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Language: Nalik

Source/Author:  Lindström fieldnotes 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:nal  Glottocode: nali1244 
Notes:  Vocab collected in Lugagun village from Wolter Sizia, Agnes Bolai Tolivai, and Gregory Soles, and others in 2004. 
Problems:  Maybe ask Craig Volker to have a look? He's worked on Nalik for quite a long time. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Eva Lindström  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:Meso Melanesian:New Ireland:Lavongai-Nalik 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above laɣor on, over 57  
191 all      
192 and      
146 ash mimbərət      
173 at      
13 back word info      
165 bad, evil raksat   23  
165 bad, evil rəksət   23  
165 bad, evil rakset   23  
14 belly aɣu   56  
176 below awanə      
176 below lawanə   41, 74  
153 big ləpuk   10  
153 big ləbe   10  
97 bird mani   1  
147 black maɣit   1  
23 blood      
15 bone ruan humans 1, 10  
15 bone arun animals and fish etc. 1, 10  
113 branch word info      
18 breast zus   1  
56 child nəlik      
131 cloud word info bərə (not clear what type) 63  
139 cold word info mindawət (not clear of what) 47  
166 correct, true mase      
168 day ləvanas   38  
10 dirty      
96 dog awiu ?aviu 46  
140 dry word info məgələ (not clear of what) 31  
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust      
43 ear laŋam      
119 earth/soil pirə also 'land' 44  
98 egg      
204 Eight word info      
45 eye maram   1  
180 far      
104 fat/grease      
60 father tete   15  
99 feather vura mani (bird hair) 75  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire auvərə      
111 fish ien   1  
201 Five word info      
116 flower      
132 fog      
200 Four word info oroləvat   1, 65  
117 fruit      
164 good dəɣo   54  
118 grass      
151 green      
26 hair word info (a)vur   41  
1 hand mit   24  
184 he/she nan subj: ka/xa 1, 6  
24 head awat   9  
142 heavy      
61 house val   14  
194 how? word info      
57 husband      
182 I ni ni=independent form. subj: ga 1, 22  
193 if      
174 in, inside ləməkəna 'inside'    
16 intestines bilau   26  
126 lake      
114 leaf      
2 left lakawa 'to your left'    
4 leg/foot aɣak   1  
135 lightning wilak   26  
17 liver iat   1  
155 long word info      
108 louse word info auriŋ Engut/EngEt first given but withdrawn 15  
54 man/male arəte also 'husband' 14?  
103 meat/flesh      
129 moon flen   1  
109 mosquito anamu   1  
59 mother nana   1, 83  
30 mouth bəlam   51  
63 name      
158 narrow      
179 near ləparə   61  
25 neck      
68 needle      
163 new vaɣur also 'young' 1  
167 night ləbuŋ   1  
167 night suk   39  
205 Nine word info      
195 no, not awət possibly negative existential; kawEt='no, nothing'    
27 nose is   1  
162 old word info bəiək 'old man or woman' but likely attributive too; 'old' of things: mumuE 99  
197 One word info zaɣai   8  
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other      
160 painful, sick gis   69  
160 painful, sick vəgis   69  
53 person/human being      
133 rain davur   24  
102 rat əskif metathesis 3  
149 red memek   1  
3 right ləpəl 'to your right'    
6 road/path ləlen   1  
115 root aɣətkədər   37  
65 rope iarus also 'lianna' etc 2  
112 rotten word info      
125 salt rəs maɣəs (cf 'sea') 20  
121 sand aɣon   1  
124 sea ras   1  
203 Seven word info      
81 sharp      
154 short word info      
19 shoulder      
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info      
12 skin awinpin ('your skin': awinum; num=2sgPOSS) 28  
12 skin awen   28  
128 sky      
152 small kəmumut      
152 small nət   41  
145 smoke word info ambun (noun) 40  
106 snake amurə      
110 spider      
130 star awətpəda   23  
79 stick/wood aiəi (?) there is also iazu for digging stick and bale ('spear') for husking coconuts 1  
120 stone avat   1  
105 tail (a)zum   36  
206 Ten word info      
178 that      
62 thatch/roof vataval head of house 40  
62 thatch/roof aias rafter x  
187 they nande subj: di 25  
157 thick word info      
156 thin word info      
177 this      
183 thou nu subj: gu 1, 18  
199 Three word info orol   1  
134 thunder embərak   51  
41 to bite kərət   1  
137 to blow word info      
28 to breathe      
144 to burn word info      
91 to buy      
38 to chew word info zəm   21  
85 to choose      
172 to climb word info      
7 to come lawus   59  
39 to cook word info      
196 to count      
34 to cry raŋas   1  
78 to cut, hack word info rarai for firewood, banana stock etc.; 'cut off branch' wor; 'cut a pig': ftok 1  
75 to die, be dead mat   1  
90 to dig zuat   81  
50 to dream      
40 to drink imen   1  
37 to eat fəŋən   1, 53  
95 to fall word info      
22 to fear      
123 to flow      
101 to fly ləf   50  
86 to grow word info wof      
44 to hear ləŋər also 'obey'. 'Listen': lEngErEn 1, 36  
171 to hide word info      
72 to hit word info sak zop given for hitting dog (implement not quite clear) 74  
72 to hit word info zop sak for hitting child or dog (implement not quite clear) 62  
89 to hold word info      
69 to hunt word info zəzələpiu      
74 to kill      
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
33 to laugh      
49 to lie down word info milaif =sleep 68  
76 to live, be alive      
92 to open, uncover      
84 to plant fəzu   6  
84 to plant vazu   6  
93 to pound, beat word info pnes as in pounding octopus    
64 to say dodor   91  
77 to scratch word info ɣawal   92  
46 to see tamən itr: ramai (=tamai) 92  
46 to see tain   92  
46 to see tamai   92  
67 to sew word info sok no clothes traditionally..., used for making thatch rows for roof (sharp rattan(?) threaded up and down)' (cf 'pierce') 56  
70 to shoot word info pawoi throw spear (no bows and arrows in New Ireland)    
51 to sit izi      
48 to sleep milaif =lie down 45  
29 to sniff, smell      
36 to spit kanis   14  
80 to split word info snak   40  
80 to split word info dar specifically for bamboo 62  
80 to split word info zaxal split of firewood (metathesis) 40  
80 to split word info tok paxal to halve of food, betelnut, coconut 13  
88 to squeeze word info pot ? of wet clothing? 18  
71 to stab, pierce woi hold and stab with spear 60  
71 to stab, pierce sok pierce, sow 67  
52 to stand iru   2  
73 to steal vinau   1, 32  
42 to suck zus baby suckling; irregular initial z 25  
42 to suck səŋ      
87 to swell word info wof not sure of abcess, also 'growing' 55  
9 to swim kaiok also 'float'    
21 to think      
94 to throw word info      
66 to tie up, fasten pei fasten with rope as in making fence    
66 to tie up, fasten soɣo fasten with strips as when fastening thatch rows for roof 130  
8 to turn word info      
35 to vomit      
5 to walk zəŋəs   31  
83 to work word info vamuzes   79  
47 to yawn mauf   19  
32 tongue      
31 tooth ləvam or 1? 22  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info uru   1  
138 warm word info ləgəf at least of water 44  
122 water word info danim 'drinking water; river' 1  
185 we word info di   9  
185 we word info mam   1  
141 wet midaus      
188 what? word info      
170 when? word info leseŋ   21  
181 where? word info      
148 white aɣofkof   38  
189 who? word info nəs   1, 28  
159 wide      
58 wife      
136 wind maliu   34  
136 wind raraif   70  
100 wing bibinə   34  
55 woman/female aravin also 'wife' 1, 106  
127 woods/forest ləurən bush in general 45  
127 woods/forest bual unused, untended, wild bush    
107 worm (earthworm)      
169 year      
150 yellow ɣiɣis   39  
186 you nim   26  
186 you numtal   x  
186 you nagu subj x  

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