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Language: Nalik

Source/Author:  Lindström fieldnotes 
Identifiers:  ISO-639-3:nal  Glottocode: nali1244 
Notes:  Vocab collected in Lugagun village from Wolter Sizia, Agnes Bolai Tolivai, and Gregory Soles, and others in 2004. 
Problems:  Maybe ask Craig Volker to have a look? He's worked on Nalik for quite a long time. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Eva Lindström  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:Meso Melanesian:New Ireland:Lavongai-Nalik 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
8 to turn word info      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
13 back word info      
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
21 to think      
22 to fear      
23 blood      
25 neck      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
32 tongue      
33 to laugh      
35 to vomit      
39 to cook word info      
50 to dream      
53 person/human being      
57 husband      
58 wife      
63 name      
68 needle      
74 to kill      
76 to live, be alive      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
85 to choose      
89 to hold word info      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info      
98 egg      
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf      
116 flower      
117 fruit      
118 grass      
123 to flow      
126 lake      
128 sky      
132 fog      
137 to blow word info      
142 heavy      
144 to burn word info      
151 green      
154 short word info      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
169 year      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
177 this      
178 that      
180 far      
181 where? word info      
188 what? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
196 to count      
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
26 hair word info (a)vur   41  
105 tail (a)zum   36  
62 thatch/roof aias rafter x  
79 stick/wood aiəi (?) there is also iazu for digging stick and bale ('spear') for husking coconuts 1  
145 smoke word info ambun (noun) 40  
106 snake amurə      
109 mosquito anamu   1  
55 woman/female aravin also 'wife' 1, 106  
15 bone arun animals and fish etc. 1, 10  
54 man/male arəte also 'husband' 14?  
108 louse word info auriŋ Engut/EngEt first given but withdrawn 15  
143 fire auvərə      
120 stone avat   1  
176 below awanə      
24 head awat   9  
12 skin awen   28  
12 skin awinpin ('your skin': awinum; num=2sgPOSS) 28  
96 dog awiu ?aviu 46  
195 no, not awət possibly negative existential; kawEt='no, nothing'    
130 star awətpəda   23  
4 leg/foot aɣak   1  
148 white aɣofkof   38  
121 sand aɣon   1  
14 belly aɣu   56  
115 root aɣətkədər   37  
100 wing bibinə   34  
16 intestines bilau   26  
127 woods/forest bual unused, untended, wild bush    
162 old word info bəiək 'old man or woman' but likely attributive too; 'old' of things: mumuE 99  
30 mouth bəlam   51  
131 cloud word info bərə (not clear what type) 63  
122 water word info danim 'drinking water; river' 1  
80 to split word info dar specifically for bamboo 62  
133 rain davur   24  
185 we word info di   9  
64 to say dodor   91  
164 good dəɣo   54  
134 thunder embərak   51  
129 moon flen   1  
84 to plant fəzu   6  
37 to eat fəŋən   1, 53  
160 painful, sick gis   69  
65 rope iarus also 'lianna' etc 2  
17 liver iat   1  
111 fish ien   1  
40 to drink imen   1  
52 to stand iru   2  
27 nose is   1  
51 to sit izi      
9 to swim kaiok also 'float'    
36 to spit kanis   14  
152 small kəmumut      
41 to bite kərət   1  
2 left lakawa 'to your left'    
176 below lawanə   41, 74  
7 to come lawus   59  
43 ear laŋam      
175 above laɣor on, over 57  
170 when? word info leseŋ   21  
153 big ləbe   10  
167 night ləbuŋ   1  
101 to fly ləf   50  
138 warm word info ləgəf at least of water 44  
6 road/path ləlen   1  
174 in, inside ləməkəna 'inside'    
179 near ləparə   61  
153 big ləpuk   10  
3 right ləpəl 'to your right'    
127 woods/forest ləurən bush in general 45  
31 tooth ləvam or 1? 22  
168 day ləvanas   38  
44 to hear ləŋər also 'obey'. 'Listen': lEngErEn 1, 36  
136 wind maliu   34  
185 we word info mam   1  
97 bird mani   1  
45 eye maram   1  
166 correct, true mase      
75 to die, be dead mat   1  
47 to yawn mauf   19  
147 black maɣit   1  
149 red memek   1  
141 wet midaus      
48 to sleep milaif =lie down 45  
49 to lie down word info milaif =sleep 68  
146 ash mimbərət      
139 cold word info mindawət (not clear of what) 47  
1 hand mit   24  
140 dry word info məgələ (not clear of what) 31  
186 you nagu subj x  
184 he/she nan subj: ka/xa 1, 6  
59 mother nana   1, 83  
187 they nande subj: di 25  
182 I ni ni=independent form. subj: ga 1, 22  
186 you nim   26  
183 thou nu subj: gu 1, 18  
186 you numtal   x  
56 child nəlik      
189 who? word info nəs   1, 28  
152 small nət   41  
199 Three word info orol   1  
200 Four word info oroləvat   1, 65  
70 to shoot word info pawoi throw spear (no bows and arrows in New Ireland)    
66 to tie up, fasten pei fasten with rope as in making fence    
119 earth/soil pirə also 'land' 44  
93 to pound, beat word info pnes as in pounding octopus    
88 to squeeze word info pot ? of wet clothing? 18  
165 bad, evil raksat   23  
165 bad, evil rakset   23  
78 to cut, hack word info rarai for firewood, banana stock etc.; 'cut off branch' wor; 'cut a pig': ftok 1  
136 wind raraif   70  
124 sea ras   1  
34 to cry raŋas   1  
15 bone ruan humans 1, 10  
165 bad, evil rəksət   23  
125 salt rəs maɣəs (cf 'sea') 20  
72 to hit word info sak zop given for hitting dog (implement not quite clear) 74  
80 to split word info snak   40  
67 to sew word info sok no clothes traditionally..., used for making thatch rows for roof (sharp rattan(?) threaded up and down)' (cf 'pierce') 56  
71 to stab, pierce sok pierce, sow 67  
66 to tie up, fasten soɣo fasten with strips as when fastening thatch rows for roof 130  
167 night suk   39  
42 to suck səŋ      
46 to see tain   92  
46 to see tamai   92  
46 to see tamən itr: ramai (=tamai) 92  
60 father tete   15  
80 to split word info tok paxal to halve of food, betelnut, coconut 13  
198 Two word info uru   1  
61 house val   14  
83 to work word info vamuzes   79  
62 thatch/roof vataval head of house 40  
84 to plant vazu   6  
163 new vaɣur also 'young' 1  
73 to steal vinau   1, 32  
99 feather vura mani (bird hair) 75  
160 painful, sick vəgis   69  
135 lightning wilak   26  
86 to grow word info wof      
87 to swell word info wof not sure of abcess, also 'growing' 55  
71 to stab, pierce woi hold and stab with spear 60  
80 to split word info zaxal split of firewood (metathesis) 40  
197 One word info zaɣai   8  
72 to hit word info zop sak for hitting child or dog (implement not quite clear) 62  
90 to dig zuat   81  
18 breast zus   1  
42 to suck zus baby suckling; irregular initial z 25  
38 to chew word info zəm   21  
69 to hunt word info zəzələpiu      
5 to walk zəŋəs   31  
102 rat əskif metathesis 3  
77 to scratch word info ɣawal   92  
150 yellow ɣiɣis   39  

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