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Language: Phan Rang Cham (Eastern Cham)

Source/Author:  Various sources, Moussay 1971, Thurgood 1999 
Notes:  The original orthographies have been standardized (see Appendix in Thurgood 1999). The records are old and varied.

Moussay, Gerard (1971). Dictionnaire Cam-Vietnamien-Français. Phan Rang: Centre Culturel Cam.

Thurgood, G. (1999) From Ancient Cham to Modern Dialects: Two Thousand Years of Language Contact and Change. Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press. 
Problems:  The orthography used below both ignores vowel length and uses b, d, g to indicate a slightly breathy following vowel, rather than a voiced consonant 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Graham Thurgood  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Malayo-Chamic:Chamic:Coastal:Cham 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing all of 2 entries

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
28 to breathe      
47 to yawn      
58 wife      
74 to kill      
82 dull, blunt      
94 to throw word info      
157 thick word info      
181 where? word info      
194 how? word info      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
2 left iw Mon-Khmer borrowing   L
3 right hanuk borrowing   L
8 to turn word info waih borrowing   L
10 dirty tasəp borrowing   L
13 back word info rauŋ length irregular    
22 to fear hɔch borrowing   L
27 nose ʔbauk ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic    
33 to laugh klaw      
36 to spit chanuʔ      
37 to eat ʔbəŋ both borrowed from Mon-Khmer; both reconstruct to Proto-Chamic   L
41 to bite kaik      
42 to suck mum irregular vowel    
44 to hear hamit borrowed   L
46 to see ʔboh borrowed   L
52 to stand tagok ultimately Mon-Khmer but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic    
53 person/human being lakɛy      
54 man/male tanauw      
64 to say layʔ Mon-Khmer loan but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic    
69 to hunt word info tiap      
71 to stab, pierce haluh      
72 to hit word info atauŋ      
73 to steal klaik      
83 to work word info bruk      
85 to choose ruah      
87 to swell word info bok      
88 to squeeze word info tapik      
89 to hold word info apan      
92 to open, uncover pəh      
93 to pound, beat word info thauk      
95 to fall word info libuh      
98 egg bauh      
101 to fly pər loan from AA (Thurgood)   L
103 meat/flesh asar      
110 spider galimɨŋ      
119 earth/soil lən      
127 woods/forest hatan      
135 lightning katal      
152 small udar      
154 short word info bier      
159 wide ʔblak      
166 correct, true ʔjəp      
170 when? word info təl arrive, when    
171 to hide word info asadap      
172 to climb word info ʔdik      
186 you      
189 who? word info halay      
190 other uraŋ 'person'    
193 if yah      
193 if hay      
195 no, not ka...o      
4 leg/foot takai   1  
6 road/path jalan   1  
7 to come mai arrive 1  
12 skin kalik   1  
14 belly tian   1  
15 bone talaŋ   1  
17 liver hatai   1  
18 breast tatʰɔw   1  
19 shoulder bira 17? 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable tathuw   1  
23 blood darah   1  
24 head akauk   1  
24 head kauk   1  
26 hair word info ʔbuk reconstructs to Proto-Chamic but the initial makes it clear that it is borrowed 1  
30 mouth pabah   1  
38 to chew word info mɨmɨh   1  
39 to cook word info tanɨk   1  
40 to drink mɨñum   1  
43 ear taŋi   1  
45 eye mɨta   1  
50 to dream lipei   1  
56 child anɨʔ   1  
59 mother inɨ   1  
61 house ruməh   1  
63 name aŋan   1  
65 rope talɛy   1  
66 to tie up, fasten ikaʔ   1  
68 needle jarum   1  
70 to shoot word info panɨh   1  
75 to die, be dead mɨtay   1  
76 to live, be alive hadiəp   1  
79 stick/wood kayuw   1  
80 to split word info blah   1  
86 to grow word info tamuh   1  
90 to dig kalɛy   1  
91 to buy blɛy   1  
96 dog asuw   1  
97 bird mɨnuk   1  
99 feather buluw   1  
105 tail iku   1  
108 louse word info katuw   1  
109 mosquito jamauk   1  
111 fish ikan   1  
112 rotten word info bruk   1  
113 branch word info dhan   1  
117 fruit bauh   1  
119 earth/soil tanɨh   1  
120 stone batuw   1  
124 sea tasiʔ   1  
125 salt sara   1  
126 lake danaw   1  
128 sky laŋik   1  
129 moon bulan   1  
133 rain hujan   1  
136 wind aŋin   1  
137 to blow word info ayuk   1  
141 wet basah   1  
143 fire apuy   1  
146 ash habuw   1  
147 black hitam   1  
148 white patih   1  
149 red mɨriah   1  
153 big raya   1  
160 painful, sick hakik   1  
162 old word info taha   1  
163 new baruw   1  
163 new barahuw   1  
165 bad, evil jhak   1  
169 year thun   1  
174 in, inside dalam   1  
175 above atah   1  
177 this ni   1  
178 that nan   1  
182 I kaw   1  
185 we word info gita   1  
185 we word info ita   1  
197 One word info sa   1  
198 Two word info dua   1  
199 Three word info klaw   1  
200 Four word info pak   1  
183 thou   12  
55 woman/female amɛʔ   126  
187 they ñu   15  
31 tooth tagei   17  
168 day huray   17  
1 hand taŋin   18  
34 to cry hia   18  
37 to eat huak both borrowed from Mon-Khmer; both reconstruct to Proto-Chamic 19  
156 thin word info lawaŋ   19  
188 what? word info hagait   19  
7 to come mɨrai come 1?  
60 father amɨ   1?  
116 flower biŋu   1?  
150 yellow kañik   1?  
184 he/she ñu   1?  
5 to walk nau   2  
67 to sew word info jhik   2  
106 snake ula   2  
115 root ugha   2  
196 to count yap   2  
161 shy, ashamed maluw   20  
167 night mɨləm   20  
173 at di   20  
102 rat takuh   22  
16 intestines pruəc ultimately Mon-Khmer but reconstructs to PChamic 23  
122 water word info ia   23  
104 fat/grease lamɨk   24  
84 to plant pala   25  
142 heavy trak   25  
151 green hijaw   25  
100 wing thiap   26  
49 to lie down word info ʔdih = to sleep, lie down 27  
9 to swim luai ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 29  
48 to sleep ʔdih ultimately borrowed from Mon-Khmer but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 29  
130 star bituk   29  
78 to cut, hack word info tak   3  
144 to burn word info cuh   30  
132 fog huəl   31  
21 to think sanɨŋ initial irregular 32  
121 sand cuah   32  
158 narrow ganik   33  
164 good biak   33  
180 far atauh   33  
11 dust dhur Mon-Khmer 34  
153 big prauŋ   34  
51 to sit dauk   35  
123 to flow ʔduəc   35  
107 worm (earthworm) hulak   36  
77 to scratch word info gatəl an itch 37  
81 sharp haluək   37  
155 long word info atah   38  
134 thunder grum   39  
32 tongue dalah   4  
57 husband pasaŋ   41  
140 dry word info thu   41  
127 woods/forest rəm-glay   42  
190 other gan   45  
176 below ala   46  
145 smoke word info asak   49  
138 warm word info paʔdaw Mon-Khmer but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 53  
25 neck takuai ultimately borrowed from Mon-Khmer but reconstructs to PChamic 55  
118 grass rək   55  
139 cold word info lian   55  
131 cloud word info ganəm   59  
62 thatch/roof pabuŋ   6  
114 leaf hala Mon-Khmer loan 61 L
192 and ŋan   64  
179 near jaik   69  
191 all abih   9  
29 to sniff, smell hañah "nasal mucus"? PMP: *hiŋus 90  
35 to vomit auk   x  

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