https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Mwotlap

Source/Author:  Alex Francois (fieldnotes 1997-2006) 
Notes:   
Problems:  I chose a strictly IPA transcription, except that prenasalised consonants are not spelled out, and yod is /y/ rather than /j/.
The cognacy column: I temporarily added the etyma themselves (either POc or PNCVanuatu, or even my own north Vanuatu reconstructions, with 2 stars) for the cognacy expert to make informed judgments -- knowing that Mwotlap can be extreme in its evolution -- e.g. /ɣɛy/ 'swim' < *kaRu. (I'm afraid my comments in that column were sometimes chopped out by the programme) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Dr Alexandre François  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:North and Central Vanuatu:Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:East Vanuatu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
96 dog      
11 dust nʊ-wʊwʊ   1, 50  
35 to vomit kpʷɔap      
41 to bite ŋit   58  
66 to tie up, fasten yɪt   77, 78  
82 dull, blunt nɛ-ŋmʷɛs   34  
86 to grow word info mɔtɔw   1  
92 to open, uncover wak   1?  
93 to pound, beat word info kpʷʊs   17?  
95 to fall word info kpʷɪsdi      
95 to fall word info sisɣɔy   20  
104 fat/grease na-ɣyak   39  
107 worm (earthworm) ni-slat   1, 8  
108 louse word info ni-ɣit   1  
111 fish nʊ-mʊmʊ   81  
112 rotten word info sakpʷ   53?  
123 to flow lɔŋ   61  
131 cloud word info nɪ-kpʷɪykpʷɛy   38  
132 fog na-myɪp   3, 32  
133 rain na-sŋmʷal      
137 to blow word info wɛyɛh      
138 warm word info nɛ-sɛw   42  
141 wet nɛ-sŋmʷal   43  
141 wet nɛ-sŋɛy      
142 heavy nɪ-dɪw   14  
148 white na-kpʷaɣkpʷaɣ   13  
150 yellow nɔ-ŋɔyŋɔy   9  
151 green na-ŋmʷaŋmʷal   43  
152 small nu-su   81, 83?  
154 short word info na-maltɪ      
155 long word info nɛ-hyɔ      
156 thin word info nɛ-mßinßin   1  
158 narrow nɔ-kɔkɔk   22?  
159 wide nɛ-twɔl   34  
166 correct, true hɪywɪ      
168 day nʊ-kpʷʊŋ   16  
176 below lʊ-kpʷʊltɛ      
177 this ɣʊh      
178 that nɛn   1?  
179 near iskpʷɛt      
185 we word info kɛmɛm   E42  
191 all dɛl   15  
192 and   30  
193 if sɔwɔ   32?  
195 no, not tatɛh   10  
196 to count ßatah      
207 Twenty word info sɔŋwul yʊ   9  
208 Fifty word info sɔŋwul tɪßɪlɪm   x  
52 to stand tiɣ ((NOT *tuqu) 68  
36 to spit ninih (*(q)anusi) 14, 84  
190 other tɛɣha (**-sae) 60  
145 smoke word info na-hʊ (**asu-a ?) 2  
64 to say ßap (**ßaßa <) 13  
17 liver na-ßay (**ßara) 17  
73 to steal bɛl (**balu) 23  
122 water word info nɪ-bɪ (**bei) 28  
76 to live, be alive n-ɪh (**esu) 24  
70 to shoot word info kay (**gara) 33  
47 to yawn ɣayŋmʷa (**kaʀat +) 19  
77 to scratch word info ɣayɣay (**karo) 1  
202 Six word info lɛßɛtɛ (**laßea-) 20  
203 Seven word info lißiyʊ (**laßea-) 13  
204 Eight word info lɛßɛtɪl (**laßea-) 5, 7  
205 Nine word info lɛßɛßɛt (**laßea-) 20  
72 to hit word info laŋmʷ (**lamʷas)    
149 red na-lawlaw (**lawa 'br) 52  
10 dirty nɛ-lɛm (**leba) 9  
153 big ni-lwo (**liwoa) 111  
28 to breathe ŋmʷʊkhɛɣ (**mabus-ak) 14  
83 to work word info muwumwu (**makui) 29  
147 black nɛ-mlɪmlɪɣ (**maliɣo) 41  
161 shy, ashamed mamayɣɛ (**maraɣai) 34  
4 leg/foot na-yŋɪ-k (**raŋo) 17  
172 to climb word info yɛm (**rabit) 37  
180 far yɛh (**rasu) 32  
87 to swell word info yɪɣ (**riɣa) 23  
51 to sit haɣ (**sake) 72  
81 sharp nɛ-hɛy (**sar[i,u]) 19  
63 name na-hɛ-k (**sasa- <?) 1, 34  
171 to hide word info takpʷ bat (**tabwaß) 32?  
89 to hold word info tɪy (**tauri) 35  
116 flower na-twɪh (**tawaɣas) 34  
197 One word info ßi-twaɣ (**tuwale) 9  
164 good nɪ-wɪ (**wia) 1 or 43? 1  
184 he/she (*-a) 1, 29  
187 they kɪy (*-ra) 1, 70  
201 Five word info tɪßɪlɪm (*?? + *lim) 1  
175 above apwɔ (*a-papo) 2  
143 fire n-ɛp (*api) 1  
109 mosquito nɛ-nɛm (*ñamuk) 1  
167 night nʊ-kpʷʊŋ (*boŋi) 1  
50 to dream kpʷɔykpʷɔy (*boʀe) 10  
79 stick/wood nɪ-kpʷɪtɪnɣɛ (*bwatu 'he) 1  
21 to think dɪm (*domi) 13  
23 blood na-day (*draʀaq) 1  
2 left na-ɣla (*ɣalawa) 14  
61 house n-ɪŋmʷ (*ʀumaq) 1  
40 to drink in (*inum) 1  
6 road/path na-mtɛhal (*jalan) 1  
9 to swim ɣɛy (*kaʀu) 5  
37 to eat ɣɛn (*kani) 1  
163 new nɛ-ɣyakpʷ (*karabwa) 9  
102 rat na-ɣhʊw (*kasupe) 3  
90 to dig ɣil (*keli) 1  
136 wind nɛ-lɛŋ (*laŋit 's) 1, 77  
174 in, inside lɛlɔ (*lo lolo) 1  
173 at lɛ- (*lo) 38  
139 cold word info nɔ-mɔmyiy (*madridri�) 1  
97 bird nɛ-mɛn (*manuk) 1  
22 to fear mɪtɪɣtɛɣ (*matakut) 1  
75 to die, be dead mat (*mate) 1  
157 thick word info nɛ-mtɪmtɪl (*matolutol) 3  
3 right na-mtʊ (*matuqa) 5, 37  
48 to sleep mitiy (*maturuR) 1  
106 snake na-ŋmʷat (*mʷata) 12  
127 woods/forest nɪ-ŋmʷɪt (*motus) 60  
182 I (*n-au) 1, 21, 22  
125 salt na-naw (*napon 'su) 30  
183 thou nɪk (*nigo) 1, 17, 18  
135 lightning nɪ-ßɪl (*p(w)ilak) 26  
118 grass na-plih (*paliji) 1  
7 to come ßan mɛ (*pano + *m) 23, 1  
5 to walk ßanßan (*pano) 2  
200 Four word info ßɪ-ßɛt (*pati) 1, 65  
121 sand nɪ-ßɪthiylɛ (*patu 'sto)    
120 stone nɛ-ßɛt (*patu) 1  
181 where? word info aßɛ (*pea) 3, 35  
103 meat/flesh nɪ-phɔɰ (*pisiko) 10  
130 star ni-ßit (*pituqun) 1  
91 to buy wɪl (*poli) 1  
129 moon nʊ-wʊl (*pulan) 1  
146 ash nʊ-wʊwʊ (*qapu-a (?) 1?  
53 person/human being n-ɛt (*qata (?)) 4  
54 man/male na-tŋmʷan (*qata + *mʷaqane) 1, 14  
162 old word info tamayɣɛ (*qata-mara) 132  
49 to lie down word info ɛn (*qenop) 1  
198 Two word info ßʊ-yʊ (*rua) 1  
206 Ten word info sɔŋwul (*saŋapulu) 5  
188 what? word info na-hap (*sapa) 1  
165 bad, evil nɛ-hɛt (*saqat) 1  
189 who? word info (*sei) 1  
15 bone ni-hiy (*suʀi) 52  
18 breast ni-sis (*susu) 1  
67 to sew word info susuy (*susuʀi) 15, 59  
34 to cry tɛŋ (*taŋis) 1  
169 year n-ɪtɛ (*taun) 1  
16 intestines nɪ-tna (*tinaqe) 1  
199 Three word info ßɪ-tɪl (*tolu) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info tɔt (*totok) 3  
46 to see ɛt (?) 1, 89  
119 earth/soil nɪ-ßɪtan (?*patu 'st) 1?  
29 to sniff, smell hɪmɛn (?? + **mad) 15  
55 woman/female na-lkpʷʊßɪn (?? + *pine) 1, 72  
186 you kimi (cf. kamiu) 1, 13  
185 we word info ɣɪn (**kinta +) 1  
110 spider na-myaw (**marawa) 32  
33 to laugh yɪyɪ (<**riwa) 90  
80 to split word info Vb1 + wɔy (only as Vb2 in serialisation) (**ßora) 1  
84 to plant ßah **vaso 6  
66 to tie up, fasten lɪɣ *likot 1, 39  
35 to vomit lʊlʊ + *luaq 8  
137 to blow word info yip a (**rißi) 40  
56 child nɪtŋmʷɛy a child (*natu) 5, 8  
128 sky alɣɛ above (**lakau 's) 35?  
137 to blow word info yip b. 40  
20 to know, be knowledgeable nɔ-lɔlmɛyɛn be knowledgeable 86  
126 lake nɪ-bɪ liwo big water 21  
8 to turn word info hɪsɪm change paths at crossroads; 126  
38 to chew word info kamkam chew betel    
39 to cook word info kpʷaŋyis cook in earth oven (**bwaraŋi) 42  
168 day na-myɛn daylight (**ma-raqan) 6  
124 sea na-lam deep sea, ocean (*napon 'su) 14  
140 dry word info mah dry river (*mama) 11  
140 dry word info mɛyɛŋ dry wood 1, 85  
101 to fly ɣap fly flapping wings (*kapak) 14  
84 to plant yuw for yams 9  
38 to chew word info ŋɛ general term 12  
99 feather n-ili mɛn hair of bird (*pulu + *m) 1  
44 to hear yɔŋtɛɣ hear, feel (*roŋoʀ) 1, 55  
74 to kill wuh mat hit dead (**ßusi +) 26, 2  
209 One Hundred word info ŋmʷɛldɪl ßaɣ-tiwaɣ hundred time-one (**mwele-do) 35  
170 when? word info ŋɪh in future (*ŋaican) 1  
170 when? word info aŋɪh in past 1  
113 branch word info nɪ-wtɪ-n its branch    
98 egg nɪ-tlɪ-n its egg(s) (*qatoluR) 1  
117 fruit n-ɪwa-n its fruit (*puaq) 1, 26  
114 leaf na-yɔ-n its leaf (*raun) 1  
115 root nʊ-ɣʊyɣʊyɪ-n its roots (**koaʀi) 2, 41  
105 tail na-ɣlɔ-n its tail (**ɣolo) 24  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɪɣlal know (*kilal) 18  
65 rope na-ɣayɣa liana, rope, string (? **kaʀo) 25, 56  
194 how? word info kpʷɛlɛ aßɛ lit. like where    
85 to choose ɛt yak lit. look + take away 30  
13 back word info nɪ-klɛ-k my back (*gula-) 10  
14 belly na-tkpʷɛ-k my belly (*tobwa) 36  
56 child inti-k my child 5  
43 ear nɪ-dɪlŋɛ-k my ear(s) (*taliŋa) 1, 40  
30 mouth na-ŋyɛ-k my external mouth/lips 7  
45 eye na-mtɛ-k my eyes (*mata) 1  
60 father itmɛ-k my father (*tama) 1  
26 hair word info n-ili-k my hair (*pulu) 31  
1 hand na-mnɪ-k my hand(s) (*banic) 14  
24 head ni-kpʷti-k my head (*bwatu) 9  
30 mouth na-plɛ-k my internal mouth (**βal) 42  
59 mother ißɪ-k my mother (**ßeße) 20  
25 neck nɪ-nlɪ-k my neck (**daleqo) 42  
27 nose ni-mdi-k my nose (**madu-) 14  
12 skin ni-pni-k my skin (**ßiniti) 28  
57 husband iɣni-k my spouse (**ɣunu-) 65  
58 wife iɣni-k my spouse (**ɣunu-) 51  
31 tooth nɪ-lwɪ-k my teeth (*lipon) 1, 35  
32 tongue na-ɣaymɛ-k my tongue (*kaʀamaya) 7, 14  
92 to open, uncover ʊw open earth oven    
160 painful, sick nɛ-mɛmɛh painful 1  
71 to stab, pierce hiɣ prick (*sukit) 1, 8  
8 to turn word info ßɪy reverse direction (**ßir) 24  
62 thatch/roof nɔ-yɔt sago palm, thatch (*raun + *q) 1, 61  
124 sea na-naw sea, lagoon 42  
144 to burn word info bɪ n-ɛp hiy set fire to 42  
160 painful, sick nɔ-ɣɔm sick (**ɣob) 50  
88 to squeeze word info ßiɣiy (lʊ) squeeze (out) (***ßaɣir) 16  
71 to stab, pierce ɛs stab with knife 34  
134 thunder nɛ-lɛŋ-ßayßay stamping wind 15, 84  
19 shoulder na-kpʷtɪɣ bɪnɪ-k start of my arm/hand (*bwatu (?)) 65, 36?  
42 to suck saŋmʷ suck/chew sugarcane ((*jamu)) 21  
210 One Thousand word info tɛy ßaɣ-tiwaɣ thousan (**tari + *)d time-one 13  
94 to throw word info yim to stone, throw a stone    
94 to throw word info suwyɛɣ to throw in gen.    
100 wing na-mnɪ mɛn wing/arm of bird (see hand) (*banic + *) 2  

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