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Language: Tungag / Tungak / Lavongai

Source/Author:  Beaumont & Lloyd (1988) 
Notes:  Beaumont, C. H. (Ed.) (1986). Lavongai Materials, Volume 82 of Pacific Linguistics: Series D. Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, Canberra. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Eva Lindström  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:Meso Melanesian:New Ireland:Lavongai-Nalik 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
2 left      
3 right      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
11 dust      
19 shoulder      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
33 to laugh      
36 to spit      
38 to chew word info      
41 to bite      
42 to suck      
47 to yawn      
49 to lie down word info      
57 husband      
65 rope      
67 to sew word info      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info      
77 to scratch word info      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
101 to fly      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
116 flower      
117 fruit      
125 salt      
126 lake      
128 sky      
132 fog      
134 thunder      
144 to burn word info      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
166 correct, true      
169 year      
179 near      
180 far      
196 to count      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
191 all a mamain ta      
55 woman/female aina   1, 106  
191 all akamus   44  
22 to fear aleŋ "frighten"    
171 to hide word info amunai transitive 1, 67  
78 to cut, hack word info anti to cut    
54 man/male anu   33  
54 man/male anutan      
191 all aoŋos      
83 to work word info apek      
200 Four word info apuat   1, 65  
46 to see arai   15  
64 to say arakus      
46 to see ararai   15  
188 what? word info asa   1  
63 name asan   1, 18  
94 to throw word info asuai ni "throw away" x  
120 stone at   1  
199 Three word info atol   1  
52 to stand atuŋ transitive 2  
181 where? word info au      
188 what? word info au      
181 where? word info ave < *be 41  
178 that      
37 to eat aŋan   1, 53  
170 when? word info aŋisa   1, 41  
34 to cry aŋtaŋis cry together 1  
198 Two word info aŋua   1  
46 to see ba not see X  
194 how? word info bilan      
146 ash buta   19  
145 smoke word info buŋ   40  
64 to say daŋ      
46 to see de      
78 to cut, hack word info dek cut lengthwise    
80 to split word info dek 'cut lengthwise' 62  
66 to tie up, fasten dikut 'tie together'    
150 yellow dinaŋ      
173 at e   1  
174 in, inside e   4  
79 stick/wood eian   1  
174 in, inside enei      
181 where? word info eoi   3  
178 that      
25 neck eŋono sic 18  
127 woods/forest gal      
140 dry word info galgal   31  
76 to live, be alive go also 'wait'    
55 woman/female haina   1, 106  
120 stone hat   1  
54 man/male higenen      
27 nose his   1  
99 feather huŋui   75  
184 he/she ia obj 1  
183 thou iam obj x  
120 stone iat   1  
182 I iau obj x  
111 fish ien   1  
195 no, not ilua      
185 we word info imem obj 4  
186 you imi obj 26  
40 to drink inum   1  
185 we word info ira obj    
187 they iria obj 25  
118 grass iruiru also 'low shrub'    
27 nose is(-u-)   1  
109 mosquito iŋaiŋa      
4 leg/foot kak(-i-)   1  
32 tongue kalkalame   7, 14  
130 star kalto   31  
177 this kana      
177 this kane      
98 egg katu   1  
98 egg katui   1  
96 dog kauvek   41  
162 old word info kavaŋ "old" ( type unknown ) 32  
162 old word info kavoŋ "old" ( type unknown ) 32  
177 this ke      
176 below kebkeb "down"    
181 where? word info kedik      
188 what? word info kedik      
90 to dig kel   1  
150 yellow kiskis   39  
58 wife kisŋana      
133 rain koko      
140 dry word info kolo      
121 sand kone   1  
121 sand konen "sandy" 1  
119 earth/soil kono      
121 sand kono posok   1  
195 no, not kovek      
154 short word info kudik      
137 to blow word info kui (type unknown; back-translation gives 1. 'blow', 2. 'pain' 43  
160 painful, sick kui "pain"    
131 cloud word info kuku (type unknown) 56  
12 skin kulit   1  
143 fire kut      
1 hand kuŋa-   40  
122 water word info laman      
162 old word info lapan "old man" 42  
162 old word info lapun "old woman" 42  
153 big lava   10  
133 rain laŋit   7  
205 Nine word info leat      
202 Six word info lesikei   5  
204 Eight word info letol      
152 small lik irregular l reflex of *r 66, 82  
152 small liklik irregular l reflex of *r 66, 82  
201 Five word info lima   1  
203 Seven word info lima-lei-at      
202 Six word info lima-lesikei   5  
204 Eight word info limaletol      
139 cold word info livus (type unknown)    
21 to think lomlomonai   78  
21 to think lomon   78  
44 to hear loŋo   1, 36  
44 to hear loŋoŋ   1, 36  
61 house lu   26  
142 heavy maiten   17  
53 person/human being makan "people"    
151 green makaŋa   13, 51  
149 red malek   1  
124 sea malila also 'the smooth sea'    
136 wind malu   34  
60 father mamai   1, 10  
191 all mamain      
60 father mamem (mamem on south coast) 1, 10  
193 if man   10  
97 bird mani   1  
97 bird manu   1  
138 warm word info manus (type unknown) 1, 72  
75 to die, be dead mat   1  
45 eye mata   1  
48 to sleep matuŋ   1  
7 to come me   1  
149 red melek   1  
45 eye mete   1  
186 you mi   26  
115 root mis      
147 black mitiŋ      
171 to hide word info mun   1, 67  
35 to vomit mutak   1  
10 dirty muŋ "dirt" 63  
10 dirty muŋan   63  
182 I na   1, 22  
192 and na   7  
127 woods/forest na uten 'bush'; 'in the bush' 7  
185 we word info namem   17  
186 you nami   26  
20 to know, be knowledgeable nas   98  
56 child nat   5  
182 I nau   1, 22  
178 that naŋ   1  
16 intestines nei   1?  
174 in, inside nei      
181 where? word info nei      
176 below nei te "under"    
177 this neke      
184 he/she nia   1, 6  
138 warm word info nini (type unknown)    
184 he/she ninia   1, 6  
183 thou numai      
183 thou nuŋai      
181 where? word info onei "where is" x  
50 to dream ororuŋ      
105 tail paka   55  
17 liver pakaŋa      
7 to come palak      
201 Five word info palpalimana   1  
114 leaf pan   12  
48 to sleep papasimai   85  
195 no, not parik   50  
5 to walk pasal   8  
48 to sleep pasim   85  
24 head pat   9  
62 thatch/roof pat roof, head (no word given for thatch) 40  
24 head patu-   9  
175 above paŋkul   58  
12 skin pe      
178 that pei      
198 Two word info pong-wa   1  
148 white posok   39  
199 Three word info pot-ol   1  
54 man/male pua vap plural    
74 to kill puka killed    
74 to kill punuk   1  
78 to cut, hack word info putputuk cut up 55  
160 painful, sick ra vaim "pain"    
106 snake ralai      
74 to kill rauŋ   49  
74 to kill rauŋ amatan   49, 2  
23 blood raŋai   1  
187 they ria   25  
160 painful, sick rikek "sick, bad" 54  
165 bad, evil rikek      
59 mother rina-   1  
187 they riria   25  
172 to climb word info riuk      
164 good ro   54  
188 what? word info sa   1  
6 road/path salan   1  
178 that sane      
206 Ten word info sangauli   5  
93 to pound, beat word info sap not clear if this refers to food 29  
93 to pound, beat word info saup not clear if this refers to food 29  
6 road/path selen   1  
40 to drink sep   22  
7 to come serei      
189 who? word info si   1, 28  
197 One word info sikei   42  
206 Ten word info sikei a sangauli   5  
103 meat/flesh sin   18  
51 to sit sinoŋ   73  
51 to sit sinu   73  
51 to sit sinuŋ   73  
191 all sip      
178 that sukana      
190 other suke      
84 to plant suxʌl      
123 to flow sʌliŋ   24  
185 we word info ta   1  
135 lightning tafak      
73 to steal tainau   1, 55  
43 ear taliŋa   1  
60 father tama-   1  
168 day tan      
74 to kill tapunuk killed, of animals for a feast 1  
185 we word info tara      
181 where? word info tasi      
195 no, not tau      
39 to cook word info taun   9  
168 day taun      
153 big taviri      
78 to cut, hack word info taŋai cut down 1  
163 new taŋin   33  
163 new taŋinaŋ   33  
34 to cry taŋis "crying" 1  
176 below te "under"    
89 to hold word info teŋ   19  
76 to live, be alive to   8  
13 back word info toŋi      
13 back word info tuan   12?  
15 bone tuan   1, 10  
78 to cut, hack word info tuk cut off 3, 96  
18 breast tus   1, 33  
52 to stand tuŋ   2  
183 thou ua obj x  
129 moon ulen   1  
95 to fall word info usan fall (of rain) x  
127 woods/forest utan   7  
26 hair word info   41  
104 fat/grease uŋan   36  
99 feather uŋui   75  
53 person/human being vap "people" 33  
54 man/male vap plural    
100 wing vavau   7  
24 head vaŋaŋ      
192 and ve   24  
195 no, not vei   67  
105 tail vikvik   1, 31  
74 to kill vilua killed 29  
153 big vitulava   10  
14 belly viŋa      
102 rat voi      
167 night voŋ   1  
79 stick/wood vukei   1  
141 wet vuluk 37 37  
119 earth/soil vunep      
146 ash vuta   19  
153 big vutulava   10  
145 smoke word info vuŋ   40  
167 night vuŋ   1  
155 long word info vuŋavuŋa   49  
79 stick/wood ŋakan      
114 leaf ŋan   1  
78 to cut, hack word info ŋat cut grass 116  
78 to cut, hack word info ŋaut cut grass 116  
31 tooth ŋisa-   24  
25 neck ŋo sic 18  
30 mouth ŋur   2  
108 louse word info ŋut   1  
85 to choose Φilʌk   1, 28  

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