https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Hainan Cham

Source/Author:  Zheng Yiqing / Graham Thurgood 
Notes:  Most of the data is from Zheng (1997) but some is from fieldwork done by Graham and Ela Thurgood, Ouyang Jueya, and Jiang Di in the summer of 2004 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Graham Thurgood  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Malayo-Chamic:Chamic:Highlands:Chru-Northern:Northern Cham 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 20 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
42 to suck      
86 to grow word info      
90 to dig      
94 to throw word info      
135 lightning      
161 shy, ashamed      
170 when? word info      
31 tooth (hu 11) kʰay 11   17  
110 spider -vay 33- etymology unknown    
183 thou ha 33   12  
162 old word info ha 33 kʰaw 33 first syllable 1  
186 you ha 33 za:ŋʔ 32 same as 'thou' or 2nd + persoʰ    
22 to fear heʔ 24 Chinese   L
34 to cry hia 33   18  
46 to see hiawʔ 24 Chinese   L
18 breast hu 11 me 33 etymology unknown    
27 nose hu 11 tʰuŋ 11   1  
112 rotten word info hua 33 etymology unknown    
37 to eat huaʔ 24 Mon-Khmer borrowing, but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 19  
40 to drink huiʔ 24 etymology unknown    
4 leg/foot ka:i 33   1  
111 fish ka:n 33   1  
205 Nine word info kaw 11 (Cantonese   L
182 I kaw 33   1  
41 to bite kawʔ 24 Mon-Khmer borrowing, but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic    
54 man/male kay 33   2  
66 to tie up, fasten kaʔ 24 tie rope 1  
73 to steal keʔ 24 medial irregular; ultimately a borrowing from Mon-Khmer    
13 back word info kia 33 zoŋʔ 32 etymology unknown 43  
6 road/path kia 55 la:n 11   1  
205 Nine word info kiuʔ43 (Chinese)   L
199 Three word info kiɣ 33   1  
160 painful, sick kiʔ 24   1  
24 head koʔ 24   1  
105 tail ku 33   1  
25 neck kuay 33 reconstructs to Proto-Chamic; borrowed from Mon-Khmer 55  
79 stick/wood kun 33 thick stick < Chinese    
115 root kʰa 33   2  
188 what? word info kʰat 43 etymology unknown 19  
78 to cut, hack word info kʰet 24 fell (tree)    
134 thunder kʰianʔ 21   2  
77 to scratch word info kʰiaw 11 etymology unknown    
127 woods/forest kʰiayʔ 32   42  
10 dirty kʰiʔ 43 borrowing   L
106 snake la 33   2  
176 below la 33   46  
32 tongue la 55   4  
6 road/path la:n 11   1  
174 in, inside la:nʔ 21   1  
15 bone la:ŋ 33   1  
62 thatch/roof la:ŋ 33      
95 to fall word info law 11 pʰi 55   1  
65 rope lay 33   1  
181 where? word info lay 33      
74 to kill leʔ 24/55 tonal alternation unexplained    
52 to stand lit 24 Chinese   L
12 skin liʔ 24   1  
103 meat/flesh lo 33 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 44  
81 sharp loyʔ 43 etymology unknown    
114 leaf lua 33 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic    
9 to swim luai 33 ʔai 33 Mon-Khmer 29  
60 father ma 11   1  
201 Five word info ma 33   1  
208 Fifty word info ma 33 piu 55   1, 2  
38 to chew word info ma 55   1  
55 woman/female may 33   126  
159 wide maʔ 43 etymology unknown    
185 we word info mi 33 exclusive 2  
109 mosquito muʔ 43   1?  
44 to hear məʔ 24 borrowing   L
102 rat na 11 ku 55   22  
43 ear na 11 ŋa 33   1  
70 to shoot word info na 55   1  
119 earth/soil na 55   1  
131 cloud word info na:nʔ 21   59  
202 Six word info na:nʔ 32   1  
5 to walk na:uʔ 32 go 2  
164 good na:yʔ 32 etymology unknown    
63 name nan 33   1  
178 that nan 33   1  
184 he/she naw 33 vowel irregular if set 1 1?  
187 they naw 33 za:ŋʔ 32 3rd + person 15  
56 child naʔ 24   1  
177 this ni 33   1  
152 small niak 24- part of compound; etymology unknown    
85 to choose noŋ 33 etymology unknown    
97 bird nuʔ 24   1  
173 at pa 33      
173 at pa 33-      
204 Eight word info pa:nʔ32   4  
101 to fly pan 33      
88 to squeeze word info panʔ 21 etymology unknown    
50 to dream pay 33   1  
200 Four word info paʔ 24   1  
210 One Thousand word info phə11      
85 to choose pi 55 etymology unknown    
156 thin word info pi 55   1  
84 to plant pia 33   25?  
33 to laugh pioŋʔ 32 kiaw 33 looks like a borrowing but seems regularly connected to PC too 31  
153 big pioŋʔ 33 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origins but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 34  
143 fire piu 33   1  
206 Ten word info piu 55   5  
48 to sleep piʔ 24 ta 33 Mon-Khmer borrowing but appears to reconstruct to Proto-Chamic 29  
72 to hit word info po 55 etymology unknown    
69 to hunt word info po 55 kʰiayʔ 32 etymology unknown    
93 to pound, beat word info po 55 pa 33 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic    
64 to say poyʔ 24 speak    
195 no, not pu 33 etymology totally unclear    
30 mouth pʰa 55   1  
36 to spit pʰa 55      
82 dull, blunt pʰan 11 Mon-Khmer    
5 to walk pʰaʔ 43 walk    
190 other pʰi 55 kanʔ 21 za:ŋʔ 32   45  
19 shoulder pʰia 11 17? 1  
80 to split word info pʰia 55 Mon-Khmer    
87 to swell word info pʰia 55      
129 moon pʰian 11   1  
91 to buy pʰiay 11   1  
99 feather pʰiɣ 11   1  
163 new pʰiɣ 11   1?  
98 egg pʰo 55   1  
117 fruit pʰo 55   1  
83 to work word info pʰuaʔ 43 ultimately Mon-Khmer borrowing but reconstructs back to Proto-Chamic    
146 ash pʰə 11   1  
197 One word info sa 33   1  
141 wet sa 55   1  
133 rain sa:n 11   1  
16 intestines sa:yʔ 32 etymology unknown    
57 husband sa:ŋ 11 etymology not clear 41  
61 house sa:ŋ 33   15  
145 smoke word info sawʔ 24 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 49  
165 bad, evil saʔ 24   1?  
179 near seʔ 43 ulimately Mon-Khmer in origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 69  
194 how? word info si 11 lay 33      
125 salt sia 33      
23 blood sia 55      
28 to breathe siak 24 kʰi 33 etymology unknown    
100 wing siawʔ 24   26  
124 sea siaʔ 43   1  
21 to think sioŋʔ 32 Chinese    
67 to sew word info siʔ 24   2?  
157 thick word info su 33 Chinese   L
203 Seven word info su 55   4  
68 needle sun 11   1  
209 One Hundred word info ta 11 tu 33 [1 100] tone is odd but is right word 4?  
45 eye ta 33   1  
155 long word info ta 33   38  
175 above ta 33   1  
180 far ta 33   33  
185 we word info ta 33 inclusive 1  
35 to vomit ta 55   1  
151 green ta 55 green; ripe 1  
2 left ta:i 32 Mon-Khmer   L
147 black ta:nʔ 32   1  
17 liver ta:yʔ 32   1  
75 to die, be dead ta:yʔ 32   1  
108 louse word info taw 11 head louse 1  
120 stone taw 11   1  
14 belly tenʔ 32   1  
205 Nine word info thua 11 pa:nʔ32      
207 Twenty word info thua 11 piu 55   3, 6  
148 white ti 55   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable tiawʔ 32 etymology unknown    
89 to hold word info tsa:wʔ 21 etymology unknown    
154 short word info tsat 24 probably a borrowing   L?
158 narrow tsat 24 etymology unknown    
142 heavy tsiawʔ 24 borrowed   L
2 left tso 33 Chinese   L
144 to burn word info tsu 55 ulimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 30  
121 sand tsua 55 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-~Chamic 32  
71 to stab, pierce tsui 33 etymology unknown    
39 to cook word info tuʔ 24      
130 star tuʔ 24   29  
171 to hide word info tʰa:wʔ 43 etymology unknown    
8 to turn word info tʰanʔ 32 tone and vowel length irregular    
3 right tʰiu 43 probably Chinese   L?
58 wife tʰiuʔ 43 etymology not clear 32  
76 to live, be alive tʰiuʔ 43   1  
126 lake tʰoŋ 33 etymology unknown    
51 to sit tʰoʔ 43   35  
140 dry word info tʰu 33   41  
198 Two word info tʰua 11   1  
169 year tʰun 33   1  
78 to cut, hack word info tʰuən 11 fell (tree)    
132 fog vu 33 Chinese: Han   L
149 red za 55   1?  
7 to come za:iʔ 32      
53 person/human being za:ŋʔ 32   20?  
196 to count zawʔ 24      
168 day zay 33   17  
166 correct, true zen 11 Chinese   L
193 if zi 11 ko 11 Chinese   L
9 to swim ziu 11 Chinese   L
3 right ziu 33 Chinese   L
112 rotten word info zo 55 Chinese   L
112 rotten word info zoʔ 55 probably Chinese   L?
137 to blow word info zuʔ 24   1  
118 grass zəʔ 24 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 55  
104 fat/grease ñaʔ 24   1  
150 yellow ñiʔ 24   1?  
29 to sniff, smell ñu 55 "nasal mucus"? PMP: *hiŋus 90  
116 flower ŋa 11   1  
1 hand ŋa:n 33   18  
192 and ŋan 33   64  
136 wind ŋin 33   1  
128 sky ŋiʔ 24   1  
167 night ʔa 11 la:nʔ 32   20?  
59 mother ʔa 11 na 11   1  
107 worm (earthworm) ʔa 11 na:ŋʔ 32      
96 dog ʔa 11 sau 33   1  
193 if ʔa 11 ti 11 Chinese   L
113 branch word info ʔa 11 zaw 33 etymology unknown    
189 who? word info ʔa 33 za:ŋʔ 32      
47 to yawn ʔa:wʔ 24   19  
139 cold word info ʔan 33 etymology unclear 55  
92 to open, uncover ʔbayʔ 24 etymology unknown    
46 to see ʔbu 55 borrowing   L
172 to climb word info ʔbuay 33 etymology unknown    
11 dust ʔbun 33 ki 33 etymology unknown    
26 hair word info ʔbuʔ 24 irregular length 1  
22 to fear ʔda 11 Hlai borrowing   L
138 warm word info ʔda:wʔ 32 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 53  
191 all ʔdaw 33 borrowing   L
49 to lie down word info ʔdi 55   27  
123 to flow ʔdoyʔ 43 ultimately of Mon-Khmer origin but reconstructs to Proto-Chamic 35  
122 water word info ʔia 33 etymology presents problems 23  

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