https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Amis (Central)

Source/Author:  R. Blust, Dorinda Liu 
Notes:  [o] and [u] are allophonic variations in Amis. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: R. Blust, Dorinda Liu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 338
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 1
 
Classification:  Austronesian:East Formosan:Amis 
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Change History:

Showing 3 of 42 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
117 fruit      
138 warm word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
202 Six word info 'enem   1  
9 to swim Languy   1  
131 cloud word info LuLem   35  
192 and a   21  
160 painful, sick aLaLa   79  
19 shoulder afala   1  
182 I aku   1  
51 to sit aloʕ      
186 you amu you (pl.) 1  
153 big angay   70  
187 they angra   1, 49  
193 if ano   2  
193 if anu   2  
17 liver atay   1  
107 worm (earthworm) atikak   54  
195 no, not awa      
97 bird ayam   2  
187 they c-aŋra   1, 49  
189 who? word info c-ima   2  
184 he/she c-iŋra   1?  
210 One Thousand word info cacay patek      
113 branch word info capaʔ branches for a tree 41  
113 branch word info caqang   40  
195 no, not caqay   20  
195 no, not caʔaj   20  
197 One word info ccaj   1, 61  
197 One word info cecai   1, 61  
197 One word info cecaj   1, 61  
208 Fifty word info cecay lîan      
78 to cut, hack word info cikcik irreg. Expected [t] for [c]. -EG 3?  
125 salt cilah   1  
64 to say cinglaw      
113 branch word info cipaʔ branches for a river 41  
125 salt cirah   1  
18 breast cucu breast of woman/udder/teat 1  
71 to stab, pierce cucuk   1  
42 to suck cuhcuh   42  
62 thatch/roof faLahoŋ   34  
58 wife fafahi      
55 woman/female fafahian   1, 105  
55 woman/female fafahijan   1, 105  
175 above fafukaŋ (n.)    
120 stone fakeluh   36  
94 to throw word info falah throw away 77  
62 thatch/roof falahung   34  
110 spider falalutoŋ   29  
136 wind fali   2  
204 Eight word info falo Expected initial [w] -EG 3  
18 breast falohaŋ breast/chest 42  
204 Eight word info falu from Laurent Sagart; Expected initial [w] -EG 3  
66 to tie up, fasten faluL-en to fasten (-en = PF marker)    
163 new faluhay new (things) 1  
18 breast faluhaŋ breast/chest 42  
126 lake fanaw *banaw 33  
164 good fancal good/beautiful/fine (general term for positive property) 89  
99 feather fanuh body hair/feathers 59  
54 man/male faqinayan   58  
163 new faqluh   1  
136 wind fari   2  
12 skin faŋes   26  
54 man/male faʔinajan   58  
57 husband faʔinay      
136 wind feli   2  
98 egg fitaqul   50  
98 egg fitaʔol   50  
148 white fuhecel-ay   37?  
120 stone fukeloh   36  
26 hair word info fukes   1  
129 moon fulaL   1  
130 star fuqis   49  
48 to sleep futiq   73  
111 fish futiŋ   29  
24 head fuŋoh   2  
130 star fuʕis   49  
170 when? word info hacu(w)a   18  
170 when? word info hakua   18  
116 flower hana (< Japanese)   L
29 to sniff, smell hanek   1  
103 meat/flesh heci fruit and meat 1  
40 to drink helot      
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside i      
181 where? word info i-cua *i-sua 23  
71 to stab, pierce i-cucuk   1  
181 where? word info icu(w)a *i-sua 23  
59 mother ina   1  
186 you isu you (sg.)    
137 to blow word info jof   1  
182 I k-ako   1  
186 you k-amu   1  
183 thou k-isu   1  
185 we word info k-ita   1  
178 that k-una visible 1  
177 this k-uni k - nominative case marker 1?  
178 that k-ura invisible 24  
37 to eat k<um>aʔen   1  
131 cloud word info kaLit general term for cloud    
149 red kah(e)ŋaŋ   77  
149 red kahengang-ay   77  
159 wide kakahaL   52  
128 sky kakalayan   2  
128 sky kakarayan ka-...-an . -karay- and Squliq kayal are matathesized. 2  
155 long word info kakayaʔ      
134 thunder kakeleŋ   69  
135 lightning kalapi(j)at   62  
135 lightning kalapiat   62  
150 yellow kalyalyaway   62  
1 hand kamay   13  
185 we word info kami we (excl) 2  
154 short word info kamukuʕ      
151 green kangraw-ay   22  
163 new kapah new (men)    
37 to eat kaqen   1  
142 heavy karteŋ   52  
79 stick/wood kasuy firewood 1  
162 old word info katelan old (things)    
3 right kawanan   1, 62  
2 left kawili   1, 42  
151 green kaŋdaw green/blue 22  
65 rope keliw Connection with Thao 'qlhiw'? L? -EG    
38 to chew word info kemkem frequent 10  
157 thick word info kiftol   52  
152 small kiqkiq   78  
185 we word info kita we (incl) 1  
152 small kiʔkiʔ   78  
13 back word info koror   69  
148 white kuh(e)cal   79  
147 black kuh(e)tiŋ   63  
147 black kuheting-ay   63  
156 thin word info kuhpicay ...-pis-ay 1, 45  
102 rat kulafaw   1  
13 back word info kulur   69  
177 this kuna      
150 yellow kurilaw-ay   64  
90 to dig kurkur   18  
77 to scratch word info kuskus   27  
108 louse word info kuto   1  
5 to walk l-um-akat   40  
146 ash lafuh   67  
6 road/path lalan   1  
174 in, inside lalumaq   18  
143 fire lamar   14  
115 root lamit   3  
176 below laʔnu (n.) 67  
118 grass leŋos   65  
109 mosquito likes   2  
201 Five word info lima   1  
207 Twenty word info lima a polô SJG: is this 50? 6  
115 root limit   3  
68 needle linum   28  
25 neck liqer   1  
124 sea liyar   56  
25 neck liʕer   1  
61 house lumaq   1  
61 house lumaʕ   1  
127 woods/forest lutuk      
35 to vomit m-utaq   1  
10 dirty ma-acek "disgusting"    
46 to see ma-araw to see 72  
172 to climb word info ma-caka climb upward    
81 sharp ma-cilem sharp (of a point) 1  
141 wet ma-cipaʕ   78  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ma-fanaq know, understand 2  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ma-fanaʔ   2  
164 good ma-fancal   89  
112 rotten word info ma-funar rotten into pieces    
112 rotten word info ma-funiʔ rotten/molder away; Initial f? -EG 90  
95 to fall word info ma-funor      
48 to sleep ma-futiʕ   73  
140 dry word info ma-icaŋ   33  
10 dirty ma-kaLit mi- AF marker 90  
123 to flow ma-katay      
180 far ma-laʔay   22  
50 to dream ma-lemeL      
86 to grow word info ma-leŋaw      
87 to swell word info ma-lifawa   26  
8 to turn word info ma-liwuŋ ma- AF marker 2  
155 long word info ma-mutuq   1?  
46 to see ma-neŋneŋ to see/look at 73  
161 shy, ashamed ma-nguLu shy, embarrassed 47  
191 all ma-puloŋ      
191 all ma-puluq      
66 to tie up, fasten ma-suqut   1  
47 to yawn ma-suwaf   19  
22 to fear ma-talaw afraid, cowardly 34  
81 sharp ma-talem sharp (of a blade) 1  
166 correct, true ma-tama      
33 to laugh ma-tawa ma- AF marker 1  
83 to work word info ma-tayal   64  
95 to fall word info ma-terak fall ( for fruit only)    
162 old word info ma-tuqas   1  
162 old word info ma-tuʔas old (men) 1  
35 to vomit ma-utaʕ   1  
161 shy, ashamed ma-ŋuLo   47  
158 narrow ma-ʔecu   54  
91 to buy ma-ʕaca   41  
101 to fly mafer   64  
60 father mama   1  
89 to hold word info mamet      
76 to live, be alive maroʔ maroq: to sit; to live/be alive 53  
51 to sit maruq   89  
45 eye mata   1  
82 dull, blunt matales blunt of a blade    
191 all maʔmiŋ   1  
9 to swim mi-Laŋuy mi- AF marker 1  
46 to see mi-araw mi -AF marker 72  
92 to open, uncover mi-cakay      
33 to laugh mi-ceriq      
94 to throw word info mi-falah   77  
21 to think mi-harateŋ   56  
88 to squeeze word info mi-hatec   41  
137 to blow word info mi-iuf   1  
41 to bite mi-kalat to bite / to hurt somebody on purpose 1  
172 to climb word info mi-kali climb up a tree    
41 to bite mi-karat   1  
90 to dig mi-karkar   1  
77 to scratch word info mi-kuskus   27  
40 to drink mi-nanum nanom = 'water' 19  
46 to see mi-neŋneŋ mi -AF marker 73  
72 to hit word info mi-palo hit with hand 1  
80 to split word info mi-pelaʔ to split something into two 69  
196 to count mi-saʔosi   59  
85 to choose mi-simsim to choose ( a mate )    
72 to hit word info mi-stiʔ hit with stick/club 79  
36 to spit mi-supa   19, 86  
93 to pound, beat word info mi-talik      
67 to sew word info mi-tapir "To patch, to mend"; Final [r] rather than [L]? -EG 1, 52  
39 to cook word info mi-taŋtaŋ   72  
67 to sew word info mi-taʔis [Ct]aqiS to sew 1, 52  
44 to hear mi-teŋir   46  
69 to hunt word info mi-tilu with a trap    
69 to hunt word info mi-ʔaloʔ general term.    
169 year mihca   60  
152 small mimiŋ   87  
143 fire namar EG check these. 14  
122 water word info nanum   1  
179 near nataʔ   82  
195 no, not naʔaj      
36 to spit ngalay saliva 3  
27 nose ngusuq nose, snout 27  
30 mouth nguyus   65  
15 bone okak   19  
133 rain olad   1  
72 to hit word info palu   1  
84 to plant paluma'   23  
70 to shoot word info panaʔ   1  
114 leaf papah   27  
38 to chew word info papap less frequent 17?  
75 to die, be dead patay   1  
203 Seven word info pito   1  
203 Seven word info pitu from Laurent Sagart 1  
206 Ten word info polo from Laurent Sagart 5  
206 Ten word info polô   5  
202 Six word info qenem   1  
132 fog qopqopaj (big)    
5 to walk r-um-akat -um AF marker 40  
23 blood remes   44  
118 grass rengus   65  
124 sea riar   56  
68 needle rinum   28  
168 day rumiad   43  
200 Four word info s(e)pat   1  
64 to say s-um-ual   122  
64 to say s<um>uwal "to speak (language)" 122  
100 wing sa-pihpih   33  
100 wing sa-pikpik   33  
79 stick/wood sa-stiʔ wood/stick    
64 to say saan Aki said "..." = "..." saan Aki    
194 how? word info samaqanen   36  
194 how? word info samaʔanen   36  
29 to sniff, smell sanek   1  
28 to breathe saslaʕan      
32 tongue sema   1  
200 Four word info sepat   1  
119 earth/soil serah   48  
72 to hit word info setiq   79  
104 fat/grease simar   2  
171 to hide word info simeL      
139 cold word info siqenaw   85  
205 Nine word info siwa from Laurent Sagart 5  
139 cold word info siʔ(e)naw   85  
66 to tie up, fasten soʔot to tie up 1  
119 earth/soil sutaʕ      
52 to stand t-um-ireng   50  
34 to cry t<um>aŋic <um> AF marker 1  
52 to stand t<um>ireŋ   50  
167 night taLaya      
121 sand tafok   3  
121 sand tafuk   3  
73 to steal takaw   1  
132 fog takulah (small)    
53 person/human being tamLaw      
24 head tangar   37  
74 to kill tapaʔ      
153 big tataqang   70  
153 big tataʔak   71  
153 big tataʔaŋ   70  
165 bad, evil tatiʔih bad/ugly/evil (general term for negative property) 68  
33 to laugh tawa   1  
83 to work word info tayal   64  
7 to come tayni   34  
43 ear taŋila   1  
11 dust taʔfod      
94 to throw word info tekur to throw ( a stone )    
14 belly ti(j)aL belly, abdomen 1  
49 to lie down word info tihmuk      
16 intestines tina(j)iʕ   1  
16 intestines tinaiq   1  
49 to lie down word info tiqenang to lie supine    
103 meat/flesh titi meat of an animal. < CiCi 64  
144 to burn word info tofdoh      
206 Ten word info tosa a polô   5  
199 Three word info tulu   1  
97 bird tupi      
198 Two word info tusa   1  
131 cloud word info tuʔem metathesis? -EG 109  
190 other u lumaʔ a tamdaw "other people" 1?  
15 bone ukak   19  
188 what? word info umaqan   40  
188 what? word info umaʔan   40  
106 snake uner   56  
99 feather upih feather 57  
4 leg/foot wa'ay   1, 100  
31 tooth waLis tusk of a boar 2  
96 dog wacu   1  
4 leg/foot waqay   1, 100  
56 child wawa   57  
105 tail wikor   1  
63 name ŋaŋan   1  
27 nose ŋosoʕ   27  
30 mouth ŋoyos   65  
145 smoke word info ʔacifer irreg. final C -EG 1  
19 shoulder ʔafala   1  
107 worm (earthworm) ʔatikak   54  
108 louse word info ʔatimla flea    
102 rat ʔedo L from Sazikaya? -EG    
146 ash ʕafo   1  
17 liver ʕatay   1  

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