https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Hainan Cham

Source/Author:  Zheng Yiqing / Graham Thurgood 
Notes:  Most of the data is from Zheng (1997) but some is from fieldwork done by Graham and Ela Thurgood, Ouyang Jueya, and Jiang Di in the summer of 2004 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Graham Thurgood  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Malayo-Chamic:Chamic:Highlands:Chru-Northern:Northern Cham 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above ta 33   1  
191 all ʔdaw 33 borrowing   L
192 and ŋan 33   64  
146 ash pʰə 11   1  
173 at pa 33      
173 at pa 33-      
13 back word info kia 33 zoŋʔ 32 etymology unknown 43  
165 bad, evil saʔ 24   1?  
14 belly tenʔ 32   1  
176 below la 33   46  
153 big pioŋʔ 33 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origins but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 34  
97 bird nuʔ 24   1  
147 black ta:nʔ 32   1  
23 blood sia 55      
15 bone la:ŋ 33   1  
113 branch word info ʔa 11 zaw 33 etymology unknown    
18 breast hu 11 me 33 etymology unknown    
56 child naʔ 24   1  
131 cloud word info na:nʔ 21   59  
139 cold word info ʔan 33 etymology unclear 55  
166 correct, true zen 11 Chinese   L
168 day zay 33   17  
10 dirty kʰiʔ 43 borrowing   L
96 dog ʔa 11 sau 33   1  
140 dry word info tʰu 33   41  
82 dull, blunt pʰan 11 Mon-Khmer    
11 dust ʔbun 33 ki 33 etymology unknown    
43 ear na 11 ŋa 33   1  
119 earth/soil na 55   1  
98 egg pʰo 55   1  
204 Eight word info pa:nʔ32   4  
45 eye ta 33   1  
180 far ta 33   33  
104 fat/grease ñaʔ 24   1  
60 father ma 11   1  
99 feather pʰiɣ 11   1  
208 Fifty word info ma 33 piu 55   1, 2  
143 fire piu 33   1  
111 fish ka:n 33   1  
201 Five word info ma 33   1  
116 flower ŋa 11   1  
132 fog vu 33 Chinese: Han   L
200 Four word info paʔ 24   1  
117 fruit pʰo 55   1  
164 good na:yʔ 32 etymology unknown    
118 grass zəʔ 24 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 55  
151 green ta 55 green; ripe 1  
26 hair word info ʔbuʔ 24 irregular length 1  
1 hand ŋa:n 33   18  
184 he/she naw 33 vowel irregular if set 1 1?  
24 head koʔ 24   1  
142 heavy tsiawʔ 24 borrowed   L
61 house sa:ŋ 33   15  
194 how? word info si 11 lay 33      
57 husband sa:ŋ 11 etymology not clear 41  
182 I kaw 33   1  
193 if zi 11 ko 11 Chinese   L
193 if ʔa 11 ti 11 Chinese   L
174 in, inside la:nʔ 21   1  
16 intestines sa:yʔ 32 etymology unknown    
126 lake tʰoŋ 33 etymology unknown    
114 leaf lua 33 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic    
2 left ta:i 32 Mon-Khmer   L
2 left tso 33 Chinese   L
4 leg/foot ka:i 33   1  
135 lightning      
17 liver ta:yʔ 32   1  
155 long word info ta 33   38  
108 louse word info taw 11 head louse 1  
54 man/male kay 33   2  
103 meat/flesh lo 33 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 44  
129 moon pʰian 11   1  
109 mosquito muʔ 43   1?  
59 mother ʔa 11 na 11   1  
30 mouth pʰa 55   1  
63 name nan 33   1  
158 narrow tsat 24 etymology unknown    
179 near seʔ 43 ulimately Mon-Khmer in origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 69  
25 neck kuay 33 reconstructs to Proto-Chamic; borrowed from Mon-Khmer 55  
68 needle sun 11   1  
163 new pʰiɣ 11   1?  
167 night ʔa 11 la:nʔ 32   20?  
205 Nine word info thua 11 pa:nʔ32      
205 Nine word info kaw 11 (Cantonese   L
205 Nine word info kiuʔ43 (Chinese)   L
195 no, not pu 33 etymology totally unclear    
27 nose hu 11 tʰuŋ 11   1  
162 old word info ha 33 kʰaw 33 first syllable 1  
197 One word info sa 33   1  
209 One Hundred word info ta 11 tu 33 [1 100] tone is odd but is right word 4?  
210 One Thousand word info phə11      
190 other pʰi 55 kanʔ 21 za:ŋʔ 32   45  
160 painful, sick kiʔ 24   1  
53 person/human being za:ŋʔ 32   20?  
133 rain sa:n 11   1  
102 rat na 11 ku 55   22  
149 red za 55   1?  
3 right ziu 33 Chinese   L
3 right tʰiu 43 probably Chinese   L?
6 road/path kia 55 la:n 11   1  
6 road/path la:n 11   1  
115 root kʰa 33   2  
65 rope lay 33   1  
112 rotten word info zo 55 Chinese   L
112 rotten word info hua 33 etymology unknown    
112 rotten word info zoʔ 55 probably Chinese   L?
125 salt sia 33      
121 sand tsua 55 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-~Chamic 32  
124 sea siaʔ 43   1  
203 Seven word info su 55   4  
81 sharp loyʔ 43 etymology unknown    
154 short word info tsat 24 probably a borrowing   L?
19 shoulder pʰia 11 17? 1  
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info na:nʔ 32   1  
12 skin liʔ 24   1  
128 sky ŋiʔ 24   1  
152 small niak 24- part of compound; etymology unknown    
145 smoke word info sawʔ 24 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 49  
106 snake la 33   2  
110 spider -vay 33- etymology unknown    
130 star tuʔ 24   29  
79 stick/wood kun 33 thick stick < Chinese    
120 stone taw 11   1  
105 tail ku 33   1  
206 Ten word info piu 55   5  
178 that nan 33   1  
62 thatch/roof la:ŋ 33      
187 they naw 33 za:ŋʔ 32 3rd + person 15  
157 thick word info su 33 Chinese   L
156 thin word info pi 55   1  
177 this ni 33   1  
183 thou ha 33   12  
199 Three word info kiɣ 33   1  
134 thunder kʰianʔ 21   2  
41 to bite kawʔ 24 Mon-Khmer borrowing, but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic    
137 to blow word info zuʔ 24   1  
28 to breathe siak 24 kʰi 33 etymology unknown    
144 to burn word info tsu 55 ulimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 30  
91 to buy pʰiay 11   1  
38 to chew word info ma 55   1  
85 to choose noŋ 33 etymology unknown    
85 to choose pi 55 etymology unknown    
172 to climb word info ʔbuay 33 etymology unknown    
7 to come za:iʔ 32      
39 to cook word info tuʔ 24      
196 to count zawʔ 24      
34 to cry hia 33   18  
78 to cut, hack word info kʰet 24 fell (tree)    
78 to cut, hack word info tʰuən 11 fell (tree)    
75 to die, be dead ta:yʔ 32   1  
90 to dig      
50 to dream pay 33   1  
40 to drink huiʔ 24 etymology unknown    
37 to eat huaʔ 24 Mon-Khmer borrowing, but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 19  
95 to fall word info law 11 pʰi 55   1  
22 to fear ʔda 11 Hlai borrowing   L
22 to fear heʔ 24 Chinese   L
123 to flow ʔdoyʔ 43 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 35  
101 to fly pan 33      
86 to grow word info      
44 to hear məʔ 24 borrowing   L
171 to hide word info tʰa:wʔ 43 etymology unknown    
72 to hit word info po 55 etymology unknown    
89 to hold word info tsa:wʔ 21 etymology unknown    
69 to hunt word info po 55 kʰiayʔ 32 etymology unknown    
74 to kill leʔ 24/55 tonal alternation unexplained    
20 to know, be knowledgeable tiawʔ 32 etymology unknown    
33 to laugh pioŋʔ 32 kiaw 33 looks like a borrowing but seems regularly connected to PC too 31  
49 to lie down word info ʔdi 55   27  
76 to live, be alive tʰiuʔ 43   1  
92 to open, uncover ʔbayʔ 24 etymology unknown    
84 to plant pia 33   25?  
93 to pound, beat word info po 55 pa 33 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic    
64 to say poyʔ 24 speak    
77 to scratch word info kʰiaw 11 etymology unknown    
46 to see ʔbu 55 borrowing   L
46 to see hiawʔ 24 Chinese   L
67 to sew word info siʔ 24   2?  
70 to shoot word info na 55   1  
51 to sit tʰoʔ 43   35  
48 to sleep piʔ 24 ta 33 Mon-Khmer borrowing but appears to reconstruct to Proto-Chamic 29  
29 to sniff, smell ñu 55 "nasal mucus"? PMP: *hiŋus 90  
36 to spit pʰa 55      
80 to split word info pʰia 55 Mon-Khmer    
88 to squeeze word info panʔ 21 etymology unknown    
71 to stab, pierce tsui 33 etymology unknown    
52 to stand lit 24 Chinese   L
73 to steal keʔ 24 medial irregular; ultimately a borrowing from Mon-Khmer    
42 to suck      
87 to swell word info pʰia 55      
9 to swim luai 33 ʔai 33 Mon-Khmer 29  
9 to swim ziu 11 Chinese   L
21 to think sioŋʔ 32 Chinese    
94 to throw word info      
66 to tie up, fasten kaʔ 24 tie rope 1  
8 to turn word info tʰanʔ 32 tone and vowel length irregular    
35 to vomit ta 55   1  
5 to walk na:uʔ 32 go 2  
5 to walk pʰaʔ 43 walk    
83 to work word info pʰuaʔ 43 ultimately Mon-Khmer borrowing but reconstructs back to Proto-Chamic    
47 to yawn ʔa:wʔ 24   19  
32 tongue la 55   4  
31 tooth (hu 11) kʰay 11   17  
207 Twenty word info thua 11 piu 55   3, 6  
198 Two word info tʰua 11   1  
138 warm word info ʔda:wʔ 32 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 53  
122 water word info ʔia 33 etymology presents problems 23  
185 we word info mi 33 exclusive 2  
185 we word info ta 33 inclusive 1  
141 wet sa 55   1  
188 what? word info kʰat 43 etymology unknown 19  
170 when? word info      
181 where? word info lay 33      
148 white ti 55   1  
189 who? word info ʔa 33 za:ŋʔ 32      
159 wide maʔ 43 etymology unknown    
58 wife tʰiuʔ 43 etymology not clear 32  
136 wind ŋin 33   1  
100 wing siawʔ 24   26  
55 woman/female may 33   126  
127 woods/forest kʰiayʔ 32   42  
107 worm (earthworm) ʔa 11 na:ŋʔ 32      
169 year tʰun 33   1  
150 yellow ñiʔ 24   1?  
186 you ha 33 za:ŋʔ 32 same as 'thou' or 2nd + persoʰ    

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