https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Marshallese

Source/Author:  Bender et al. (2003a,b), Additions from Nikolas Willson 
Notes:  Bender, W.B., Goodenough, W.H., Jackson, F.H., Marck, J.C., Rehg, K.L., Sohn, H., Trussel, S. & Wang, J.W. (2003) Proto-Micronesian Reconstructions I & II. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian:Micronesian Proper:Marshallese 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
3 right      
7 to come      
8 to turn word info      
11 dust      
28 to breathe      
30 mouth      
36 to spit      
38 to chew word info      
47 to yawn      
67 to sew word info      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info      
84 to plant      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
92 to open, uncover      
95 to fall word info      
99 feather      
100 wing      
101 to fly      
104 fat/grease      
105 tail      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
112 rotten word info      
114 leaf      
125 salt      
127 woods/forest      
132 fog      
138 warm word info      
144 to burn word info      
154 short word info      
158 narrow      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info      
169 year      
172 to climb word info      
175 above      
176 below      
190 other      
194 how? word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
145 smoke word info (bʷa)-hathat to smoke 2  
56 child (ha)-jriy toddler 7, 84  
2 left (han)-miyiŋ left handed hand, left half of human body 13  
174 in, inside (i)-lew in 1  
174 in, inside (i)-lewah inside 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable (j)-ahjéy not know, recognize, realize, distinguish 35  
206 Ten word info (je)-ŋwéwil   5  
209 One Hundred word info (ji)-bwikwiy   20, 36  
25 neck (ken)wa(ha)-   18  
85 to choose (kka)-yalyél choose 1  
14 belly (law)-jiye   1  
124 sea (law)-jét   1  
14 belly (law)-jéy   1  
43 ear (law-)jilŋ(iy) ear 1  
139 cold word info (pi)-yaw chilly 11  
139 cold word info (pi)-yawyéw cool 11  
204 Eight word info (ri)-wali-(yték)   3  
171 to hide word info (til)-yékyék hide, be obscured. 45  
152 small (wi)-ddik   81  
146 ash (wi)-pahaj fireplace, ash 7  
29 to sniff, smell (ya)-teŋʷ to smell (something). 11  
164 good (ye)-mʷan      
179 near (yi)-tirʷi- near/beside    
201 Five word info (ļa)-lém   1  
151 green -mahrew blue 13  
200 Four word info -yaŋ four (suf. to pronouns) 1, 67  
196 to count bénbén arithmetic/count/audit/compute. 28  
64 to say bʷah   13  
49 to lie down word info bʷahbʷiw      
97 bird bʷahwew      
27 nose bʷawat(iy)   1, 12  
87 to swell word info bʷbʷej swollen, swell, lump 9  
80 to split word info bʷel-ŋak be split open/spread legs wide open 1, 76  
119 earth/soil bʷidej   87  
149 red bʷirehreh   96  
167 night bʷéŋʷ   1  
24 head bʷōr-   9  
23 blood dah   1  
122 water word info dan   1  
122 water word info dandan   1  
147 black dawal dye 8  
23 blood ddah   1  
86 to grow word info ddek   49  
142 heavy ddew   9  
159 wide de-(pakpak) wide/broad 11  
152 small dik   81  
15 bone diy   2  
15 bone diyi-   2  
9 to swim haheh      
62 thatch/roof haj thatch 1  
120 stone hajji-(kad) throw stones repeatedly    
56 child hajriy child 7, 84  
129 moon halleŋ   62  
53 person/human being harméj   67, 70  
191 all hawelep   72  
19 shoulder hayer   1  
19 shoulder hayeray   1  
136 wind haŋ   1  
123 to flow heļ flow 12  
13 back word info jakʷir shell of turtle or crab 12  
65 rope jaljél roll up or coil, jaliy 1  
135 lightning jarem   23  
78 to cut, hack word info jay to cut, chop 18  
34 to cry jaŋ cry 1  
34 to cry jaŋi-t cry for (someone) 1  
60 father jema-   1  
83 to work word info jerbʷal   37  
134 thunder jewirwir   97  
197 One word info ji-(wen)   14  
93 to pound, beat word info jikʷjikʷ pound breadfruit or taro 20, 2  
93 to pound, beat word info jikʷjikʷiy pound/mash it. 20, 2  
199 Three word info jili-   1  
199 Three word info jili-w   1  
203 Seven word info jiljilimjiwen      
202 Six word info jiljinew      
59 mother jine-   1  
52 to stand jiw-(tak) stand up 2  
14 belly jiye-   1  
51 to sit jiyjōt   143  
14 belly jéy   1  
94 to throw word info kad throw (a net) 14  
94 to throw word info kadey throw (a net) 14  
33 to laugh kajji-réyréy to laugh at/ridicule 9  
77 to scratch word info kar (?) scratch 12  
73 to steal kawat   24  
163 new kayal   52  
37 to eat kaŋ eat something 1  
131 cloud word info kedaw cloud, rain, overcast 15  
186 you kemiy   1, 13  
41 to bite ki-jiy bite something 9  
96 dog kidiw loan from Polynesian   L
108 louse word info kij louse, bacterium, bug, flea 1  
102 rat kij-dik 'mouse; < 'rat' + 'little' 16, 66  
143 fire kijeyek   42  
41 to bite kik bite 9, 74  
12 skin kil   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kiley be familiar with, identify, notice, perceive 18  
81 sharp kkaŋ   14, 68  
41 to bite kki-j bite 9  
82 dull, blunt kkébʷ   13  
26 hair word info kooļ   25  
185 we word info kém excl ( eastern dialect ) 2  
185 we word info kémʷ excl ( western dialect) 2  
183 thou kʷe- (independent prn.) 1  
183 thou kʷey (independent prn.) 1  
186 you kʷémʷ   1  
128 sky laŋ sky/weather/heaven 1  
98 egg lep   82  
32 tongue lew   17  
46 to see lew-(ey) see something 14  
32 tongue lewe-   17  
155 long word info leyelley a great distance, far 13  
40 to drink li-me- (ones) thing to drink 1, 59  
201 Five word info lima-   1  
55 woman/female liye- female, woman (with dem. suf.) 6  
46 to see llew see/detect/find 14  
208 Fifty word info lém-ŋéwil   1  
156 thin word info ma-niy thin/flimsy 1  
151 green mahrewrew green 13  
45 eye maj   1  
48 to sleep majirʷ   1  
39 to cook word info mat cooked 19, 82  
21 to think maŋ know better, learn not to 11  
124 sea me-tew   13  
45 eye meja-   1  
140 dry word info meray      
160 painful, sick metak painful/hurt 1  
148 white mewij   96  
22 to fear mi-jak frighten, horror, afraid. 1  
157 thick word info mi-jel thick 3  
157 thick word info mi-jeljel thickness 3  
139 cold word info méd cooled off (of food once hot) 1  
75 to die, be dead méj   1  
76 to live, be alive méwir live, life, existence, alive, cured 1, 76  
16 intestines mʷajŋal   1, 13  
74 to kill mʷanmʷan   90  
61 house mʷe-(n)   1  
166 correct, true mʷewel      
37 to eat mʷeŋay to eat food 8  
54 man/male mʷmʷahan man, male, wifes brother 1  
35 to vomit mʷmʷéj   1  
165 bad, evil nahnah   81  
56 child naji- kid 5  
4 leg/foot ney leg 63  
4 leg/foot neye-(n) leg of 63  
40 to drink ni-me- (ones) thing to drink; reflex of PMic *nima 'drinkable object, with possessive classifier' 1, 59  
152 small niŋ small/little/young/tiny/puny 39  
42 to suck niŋniŋ   87  
56 child néji- kid 5  
57 husband paleye- spouse 16  
58 wife paleye- spouse 10  
66 to tie up, fasten pawpéw lash; Bender et al. (2003) suggest that this form is an ancient doublet with yawyew. 11  
1 hand pay   8  
1 hand peyi-   8  
121 sand piyépéy sandbank 12  
121 sand ppéy sandbank 12  
79 stick/wood rah branch 2  
113 branch word info rah branch 1  
168 day rahan   6  
168 day rahani-   6  
187 they re-   1, 70  
44 to hear reŋʷ   1  
205 Nine word info riwahtimjiwen      
198 Two word info riwe-   1  
57 husband riyi spouse    
58 wife riyi spouse    
33 to laugh réyréy to laugh 9  
207 Twenty word info rʷeŋewil      
188 what? word info tah what?, which? 1, 52  
179 near tirʷi- next to/close to 97  
18 breast tittit nipple 1  
90 to dig tiwij(iy)   8  
141 wet tiwtiw      
180 far ttew-(ļakʷ) distant 1  
50 to dream tteņa-k to dream 9  
90 to dig ttéw   8  
10 dirty ttōton   62  
196 to count wate-k count up (something) 10  
196 to count watwat count up/estimate by counting 10  
115 root wekar   2  
189 who? word info wen   45  
14 belly wibʷe-   11  
118 grass wijewej   93  
116 flower wit   63  
133 rain wit rain 1  
160 painful, sick wita-mʷéy sick 14  
133 rain witey to rain on 1  
117 fruit wiwah bear much fruit or many flowers 1  
137 to blow word info wiwik to blow (as wind) 15  
137 to blow word info wiwiki-(y) to blow on something 15  
91 to buy wiyah   55  
14 belly wébʷ chest 11  
133 rain wét rain 1  
195 no, not yahabʷ no    
17 liver yaj liver, spleen 1  
111 fish yapil a fish 26  
63 name yat   1, 18  
66 to tie up, fasten yawyéw bind 11  
192 and yem and (with) 11  
187 they yer   1, 70  
5 to walk yetal walk 8  
193 if yeļaŋŋey   66  
178 that yeņ that 1  
173 at yi-   1  
130 star yijiw   1  
192 and yim and (with) *Note metathesis. 11  
61 house yimʷe-   1, 48  
103 meat/flesh yitekʷ whale meat 10  
18 breast yitti- teat 1  
18 breast yittit breast 1  
173 at yiy   1  
6 road/path yiyaļ   1  
150 yellow yiyaļéw Loan?   L
6 road/path yiyyaļ   1  
181 where? word info yi’yah   37  
61 house yémʷ   1, 48  
187 they yér   1, 70  
177 this yéy this 1, 18  
184 he/she yéy independent pronoun 1  
126 lake ļam bay 8  
153 big ļap   10  
153 big ļapļap   10  
153 big ļļap   10  
109 mosquito ņamʷ   1  
182 I ŋah   12  
170 when? word info ŋaya-t   1, 24  
31 tooth ŋiy   30  

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