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Language: Nalik

Source/Author:  Lindström fieldnotes 
Notes:  Vocab collected in Lugagun village from Wolter Sizia, Agnes Bolai Tolivai, and Gregory Soles, and others in 2004. 
Problems:  Maybe ask Craig Volker to have a look? He's worked on Nalik for quite a long time. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Eva Lindström  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:Meso Melanesian:New Ireland:Lavongai-Nalik 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand mit   24  
2 left lakawa 'to your left'    
3 right ləpəl 'to your right'    
4 leg/foot aɣak   1  
5 to walk zəŋəs   31  
6 road/path ləlen   1  
7 to come lawus   59  
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim kaiok also 'float'    
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin awinpin ('your skin': awinum; num=2sgPOSS) 28  
12 skin awen   28  
13 back word info      
14 belly aɣu   56  
15 bone ruan humans 1, 10  
15 bone arun animals and fish etc. 1, 10  
16 intestines bilau   26  
17 liver iat   1  
18 breast zus   1  
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
21 to think      
22 to fear      
23 blood      
24 head awat   9  
25 neck      
26 hair word info (a)vur   41  
27 nose is   1  
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth bəlam   51  
31 tooth ləvam or 1? 22  
32 tongue      
33 to laugh      
34 to cry raŋas   1  
35 to vomit      
36 to spit kanis   14  
37 to eat fəŋən   1, 53  
38 to chew word info zəm   21  
39 to cook word info      
40 to drink imen   1  
41 to bite kərət   1  
42 to suck zus baby suckling; irregular initial z 25  
42 to suck səŋ      
43 ear laŋam      
44 to hear ləŋər also 'obey'. 'Listen': lEngErEn 1, 36  
45 eye maram   1  
46 to see tamən itr: ramai (=tamai) 92  
46 to see tain   92  
46 to see tamai   92  
47 to yawn mauf   19  
48 to sleep milaif =lie down 45  
49 to lie down word info milaif =sleep 68  
50 to dream      
51 to sit izi      
52 to stand iru   2  
53 person/human being      
54 man/male arəte also 'husband' 14?  
55 woman/female aravin also 'wife' 1, 106  
56 child nəlik      
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother nana   1, 83  
60 father tete   15  
61 house val   14  
62 thatch/roof vataval head of house 40  
62 thatch/roof aias rafter x  
63 name      
64 to say dodor   91  
65 rope iarus also 'lianna' etc 2  
66 to tie up, fasten pei fasten with rope as in making fence    
66 to tie up, fasten soɣo fasten with strips as when fastening thatch rows for roof 130  
67 to sew word info sok no clothes traditionally..., used for making thatch rows for roof (sharp rattan(?) threaded up and down)' (cf 'pierce') 56  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info zəzələpiu      
70 to shoot word info pawoi throw spear (no bows and arrows in New Ireland)    
71 to stab, pierce woi hold and stab with spear 60  
71 to stab, pierce sok pierce, sow 67  
72 to hit word info sak zop given for hitting dog (implement not quite clear) 74  
72 to hit word info zop sak for hitting child or dog (implement not quite clear) 62  
73 to steal vinau   1, 32  
74 to kill      
75 to die, be dead mat   1  
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info ɣawal   92  
78 to cut, hack word info rarai for firewood, banana stock etc.; 'cut off branch' wor; 'cut a pig': ftok 1  
79 stick/wood aiəi (?) there is also iazu for digging stick and bale ('spear') for husking coconuts 1  
80 to split word info snak   40  
80 to split word info dar specifically for bamboo 62  
80 to split word info zaxal split of firewood (metathesis) 40  
80 to split word info tok paxal to halve of food, betelnut, coconut 13  
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info vamuzes   79  
84 to plant fəzu   6  
84 to plant vazu   6  
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info wof      
87 to swell word info wof not sure of abcess, also 'growing' 55  
88 to squeeze word info pot ? of wet clothing? 18  
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig zuat   81  
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info pnes as in pounding octopus    
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info      
96 dog awiu ?aviu 46  
97 bird mani   1  
98 egg      
99 feather vura mani (bird hair) 75  
100 wing bibinə   34  
101 to fly ləf   50  
102 rat əskif metathesis 3  
103 meat/flesh      
104 fat/grease      
105 tail (a)zum   36  
106 snake amurə      
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info auriŋ Engut/EngEt first given but withdrawn 15  
109 mosquito anamu   1  
110 spider      
111 fish ien   1  
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf      
115 root aɣətkədər   37  
116 flower      
117 fruit      
118 grass      
119 earth/soil pirə also 'land' 44  
120 stone avat   1  
121 sand aɣon   1  
122 water word info danim 'drinking water; river' 1, 61  
123 to flow      
124 sea ras   1  
125 salt rəs maɣəs (cf 'sea') 20  
126 lake      
127 woods/forest ləurən bush in general 45  
127 woods/forest bual unused, untended, wild bush    
128 sky      
129 moon flen   1  
130 star awətpəda   23  
131 cloud word info bərə (not clear what type) 63  
132 fog      
133 rain davur   24  
134 thunder embərak   51  
135 lightning wilak   26  
136 wind maliu   34  
136 wind raraif   70  
137 to blow word info      
138 warm word info ləgəf at least of water 44  
139 cold word info mindawət (not clear of what) 47  
140 dry word info məgələ (not clear of what) 31  
141 wet midaus      
142 heavy      
143 fire auvərə      
144 to burn word info      
145 smoke word info ambun (noun) 40  
146 ash mimbərət      
147 black maɣit   1  
148 white aɣofkof   38  
149 red memek   1  
150 yellow ɣiɣis   39  
151 green      
152 small kəmumut      
152 small nət   41  
153 big ləpuk   10  
153 big ləbe   10  
154 short word info      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick gis   69  
160 painful, sick vəgis   69  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info bəiək 'old man or woman' but likely attributive too; 'old' of things: mumuE 99  
163 new vaɣur also 'young' 1  
164 good dəɣo   54  
165 bad, evil raksat   23  
165 bad, evil rəksət   23  
165 bad, evil rakset   23  
166 correct, true mase      
167 night ləbuŋ   1  
167 night suk   39  
168 day ləvanas   38  
169 year      
170 when? word info leseŋ   21  
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside ləməkəna 'inside'    
175 above laɣor on, over 57  
176 below awanə      
176 below lawanə   41, 74  
177 this      
178 that      
179 near ləparə   61  
180 far      
181 where? word info      
182 I ni ni=independent form. subj: ga 1, 22  
183 thou nu subj: gu 1, 18  
184 he/she nan subj: ka/xa 1, 6  
185 we word info di   9  
185 we word info mam   1  
186 you nim   26  
186 you numtal   x  
186 you nagu subj x  
187 they nande subj: di 25  
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info nəs   1, 28  
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not awət possibly negative existential; kawEt='no, nothing'    
196 to count      
197 One word info zaɣai   8  
198 Two word info uru   1  
199 Three word info orol   1  
200 Four word info oroləvat   1, 65  
201 Five word info      
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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