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Language: Marquesan

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark), David Addison 
Notes:  This is an amalgamation of North (MRQ) and South Marquesan (QMS)
Pollex supplemented from Dordillon 1931-1932 
Problems:  This is an amalgamation of North (MRQ) and South Marquesan (QMS) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill and Russell Gray  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Marquesic 
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Showing 3 of 124 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
2 left akeake      
7 to come he'e mai   1, 42  
8 to turn word info kavií   90  
16 intestines koekoe   31  
18 breast ki'i nene      
19 shoulder pauhihi   8  
19 shoulder paufifi   8  
21 to think maákau   7  
26 hair word info 'ouoho   40  
34 to cry ue   38  
36 to spit tufa   120  
43 ear pua/ìka/   19  
43 ear pua/ìna/   19  
46 to see íte   1  
48 to sleep hiamoe   10  
50 to dream moemoea   7, 27  
56 child tama   6  
58 wife vehine   5, 68  
59 mother kui   15  
60 father motua   1, 9  
64 to say peáu   12  
64 to say teáo      
64 to say tekao   128  
68 needle nina     L
68 needle rira     L
69 to hunt word info tute      
69 to hunt word info tatai      
70 to shoot word info toi      
74 to kill haámate   2  
74 to kill kukumi   28  
74 to kill pehi   43  
76 to live, be alive pohué   36  
77 to scratch word info tuveé      
80 to split word info koava      
82 dull, blunt mué   10  
82 dull, blunt tumué   10  
84 to plant nanu   2  
85 to choose vae   10  
89 to hold word info ííma      
89 to hold word info mau   54  
92 to open, uncover pepeu   36  
95 to fall word info mekèe   10  
95 to fall word info maku'u   11  
95 to fall word info moku'u   11  
95 to fall word info hika (m'n)   44  
95 to fall word info hina   44  
95 to fall word info topa   124  
98 egg mama'i   6  
99 feather huú manu   1  
100 wing pekeu   1, 59  
110 spider pukavèevèe   1, 57  
110 spider punavèevèe   1, 57  
110 spider puka/vèevèe/   1, 57  
110 spider puna/vèevèe/   1, 57  
125 salt kanatai   20  
125 salt puhinaú      
126 lake vai óto   6  
129 moon me'ama   7  
140 dry word info mo'o   13  
141 wet kutaú   80  
141 wet útau   80  
141 wet toku   80  
141 wet kutai   80  
141 wet áutau   80  
142 heavy tono      
142 heavy toko   38  
148 white tavai'e   47  
149 red pukiki   43  
150 yellow putokatoha      
150 yellow tokatoka      
151 green ki óu ti teé      
151 green ʔoutite'e      
153 big maaka   31  
156 thin word info áhiáhi   5  
156 thin word info kahikahi   5?  
156 thin word info ákiaki   18  
156 thin word info piáhiáhi   5  
158 narrow iti      
158 narrow faiti   84  
159 wide fatea   21  
161 shy, ashamed hakaika      
166 correct, true mea hei      
166 correct, true toitoi   41  
169 year hua'a   28  
171 to hide word info hakanaa      
172 to climb word info hiti   6  
177 this tenei   7, 1  
178 that tena   1  
178 that na   1  
180 far mamao   13  
181 where? word info hea   3, 35  
183 thou 'oe   1  
185 we word info matou   2, 39  
185 we word info maua   2, 29  
187 they 'atou   1, 72  
190 other ke   8?  
191 all tiatohu      
72 to hit word info ta "to strike" (perhaps taa) 10  
106 snake puhi henua 'land eel'-MW    
162 old word info kakiu (ancient)    
104 fat/grease kerehi (Eng?)   L?
109 mosquito nono purutia (German nono) the sand fly purportedly introducted by a freighter unloading ballast with sand (and eggs) from PGN (then a German colony? or just "German" because of its ferociousness?) 1, 74  
73 to steal kai hue (Mot etranger) voleur (Dln) 5  
22 to fear meta'u (MQN) To fear, be afraid 1  
120 stone ke'a (or ke'aa) = rock 38  
125 salt pa'atai (ripe saltwater?) 20, 19  
185 we word info taua 1 dual incl. 1, 29  
185 we word info tatou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
186 you kootou 2P dual pronoun (Dln) 16  
186 you 'otou 2PP pronoun 16  
183 thou koe 2PS 1  
39 to cook word info tao =baked (either in an umu or a modern oven). 10  
180 far mema'o ? 13  
195 no, not ie(hh)ai A negative, not, cannot (Crk) 10, 84  
175 above 'una Above 9  
175 above 'uka Above (NKH) (I) 9  
20 to know, be knowledgeable hani Accoutume, habituee, fait a, avour l'habitude de, etre accoutume (Dln)    
83 to work word info hana Action, acte, travailler, oeuvre (Dln) 10  
162 old word info ko'oua Aged, decrepit (Dln) 9  
100 wing peheu Aile (Dln) 1, 59  
162 old word info tehito Ancient 10  
192 and maa And (with numerals) 2  
146 ash ànahu Ashes 67  
146 ash 'ehu/ahi Ashes 67  
146 ash kehu/ahi Ashes; irregular 67  
146 ash ke/'ehu/ Ashes; irregular 67  
165 bad, evil hauhau bad/evil 32  
29 to sniff, smell hoki Baiser, faire toucher nez contre nez (Dln) 9  
72 to hit word info tuki Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 8  
72 to hit word info tuì Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 8  
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 2  
93 to pound, beat word info tuì Battre, ecrasser, piler (Dln) 2  
153 big nui Beaucoup, plusieurs, gros, grand (Dln) 11  
14 belly kopu Belly, stomach 2  
14 belly 'opu Belly, stomach 2  
97 bird manu Bird 1  
41 to bite kakahu Bite 7  
38 to chew word info kakahu Bite [<] 8 L
147 black kèe/kèe Black 5  
148 white tèo Blanc (Dln) 9  
148 white teko Blanc (Dln) 9  
79 stick/wood àkau Bois (Dln) 1  
164 good meitaì Bon, agreable 15  
15 bone ivi Bone (Bgs) 52, 5  
30 mouth haha Bouche, geule, ouverture (Dln) B. [<] 1 L?
119 earth/soil 'epo Boue, fange, terre, poussiere (Dln) 11  
120 stone hatu-keàa Boulder 1, 38  
28 to breathe menava Breath, anterior fontanelle 1  
146 ash kaàhu charcoal; wood ashes 67  
88 to squeeze word info hota Clarifier le kava 8  
148 white tea Clear, white 8  
132 fog kohu Cloud, fog 1, 47  
139 cold word info makaìì Cold, chilly 1, 52  
139 cold word info kamaìì Cold, chilly (metathesis?) 1, 52  
139 cold word info makkarede Cold, or the cold (Crk) 1, 52  
194 how? word info peehea Comment? pourquoi? (Dln) 11  
196 to count ta/tau/ Compter, conter, reciter (Dln) 8  
39 to cook word info nunu cook in general e.g. nunu te kaikai = cook the food 9  
65 rope touà Corde, grosse corde (Dln) 9  
67 to sew word info tui Coudre, percer, enfiler (Dln) 13  
123 to flow tahe Couler, ruisseler, se repandre (Dln) 10  
108 louse word info kutu papa Crab lice 1, 6  
78 to cut, hack word info 'o'oti Cut, clip 9  
78 to cut, hack word info kokoti Cut, clip 9  
168 day oatea daylight 27  
124 sea moana deep ocean, La haute mer (Dln) 10  
31 tooth niho Dent (Dln) 1  
75 to die, be dead kèo Die (of a person), go out (of a light) (Dln)    
90 to dig keì (i) Dig 1  
72 to hit word info paki/paki Donner des petits coups avec la main (Dln) 6  
72 to hit word info paì/paì Donner des petits coups avec la main (Dln) 6  
13 back word info tua Dos, echine, se mettre dos a dos (Dln) 11  
3 right atamai Droit, a droit (Dln) 7  
140 dry word info pa/paka/ Dry 12  
82 dull, blunt puriki dull in modern NH, most likely derived from the word for donkey (after French burique), and hence metaphorically stupid, dull 18  
140 dry word info pakaka Dur, coriace, non flexible (Dln) 12  
91 to buy hoko Echanger, acheter, payer, vendre (Dln) 7  
91 to buy ho'o Echanger, acheter, payer, vendre (Dln) 7  
135 lightning uià Eclair, eclairer (Dln) 2  
164 good 'eka Enjoy 14  
52 to stand tuu Etre debout, se tenir debout, droit (Dln) 2  
28 to breathe ha Extenue de fatigue (Dln) 11  
45 eye konohi Eye 4  
45 eye korohi Eye 4  
45 eye mata Eye,face 1  
55 woman/female -hine Female (I don't understand why this is treated as a suffix - MW) 1, 41  
143 fire ahi Fire 1  
182 I ='u First person singular x  
182 I au First person singular pronoun (Bgs) 1, 21  
111 fish ika Fish (Mqn) 1  
111 fish Fish (Mqs) 1  
1 hand ìma Five, hand 1  
201 Five word info 'ima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
103 meat/flesh kiko Flesh 10  
116 flower pua Flower (I) 1  
17 liver ate Foie (Dln) 1  
37 to eat kai Food 1, 44  
37 to eat 'ai Food 1, 44  
127 woods/forest vao Forest (I) 14  
54 man/male tane Fortement (Dln) 1, 11  
200 Four word info faa Four 1, 66  
62 thatch/roof ato Frame to which thatch is tied 1  
139 cold word info anu Froid, coup de sang, avoir froid (Dln) 8  
145 smoke word info au/ahi Fumee, vapeur (Dln) 2  
145 smoke word info auahi Fumee, vapeur (Dln) 2  
5 to walk hèe Go (I) 6  
87 to swell word info hete Gonfle, fermente, engle (Dln) 5  
164 good kanahau good 62  
147 black hivahiva Gray, silver-gray 6  
24 head u'u Head 1  
24 head upoko Head (Dln) 10  
128 sky de ahgy Heaven or sky (Rbt) 1  
118 grass mutie Herbe, gazon, foin (Dln) 13  
72 to hit word info pehi hit generally    
53 person/human being 'enata Homme, en general (Dln) 1, 66, 97  
53 person/human being 'enana Homme, en general (Dln) 1, 66, 11  
53 person/human being kenana Homme, en general (Dln) 1, 66, 11  
29 to sniff, smell hone honi? Touch noses together (Crk) 9  
61 house ha'e House 14  
61 house fa'e House 14  
104 fat/grease hinu àma Huile noiratre qui decoule de lama (Dln) 12  
104 fat/grease kao Huile, graisse, sauce, jus (Dln)    
193 if me If 5  
184 he/she ia Il, elle, lui (Dln) 1  
139 cold word info kamariri in 'Ua Pou ((metathesis?)) 1, 52  
96 dog peto in NH, from English "pet"   L
144 to burn word info tutu Incendier, bruler, mettre le feu a quelque chose (Dln) 6  
101 to fly ona insect?    
174 in, inside 'oto Inside 5  
168 day ao Jour oppose a nuit (Dln) 1, 54  
33 to laugh kata Laugh 7  
33 to laugh àta Laugh 7  
114 leaf àu Leaf 1  
2 left 'ima a'ea'e left hand    
4 leg/foot vae Leg (I) 1, 100  
49 to lie down word info moe Lie down 6  
66 to tie up, fasten fitiì Lier, attacher, nouer (Dln) 148  
66 to tie up, fasten hitiki Lier, attacher, nouer (Dln) 148  
105 tail iku Lime de peau de certains poissons (Dln) [<] 1 L
174 in, inside ioo Location in space; to, in, into, on. beside, near, at, or to the home of (Mtu) 5  
155 long word info 'oa Long 12  
108 louse word info 'utu Louse 1  
108 louse word info kutu Louse (in NH) 1  
138 warm word info mahana Lukewarm 1, 72  
54 man/male heko male 17?  
54 man/male toa male (of animals) x  
54 man/male tama 'oa male child    
165 bad, evil kino Mechant, mauvais, chiche (Dln) 9  
165 bad, evil ìno Mechant, mauvais, chiche (Dln) 9  
129 moon mahina Moon 37, 5  
71 to stab, pierce huki Morceau de bois pointu pour percer les poulpes (Dln) 1, 8  
41 to bite nahu Mordre (Dln) 7  
75 to die, be dead mate Mort, la mort, mourir, souffrir, malade, malaise, maladie, mal (Dln) 1  
109 mosquito nono kia mosquito; 1, 74  
30 mouth fafa Mouth (Crk) B. [<] 1 L?
9 to swim kau Nager, aller a la nage (Dln) 5  
63 name inoa Name 6  
63 name ikoa Name 6  
25 neck kaakii Neck, throat (Bgs) 20  
195 no, not tee Negativiser (Mtu) 13  
163 new hou New 1  
205 Nine word info iva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
27 nose ihu Nose 1  
131 cloud word info ao (i) Nuage (Dln) 12  
167 night poo Nuit, tenebres, jour de vingt-quatre heures (Dln) 1  
162 old word info koua Old man (Crk) 9  
197 One word info tahi One 41  
209 One Hundred word info 'au Originally two hundred or four hundred but now one hundred (Bgs).(Source: Pollex) 2  
47 to yawn mama Ouvrir la bouche (Dln) 19, 28  
178 that ia'a over there 1  
152 small ìki Petit, etroit (Dln) 66  
152 small iti Petit, peau (Dln) 121  
113 branch word info àà Petites branches (Dln) 1, 33  
62 thatch/roof hatu Pieces of thatch are called hatu, but the only reference I've heard for this is in relation to the hame of (F)Hatu 'Iva (the southernmost MRQ island). Thatch is extremely rare on NH today. 1  
133 rain ua Pluie (Dln) 1  
26 hair word info hu'u Plume, poil (Dln) (Archaic) 31  
202 Six word info ono Pollex 06: Ono. :Six (Dln). 1  
86 to grow word info tupu Pousser, croitre, germer 1  
173 at i Preposition indicating location 1  
174 in, inside i Preposition indicating location x  
96 dog ku'i Probable arch. form - as dogs were lost in the Marquesas by the time the Europeans arrived. 7  
179 near tata Proche, pres (Dln) 9  
105 tail vèo Queue d'un animal (Dln) 10  
115 root aka Racine (Dln) 2  
102 rat kio'e Rat 12  
102 rat kumakuma Rat (Dln) 13  
149 red kuà Red 13  
149 red kuwa Red, applied to feathers, cloth etc. imported to the islands,also to the scarlet berries or peas used in their ornaments (Crk) 13  
11 dust 'epo reflex of PEP *repo 'dirt' MW x  
3 right 'ima oko right hand 33  
112 rotten word info paà Ripe (I) 13  
6 road/path vaà/nui Road 22  
112 rotten word info pee rotten (Tahitian borrowing? 16 L?
121 sand one Sable 1  
124 sea tai saltwater or the nearshore 1  
23 blood toto Sang, saigner (Dln) 4  
140 dry word info paka Scab x  
171 to hide word info pu/puni/ Se cacher (Dln) 1  
183 thou koe Second person singular 1  
18 breast u Sein, mamelle, gorge (Dln) 1  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
81 sharp koi Sharp, Sharp 14, 66  
152 small poto Short (Bgs) 10  
154 short word info poto Short (Bgs) 9  
154 short word info nohinohi Short stature (Tgr)    
51 to sit noho Sit, dwell, stay 16  
12 skin kiì Skin 1  
128 sky àni Sky 1  
128 sky àki Sky 1  
152 small kaiu small (metaphorically from "eat breast"?) 37  
30 mouth nutu Snout, head of animal 2  
34 to cry taki Son, sonner, chanter (Dln) 1  
34 to cry tani Son, sonner, chanter (Dln) 1  
137 to blow word info puhi Souffler (Dln) 6  
160 painful, sick memae souffrance 10  
160 painful, sick mamae Souffrir 10  
10 dirty hava Souille, sali, tache (Dln) 8  
96 dog nuhe Southern MRQ, problematic?    
88 to squeeze word info koko Squeeze, press 9  
88 to squeeze word info 'omi Squeeze, press upon 10  
130 star hetuu Star 1  
130 star fetuu Star 1  
130 star fettoe Star 1  
72 to hit word info patu Strike (in flaying skin or bark), strike, nudge with elbow (I) 7  
42 to suck omo Suck 7  
42 to suck 'omo Suck (Bgs) 7  
87 to swell word info huhu'a Swollen 10  
105 tail hiku Tail, rear portion (of fish) 13  
78 to cut, hack word info taài Tailler, ciseler, travailler le bois ou la pierre (Dln) 1  
206 Ten word info 'onohu'u Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5, 32  
206 Ten word info 'okohu'u Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5, 32?  
61 house aika Terre, propriete, domicile, richesses, manoir, foyer domestique 6  
178 that te'aa that (far) 1  
109 mosquito nono the endemic Marquesan biting black fly 1, 74  
57 husband hahana The male of mankind and of all birds. A husband (Crk) 13?  
157 thick word info moto'u Thick 3  
183 thou ko'ua thou x  
183 thou 'oe thou 1  
199 Three word info to'u Three 1  
94 to throw word info tiì Throw 9  
134 thunder pha too tee Thunder (Rbt) 14  
66 to tie up, fasten nani Tie, fasten 13  
66 to tie up, fasten nati Tie, fasten (NKH) 13  
7 to come tihe to arrive    
41 to bite nennahhu To bite (Crk) 7  
38 to chew word info nennahhu To bite (Crk) [<] 8 L
40 to drink inu To drink 1  
95 to fall word info vi'i to fall (in the sense of becoming unbalanced, slipping) 86  
95 to fall word info huu te henua to fall in the sense of an avalanche or rock slide    
22 to fear ha'ameta'u to fear 1  
117 fruit hua To fruit 1  
44 to hear 'oko To hear, news (mqn) 1  
44 to hear 'ono To hear, news (mqs) 1  
72 to hit word info kere to hit (punch with the fist)    
144 to burn word info hakau'a to light a fire (or lamp); by extension turn on an electric light 3  
92 to open, uncover pe'ua to open 36?  
78 to cut, hack word info 'ihi to peel / Peler (Dln) 10  
70 to shoot word info puhi to shoot(also NH word for firearm and to blow [breath out]) 17  
94 to throw word info tio'a to throw 10  
138 warm word info ha'amaahanahana to warm 1, 72  
32 tongue a'èo Tongue 15  
134 thunder hatutiì Tonnere (Dln) 14  
10 dirty paàpaà Tres mur, gate, pourri (Dln) 7  
207 Twenty word info tekau Twenty.(Source: Pollex) 4  
198 Two word info 'ua Two (I) 1  
176 below à'o Under, below 8  
204 Eight word info va'u used on Nuku Hiva currently 3  
73 to steal kamo Voler, voleur (Dln) 6  
35 to vomit 'ua Vomit 8  
186 you kotou Vous (Dln) 16  
122 water word info vai Water (I) 2  
188 what? word info aha What? 1  
170 when? word info aahea When (future interrogative) 5  
189 who? word info ai Who? - possible loan-MW 1 L?
136 wind metani Wind 1, 66  
136 wind metaki Wind (in NH) 1, 66  
55 woman/female vehine Woman (Dln) 1, 106, 116  
107 worm (earthworm) noke Worm 7  
107 worm (earthworm) to'e Worm 7  
107 worm (earthworm) toke Worm 7  
169 year tau Year consisting of ten moons 1  

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