https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Marshallese

Source/Author:  Bender et al. (2003a,b), Additions from Nikolas Willson 
Notes:  Bender, W.B., Goodenough, W.H., Jackson, F.H., Marck, J.C., Rehg, K.L., Sohn, H., Trussel, S. & Wang, J.W. (2003) Proto-Micronesian Reconstructions I & II. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
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Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian:Micronesian Proper:Marshallese 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
3 right      
7 to come      
8 to turn word info      
11 dust      
28 to breathe      
30 mouth      
36 to spit      
38 to chew word info      
47 to yawn      
67 to sew word info      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info      
84 to plant      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
92 to open, uncover      
95 to fall word info      
99 feather      
100 wing      
101 to fly      
104 fat/grease      
105 tail      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
112 rotten word info      
114 leaf      
125 salt      
127 woods/forest      
132 fog      
138 warm word info      
144 to burn word info      
154 short word info      
158 narrow      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info      
169 year      
172 to climb word info      
175 above      
176 below      
190 other      
194 how? word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
9 to swim haheh      
49 to lie down word info bʷahbʷiw      
57 husband riyi spouse    
58 wife riyi spouse    
96 dog kidiw loan from Polynesian   L
97 bird bʷahwew      
120 stone hajji-(kad) throw stones repeatedly    
140 dry word info meray      
141 wet tiwtiw      
150 yellow yiyaļéw Loan?   L
164 good (ye)-mʷan      
166 correct, true mʷewel      
179 near (yi)-tirʷi- near/beside    
195 no, not yahabʷ no    
202 Six word info jiljinew      
203 Seven word info jiljilimjiwen      
205 Nine word info riwahtimjiwen      
207 Twenty word info rʷeŋewil      
6 road/path yiyaļ   1  
6 road/path yiyyaļ   1  
12 skin kil   1  
14 belly (law)-jéy   1  
14 belly jéy   1  
14 belly (law)-jiye   1  
14 belly jiye-   1  
17 liver yaj liver, spleen 1  
18 breast yittit breast 1  
18 breast tittit nipple 1  
18 breast yitti- teat 1  
19 shoulder hayer   1  
19 shoulder hayeray   1  
22 to fear mi-jak frighten, horror, afraid. 1  
23 blood dah   1  
23 blood ddah   1  
34 to cry jaŋ cry 1  
34 to cry jaŋi-t cry for (someone) 1  
35 to vomit mʷmʷéj   1  
37 to eat kaŋ eat something 1  
43 ear (law-)jilŋ(iy) ear 1  
44 to hear reŋʷ   1  
45 eye maj   1  
45 eye meja-   1  
48 to sleep majirʷ   1  
54 man/male mʷmʷahan man, male, wifes brother 1  
59 mother jine-   1  
60 father jema-   1  
61 house mʷe-(n)   1  
62 thatch/roof haj thatch 1  
65 rope jaljél roll up or coil, jaliy 1  
75 to die, be dead méj   1  
85 to choose (kka)-yalyél choose 1  
108 louse word info kij louse, bacterium, bug, flea 1  
109 mosquito ņamʷ   1  
113 branch word info rah branch 1  
117 fruit wiwah bear much fruit or many flowers 1  
122 water word info dan   1  
122 water word info dandan   1  
124 sea (law)-jét   1  
128 sky laŋ sky/weather/heaven 1  
130 star yijiw   1  
133 rain wét rain 1  
133 rain wit rain 1  
133 rain witey to rain on 1  
136 wind haŋ   1  
139 cold word info méd cooled off (of food once hot) 1  
156 thin word info ma-niy thin/flimsy 1  
160 painful, sick metak painful/hurt 1  
167 night bʷéŋʷ   1  
173 at yiy   1  
173 at yi-   1  
174 in, inside (i)-lew in 1  
174 in, inside (i)-lewah inside 1  
178 that yeņ that 1  
180 far ttew-(ļakʷ) distant 1  
183 thou kʷe- (independent prn.) 1  
183 thou kʷey (independent prn.) 1  
184 he/she yéy independent pronoun 1  
186 you kʷémʷ   1  
198 Two word info riwe-   1  
199 Three word info jili-   1  
199 Three word info jili-w   1  
201 Five word info lima-   1  
201 Five word info (ļa)-lém   1  
208 Fifty word info lém-ŋéwil   1  
177 this yéy this 1, 18  
61 house yémʷ   1, 48  
61 house yimʷe-   1, 48  
188 what? word info tah what?, which? 1, 52  
40 to drink ni-me- (ones) thing to drink; reflex of PMic *nima 'drinkable object, with possessive classifier' 1, 59  
40 to drink li-me- (ones) thing to drink 1, 59  
200 Four word info -yaŋ four (suf. to pronouns) 1, 67  
187 they yer   1, 70  
187 they re-   1, 70  
187 they yér   1, 70  
76 to live, be alive méwir live, life, existence, alive, cured 1, 76  
80 to split word info bʷel-ŋak be split open/spread legs wide open 1, 76  
27 nose bʷawat(iy)   1, 12  
16 intestines mʷajŋal   1, 13  
186 you kemiy   1, 13  
63 name yat   1, 18  
170 when? word info ŋaya-t   1, 24  
58 wife paleye- spouse 10  
103 meat/flesh yitekʷ whale meat 10  
153 big ļap   10  
153 big ļapļap   10  
153 big ļļap   10  
196 to count watwat count up/estimate by counting 10  
196 to count wate-k count up (something) 10  
14 belly wébʷ chest 11  
14 belly wibʷe-   11  
21 to think maŋ know better, learn not to 11  
29 to sniff, smell (ya)-teŋʷ to smell (something). 11  
66 to tie up, fasten yawyéw bind 11  
66 to tie up, fasten pawpéw lash; Bender et al. (2003) suggest that this form is an ancient doublet with yawyew. 11  
139 cold word info (pi)-yaw chilly 11  
139 cold word info (pi)-yawyéw cool 11  
159 wide de-(pakpak) wide/broad 11  
192 and yem and (with) 11  
192 and yim and (with) *Note metathesis. 11  
13 back word info jakʷir shell of turtle or crab 12  
77 to scratch word info kar (?) scratch 12  
121 sand ppéy sandbank 12  
121 sand piyépéy sandbank 12  
123 to flow heļ flow 12  
182 I ŋah   12  
2 left (han)-miyiŋ left handed hand, left half of human body 13  
64 to say bʷah   13  
82 dull, blunt kkébʷ   13  
124 sea me-tew   13  
151 green mahrewrew green 13  
151 green -mahrew blue 13  
155 long word info leyelley a great distance, far 13  
46 to see llew see/detect/find 14  
46 to see lew-(ey) see something 14  
94 to throw word info kad throw (a net) 14  
94 to throw word info kadey throw (a net) 14  
160 painful, sick wita-mʷéy sick 14  
197 One word info ji-(wen)   14  
81 sharp kkaŋ   14, 68  
51 to sit jiyjōt   143  
131 cloud word info kedaw cloud, rain, overcast 15  
137 to blow word info wiwik to blow (as wind) 15  
137 to blow word info wiwiki-(y) to blow on something 15  
57 husband paleye- spouse 16  
102 rat kij-dik 'mouse; < 'rat' + 'little' 16, 66  
32 tongue lew   17  
32 tongue lewe-   17  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kiley be familiar with, identify, notice, perceive 18  
25 neck (ken)wa(ha)-   18  
78 to cut, hack word info jay to cut, chop 18  
39 to cook word info mat cooked 19, 82  
15 bone diy   2  
15 bone diyi-   2  
52 to stand jiw-(tak) stand up 2  
79 stick/wood rah branch 2  
115 root wekar   2  
145 smoke word info (bʷa)-hathat to smoke 2  
185 we word info kém excl ( eastern dialect ) 2  
185 we word info kémʷ excl ( western dialect) 2  
93 to pound, beat word info jikʷjikʷ pound breadfruit or taro 20, 2  
93 to pound, beat word info jikʷjikʷiy pound/mash it. 20, 2  
209 One Hundred word info (ji)-bwikwiy   20, 36  
135 lightning jarem   23  
73 to steal kawat   24  
26 hair word info kooļ   25  
111 fish yapil a fish 26  
196 to count bénbén arithmetic/count/audit/compute. 28  
157 thick word info mi-jel thick 3  
157 thick word info mi-jeljel thickness 3  
204 Eight word info (ri)-wali-(yték)   3  
31 tooth ŋiy   30  
20 to know, be knowledgeable (j)-ahjéy not know, recognize, realize, distinguish 35  
83 to work word info jerbʷal   37  
181 where? word info yi’yah   37  
152 small niŋ small/little/young/tiny/puny 39  
143 fire kijeyek   42  
171 to hide word info (til)-yékyék hide, be obscured. 45  
189 who? word info wen   45  
86 to grow word info ddek   49  
56 child naji- kid 5  
56 child néji- kid 5  
206 Ten word info (je)-ŋwéwil   5  
163 new kayal   52  
91 to buy wiyah   55  
55 woman/female liye- female, woman (with dem. suf.) 6  
168 day rahan   6  
168 day rahani-   6  
10 dirty ttōton   62  
129 moon halleŋ   62  
4 leg/foot ney leg 63  
4 leg/foot neye-(n) leg of 63  
116 flower wit   63  
193 if yeļaŋŋey   66  
53 person/human being harméj   67, 70  
146 ash (wi)-pahaj fireplace, ash 7  
56 child hajriy child 7, 84  
56 child (ha)-jriy toddler 7, 84  
191 all hawelep   72  
1 hand pay   8  
1 hand peyi-   8  
5 to walk yetal walk 8  
37 to eat mʷeŋay to eat food 8  
90 to dig ttéw   8  
90 to dig tiwij(iy)   8  
126 lake ļam bay 8  
147 black dawal dye 8  
152 small dik   81  
152 small (wi)-ddik   81  
165 bad, evil nahnah   81  
98 egg lep   82  
42 to suck niŋniŋ   87  
119 earth/soil bʷidej   87  
24 head bʷōr-   9  
33 to laugh réyréy to laugh 9  
33 to laugh kajji-réyréy to laugh at/ridicule 9  
41 to bite kki-j bite 9  
41 to bite ki-jiy bite something 9  
50 to dream tteņa-k to dream 9  
87 to swell word info bʷbʷej swollen, swell, lump 9  
142 heavy ddew   9  
41 to bite kik bite 9, 74  
74 to kill mʷanmʷan   90  
118 grass wijewej   93  
148 white mewij   96  
149 red bʷirehreh   96  
134 thunder jewirwir   97  
179 near tirʷi- next to/close to 97  

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