https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Tungag / Tungak / Lavongai

Source/Author:  Beaumont & Lloyd (1988) 
Notes:  Beaumont, C. H. (Ed.) (1986). Lavongai Materials, Volume 82 of Pacific Linguistics: Series D. Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, Canberra. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Eva Lindström  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:Meso Melanesian:New Ireland:Lavongai-Nalik 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above paŋkul   58  
191 all akamus   44  
191 all aoŋos      
191 all mamain      
191 all a mamain ta      
191 all sip      
192 and na   7  
192 and ve   24  
146 ash buta   19  
146 ash vuta   19  
173 at e   1  
13 back word info toŋi      
13 back word info tuan   12?  
165 bad, evil rikek      
14 belly viŋa      
176 below te "under"    
176 below nei te "under"    
176 below kebkeb "down"    
153 big lava   10  
153 big taviri      
153 big vitulava   10  
153 big vutulava   10  
97 bird mani   1  
97 bird manu   1  
147 black mitiŋ      
23 blood raŋai   1  
15 bone tuan   1, 10  
113 branch word info      
18 breast tus   1, 33  
56 child nat   5  
131 cloud word info kuku (type unknown) 56  
139 cold word info livus (type unknown)    
166 correct, true      
168 day tan      
168 day taun      
10 dirty muŋan   63  
10 dirty muŋ "dirt" 63  
96 dog kauvek   41  
140 dry word info galgal   31  
140 dry word info kolo      
82 dull, blunt      
11 dust      
43 ear taliŋa   1  
119 earth/soil kono      
119 earth/soil vunep      
98 egg katu   1  
98 egg katui   1  
204 Eight word info letol      
204 Eight word info limaletol      
45 eye mete   1  
45 eye mata   1  
180 far      
104 fat/grease uŋan   36  
60 father tama-   1  
60 father mamai   1, 10  
60 father mamem (mamem on south coast) 1, 10  
99 feather huŋui   75  
99 feather uŋui   75  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire kut      
111 fish ien   1  
201 Five word info palpalimana   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
116 flower      
132 fog      
200 Four word info apuat   1, 65  
117 fruit      
164 good ro   54  
118 grass iruiru also 'low shrub'    
151 green makaŋa   13, 51  
26 hair word info   41  
1 hand kuŋa-   40  
184 he/she ninia   1, 6  
184 he/she nia   1, 6  
184 he/she ia obj 1  
24 head pat   9  
24 head vaŋaŋ      
24 head patu-   9  
142 heavy maiten   17  
61 house lu   26  
194 how? word info bilan      
57 husband      
182 I nau   1, 22  
182 I na   1, 22  
182 I iau obj x  
193 if man   10  
174 in, inside e   4  
174 in, inside enei      
174 in, inside nei      
16 intestines nei   1?  
126 lake      
114 leaf pan   12  
114 leaf ŋan   1  
2 left      
4 leg/foot kak(-i-)   1  
135 lightning tafak      
17 liver pakaŋa      
155 long word info vuŋavuŋa   49  
108 louse word info ŋut   1  
54 man/male pua vap plural    
54 man/male vap plural    
54 man/male higenen      
54 man/male anutan      
54 man/male anu   33  
103 meat/flesh sin   18  
129 moon ulen   1  
109 mosquito iŋaiŋa      
59 mother rina-   1  
30 mouth ŋur   2  
63 name asan   1, 18  
158 narrow      
179 near      
25 neck ŋo sic 18  
25 neck eŋono sic 18  
68 needle      
163 new taŋin   33  
163 new taŋinaŋ   33  
167 night vuŋ   1  
167 night voŋ   1  
205 Nine word info leat      
195 no, not ilua      
195 no, not parik   50  
195 no, not kovek      
195 no, not tau      
195 no, not vei   67  
27 nose his   1  
27 nose is(-u-)   1  
162 old word info lapan "old man" 42  
162 old word info lapun "old woman" 42  
162 old word info kavaŋ "old" ( type unknown ) 32  
162 old word info kavoŋ "old" ( type unknown ) 32  
197 One word info sikei   42  
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other suke      
160 painful, sick kui "pain"    
160 painful, sick ra vaim "pain"    
160 painful, sick rikek "sick, bad" 54  
53 person/human being makan "people"    
53 person/human being vap "people" 33  
133 rain koko      
133 rain laŋit   7  
102 rat voi      
149 red malek   1  
149 red melek   1  
3 right      
6 road/path salan   1  
6 road/path selen   1  
115 root mis      
65 rope      
112 rotten word info      
125 salt      
121 sand kone   1  
121 sand kono posok   1  
121 sand konen "sandy" 1  
124 sea malila also 'the smooth sea'    
203 Seven word info lima-lei-at      
81 sharp      
154 short word info kudik      
19 shoulder      
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info lesikei   5  
202 Six word info lima-lesikei   5  
12 skin kulit   1  
12 skin pe      
128 sky      
152 small lik irregular l reflex of *r 66, 82  
152 small liklik irregular l reflex of *r 66, 82  
145 smoke word info buŋ   40  
145 smoke word info vuŋ   40  
106 snake ralai      
110 spider      
130 star kalto   31  
79 stick/wood eian   1  
79 stick/wood ŋakan      
79 stick/wood vukei   1  
120 stone hat   1  
120 stone iat   1  
120 stone at   1  
105 tail vikvik   1, 31  
105 tail paka   55  
206 Ten word info sangauli   5  
206 Ten word info sikei a sangauli   5  
178 that naŋ   1  
178 that pei      
178 that      
178 that      
178 that sane      
178 that sukana      
62 thatch/roof pat roof, head (no word given for thatch) 40  
187 they riria   25  
187 they ria   25  
187 they iria obj 25  
157 thick word info      
156 thin word info      
177 this neke      
177 this ke      
177 this kane      
177 this kana      
183 thou nuŋai      
183 thou numai      
183 thou ua obj x  
183 thou iam obj x  
199 Three word info atol   1  
199 Three word info pot-ol   1  
134 thunder      
41 to bite      
137 to blow word info kui (type unknown; back-translation gives 1. 'blow', 2. 'pain' 43  
28 to breathe      
144 to burn word info      
91 to buy      
38 to chew word info      
85 to choose Φilʌk   1, 28  
172 to climb word info riuk      
7 to come me   1  
7 to come serei      
7 to come palak      
39 to cook word info taun   9  
196 to count      
34 to cry taŋis "crying" 1  
34 to cry aŋtaŋis cry together 1  
78 to cut, hack word info anti to cut    
78 to cut, hack word info taŋai cut down 1  
78 to cut, hack word info ŋat cut grass 116  
78 to cut, hack word info ŋaut cut grass 116  
78 to cut, hack word info dek cut lengthwise    
78 to cut, hack word info tuk cut off 3, 96  
78 to cut, hack word info putputuk cut up 55  
75 to die, be dead mat   1  
90 to dig kel   1  
50 to dream ororuŋ      
40 to drink inum   1  
40 to drink sep   22  
37 to eat aŋan   1, 53  
95 to fall word info usan fall (of rain) x  
22 to fear aleŋ "frighten"    
123 to flow sʌliŋ   24  
101 to fly      
86 to grow word info      
44 to hear loŋo   1, 36  
44 to hear loŋoŋ   1, 36  
171 to hide word info mun   1, 67  
171 to hide word info amunai transitive 1, 67  
72 to hit word info      
89 to hold word info teŋ   19  
69 to hunt word info      
74 to kill punuk   1  
74 to kill rauŋ amatan   49, 2  
74 to kill rauŋ   49  
74 to kill puka killed    
74 to kill vilua killed 29  
74 to kill tapunuk killed, of animals for a feast 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable nas   98  
33 to laugh      
49 to lie down word info      
76 to live, be alive to   8  
76 to live, be alive go also 'wait'    
92 to open, uncover      
84 to plant suxʌl      
93 to pound, beat word info sap not clear if this refers to food 29  
93 to pound, beat word info saup not clear if this refers to food 29  
64 to say arakus      
64 to say daŋ      
77 to scratch word info      
46 to see ba not see X  
46 to see de      
46 to see ararai   15  
46 to see arai   15  
67 to sew word info      
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit sinuŋ   73  
51 to sit sinoŋ   73  
51 to sit sinu   73  
48 to sleep pasim   85  
48 to sleep papasimai   85  
48 to sleep matuŋ   1  
29 to sniff, smell      
36 to spit      
80 to split word info dek 'cut lengthwise' 62  
88 to squeeze word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
52 to stand tuŋ   2  
52 to stand atuŋ transitive 2  
73 to steal tainau   1, 55  
42 to suck      
87 to swell word info      
9 to swim      
21 to think lomon   78  
21 to think lomlomonai   78  
94 to throw word info asuai ni "throw away" x  
66 to tie up, fasten dikut 'tie together'    
8 to turn word info      
35 to vomit mutak   1  
5 to walk pasal   8  
83 to work word info apek      
47 to yawn      
32 tongue kalkalame   7, 14  
31 tooth ŋisa-   24  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info aŋua   1  
198 Two word info pong-wa   1  
138 warm word info manus (type unknown) 1, 72  
138 warm word info nini (type unknown)    
122 water word info laman      
185 we word info tara      
185 we word info ta   1  
185 we word info namem   17  
185 we word info ira obj    
185 we word info imem obj 4  
141 wet vuluk 37 37  
188 what? word info asa   1  
188 what? word info au      
188 what? word info kedik      
188 what? word info sa   1  
170 when? word info aŋisa   1, 41  
181 where? word info onei "where is" x  
181 where? word info tasi      
181 where? word info ave < *be 41  
181 where? word info au      
181 where? word info eoi   3  
181 where? word info kedik      
181 where? word info nei      
148 white posok   39  
189 who? word info si   1, 28  
159 wide      
58 wife kisŋana      
136 wind malu   34  
100 wing vavau   7  
55 woman/female aina   1, 106  
55 woman/female haina   1, 106  
127 woods/forest gal      
127 woods/forest utan   7  
127 woods/forest na uten 'bush'; 'in the bush' 7  
107 worm (earthworm)      
169 year      
150 yellow dinaŋ      
150 yellow kiskis   39  
186 you nami   26  
186 you mi   26  
186 you imi obj 26  

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