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Language: Phan Rang Cham (Eastern Cham)

Source/Author:  Various sources, Moussay 1971, Thurgood 1999 
Notes:  The original orthographies have been standardized (see Appendix in Thurgood 1999). The records are old and varied.

Moussay, Gerard (1971). Dictionnaire Cam-Vietnamien-Français. Phan Rang: Centre Culturel Cam.

Thurgood, G. (1999) From Ancient Cham to Modern Dialects: Two Thousand Years of Language Contact and Change. Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press. 
Problems:  The orthography used below both ignores vowel length and uses b, d, g to indicate a slightly breathy following vowel, rather than a voiced consonant 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Graham Thurgood  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Malayo-Chamic:Chamic:Coastal:Cham 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
28 to breathe      
47 to yawn      
58 wife      
74 to kill      
82 dull, blunt      
94 to throw word info      
157 thick word info      
181 where? word info      
194 how? word info      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
1 hand taŋin   18  
4 leg/foot takai   1  
5 to walk nau   2  
6 road/path jalan   1  
12 skin kalik   1  
14 belly tian   1  
15 bone talaŋ   1  
17 liver hatai   1  
18 breast tatʰɔw   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable tathuw   1  
23 blood darah   1  
24 head akauk   1  
24 head kauk   1  
30 mouth pabah   1  
31 tooth tagei   17  
32 tongue dalah   4  
33 to laugh klaw      
34 to cry hia   18  
35 to vomit auk   x  
36 to spit chanuʔ      
38 to chew word info mɨmɨh   1  
39 to cook word info tanɨk   1  
40 to drink mɨñum   1  
41 to bite kaik      
43 ear taŋi   1  
45 eye mɨta   1  
50 to dream lipei   1  
51 to sit dauk   35  
53 person/human being lakɛy      
54 man/male tanauw      
55 woman/female amɛʔ   126  
56 child anɨʔ   1  
57 husband pasaŋ   41  
59 mother inɨ   1  
60 father amɨ   1?  
61 house ruməh   1  
62 thatch/roof pabuŋ   6  
63 name aŋan   1  
65 rope talɛy   1  
66 to tie up, fasten ikaʔ   1  
67 to sew word info jhik   2  
68 needle jarum   1  
69 to hunt word info tiap      
70 to shoot word info panɨh   1  
71 to stab, pierce haluh      
72 to hit word info atauŋ      
73 to steal klaik      
75 to die, be dead mɨtay   1  
76 to live, be alive hadiəp   1  
78 to cut, hack word info tak   3  
79 stick/wood kayuw   1  
80 to split word info blah   1  
81 sharp haluək   37  
83 to work word info bruk      
84 to plant pala   25  
85 to choose ruah      
86 to grow word info tamuh   1  
87 to swell word info bok      
88 to squeeze word info tapik      
89 to hold word info apan      
90 to dig kalɛy   1  
91 to buy blɛy   1  
92 to open, uncover pəh      
93 to pound, beat word info thauk      
95 to fall word info libuh      
96 dog asuw   1  
97 bird mɨnuk   1  
98 egg bauh      
99 feather buluw   1  
100 wing thiap   26  
102 rat takuh   22  
103 meat/flesh asar      
104 fat/grease lamɨk   24  
105 tail iku   1  
106 snake ula   2  
107 worm (earthworm) hulak   36  
108 louse word info katuw   1  
109 mosquito jamauk   1  
110 spider galimɨŋ      
111 fish ikan   1  
112 rotten word info bruk   1  
113 branch word info dhan   1  
115 root ugha   2  
116 flower biŋu   1?  
117 fruit bauh   1  
118 grass rək   55  
119 earth/soil lən      
119 earth/soil tanɨh   1  
120 stone batuw   1  
121 sand cuah   32  
122 water word info ia   23  
123 to flow ʔduəc   35  
124 sea tasiʔ   1  
125 salt sara   1  
126 lake danaw   1  
127 woods/forest hatan      
127 woods/forest rəm-glay   42  
128 sky laŋik   1  
129 moon bulan   1  
130 star bituk   29  
131 cloud word info ganəm   59  
132 fog huəl   31  
133 rain hujan   1  
134 thunder grum   39  
135 lightning katal      
136 wind aŋin   1  
137 to blow word info ayuk   1  
139 cold word info lian   55  
140 dry word info thu   41  
141 wet basah   1  
142 heavy trak   25  
143 fire apuy   1  
144 to burn word info cuh   30  
145 smoke word info asak   49  
146 ash habuw   1  
147 black hitam   1  
148 white patih   1  
149 red mɨriah   1  
150 yellow kañik   1?  
151 green hijaw   25  
152 small udar      
153 big raya   1  
153 big prauŋ   34  
154 short word info bier      
155 long word info atah   38  
156 thin word info lawaŋ   19  
158 narrow ganik   33  
159 wide ʔblak      
160 painful, sick hakik   1  
161 shy, ashamed maluw   20  
162 old word info taha   1  
163 new baruw   1  
163 new barahuw   1  
164 good biak   33  
165 bad, evil jhak   1  
166 correct, true ʔjəp      
167 night mɨləm   20  
168 day huray   17  
169 year thun   1  
171 to hide word info asadap      
172 to climb word info ʔdik      
173 at di   20  
174 in, inside dalam   1  
175 above atah   1  
176 below ala   46  
177 this ni   1  
178 that nan   1  
179 near jaik   69  
180 far atauh   33  
182 I kaw   1  
183 thou   12  
184 he/she ñu   1?  
185 we word info gita   1  
185 we word info ita   1  
186 you      
187 they ñu   15  
188 what? word info hagait   19  
189 who? word info halay      
190 other gan   45  
191 all abih   9  
192 and ŋan   64  
193 if yah      
193 if hay      
195 no, not ka...o      
196 to count yap   2  
197 One word info sa   1  
198 Two word info dua   1  
199 Three word info klaw   1  
200 Four word info pak   1  
29 to sniff, smell hañah "nasal mucus"? PMP: *hiŋus 90  
190 other uraŋ 'person'    
19 shoulder bira 17? 1  
49 to lie down word info ʔdih = to sleep, lie down 27  
77 to scratch word info gatəl an itch 37  
7 to come mai arrive 1  
170 when? word info təl arrive, when    
44 to hear hamit borrowed   L
46 to see ʔboh borrowed   L
3 right hanuk borrowing   L
8 to turn word info waih borrowing   L
10 dirty tasəp borrowing   L
22 to fear hɔch borrowing   L
37 to eat huak both borrowed from Mon-Khmer; both reconstruct to Proto-Chamic 19  
37 to eat ʔbəŋ both borrowed from Mon-Khmer; both reconstruct to Proto-Chamic   L
7 to come mɨrai come 1?  
21 to think sanɨŋ initial irregular 32  
42 to suck mum irregular vowel    
13 back word info rauŋ length irregular    
101 to fly pər loan from AA (Thurgood)   L
11 dust dhur Mon-Khmer 34  
2 left iw Mon-Khmer borrowing   L
138 warm word info paʔdaw Mon-Khmer but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 53  
114 leaf hala Mon-Khmer loan 61 L
64 to say layʔ Mon-Khmer loan but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic    
26 hair word info ʔbuk reconstructs to Proto-Chamic but the initial makes it clear that it is borrowed 1  
25 neck takuai ultimately borrowed from Mon-Khmer but reconstructs to PChamic 55  
48 to sleep ʔdih ultimately borrowed from Mon-Khmer but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 29  
16 intestines pruəc ultimately Mon-Khmer but reconstructs to PChamic 23  
52 to stand tagok ultimately Mon-Khmer but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic    
9 to swim luai ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 29  
27 nose ʔbauk ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic    

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