https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Marshallese

Source/Author:  Bender et al. (2003a,b), Additions from Nikolas Willson 
Notes:  Bender, W.B., Goodenough, W.H., Jackson, F.H., Marck, J.C., Rehg, K.L., Sohn, H., Trussel, S. & Wang, J.W. (2003) Proto-Micronesian Reconstructions I & II. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian:Micronesian Proper:Marshallese 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 46 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above      
191 all hawelep   72  
192 and yem and (with) 11  
192 and yim and (with) *Note metathesis. 11  
146 ash (wi)-pahaj fireplace, ash 7  
173 at yiy   1  
173 at yi-   1  
13 back word info jakʷir shell of turtle or crab 12  
165 bad, evil nahnah   81  
14 belly wébʷ chest 11  
14 belly wibʷe-   11  
14 belly (law)-jéy   1  
14 belly jéy   1  
14 belly (law)-jiye   1  
14 belly jiye-   1  
176 below      
153 big ļap   10  
153 big ļapļap   10  
153 big ļļap   10  
97 bird bʷahwew      
147 black dawal dye 8  
23 blood dah   1  
23 blood ddah   1  
15 bone diy   2  
15 bone diyi-   2  
113 branch word info rah branch 1  
18 breast yittit breast 1  
18 breast tittit nipple 1  
18 breast yitti- teat 1  
56 child hajriy child 7, 84  
56 child naji- kid 5  
56 child néji- kid 5  
56 child (ha)-jriy toddler 7, 84  
131 cloud word info kedaw cloud, rain, overcast 15  
139 cold word info méd cooled off (of food once hot) 1  
139 cold word info (pi)-yaw chilly 11  
139 cold word info (pi)-yawyéw cool 11  
166 correct, true mʷewel      
168 day rahan   6  
168 day rahani-   6  
10 dirty ttōton   62  
96 dog kidiw loan from Polynesian   L
140 dry word info meray      
82 dull, blunt kkébʷ   13  
11 dust      
43 ear (law-)jilŋ(iy) ear 1  
119 earth/soil bʷidej   87  
98 egg lep   82  
204 Eight word info (ri)-wali-(yték)   3  
45 eye maj   1  
45 eye meja-   1  
180 far ttew-(ļakʷ) distant 1  
104 fat/grease      
60 father jema-   1  
99 feather      
208 Fifty word info lém-ŋéwil   1  
143 fire kijeyek   42  
111 fish yapil a fish 26  
201 Five word info lima-   1  
201 Five word info (ļa)-lém   1  
116 flower wit   63  
132 fog      
200 Four word info -yaŋ four (suf. to pronouns) 1, 67  
117 fruit wiwah bear much fruit or many flowers 1  
164 good (ye)-mʷan      
118 grass wijewej   93  
151 green mahrewrew green 13  
151 green -mahrew blue 13  
26 hair word info kooļ   25  
1 hand pay   8  
1 hand peyi-   8  
184 he/she yéy independent pronoun 1  
24 head bʷōr-   9  
142 heavy ddew   9  
61 house yémʷ   1, 48  
61 house yimʷe-   1, 48  
61 house mʷe-(n)   1  
194 how? word info      
57 husband paleye- spouse 16  
57 husband riyi spouse    
182 I ŋah   12  
193 if yeļaŋŋey   66  
174 in, inside (i)-lew in 1  
174 in, inside (i)-lewah inside 1  
16 intestines mʷajŋal   1, 13  
126 lake ļam bay 8  
114 leaf      
2 left (han)-miyiŋ left handed hand, left half of human body 13  
4 leg/foot ney leg 63  
4 leg/foot neye-(n) leg of 63  
135 lightning jarem   23  
17 liver yaj liver, spleen 1  
155 long word info leyelley a great distance, far 13  
108 louse word info kij louse, bacterium, bug, flea 1  
54 man/male mʷmʷahan man, male, wifes brother 1  
103 meat/flesh yitekʷ whale meat 10  
129 moon halleŋ   62  
109 mosquito ņamʷ   1  
59 mother jine-   1  
30 mouth      
63 name yat   1, 18  
158 narrow      
179 near tirʷi- next to/close to 97  
179 near (yi)-tirʷi- near/beside    
25 neck (ken)wa(ha)-   18  
68 needle      
163 new kayal   52  
167 night bʷéŋʷ   1  
205 Nine word info riwahtimjiwen      
195 no, not yahabʷ no    
27 nose bʷawat(iy)   1, 12  
162 old word info      
197 One word info ji-(wen)   44  
209 One Hundred word info (ji)-bwikwiy   20, 36  
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other      
160 painful, sick metak painful/hurt 1  
160 painful, sick wita-mʷéy sick 14  
53 person/human being harméj   67, 70  
133 rain wét rain 1  
133 rain wit rain 1  
133 rain witey to rain on 1  
102 rat kij-dik 'mouse; < 'rat' + 'little' 16, 66  
149 red bʷirehreh   96  
3 right      
6 road/path yiyaļ   1  
6 road/path yiyyaļ   1  
115 root wekar   2  
65 rope jaljél roll up or coil, jaliy 1  
112 rotten word info      
125 salt      
121 sand ppéy sandbank 12  
121 sand piyépéy sandbank 12  
124 sea me-tew   13  
124 sea (law)-jét   1  
203 Seven word info jiljilimjiwen      
81 sharp kkaŋ   14, 68  
154 short word info      
19 shoulder hayer   1  
19 shoulder hayeray   1  
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info jiljinew      
12 skin kil   1  
128 sky laŋ sky/weather/heaven 1  
152 small dik   81  
152 small (wi)-ddik   81  
152 small niŋ small/little/young/tiny/puny 39  
145 smoke word info (bʷa)-hathat to smoke 2  
106 snake      
110 spider      
130 star yijiw   1  
79 stick/wood rah branch 2  
120 stone hajji-(kad) throw stones repeatedly    
105 tail      
206 Ten word info (je)-ŋwéwil   5  
178 that yeņ that 1  
62 thatch/roof haj thatch 1  
187 they yer   1, 70  
187 they re-   1, 70  
187 they yér   1, 70  
157 thick word info mi-jel thick 3  
157 thick word info mi-jeljel thickness 3  
156 thin word info ma-niy thin/flimsy 1  
177 this yéy this 1, 18  
183 thou kʷe- (independent prn.) 1  
183 thou kʷey (independent prn.) 1  
199 Three word info jili-   1  
199 Three word info jili-w   1  
134 thunder jewirwir   97  
41 to bite kik bite 9, 74  
41 to bite kki-j bite 9  
41 to bite ki-jiy bite something 9  
137 to blow word info wiwik to blow (as wind) 15  
137 to blow word info wiwiki-(y) to blow on something 15  
28 to breathe      
144 to burn word info      
91 to buy wiyah   55  
38 to chew word info      
85 to choose (kka)-yalyél choose 1  
172 to climb word info      
7 to come      
39 to cook word info mat cooked 19, 82  
196 to count watwat count up/estimate by counting 10  
196 to count wate-k count up (something) 10  
196 to count bénbén arithmetic/count/audit/compute. 28  
34 to cry jaŋ cry 1  
34 to cry jaŋi-t cry for (someone) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info jay to cut, chop 18  
75 to die, be dead méj   1  
90 to dig ttéw   8  
90 to dig tiwij(iy)   8  
50 to dream tteņa-k to dream 9  
40 to drink ni-me- (ones) thing to drink; reflex of PMic *nima 'drinkable object, with possessive classifier' 1, 59  
40 to drink li-me- (ones) thing to drink 1, 59  
37 to eat mʷeŋay to eat food 8  
37 to eat kaŋ eat something 1  
95 to fall word info      
22 to fear mi-jak frighten, horror, afraid. 1  
123 to flow heļ flow 12  
101 to fly      
86 to grow word info ddek   49  
44 to hear reŋʷ   1  
171 to hide word info (til)-yékyék hide, be obscured. 45  
72 to hit word info      
89 to hold word info      
69 to hunt word info      
74 to kill mʷanmʷan   90  
20 to know, be knowledgeable (j)-ahjéy not know, recognize, realize, distinguish 35  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kiley be familiar with, identify, notice, perceive 18  
33 to laugh réyréy to laugh 9  
33 to laugh kajji-réyréy to laugh at/ridicule 9  
49 to lie down word info bʷahbʷiw      
76 to live, be alive méwir live, life, existence, alive, cured 1, 76  
92 to open, uncover      
84 to plant      
93 to pound, beat word info jikʷjikʷ pound breadfruit or taro 20, 2  
93 to pound, beat word info jikʷjikʷiy pound/mash it. 20, 2  
64 to say bʷah   13  
77 to scratch word info kar (?) scratch 12  
46 to see llew see/detect/find 14  
46 to see lew-(ey) see something 14  
67 to sew word info      
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit jiyjōt   143  
48 to sleep majirʷ   1  
29 to sniff, smell (ya)-teŋʷ to smell (something). 11  
36 to spit      
80 to split word info bʷel-ŋak be split open/spread legs wide open 1, 76  
88 to squeeze word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
52 to stand jiw-(tak) stand up 2  
73 to steal kawat   24  
42 to suck niŋniŋ   87  
87 to swell word info bʷbʷej swollen, swell, lump 9  
9 to swim haheh      
21 to think maŋ know better, learn not to 11  
94 to throw word info kad throw (a net) 14  
94 to throw word info kadey throw (a net) 14  
66 to tie up, fasten yawyéw bind 11  
66 to tie up, fasten pawpéw lash; Bender et al. (2003) suggest that this form is an ancient doublet with yawyew. 11  
8 to turn word info      
35 to vomit mʷmʷéj   1  
5 to walk yetal walk 8  
83 to work word info jerbʷal   37  
47 to yawn      
32 tongue lew   17  
32 tongue lewe-   17  
31 tooth ŋiy   30  
207 Twenty word info rʷeŋewil      
198 Two word info riwe-   1  
138 warm word info      
122 water word info dan   1  
122 water word info dandan   1  
185 we word info kém excl ( eastern dialect ) 2  
185 we word info kémʷ excl ( western dialect) 2  
141 wet tiwtiw      
188 what? word info tah what?, which? 1, 52  
170 when? word info ŋaya-t   1, 24  
181 where? word info yi’yah   37  
148 white mewij   96  
189 who? word info wen   45  
159 wide de-(pakpak) wide/broad 11  
58 wife paleye- spouse 10  
58 wife riyi spouse    
136 wind haŋ   1  
100 wing      
55 woman/female liye- female, woman (with dem. suf.) 6  
127 woods/forest      
107 worm (earthworm)      
169 year      
150 yellow yiyaļéw Loan?   L
186 you kemiy   1, 13  
186 you kʷémʷ   1  

Seen an error? Please let us know:

Save Data: