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Language: Tungag / Tungak / Lavongai

Source/Author:  Beaumont & Lloyd (1988) 
Notes:  Beaumont, C. H. (Ed.) (1986). Lavongai Materials, Volume 82 of Pacific Linguistics: Series D. Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, Canberra. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Eva Lindström  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Western Oceanic:Meso Melanesian:New Ireland:Lavongai-Nalik 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
2 left      
3 right      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
11 dust      
19 shoulder      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
33 to laugh      
36 to spit      
38 to chew word info      
41 to bite      
42 to suck      
47 to yawn      
49 to lie down word info      
57 husband      
65 rope      
67 to sew word info      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info      
77 to scratch word info      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
101 to fly      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
116 flower      
117 fruit      
125 salt      
126 lake      
128 sky      
132 fog      
134 thunder      
144 to burn word info      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
161 shy, ashamed      
166 correct, true      
169 year      
179 near      
180 far      
196 to count      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
1 hand kuŋa-   40  
4 leg/foot kak(-i-)   1  
5 to walk pasal   8  
6 road/path salan   1  
6 road/path selen   1  
7 to come me   1  
7 to come serei      
7 to come palak      
10 dirty muŋan   63  
12 skin kulit   1  
12 skin pe      
13 back word info toŋi      
13 back word info tuan   12?  
14 belly viŋa      
15 bone tuan   1, 10  
16 intestines nei   1?  
17 liver pakaŋa      
18 breast tus   1, 33  
20 to know, be knowledgeable nas   98  
21 to think lomon   78  
21 to think lomlomonai   78  
23 blood raŋai   1  
24 head pat   9  
24 head vaŋaŋ      
24 head patu-   9  
26 hair word info   41  
27 nose his   1  
27 nose is(-u-)   1  
30 mouth ŋur   2  
31 tooth ŋisa-   24  
32 tongue kalkalame   7, 14  
35 to vomit mutak   1  
37 to eat aŋan   1, 53  
39 to cook word info taun   9  
40 to drink inum   1  
40 to drink sep   22  
43 ear taliŋa   1  
44 to hear loŋo   1, 36  
44 to hear loŋoŋ   1, 36  
45 eye mete   1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see de      
46 to see ararai   15  
46 to see arai   15  
48 to sleep pasim   85  
48 to sleep papasimai   85  
48 to sleep matuŋ   1  
50 to dream ororuŋ      
51 to sit sinuŋ   73  
51 to sit sinoŋ   73  
51 to sit sinu   73  
52 to stand tuŋ   2  
54 man/male higenen      
54 man/male anutan      
54 man/male anu   33  
55 woman/female aina   1, 106  
55 woman/female haina   1, 106  
56 child nat   5  
58 wife kisŋana      
59 mother rina-   1  
60 father tama-   1  
60 father mamai   1, 10  
61 house lu   26  
63 name asan   1, 18  
64 to say arakus      
64 to say daŋ      
73 to steal tainau   1, 55  
74 to kill punuk   1  
74 to kill rauŋ amatan   49, 2  
74 to kill rauŋ   49  
75 to die, be dead mat   1  
76 to live, be alive to   8  
79 stick/wood eian   1  
79 stick/wood ŋakan      
79 stick/wood vukei   1  
83 to work word info apek      
84 to plant suxʌl      
85 to choose Φilʌk   1, 28  
89 to hold word info teŋ   19  
90 to dig kel   1  
96 dog kauvek   41  
97 bird mani   1  
97 bird manu   1  
98 egg katu   1  
98 egg katui   1  
99 feather huŋui   75  
99 feather uŋui   75  
100 wing vavau   7  
102 rat voi      
103 meat/flesh sin   18  
104 fat/grease uŋan   36  
105 tail vikvik   1, 31  
105 tail paka   55  
106 snake ralai      
108 louse word info ŋut   1  
109 mosquito iŋaiŋa      
111 fish ien   1  
114 leaf pan   12  
114 leaf ŋan   1  
115 root mis      
119 earth/soil kono      
119 earth/soil vunep      
120 stone hat   1  
120 stone iat   1  
120 stone at   1  
121 sand kone   1  
121 sand kono posok   1  
122 water word info laman      
123 to flow sʌliŋ   24  
127 woods/forest gal      
127 woods/forest utan   7  
129 moon ulen   1  
130 star kalto   31  
133 rain koko      
133 rain laŋit   7  
135 lightning tafak      
136 wind malu   34  
140 dry word info galgal   31  
140 dry word info kolo      
142 heavy maiten   17  
143 fire kut      
145 smoke word info buŋ   40  
145 smoke word info vuŋ   40  
146 ash buta   19  
146 ash vuta   19  
147 black mitiŋ      
148 white posok   39  
149 red malek   1  
149 red melek   1  
150 yellow dinaŋ      
150 yellow kiskis   39  
151 green makaŋa   13, 51  
153 big lava   10  
153 big taviri      
153 big vitulava   10  
153 big vutulava   10  
154 short word info kudik      
155 long word info vuŋavuŋa   49  
163 new taŋin   33  
163 new taŋinaŋ   33  
164 good ro   54  
165 bad, evil rikek      
167 night vuŋ   1  
167 night voŋ   1  
168 day tan      
168 day taun      
170 when? word info aŋisa   1, 41  
171 to hide word info mun   1, 67  
172 to climb word info riuk      
173 at e   1  
174 in, inside e   4  
174 in, inside enei      
174 in, inside nei      
175 above paŋkul   58  
177 this neke      
177 this ke      
177 this kane      
177 this kana      
178 that naŋ   1  
178 that pei      
178 that      
178 that      
178 that sane      
178 that sukana      
181 where? word info tasi      
181 where? word info au      
181 where? word info eoi   3  
181 where? word info kedik      
181 where? word info nei      
182 I nau   1, 22  
182 I na   1, 22  
183 thou nuŋai      
183 thou numai      
184 he/she ninia   1, 6  
184 he/she nia   1, 6  
185 we word info tara      
185 we word info ta   1  
185 we word info namem   17  
186 you nami   26  
186 you mi   26  
187 they riria   25  
187 they ria   25  
188 what? word info asa   1  
188 what? word info au      
188 what? word info kedik      
188 what? word info sa   1  
189 who? word info si   1, 28  
190 other suke      
191 all akamus   44  
191 all aoŋos      
191 all mamain      
191 all a mamain ta      
191 all sip      
192 and na   7  
192 and ve   24  
193 if man   10  
194 how? word info bilan      
195 no, not ilua      
195 no, not parik   50  
195 no, not kovek      
195 no, not tau      
195 no, not vei   67  
197 One word info sikei   42  
198 Two word info aŋua   1  
198 Two word info pong-wa   1  
199 Three word info atol   1  
199 Three word info pot-ol   1  
200 Four word info apuat   1, 65  
201 Five word info palpalimana   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
202 Six word info lesikei   5  
202 Six word info lima-lesikei   5  
203 Seven word info lima-lei-at      
204 Eight word info letol      
204 Eight word info limaletol      
205 Nine word info leat      
206 Ten word info sangauli   5  
206 Ten word info sikei a sangauli   5  
34 to cry taŋis "crying" 1  
10 dirty muŋ "dirt" 63  
176 below kebkeb "down"    
22 to fear aleŋ "frighten"    
162 old word info lapan "old man" 42  
162 old word info lapun "old woman" 42  
162 old word info kavaŋ "old" ( type unknown ) 32  
162 old word info kavoŋ "old" ( type unknown ) 32  
160 painful, sick kui "pain"    
160 painful, sick ra vaim "pain"    
53 person/human being makan "people"    
53 person/human being vap "people" 33  
121 sand konen "sandy" 1  
160 painful, sick rikek "sick, bad" 54  
94 to throw word info asuai ni "throw away" x  
176 below te "under"    
176 below nei te "under"    
181 where? word info onei "where is" x  
127 woods/forest na uten 'bush'; 'in the bush' 7  
80 to split word info dek 'cut lengthwise' 62  
66 to tie up, fasten dikut 'tie together'    
60 father mamem (mamem on south coast) 1, 10  
131 cloud word info kuku (type unknown) 56  
138 warm word info manus (type unknown) 1, 72  
138 warm word info nini (type unknown)    
139 cold word info livus (type unknown)    
137 to blow word info kui (type unknown; back-translation gives 1. 'blow', 2. 'pain' 43  
141 wet vuluk 37 37  
181 where? word info ave < *be 41  
118 grass iruiru also 'low shrub'    
124 sea malila also 'the smooth sea'    
76 to live, be alive go also 'wait'    
34 to cry aŋtaŋis cry together 1  
78 to cut, hack word info taŋai cut down 1  
78 to cut, hack word info ŋat cut grass 116  
78 to cut, hack word info ŋaut cut grass 116  
78 to cut, hack word info dek cut lengthwise    
78 to cut, hack word info tuk cut off 3, 96  
78 to cut, hack word info putputuk cut up 55  
95 to fall word info usan fall (of rain) x  
152 small lik irregular l reflex of *r 66, 82  
152 small liklik irregular l reflex of *r 66, 82  
74 to kill puka killed    
74 to kill vilua killed 29  
74 to kill tapunuk killed, of animals for a feast 1  
93 to pound, beat word info sap not clear if this refers to food 29  
93 to pound, beat word info saup not clear if this refers to food 29  
46 to see ba not see X  
182 I iau obj x  
183 thou ua obj x  
183 thou iam obj x  
184 he/she ia obj 1  
185 we word info ira obj    
185 we word info imem obj 4  
186 you imi obj 26  
187 they iria obj 25  
54 man/male pua vap plural    
54 man/male vap plural    
62 thatch/roof pat roof, head (no word given for thatch) 40  
25 neck ŋo sic 18  
25 neck eŋono sic 18  
78 to cut, hack word info anti to cut    
52 to stand atuŋ transitive 2  
171 to hide word info amunai transitive 1, 67  

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