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Language: Tungag / Tungak / Lavongai

Source/Author:  Beaumont & Lloyd (1988) 
Notes:  Beaumont, C. H. (Ed.) (1986). Lavongai Materials, Volume 82 of Pacific Linguistics: Series D. Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, Canberra. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Eva Lindström  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:Meso Melanesian:New Ireland:Lavongai-Nalik 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
2 left      
3 right      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
11 dust      
19 shoulder      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
33 to laugh      
36 to spit      
38 to chew word info      
41 to bite      
42 to suck      
47 to yawn      
49 to lie down word info      
57 husband      
65 rope      
67 to sew word info      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info      
77 to scratch word info      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
101 to fly      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
116 flower      
117 fruit      
125 salt      
126 lake      
128 sky      
132 fog      
134 thunder      
144 to burn word info      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
166 correct, true      
169 year      
179 near      
180 far      
196 to count      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
7 to come serei      
7 to come palak      
12 skin pe      
13 back word info toŋi      
14 belly viŋa      
17 liver pakaŋa      
22 to fear aleŋ "frighten"    
24 head vaŋaŋ      
46 to see de      
50 to dream ororuŋ      
53 person/human being makan "people"    
54 man/male pua vap plural    
54 man/male vap plural    
54 man/male higenen      
54 man/male anutan      
58 wife kisŋana      
64 to say arakus      
64 to say daŋ      
66 to tie up, fasten dikut 'tie together'    
74 to kill puka killed    
76 to live, be alive go also 'wait'    
78 to cut, hack word info anti to cut    
78 to cut, hack word info dek cut lengthwise    
79 stick/wood ŋakan      
83 to work word info apek      
84 to plant suxʌl      
102 rat voi      
106 snake ralai      
109 mosquito iŋaiŋa      
115 root mis      
118 grass iruiru also 'low shrub'    
119 earth/soil kono      
119 earth/soil vunep      
122 water word info laman      
124 sea malila also 'the smooth sea'    
127 woods/forest gal      
133 rain koko      
135 lightning tafak      
138 warm word info nini (type unknown)    
139 cold word info livus (type unknown)    
140 dry word info kolo      
143 fire kut      
147 black mitiŋ      
150 yellow dinaŋ      
153 big taviri      
154 short word info kudik      
160 painful, sick kui "pain"    
160 painful, sick ra vaim "pain"    
165 bad, evil rikek      
168 day tan      
168 day taun      
172 to climb word info riuk      
174 in, inside enei      
174 in, inside nei      
176 below te "under"    
176 below nei te "under"    
176 below kebkeb "down"    
177 this neke      
177 this ke      
177 this kane      
177 this kana      
178 that pei      
178 that      
178 that      
178 that sane      
178 that sukana      
181 where? word info tasi      
181 where? word info au      
181 where? word info kedik      
181 where? word info nei      
183 thou nuŋai      
183 thou numai      
185 we word info tara      
185 we word info ira obj    
188 what? word info au      
188 what? word info kedik      
190 other suke      
191 all aoŋos      
191 all mamain      
191 all a mamain ta      
191 all sip      
194 how? word info bilan      
195 no, not ilua      
195 no, not kovek      
195 no, not tau      
203 Seven word info lima-lei-at      
204 Eight word info letol      
204 Eight word info limaletol      
205 Nine word info leat      
4 leg/foot kak(-i-)   1  
6 road/path salan   1  
6 road/path selen   1  
7 to come me   1  
12 skin kulit   1  
23 blood raŋai   1  
27 nose his   1  
27 nose is(-u-)   1  
34 to cry taŋis "crying" 1  
34 to cry aŋtaŋis cry together 1  
35 to vomit mutak   1  
40 to drink inum   1  
43 ear taliŋa   1  
45 eye mete   1  
45 eye mata   1  
48 to sleep matuŋ   1  
59 mother rina-   1  
60 father tama-   1  
74 to kill punuk   1  
74 to kill tapunuk killed, of animals for a feast 1  
75 to die, be dead mat   1  
78 to cut, hack word info taŋai cut down 1  
79 stick/wood eian   1  
79 stick/wood vukei   1  
90 to dig kel   1  
97 bird mani   1  
97 bird manu   1  
98 egg katu   1  
98 egg katui   1  
108 louse word info ŋut   1  
111 fish ien   1  
114 leaf ŋan   1  
120 stone hat   1  
120 stone iat   1  
120 stone at   1  
121 sand kone   1  
121 sand kono posok   1  
121 sand konen "sandy" 1  
129 moon ulen   1  
149 red malek   1  
149 red melek   1  
167 night vuŋ   1  
167 night voŋ   1  
173 at e   1  
178 that naŋ   1  
184 he/she ia obj 1  
185 we word info ta   1  
188 what? word info asa   1  
188 what? word info sa   1  
198 Two word info aŋua   1  
198 Two word info pong-wa   1  
199 Three word info atol   1  
199 Three word info pot-ol   1  
201 Five word info palpalimana   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
18 breast tus   1, 33  
44 to hear loŋo   1, 36  
44 to hear loŋoŋ   1, 36  
138 warm word info manus (type unknown) 1, 72  
15 bone tuan   1, 10  
60 father mamai   1, 10  
60 father mamem (mamem on south coast) 1, 10  
55 woman/female aina   1, 106  
55 woman/female haina   1, 106  
63 name asan   1, 18  
182 I nau   1, 22  
182 I na   1, 22  
85 to choose Φilʌk   1, 28  
189 who? word info si   1, 28  
105 tail vikvik   1, 31  
170 when? word info aŋisa   1, 41  
37 to eat aŋan   1, 53  
73 to steal tainau   1, 55  
184 he/she ninia   1, 6  
184 he/she nia   1, 6  
200 Four word info apuat   1, 65  
171 to hide word info mun   1, 67  
171 to hide word info amunai transitive 1, 67  
153 big lava   10  
153 big vitulava   10  
153 big vutulava   10  
193 if man   10  
78 to cut, hack word info ŋat cut grass 116  
78 to cut, hack word info ŋaut cut grass 116  
114 leaf pan   12  
13 back word info tuan   12?  
151 green makaŋa   13, 51  
46 to see ararai   15  
46 to see arai   15  
142 heavy maiten   17  
185 we word info namem   17  
25 neck ŋo sic 18  
25 neck eŋono sic 18  
103 meat/flesh sin   18  
89 to hold word info teŋ   19  
146 ash buta   19  
146 ash vuta   19  
16 intestines nei   1?  
30 mouth ŋur   2  
52 to stand tuŋ   2  
52 to stand atuŋ transitive 2  
40 to drink sep   22  
31 tooth ŋisa-   24  
123 to flow sʌliŋ   24  
192 and ve   24  
187 they riria   25  
187 they ria   25  
187 they iria obj 25  
61 house lu   26  
186 you nami   26  
186 you mi   26  
186 you imi obj 26  
74 to kill vilua killed 29  
93 to pound, beat word info sap not clear if this refers to food 29  
93 to pound, beat word info saup not clear if this refers to food 29  
181 where? word info eoi   3  
78 to cut, hack word info tuk cut off 3, 96  
130 star kalto   31  
140 dry word info galgal   31  
162 old word info kavaŋ "old" ( type unknown ) 32  
162 old word info kavoŋ "old" ( type unknown ) 32  
53 person/human being vap "people" 33  
54 man/male anu   33  
163 new taŋin   33  
163 new taŋinaŋ   33  
136 wind malu   34  
104 fat/grease uŋan   36  
141 wet vuluk 37 37  
148 white posok   39  
150 yellow kiskis   39  
174 in, inside e   4  
185 we word info imem obj 4  
1 hand kuŋa-   40  
62 thatch/roof pat roof, head (no word given for thatch) 40  
145 smoke word info buŋ   40  
145 smoke word info vuŋ   40  
26 hair word info   41  
96 dog kauvek   41  
181 where? word info ave < *be 41  
162 old word info lapan "old man" 42  
162 old word info lapun "old woman" 42  
197 One word info sikei   42  
137 to blow word info kui (type unknown; back-translation gives 1. 'blow', 2. 'pain' 43  
191 all akamus   44  
74 to kill rauŋ   49  
155 long word info vuŋavuŋa   49  
74 to kill rauŋ amatan   49, 2  
56 child nat   5  
202 Six word info lesikei   5  
202 Six word info lima-lesikei   5  
206 Ten word info sangauli   5  
206 Ten word info sikei a sangauli   5  
195 no, not parik   50  
160 painful, sick rikek "sick, bad" 54  
164 good ro   54  
78 to cut, hack word info putputuk cut up 55  
105 tail paka   55  
131 cloud word info kuku (type unknown) 56  
175 above paŋkul   58  
80 to split word info dek 'cut lengthwise' 62  
10 dirty muŋan   63  
10 dirty muŋ "dirt" 63  
152 small lik irregular l reflex of *r 66, 82  
152 small liklik irregular l reflex of *r 66, 82  
195 no, not vei   67  
100 wing vavau   7  
127 woods/forest utan   7  
127 woods/forest na uten 'bush'; 'in the bush' 7  
133 rain laŋit   7  
192 and na   7  
32 tongue kalkalame   7, 14  
51 to sit sinuŋ   73  
51 to sit sinoŋ   73  
51 to sit sinu   73  
99 feather huŋui   75  
99 feather uŋui   75  
21 to think lomon   78  
21 to think lomlomonai   78  
5 to walk pasal   8  
76 to live, be alive to   8  
48 to sleep pasim   85  
48 to sleep papasimai   85  
24 head pat   9  
24 head patu-   9  
39 to cook word info taun   9  
20 to know, be knowledgeable nas   98  
46 to see ba not see X  
94 to throw word info asuai ni "throw away" x  
95 to fall word info usan fall (of rain) x  
181 where? word info onei "where is" x  
182 I iau obj x  
183 thou ua obj x  
183 thou iam obj x  

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