https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Chuukese

Source/Author:  Goodenough and Sugita (1980, 1990), Bender et al 2003 
Notes:  From: Bender, W.B., Goodenough, W..H., Jackson, F.H., Marck, J.C., Rehg, K.L., & Sohn, H-m. ( 2003 ). Proto-Micronesian Reconstructions 1 & 2.  
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian:Micronesian Proper:Ponapeic-Trukic:Trukic 
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ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
68 needle      
70 to shoot word info      
78 to cut, hack word info      
87 to swell word info      
100 wing      
104 fat/grease      
110 spider      
132 fog      
158 narrow      
169 year      
1 hand paaw   8  
1 hand péwú-(n)   8  
2 left -mééŋ left handed 13  
2 left -mmééŋ left side 13  
3 right pekin mwan (right as opposed to left) 5, 36  
3 right pung (for correct) x  
4 leg/foot peche leg 15  
4 leg/foot pechee-(n) leg of 15  
5 to walk fátán walking, movement, course, progress, walk 8  
5 to walk fátánátán proceed, going on and on (as verbal suffix) 8  
5 to walk feten   8  
6 road/path aan path/road/route/path of 1  
6 road/path ane-(n)   1  
6 road/path an   1  
7 to come pʷer come/go 10  
7 to come pʷere-   10  
8 to turn word info sap face, turn 14  
8 to turn word info sáp present a side in a given direction 14  
8 to turn word info riiki   16  
9 to swim tukken      
10 dirty nimiŋau      
11 dust taas   60  
11 dust tas   60  
12 skin siin   1  
12 skin sini   1  
13 back word info sékúr   12  
13 back word info sékúrú-   12  
13 back word info sukur   12  
14 belly wuupʷ belly 11  
14 belly wupʷa-(n) abdomen, his belly 11  
15 bone chúú bone 2  
15 bone chúú- bone 2  
16 intestines taa intestine; saa 'abdomen, belly' - see Bender et al. (2003) 14  
16 intestines taa-(n) his intestine 14  
17 liver yááyá   1  
18 breast ttú-(n) her breast 1  
19 shoulder afar shoulder 1  
19 shoulder afara-(n) his shoulder 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable sine know how (to do s.t.), be skilled 18  
21 to think áák thought, idea 12  
21 to think eki-(n) his t., thought 12  
21 to think áák idea 12  
21 to think eki-(n) his think 12  
22 to fear mé-sék be afraid 1  
23 blood chcha   1  
23 blood chchaa-   1  
24 head wúún extremity/top 1  
24 head wúnú-(n) extremity/top 1  
24 head wúnúún extremity/top 1  
24 head wúnúúnú-(n) extremity/top 1  
24 head wúnúúne-(n) extremity/top 1  
25 neck wúú   18  
25 neck wúwa-(n)   18  
26 hair word info wúún hair of head and body/fur/feather/scale 10  
26 hair word info wúne-(n)   10  
26 hair word info mukur      
27 nose pʷéét   1, 12  
27 nose pʷéétú-   1, 12  
28 to breathe ŋas   10  
28 to breathe ŋasaŋas   10  
29 to sniff, smell ttin to smell, perceive odor 11?  
30 mouth aaw mouth 36  
30 mouth awa-(n) his mouth 36  
30 mouth awe-(n) mouth of 36  
31 tooth nii tooth 30  
31 tooth ŋii his tooth 30  
31 tooth nii-(n)   30  
31 tooth ŋii-(n)   30  
31 tooth -ŋi teeth in some cpds 30  
31 tooth -ŋú teeth in some cpds 30  
32 tongue chënakanaaw   19  
32 tongue chëënmwongo   19  
33 to laugh -ffas object of laughter 10  
33 to laugh (turu-nu)-ffas make sport of others 10  
33 to laugh kkey to laugh (polite word) 11  
33 to laugh kekkey to laugh (polite word) 11  
33 to laugh kkeyi-si-ni to laugh at/mock 11  
33 to laugh takir   98  
34 to cry ketchiw   63  
35 to vomit mʷmʷus to vomit, throw up 1  
36 to spit óttif saliva/spittle/to spit/spit at/his spit/spittle 19, 55  
36 to spit ótiffa-(n) spit out food particles 19, 55  
36 to spit me-ttip spit out food particles 19, 53  
36 to spit memme-ttip   19, 53  
37 to eat mʷéŋé eat/cooked food/cook food of 8  
37 to eat mʷéŋéé-(n) eat/cooked food/cook food of 8  
37 to eat áni eat something 1  
37 to eat eni eat something 1  
37 to eat anni   1  
38 to chew word info núúnú chew/eat/masticate 11  
38 to chew word info núúnúú-(w) chew it/eat it 11  
38 to chew word info ŋŋúúŋ be chewing and sucking (as on sugarcane) 11  
38 to chew word info ŋú-ti chew and suck it 11  
39 to cook word info moot cooked 19, 82  
39 to cook word info mʷoot cooked 19, 82  
39 to cook word info moot cooked 19, 82  
39 to cook word info mʷoot cooked 19, 82  
39 to cook word info mʷooto-(mmaŋ) cooked 19, 82  
40 to drink wún to drink, smoke 1  
41 to bite küü   9  
41 to bite ochei      
41 to bite küü   9  
42 to suck ttúút to suckle, 25  
42 to suck túttú-   25  
43 ear seniŋ ear 1  
43 ear seniŋa(n) his ear 1  
44 to hear roŋ hear 1  
44 to hear roŋoroŋ listen 1  
44 to hear roŋe-(e-ya) thing heard 1  
44 to hear (o)-roŋa cause to hear 1  
45 eye maas eye, face 1  
45 eye masa-(n) his eye 1  
45 eye mese-(n) face, eye, face of 1  
45 eye mes   1  
46 to see weri to see / behold 10  
47 to yawn mmaw to yawn/a yawn 19  
48 to sleep méwúr   1  
48 to sleep méwúrú-   1  
49 to lie down word info won sleep 1  
49 to lie down word info wonowut sleep in meeting house 1  
49 to lie down word info tan      
50 to dream ttan dream 9  
50 to dream ttana dream about (something) 9  
51 to sit móót sit/be seated 18, 101  
51 to sit mómmóót sit/be seated 18, 101  
51 to sit mót-(tiw) to sit down 18, 101  
51 to sit móót-(tiw) to sit down (analogical back formation) 18, 101  
52 to stand stand/erect/be upright 2  
52 to stand wúú-(tá) make upright/make stand/make erect 2  
53 person/human being ara-mas person 67, 70  
53 person/human being ara-mase-(n) person of 67, 70  
54 man/male mʷáán man/male/male 1  
54 man/male wono- fellow (of males only) 13  
55 woman/female chóó-pʷut   7  
55 woman/female -pʷute-(n)   7  
55 woman/female feefin   1, 47  
55 woman/female niye-   6  
55 woman/female niya-   6  
56 child naaw   5  
56 child néwú-n   5  
57 husband pʷúnú-wa-(n) his/her spouse 16  
58 wife pʷúnú-wa-(n) his/her spouse 10  
59 mother iin mother 1  
59 mother ina-(n) his mother 1  
60 father saam father 1  
60 father seme-(n) father of 1  
61 house iimʷ house 1, 48  
61 house imʷa-(n) his house 1, 48  
62 thatch/roof óós thatch section/roof/thatch section of 1  
62 thatch/roof ósu-(n) thatch section/roof/thatch section of 1  
63 name iit   1, 66  
63 name ita-   1, 66  
63 name ite-   1, 66  
64 to say apasa      
64 to say ara   61  
65 rope sáán rope 1  
65 rope seni-(n) rope of 1  
66 to tie up, fasten fééfé   11  
66 to tie up, fasten féé-ti   11  
67 to sew word info teete   2  
67 to sew word info tee-yi   2  
69 to hunt word info kúú-(tá)      
71 to stab, pierce ttu be sewn, stitched (of thatch), be thrown, hurled, jabbed, stabbed (of spears only) 13  
72 to hit word info wech be struck/hit/beaten/beat 15  
72 to hit word info wechee-(y) strike/beat/hit (someone) 15  
73 to steal mʷócho to steal, be thievish, rascally, wild, untamed 9  
74 to kill ninni be assaulted, assault, kill 11  
74 to kill nii   11  
75 to die, be dead   1  
75 to die, be dead máá-   1  
75 to die, be dead pe   4  
75 to die, be dead pee-(nó)   4  
76 to live, be alive ma-naw life, health, be alive 7  
77 to scratch word info kkéét itch/scratch an itch 11  
77 to scratch word info (a)-kéttú scratch it 11  
77 to scratch word info (é)-kéttú scratch it 11  
77 to scratch word info erikeri scratch it 12  
77 to scratch word info (fa)-ariker scratch on someones leg as a signal 12  
79 stick/wood ráá branch with leaves 2  
79 stick/wood ráá-n branch of 2  
80 to split word info tin be chopped lengthwise/separated/split 29  
80 to split word info tinetin to chop lengthwise/separate/split 29  
81 sharp kken   14, 68  
82 dull, blunt kkopʷ   13  
82 dull, blunt kkopʷu-   13  
83 to work word info aŋaŋ   12  
84 to plant fóto- planting 6  
84 to plant ffót be planted 6  
85 to choose (ni)-finifin a matter of choice/a choosy person 1  
85 to choose fini choose/select it. 1  
86 to grow word info ffóón to grow/be reared 8  
88 to squeeze word info fi squeeze/pinch/be squeezed/be pressed 15  
88 to squeeze word info fiyefi squeeze/pinch/be squeezed/be pressed 15  
88 to squeeze word info fiye-e-(y) to squeeze/pinch it. 15  
89 to hold word info (é)-mʷéchú grasp it, take hold of it, retain it, hold fast to it 16  
89 to hold word info möch   16  
90 to dig ssin dig up root crops 1  
90 to dig sin-ni dig it up (of root crops) 1  
90 to dig sini-ni dig it up (of root crops) 1  
90 to dig ttu dig / be dug 8  
90 to dig tuutu do digging 8  
91 to buy kama      
92 to open, uncover be open, be opened 12  
93 to pound, beat word info pʷpʷoo-ni pound it (breadfruit) 3  
93 to pound, beat word info wúsúús pound or mash with pestle 20, 2  
93 to pound, beat word info wúsi pound it 20, 2  
94 to throw word info áche-e-(y) throw it 14  
95 to fall word info mʷor fall or drop of its own accord (as ripe fruit) 16  
95 to fall word info mʷmʷor fall or drop of its own accord (as ripe fruit) 16  
95 to fall word info mʷoro-(tiw) fall or drop of its own accord (as ripe fruit) 16  
95 to fall word info turitiw      
97 bird nikááp a land b. (has a long tail) 9  
97 bird machaŋ      
98 egg sókuun egg 1, 66  
98 egg sókunnu-(n) egg of 1, 66  
99 feather wúún hair/feathers/scales 30  
99 feather wúne-(n) hair/feathers/scales 30  
101 to fly sai      
102 rat (naa)-kkich   16  
102 rat (na)-kkich   16  
103 meat/flesh futuk flesh 10  
103 meat/flesh futukotuk be fleshy 10  
103 meat/flesh futuke-n flesh of 10  
105 tail wúúk tail 1  
105 tail wúkú-(n) its tail 1  
107 worm (earthworm) nikanu pwun   78  
108 louse word info kúú louse or flea 1  
108 louse word info kúúwe-(n)   1  
108 louse word info kúú-(n) louse of 1  
109 mosquito (towu)-nómʷ mosquito 1  
109 mosquito -nómʷu-(n) mosquito net 1  
109 mosquito nikkin      
111 fish iik   1  
112 rotten word info mach very ripe 50  
112 rotten word info mmach rotten 50  
112 rotten word info pʷaa-   17  
112 rotten word info pʷa   17  
112 rotten word info mammach stink 50  
113 branch word info ráá branch with leaves 1  
113 branch word info ráá-n branch of 1  
114 leaf chéé   1  
114 leaf chéé-   1  
115 root waar root 2  
115 root waara-(n) its root 2  
116 flower péé- flower 10  
116 flower péé-n blossom, flower of 10  
116 flower pön ira      
117 fruit wuwa fruit 1  
117 fruit wuwaa-(n) berry, its fruit 1  
118 grass fetin   1  
118 grass fetini-(n)   1  
119 earth/soil pʷpʷún soil 13  
119 earth/soil pʷpʷúnú soil 13  
120 stone faaw stone 1  
120 stone féwú- rock 1  
121 sand ppi sand 12  
121 sand pii   12  
122 water word info chaan fresh water 1  
122 water word info chénú- liquid 1  
122 water word info konik   59  
123 to flow pʷuu- (with directional suffixes) 11  
124 sea ma-taw   13  
124 sea -set   1  
124 sea seti-   1  
124 sea sáát   1  
125 salt san      
126 lake konik      
127 woods/forest wénúwén vegetation, forest, bush 17  
128 sky nááŋ heaven 1  
129 moon ma-ram moon, month 7  
130 star fúú   1  
130 star fúúwe-(n)   1  
130 star fúú-(n)   1  
130 star iich   12  
130 star ichchi-   12  
131 cloud word info kuchu cloud, rain 15  
131 cloud word info kuchuu-(n) cloud, rain of 15  
133 rain wúút rain 1  
133 rain wúte-(n) rain of 1  
134 thunder paach   15, 16  
135 lightning fi flash (of light)/throw a spark (of lightning, electricity) 34  
136 wind eni- wind 1  
136 wind eniyen blowing 1  
136 wind asapwan   81  
137 to blow word info blow 14  
137 to blow word info péépé blow 14  
137 to blow word info péé-ni blow on it 14  
138 warm word info rar be warm 9  
138 warm word info rarrar be warm 9  
139 cold word info ffééw cold, be cold 11  
140 dry word info pwas   14  
141 wet che-chen   12  
142 heavy chchow heavy/heaviness 9  
142 heavy chchowu- heaviness/angry 9  
143 fire ááf   1  
143 fire efi-   1  
144 to burn word info kúú-ri burn it, scorch it 10  
145 smoke word info éét smoke 2  
145 smoke word info étú-(n) smoke of 2  
145 smoke word info ét to smoke 2  
145 smoke word info étúwét be smoky 2  
146 ash fanaŋ ashes, dust, fireplace, hearth, site of an earth oven, lineages food preparing place 8  
147 black chón dark 8  
147 black chóchchón black 8  
148 white pwitch   11  
149 red par   17  
149 red parapar   17  
150 yellow ón   9  
150 yellow óneyón   9  
150 yellow ónoyón   9  
151 green araw green 13, 52  
151 green arawaraw blue 13, 52  
152 small -chik   81  
152 small -chis   81  
152 small -sich   81  
152 small chikichiiki-   81  
152 small -ŋin   39  
152 small ŋiniŋiin   39  
152 small ŋiniŋin   39  
153 big nap   10  
153 big nnap   10  
153 big napanap   10  
154 short word info mʷoch   12  
154 short word info mʷochomʷoch   12  
155 long word info áney long 13  
155 long word info ánney tall 13  
155 long word info áneyi-(n) length 13  
156 thin word info kichùùchúú      
157 thick word info ma-anúún be thick (of flat objects) 3  
159 wide chéé- width of flat objects 9  
159 wide chéé-nap wide/broad 9, 48  
160 painful, sick metek painful/hurt 1  
160 painful, sick meteki- painful/hurt 1  
160 painful, sick sa-mʷaaw sick/not well 14  
160 painful, sick sa-mʷaawe-(n) analogical back formation 14  
161 shy, ashamed sááw be ashamed 5  
161 shy, ashamed sááwá-ási-ni be ashamed because of him 5  
162 old word info nom      
162 old word info chinup   56  
163 new   1  
164 good öch      
165 bad, evil ŋau   11  
166 correct, true pʷúúŋ   12  
166 correct, true pʷúŋu-   12  
167 night pʷiin   1  
167 night pʷini-   1  
168 day ráán   6  
168 day rááni-   6  
170 when? word info (i)-nee-t   1, 24  
171 to hide word info wop hide, be hidden, concealed 5  
172 to climb word info téé-(tá) creep or crawl up, climb or clamber up, ascend, rise 8  
173 at i- (no longer productive, used with demonstratives) 1  
174 in, inside nnó-(n) inside of it 1  
174 in, inside nóó-(n) inside of it 1  
175 above won      
176 below fan   1  
177 this een this (near person addressed and speaker or next to come up) 1, 33  
178 that een   1  
178 that (e)-mʷuu-n   11  
178 that (e)-kke-mʷuu-n   11  
179 near a-rap be near/close 13  
179 near akka-rap be near/close 13  
179 near a-rapa-(kkan) very close 13  
180 far too-(w) far 1  
180 far too-(waaw) distant 1  
181 where? word info i-fa   3, 48  
181 where? word info i-fa-a   3, 48  
181 where? word info iya   37  
181 where? word info iyaa-(n)   37  
182 I ŋaaŋ   12  
182 I ŋaŋa   12  
183 thou ke- (vocative honorific) 1  
183 thou ké-   1  
183 thou ko-   1  
183 thou ka-   1  
183 thou ká- kó-   1  
183 thou ko   1  
183 thou wo   1  
183 thou een   6  
184 he/she iiy independent pronoun 1  
185 we word info kiich incl. 1, 42  
185 we word info kich incl. 1, 42  
185 we word info áyi- excl.    
185 we word info áám excl 2  
186 you éwú-      
186 you wo-   x  
186 you áámi plural, excl. 1, 13  
187 they re-   1, 70  
187 they ra-   1, 70  
187 they ró-   1, 70  
187 they iir   1, 70  
187 they -:r   1, 70  
188 what? word info met   1, 64  
189 who? word info (i)-yé   9  
189 who? word info (i)-yéé-(n)   9  
190 other ekkoch      
191 all menisin   3  
192 and and (with) 2  
192 and ŋé and (but) 10  
193 if are if, when 7  
194 how? word info ifa   12  
195 no, not aapʷ no 14  
195 no, not -se not 4  
195 no, not se- not 4  
195 no, not sa- not 4  
196 to count ánná-(ya) reading 12  
196 to count ánne-(ya) counting 12  
196 to count ánná-(yaa-ni) to read 12  
196 to count ánne-(yaa-ni)   12  
197 One word info eet   1  
197 One word info e-   1  
197 One word info i-   1  
198 Two word info (é)-rúúw   1  
198 Two word info (é)-rúú   1  
199 Three word info één three 1  
199 Three word info wúnú- three 1  
200 Four word info fáán   1, 69  
201 Five word info nim (when counting) 1  
201 Five word info nimu (as a number) 1  
201 Five word info nima-   1  
201 Five word info nime-   1  
201 Five word info niim   1  
202 Six word info on (when counting) 1  
202 Six word info wonu-   1  
202 Six word info woné-   1  
202 Six word info wone-   1  
202 Six word info wona-   1  
202 Six word info wono-   1  
202 Six word info woon   1  
203 Seven word info fisu (as a number) 1  
203 Seven word info fus (when counting) 1  
204 Eight word info wan (when counting) 3  
204 Eight word info wanu (as a number) 3  
204 Eight word info wanu-uw   3  
204 Eight word info wanú-   3  
204 Eight word info waan   3  
205 Nine word info tiu (as a number and when couting) 5  
205 Nine word info ttiwu-   5  
205 Nine word info ttiwa-   5  
205 Nine word info ttiwe-   5  
205 Nine word info ttiiw   5  
206 Ten word info engnon   5  
206 Ten word info -ŋoonu-   5  
206 Ten word info (e)-ŋoon   5  
207 Twenty word info rue   26  
208 Fifty word info nime   11  
208 Fifty word info nime-e-   11  
208 Fifty word info nime   11  
209 One Hundred word info inik      
209 One Hundred word info -pwúkúú-   20  
209 One Hundred word info (i)-pwúkú   20  
210 One Thousand word info engörou      
210 One Thousand word info -ŋé-réw   17  
106 snake serepenit     L
128 sky neŋi- sky (loan from other dialect) 1 L
96 dog konak     L < Chamor

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