travailler le bois ou la pierre (Dln) 1  
79 stick/wood àkau Bois (Dln) 1  
86 to grow word info tupu Pousser, croitre, germer 1  
90 to dig keì (i) Dig 1  
97 bird manu Bird 1  
99 feather huú manu   1  
105 tail iku Lime de peau de certains poissons (Dln) [<] 1 L
108 louse word info kutu Louse (in NH) 1  
108 louse word info 'utu Louse 1  
111 fish ika Fish (Mqn) 1  
111 fish Fish (Mqs) 1  
114 leaf àu Leaf 1  
116 flower pua Flower (I) 1  
117 fruit hua To fruit 1  
121 sand one Sable 1  
124 sea tai saltwater or the nearshore 1  
128 sky àni Sky 1  
128 sky àki Sky 1  
128 sky de ahgy Heaven or sky (Rbt) 1  
130 star hetuu Star 1  
130 star fetuu Star 1  
130 star fettoe Star 1  
133 rain ua Pluie (Dln) 1  
143 fire ahi Fire 1  
163 new hou New 1  
167 night poo Nuit, tenebres, jour de vingt-quatre heures (Dln) 1  
169 year tau Year consisting of ten moons 1  
171 to hide word info pu/puni/ Se cacher (Dln) 1  
173 at i Preposition indicating location 1  
178 that tena   1  
178 that na   1  
178 that ia'a over there 1  
178 that te'aa that (far) 1  
183 thou koe Second person singular 1  
183 thou koe 2PS 1  
183 thou 'oe thou 1  
183 thou 'oe   1  
184 he/she ia Il, elle, lui (Dln) 1  
188 what? word info aha What? 1  
189 who? word info ai Who? - possible loan-MW 1 L?
198 Two word info 'ua Two (I) 1  
199 Three word info to'u Three 1  
201 Five word info 'ima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
202 Six word info ono Pollex 06: Ono. :Six (Dln). 1  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
4 leg/foot vae Leg (I) 1, 100  
185 we word info taua 1 dual incl. 1, 29  
185 we word info tatou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
132 fog kohu Cloud, fog 1, 47  
168 day ao Jour oppose a nuit (Dln) 1, 54  
138 warm word info mahana Lukewarm 1, 72  
138 warm word info ha'amaahanahana to warm 1, 72  
187 they 'atou   1, 72  
71 to stab, pierce huki Morceau de bois pointu pour percer les poulpes (Dln) 1, 8  
55 woman/female vehine Woman (Dln) 1, 106, 116  
54 man/male tane Fortement (Dln) 1, 11  
182 I au First person singular pronoun (Bgs) 1, 21  
113 branch word info àà Petites branches (Dln) 1, 33  
120 stone hatu-keàa Boulder 1, 38  
55 woman/female -hine Female (I don't understand why this is treated as a suffix - MW) 1, 41  
7 to come he'e mai   1, 42  
37 to eat kai Food 1, 44  
37 to eat 'ai Food 1, 44  
139 cold word info makaìì Cold, chilly 1, 52  
139 cold word info makkarede Cold, or the cold (Crk) 1, 52  
139 cold word info kamaìì Cold, chilly (metathesis?) 1, 52?  
139 cold word info kamariri in 'Ua Pou ((metathesis?)) 1, 52?  
110 spider pukavèevèe   1, 57  
110 spider punavèevèe   1, 57  
110 spider puka/vèevèe/   1, 57  
110 spider puna/vèevèe/   1, 57  
100 wing peheu Aile (Dln) 1, 59  
100 wing pekeu   1, 59  
108 louse word info kutu papa Crab lice 1, 6  
53 person/human being 'enata Homme, en general (Dln) 1, 66  
136 wind metaki Wind (in NH) 1, 66  
136 wind metani Wind 1, 66  
200 Four word info faa Four 1, 66  
53 person/human being 'enana Homme, en general (Dln) 1, 66, 11  
53 person/human being kenana Homme, en general (Dln) 1, 66, 11  
109 mosquito nono the endemic Marquesan biting black fly 1, 74  
109 mosquito nono kia mosquito; 1, 74  
109 mosquito nono purutia (German nono) the sand fly purportedly introducted by a freighter unloading ballast with sand (and eggs) from PGN (then a German colony? or just "German" because of its ferociousness?) 1, 74  
60 father motua   1, 9  
24 head upoko Head (Dln) 10  
39 to cook word info tao =baked (either in an umu or a modern oven). 10  
48 to sleep hiamoe   10  
54 man/male tama 'oa male child 10  
72 to hit word info ta "to strike" (perhaps taa) 10  
78 to cut, hack word info 'ihi to peel / Peler (Dln) 10  
82 dull, blunt mué   10  
82 dull, blunt tumué   10  
83 to work word info hana Action, acte, travailler, oeuvre (Dln) 10  
85 to choose vae   10  
87 to swell word info huhu'a Swollen 10  
88 to squeeze word info 'omi Squeeze, press upon 10  
94 to throw word info tio'a to throw 10  
95 to fall word info mekèe   10  
103 meat/flesh kiko Flesh 10  
105 tail vèo Queue d'un animal (Dln) 10  
123 to flow tahe Couler, ruisseler, se repandre (Dln) 10  
124 sea moana deep ocean, La haute mer (Dln) 10  
152 small poto Short (Bgs) 10  
160 painful, sick mamae Souffrir 10  
160 painful, sick memae souffrance 10  
162 old word info tehito Ancient 10  
195 no, not ie(hh)ai A negative, not, cannot (Crk) 10, 84  
13 back word info tua Dos, echine, se mettre dos a dos (Dln) 11  
28 to breathe ha Extenue de fatigue (Dln) 11  
95 to fall word info maku'u   11  
95 to fall word info moku'u   11  
119 earth/soil 'epo Boue, fange, terre, poussiere (Dln) 11  
153 big nui Beaucoup, plusieurs, gros, grand (Dln) 11  
194 how? word info peehea Comment? pourquoi? (Dln) 11  
64 to say peáu   12  
102 rat kio'e Rat 12  
104 fat/grease hinu àma Huile noiratre qui decoule de lama (Dln) 12  
131 cloud word info ao (i) Nuage (Dln) 12  
140 dry word info pa/paka/ Dry 12  
140 dry word info pakaka Dur, coriace, non flexible (Dln) 12  
155 long word info 'oa Long 12  
36 to spit tufa   120  
152 small iti Petit, peau (Dln) 121  
95 to fall word info topa   124  
66 to tie up, fasten nati Tie, fasten (NKH) 13  
66 to tie up, fasten nani Tie, fasten 13  
67 to sew word info tui Coudre, percer, enfiler (Dln) 13  
102 rat kumakuma Rat (Dln) 13  
105 tail hiku Tail, rear portion (of fish) 13  
112 rotten word info paà Ripe (I) 13  
118 grass mutie Herbe, gazon, foin (Dln) 13  
140 dry word info mo'o   13  
149 red kuà Red 13  
149 red kuwa Red, applied to feathers, cloth etc. imported to the islands,also to the scarlet berries or peas used in their ornaments (Crk) 13  
180 far mamao   13  
180 far mema'o ? 13  
195 no, not tee Negativiser (Mtu) 13  
57 husband hahana The male of mankind and of all birds. A husband (Crk) 13?  
61 house ha'e House 14  
61 house fa'e House 14  
127 woods/forest vao Forest (I) 14  
134 thunder hatutiì Tonnere (Dln) 14  
134 thunder pha too tee Thunder (Rbt) 14  
164 good 'eka Enjoy 14  
81 sharp koi Sharp, Sharp 14, 66  
66 to tie up, fasten fitiì Lier, attacher, nouer (Dln) 148  
66 to tie up, fasten hitiki Lier, attacher, nouer (Dln) 148  
32 tongue a'èo Tongue 15  
59 mother kui   15  
164 good meitaì Bon, agreable 15  
51 to sit noho Sit, dwell, stay 16  
112 rotten word info pee rotten (Tahitian borrowing? 16 L?
186 you kootou 2P dual pronoun (Dln) 16  
186 you 'otou 2PP pronoun 16  
186 you kotou Vous (Dln) 16  
70 to shoot word info puhi to shoot(also NH word for firearm and to blow [breath out]) 17  
54 man/male heko male 17?  
82 dull, blunt puriki dull in modern NH, most likely derived from the word for donkey (after French burique), and hence metaphorically stupid, dull 18  
156 thin word info ákiaki   18  
43 ear pua/ìka/   19  
43 ear pua/ìna/   19  
47 to yawn mama Ouvrir la bouche (Dln) 19, 28  
14 belly kopu Belly, stomach 2  
14 belly 'opu Belly, stomach 2  
30 mouth nutu Snout, head of animal 2  
52 to stand tuu Etre debout, se tenir debout, droit (Dln) 2  
74 to kill haámate   2  
84 to plant nanu   2  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 2  
93 to pound, beat word info tuì Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 2  
115 root aka Racine (Dln) 2  
122 water word info vai Water (I) 2  
135 lightning uià Eclair, eclairer (Dln) 2  
145 smoke word info au/ahi Fumee, vapeur (Dln) 2  
145 smoke word info auahi Fumee, vapeur (Dln) 2  
192 and maa And (with numerals) 2  
209 One Hundred word info 'au Originally two hundred or four hundred but now one hundred (Bgs).(Source: Pollex) 2  
185 we word info maua   2, 29  
185 we word info matou   2, 39  
25 neck kaakii Neck, throat (Bgs) 20  
125 salt kanatai   20  
125 salt pa'atai (ripe saltwater?) 20, 19  
159 wide fatea   21  
6 road/path vaà/nui Road 22  
168 day oatea daylight 27  
74 to kill kukumi   28  
169 year hua'a   28  
144 to burn word info hakau'a to light a fire (or lamp); by extension turn on an electric light 3  
157 thick word info moto'u Thick 3  
204 Eight word info va'u used on Nuku Hiva currently 3  
181 where? word info hea   3, 35  
16 intestines koekoe   31  
26 hair word info hu'u Plume, poil (Dln) (Archaic) 31  
153 big maaka   31  
165 bad, evil hauhau bad/evil 32  
3 right 'ima oko right hand 33  
76 to live, be alive pohué   36  
92 to open, uncover pepeu   36  
92 to open, uncover pe'ua to open 36?  
152 small kaiu small (metaphorically from "eat breast"?) 37  
129 moon mahina Moon 37, 5  
34 to cry ue   38  
120 stone ke'a (or ke'aa) = rock 38  
142 heavy toko   38  
23 blood toto Sang, saigner (Dln) 4  
45 eye konohi Eye 4  
45 eye korohi Eye 4  
207 Twenty word info tekau Twenty.(Source: Pollex) 4  
26 hair word info 'ouoho   40  
166 correct, true toitoi   41  
197 One word info tahi One 41  
74 to kill pehi   43  
149 red pukiki   43  
95 to fall word info hika (m'n)   44  
95 to fall word info hina   44  
148 white tavai'e   47  
9 to swim kau Nager, aller a la nage (Dln) 5  
73 to steal kai hue (Mot etranger) voleur (Dln) 5  
87 to swell word info hete Gonfle, fermente, engle (Dln) 5  
147 black kèe/kèe Black 5  
156 thin word info áhiáhi   5  
156 thin word info piáhiáhi   5  
170 when? word info aahea When (future interrogative) 5  
174 in, inside ioo Location in space; to, in, into, on. beside, near, at, or to the home of (Mtu) 5  
174 in, inside 'oto Inside 5  
193 if me If 5  
206 Ten word info 'onohu'u Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5, 32  
206 Ten word info 'okohu'u Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5, 32?  
205 Nine word info iva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
58 wife vehine   5, 68  
15 bone ivi Bone (Bgs) 52, 5  
89 to hold word info mau   54  
156 thin word info kahikahi   5?  
5 to walk hèe Go (I) 6  
49 to lie down word info moe Lie down 6  
56 child tama   6  
61 house aika Terre, propriete, domicile, richesses, manoir, foyer domestique 6  
63 name inoa Name 6  
63 name ikoa Name 6  
72 to hit word info paki/paki Donner des petits coups avec la main (Dln) 6  
72 to hit word info paì/paì Donner des petits coups avec la main (Dln) 6  
73 to steal kamo Voler, voleur (Dln) 6  
98 egg mama'i   6  
126 lake vai óto   6  
137 to blow word info puhi Souffler (Dln) 6  
144 to burn word info tutu Incendier, bruler, mettre le feu a quelque chose (Dln) 6  
147 black hivahiva Gray, silver-gray 6  
172 to climb word info hiti   6  
164 good kanahau good 62  
152 small ìki Petit, etroit (Dln) 66  
146 ash ànahu Ashes 67  
146 ash kaàhu charcoal; wood ashes 67  
146 ash 'ehu/ahi Ashes 67  
146 ash kehu/ahi Ashes; irregular 67  
146 ash ke/'ehu/ Ashes; irregular 67  
3 right atamai Droit, a droit (Dln) 7  
10 dirty paàpaà Tres mur, gate, pourri (Dln) 7  
21 to think maákau   7  
33 to laugh kata Laugh 7  
33 to laugh àta Laugh 7  
41 to bite kakahu Bite 7  
41 to bite nennahhu To bite (Crk) 7  
41 to bite nahu Mordre (Dln) 7  
42 to suck 'omo Suck (Bgs) 7  
42 to suck omo Suck 7  
72 to hit word info patu Strike (in flaying skin or bark), strike, nudge with elbow (I) 7  
91 to buy hoko Echanger, acheter, payer, vendre (Dln) 7  
91 to buy ho'o Echanger, acheter, payer, vendre (Dln) 7  
96 dog ku'i Probable arch. form - as dogs were lost in the Marquesas by the time the Europeans arrived. 7  
107 worm (earthworm) noke Worm 7  
107 worm (earthworm) to'e Worm 7  
107 worm (earthworm) toke Worm 7  
129 moon me'ama   7  
177 this tenei   7, 1  
50 to dream moemoea   7, 27  
10 dirty hava Souille, sali, tache (Dln) 8  
19 shoulder pauhihi   8  
19 shoulder paufifi   8  
35 to vomit 'ua Vomit 8  
38 to chew word info kakahu Bite [<] 8 L
38 to chew word info nennahhu To bite (Crk) [<] 8 L
72 to hit word info tuki Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 8  
72 to hit word info tuì Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 8  
88 to squeeze word info hota Clarifier le kava 8  
139 cold word info anu Froid, coup de sang, avoir froid (Dln) 8  
148 white tea Clear, white 8  
176 below à'o Under, below 8  
196 to count ta/tau/ Compter, conter, reciter (Dln) 8  
141 wet kutaú   80  
141 wet útau   80  
141 wet toku   80  
141 wet kutai   80  
141 wet áutau   80  
158 narrow faiti   84  
95 to fall word info vi'i to fall (in the sense of becoming unbalanced, slipping) 86?  
190 other ke   8?  
29 to sniff, smell hoki Baiser, faire toucher nez contre nez (Dln) 9  
29 to sniff, smell hone honi? Touch noses together (Crk) 9  
39 to cook word info nunu cook in general e.g. nunu te kaikai = cook the food 9  
65 rope touà Corde, grosse corde (Dln) 9  
78 to cut, hack word info 'o'oti Cut, clip 9  
78 to cut, hack word info kokoti Cut, clip 9  
88 to squeeze word info koko Squeeze, press 9  
94 to throw word info tiì Throw 9  
148 white tèo Blanc (Dln) 9  
148 white teko Blanc (Dln) 9  
154 short word info poto Short (Bgs) 9  
162 old word info ko'oua Aged, decrepit (Dln) 9  
162 old word info koua Old man (Crk) 9  
165 bad, evil kino Mechant, mauvais, chiche (Dln) 9  
165 bad, evil ìno Mechant, mauvais, chiche (Dln) 9  
175 above 'uka Above (NKH) (I) 9  
175 above 'una Above 9  
179 near tata Proche, pres (Dln) 9  
8 to turn word info kavií   90  
11 dust 'epo reflex of PEP *repo 'dirt' MW x  
54 man/male toa male (of animals) x  
140 dry word info paka Scab x  
174 in, inside i Preposition indicating location x  
182 I ='u First person singular x  
183 thou ko'ua thou x  

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