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Language: Kiribati

Source/Author:  Bingham & Sabatier via Stephen Trussel and Gordon 
Notes:  A Combined Kiribati-English Dictionary based on the works of Hiram Bingham, D.D. and Father Ernest Sabatier, M.S.C. (translated by Sr. M. Oliva) with additional scientific material from Luomala, Goo & Banner. Compiled by Stephen Trussel and Gordon W. Groves, University of Hawaii, 1978 (http://www.trussel.com/kir/dic/dic_a.htm) 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Francisc Czobor  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian:Micronesian Proper:Ikiribati 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
190 other      
74 to kill (ka-)márua      
209 One Hundred word info (te)-bwubwua   20  
207 Twenty word info (ua)-iaki twenty in counting fish and rolls of dried pandanus paste    
124 sea -tari   1  
206 Ten word info -ŋaun   5  
187 they a a: before verb    
178 that ae      
80 to split word info aea      
179 near aikan      
136 wind ang wind, breeze, air 1  
161 shy, ashamed angama      
189 who? word info antai   9  
155 long word info anánau   13  
155 long word info anáu   13  
141 wet aoi      
53 person/human being aomata man, human, native 67, 70  
63 name ara   1, 18  
110 spider areau   6  
29 to sniff, smell aroki to smell or scent an odour 1  
120 stone ati   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable atá to know, to be aware of, to understand 35  
56 child atáei   7, 84  
64 to say atónga      
18 breast b'aáb'aa lower part of the breast x  
27 nose b'áiri   1, 12  
95 to fall word info b'áka      
147 black b'áta      
80 to split word info b'énæ   1, 76  
114 leaf ba      
134 thunder ba   15, 16  
66 to tie up, fasten bae   96  
34 to cry baebaeta      
10 dirty baitoto      
10 dirty bakanana      
140 dry word info bataka a. dry; 14  
10 dirty baáreka      
36 to spit baáware      
165 bad, evil be      
85 to choose binea to choose, to select    
72 to hit word info bo to strike, to hit    
167 night bong   1  
163 new bou Bender et al. (2003:292) suggest this is a loan from a Polynesian source   L
57 husband bu spouse 16  
58 wife bu spouse 10  
98 egg bunatoi egg of bird or turtle 80  
98 egg bunæ/toi egg of bird or turtle 80  
99 feather buráe ni man buráe = hair, fur, feather    
165 bad, evil buréti      
5 to walk butæ      
165 bad, evil buákaka      
127 woods/forest buákoakónikai a forest, woods    
87 to swell word info bwea      
80 to split word info bwena   1, 76  
206 Ten word info bwi   38  
156 thin word info bwére      
1 hand bái hand, arm, wing, fin 8  
100 wing bái an arm, a wing 7  
121 sand bíke beach sand, sand bank, sandy soil 13  
14 belly bíroto abdomen    
91 to buy bób'ai to buy, to sell, to trade - Eng? - JCM    
11 dust búbu smoke, dust, sawdust    
145 smoke word info búbu      
209 One Hundred word info búbua hundred 9  
153 big búbura "naba" - 'too, also' is the purported cognate - JCM    
105 tail búki the base, the butt end, the buttocks, the tail    
184 he/she e   x  
71 to stab, pierce ewa to pierce, to stab    
181 where? word info gna      
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside i   4  
182 I i   x  
175 above i eta   1  
176 below i nano   8  
181 where? word info i:/a   3, 48  
181 where? word info ia   3, 48  
21 to think iango      
28 to breathe ike to respire, to breathe    
107 worm (earthworm) ino worm 35  
73 to steal ira to steal, to rob, to cheat 8  
203 Seven word info iti-   1  
203 Seven word info iti-ua   1  
203 Seven word info itu-ua   1  
67 to sew word info itua   17  
67 to sew word info itutu   17, 48  
67 to sew word info itutua   17, 48  
203 Seven word info itúa general word; root: iti 1  
47 to yawn ka   31  
138 warm word info kabue warm (weather)    
144 to burn word info kabueka   102  
144 to burn word info kabuóka   102  
66 to tie up, fasten kabáea   96  
79 stick/wood kai wood in general: trees, plants, stick, switch, rod, 1  
83 to work word info kaibekua to make work, labour    
57 husband kainaba husband, wife    
58 wife kainaba husband, wife    
81 sharp kakang   14, 68  
152 small kakárako   118  
186 you kam kam: before verb 1  
140 dry word info kam'áua b. to dry 11  
39 to cook word info kama   11  
74 to kill kamæ/tea   2  
164 good kan      
179 near kan irregular *ŋ > n 1, 75  
37 to eat kana   1  
37 to eat kang   1  
194 how? word info kanga      
16 intestines kanoa n nano bowels, intestines    
38 to chew word info kanta to chew    
162 old word info kara old, aged, elderly    
171 to hide word info karabana to cover oneself, to hide oneself    
5 to walk karae      
47 to yawn kararæ   31  
69 to hunt word info katebe man to hunt with weapons    
70 to shoot word info katébea to shoot from a bow    
7 to come ke   16  
7 to come ki   16  
102 rat kimóa mouse, rat Pn loan - JCM   L
154 short word info kimótoto      
180 far kino      
183 thou ko ko: before verb 1  
153 big kora      
10 dirty korowawa      
12 skin kun skin, peel, bark, crust, membrane 1  
147 black kun      
82 dull, blunt kábubu   13  
195 no, not kákea      
39 to cook word info kám'a   11  
152 small kárako   118  
133 rain kárau to rain; rain, rainwater 24  
128 sky kárawa heaven, the blue sky, the skies    
94 to throw word info kárea to cast at, to throw at 14  
92 to open, uncover káuka   1  
6 road/path káwai road, way, route, path, street    
90 to dig kéna   1  
101 to fly kíba      
180 far kírarewa   45  
180 far kíraroa   45  
96 dog kíri   7  
166 correct, true kóaua b. true, real    
78 to cut, hack word info kórokai to cut wood    
54 man/male m'aáne male 1  
113 branch word info m'ánga [<] Pn; looks like a loan from Polynesian   L
107 worm (earthworm) m'áta worm 10  
140 dry word info m'áu a. dry 11  
112 rotten word info m'æ/ka      
192 and ma   2  
161 shy, ashamed maama   1  
132 fog mabubu   77  
65 rope mae string, rope, cord; Pn loan - JCM   L
141 wet maimai   99  
141 wet maki      
22 to fear makina not sure of -kina bit here, but Bender et al. (2003) give ma-aku 'afraid' and ma-aka 'fear s/one', so I've coded as cognate 1  
122 water word info mam fresh water 60  
38 to chew word info mama to masticate 1  
97 bird man   1  
54 man/male mane man 1  
109 mosquito maninnara   91  
146 ash mannang      
156 thin word info manni   1  
132 fog marabu      
145 smoke word info marabu      
116 flower marewe      
139 cold word info mariri   1  
81 sharp mariro      
45 eye mata eye, look 1  
37 to eat matamu      
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
157 thick word info maten   3  
48 to sleep matu   1  
151 green mawáwa   13  
132 fog maábubu   77  
22 to fear maákina not sure of -kina bit here, but Bender et al. (2003) give ma-aku 'afraid' and ma-aka 'fear s/one', so I've coded as cognate 1  
163 new menaái      
50 to dream mi   1, 37  
50 to dream mia   1, 37  
50 to dream mitara      
112 rotten word info mka      
48 to sleep mwe   10  
148 white mái white 106  
148 white máina pale 106  
2 left máing left, left-hand, left-handed person 13  
76 to live, be alive máiu be alive, live 1, 76  
156 thin word info mæ/ni   1  
109 mosquito mæ/ninara   91  
141 wet mæ/ra   99  
139 cold word info mæ/riri   1  
45 eye mæ/ta figure, face 1  
157 thick word info mæ/ten   3  
48 to sleep mæ/tu   1  
122 water word info mæm fresh water 60  
97 bird mæn   1  
150 yellow méamea      
40 to drink mói   1  
35 to vomit múmuta   1  
173 at n   1  
174 in, inside n   55  
182 I n n: before verb x  
170 when? word info n tai ra   1, 24  
42 to suck nam to smack lips, to taste, to suck    
126 lake nama   8  
129 moon namakáina moon, month    
81 sharp namta      
131 cloud word info nang   37  
174 in, inside nano   1  
56 child nati   5  
29 to sniff, smell neneboi to smell or scent an odour    
210 One Thousand word info nga thousand 18  
187 they ngaia      
168 day ngaina day, daylight    
163 new ngkáinaba      
186 you ngkámi      
193 if ngkána      
183 thou ngkóe   1  
182 I ngái   12  
184 he/she ngáia   1, 68  
185 we word info ngáira      
33 to laugh ngáre laughter    
77 to scratch word info ngóa to scratch what itches    
173 at ni   1  
174 in, inside ni   55  
201 Five word info nii-man   1  
40 to drink nima   1  
201 Five word info nima-   1  
208 Fifty word info nima-bwii   10  
201 Five word info nima-ua   1  
208 Fifty word info nima-ŋaun   1  
208 Fifty word info nimábwi   10  
208 Fifty word info nimángaun   1  
201 Five word info nimáua general word; root: nima 1  
47 to yawn nimæn      
5 to walk nuwae      
106 snake náeta serpent, snake    
191 all náko      
5 to walk nákonako   1  
56 child næ/ti   5  
68 needle néiran Loan? 36  
68 needle néiro Loan? 36  
104 fat/grease nénea grease, fat    
32 tongue néwe   17  
170 when? word info níngai   1, 24  
46 to see nóra      
202 Six word info one-   1  
88 to squeeze word info ong to squeeze, to press to extract juice    
202 Six word info onóua general word; root: ono 1  
188 what? word info ra   1, 52  
122 water word info ran fresh water 1  
123 to flow ranga   70  
164 good raoi   18  
23 blood rara   1  
180 far raróa   1  
142 heavy rawata heavy    
123 to flow raánga   70  
126 lake reeke      
164 good reréi   18  
15 bone ri   2  
169 year riríki      
147 black roró      
25 neck roróa      
205 Nine word info rua-   27  
205 Nine word info ruáiua general word; root: rua 27  
164 good ráoirói   18  
122 water word info ræn fresh water 1  
158 narrow réme      
86 to grow word info ríki to shoot up, to spring, to grow    
7 to come róko róko means also; see Bender et al. (2003) given as "come, arrive" 9  
124 sea taari   1  
165 bad, evil tabobe      
140 dry word info taka b. to dry    
8 to turn word info tan   59  
34 to cry tang   1  
43 ear taninga   1  
119 earth/soil tano earth, soil 1  
125 salt taoro      
124 sea tari sea 1  
89 to hold word info tau      
124 sea taári salt water, sea water. 1  
206 Ten word info tebwína   38  
209 One Hundred word info tebúbua one hundred 9  
56 child tei   7  
84 to plant tei   46  
52 to stand teirake to stand up, to get up    
199 Three word info tenúa general word; root: ten 1  
188 what? word info tera   1, 52  
197 One word info teuána general word; 14  
56 child teéi   7  
185 we word info ti ti: before verb    
152 small tiko      
142 heavy tinebu weighty    
74 to kill tiri(-nga)      
195 no, not tiáki      
112 rotten word info toto      
64 to say táku Pn loan - JCM   L
172 to climb word info tám'a a. to climb    
60 father táma   1  
43 ear tæ/ninga   1  
119 earth/soil tæ/no ground 1  
8 to turn word info tæn   59  
51 to sit tékateka to sit, to sit down    
41 to bite ténaa      
210 One Thousand word info ténga one thousand 18  
59 mother tína   1  
117 fruit uaa   1  
87 to swell word info uati      
116 flower ue      
137 to blow word info uka b. to blow on, to blow out 15  
84 to plant unika      
149 red uráura      
118 grass utéute      
207 Twenty word info uábwi      
207 Twenty word info uángaun      
9 to swim uáua      
198 Two word info uóua general word; root: ua 1  
115 root waka   2  
204 Eight word info wani-   3  
204 Eight word info wani-ua general word; root: wan, wani 3  
204 Eight word info wanu-ua   3  
204 Eight word info wanua   3  
164 good wau      
30 mouth wi teeth, tooth, mouth, beak, point, needle    
31 tooth wi teeth, tooth, mouth, beak, point, needle 54  
4 leg/foot wáe a leg, a foot 1, 100  
137 to blow word info wái a. to blow as the wind;    
115 root wákaa   2  
196 to count wáre to count, to calculate, to enumerate, to spell, to read 10  
159 wide wárebwe      
158 narrow wáriki   13  
49 to lie down word info wéne to lie down 1  
177 this áei   1, 18  
143 fire ái   1  
55 woman/female áine female, woman, feminine 1, 47  
13 back word info áku   12  
37 to eat ám'arake      
19 shoulder ánga      
192 and áo      
160 painful, sick áoraki sick, unwell; sickness, disease 1  
172 to climb word info árarake b. ascend, climb as a mountain    
178 that áre   40  
178 that árei   40  
3 right átai the right, the right hand of, right handed 5, 40  
17 liver áto   1  
62 thatch/roof áto thatch made of coconut leaves 1  
24 head átu   9  
200 Four word info áua general word; root: a    
61 house áuti      
166 correct, true éti a. correct;    
107 worm (earthworm) íbo worm 35  
93 to pound, beat word info íka pound as food with a pestle    
111 fish íka fish (general term), fish of any kind 1  
26 hair word info íra n átu hair of the head    
103 meat/flesh íriko flesh, muscle, meat 10  
135 lightning íti lightning, thunderbolt, electricity, light 34  
130 star ítoi   1  
44 to hear óngo   1  
72 to hit word info óro to blow 15  
18 breast úb'a upper part of the breast x  
92 to open, uncover úka   1  
61 house úm'a   1  
108 louse word info úti   1  

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