https://abvd.shh.mpg.de : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Micronesian

Source/Author:  Bender et al. (2003a,b) 
Notes:  Bender, W.B., Goodenough, W.H., Jackson, F.H., Marck, J.C., Rehg, K.L., Sohn, H., Trussel, S. & Wang, J.W. (2003) Proto-Micronesian Reconstructions I & II. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Showing 3 of 19 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
2 left      
3 right      
7 to come      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
16 intestines      
28 to breathe      
30 mouth      
31 tooth      
38 to chew word info      
50 to dream      
57 husband      
58 wife      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
73 to steal      
74 to kill      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
86 to grow word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info      
96 dog      
97 bird      
98 egg      
100 wing      
101 to fly      
102 rat      
104 fat/grease      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
116 flower      
118 grass      
123 to flow      
125 salt      
131 cloud word info      
132 fog      
141 wet      
144 to burn word info      
148 white      
150 yellow      
154 short word info      
158 narrow      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info      
163 new      
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true      
169 year      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
175 above      
176 below      
180 far      
190 other      
191 all      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
207 Twenty word info      
40 to drink *(i)nu-ma drink 1  
40 to drink *(i)nu-mi drink 1  
188 what? word info *(mee)-t what? 1, 64  
188 what? word info *(mee)-ta what? 1, 64  
188 what? word info *-Saa interrogative suffix 1, 52  
181 where? word info *-faa where? 3, 48  
209 One Hundred word info *-pwukiwa   20  
209 One Hundred word info *-pwukua   20  
210 One Thousand word info *-ŋa-ratu   17  
206 Ten word info *-ŋawulu   5  
205 Nine word info *Siwa   5  
179 near *Soru- near, beside (not from OL - JCM) 97  
71 to stab, pierce *[sS]oka (?) pierce/stab 67  
90 to dig *[sS]owu to dig 8  
63 name *aSa name 1, 18  
62 thatch/roof *aTo thatch 1  
145 smoke word info *a[sS]u smoke 2  
177 this *ae (?) this 1, 18  
19 shoulder *afara shoulder 1  
143 fire *afi fire 1  
6 road/path *ala path/road 1  
155 long word info *ala[iu] long 13  
53 person/human being *ara-mata people 67, 70  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *ata-i- to know 35  
17 liver *ate liver 1  
136 wind *aŋi wind 1  
23 blood *caa blood 1  
122 water word info *cacanu   1  
142 heavy *cacawu   9  
147 black *calo dark 8  
147 black *calocalo black 8  
122 water word info *canu- fresh water 1  
122 water word info *canucanu   1  
114 leaf *cau leaf 1  
159 wide *cau- wide 9  
159 wide *cau-lapa width 9, 48  
142 heavy *cawu   9  
142 heavy *cawucawu   9  
152 small *ciki small/little 81  
15 bone *cuyi bone 2  
177 this *ee here/this near speaker 1, 18  
177 this *ena this/that 1, 33  
178 that *ena this, that 1  
5 to walk *faSale walk, move around 8  
84 to plant *faSo planted 6  
84 to plant *faSoka   6  
84 to plant *faSoki a planted thing 6  
84 to plant *fafaSo to plant 6  
55 woman/female *faifine woman 1, 47  
120 stone *fatu stone 1  
66 to tie up, fasten *fau tie 11  
66 to tie up, fasten *fau-Si bind 11  
200 Four word info *faŋi the number four (in serial counting) 1, 67  
103 meat/flesh *fiSiko flesh 10  
85 to choose *fili choose 1  
85 to choose *filifili choose 1  
130 star *fit[ou]u star 1  
135 lightning *fiti flash (of light) 34  
203 Seven word info *fitu   1  
139 cold word info *fou   11  
173 at *i- at (locative): 1  
63 name *iSa name 66  
184 he/she *ia he, she, it (independent pronoun): 1  
105 tail *iku tail 1  
40 to drink *inu drink 1  
36 to spit *ka[sS]i[sS]ifa spit, spittle 19, 55  
77 to scratch word info *kaaSu to scratch 11  
41 to bite *kai bite 38, 73  
77 to scratch word info *kakaaSu   11  
186 you *kamʷu you (pl.) 1  
77 to scratch word info *kari   12  
185 we word info *kayi excl. 2  
37 to eat *kaŋi eat some thing 1  
90 to dig *keli dig 1  
90 to dig *keli-ŋi- dig 1  
185 we word info *kica incl.; reflecting POc *kida rather than *kita 1, 42  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila to know 18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila-a   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila-i   18  
152 small *kisi   80  
183 thou *ko- you (sg. subj. marker) 1  
183 thou *koe you (sg. subj. marker) 1  
41 to bite *ku bite 9  
41 to bite *kuku bite 9, 74  
41 to bite *kukuti bite 9, 74  
12 skin *kuli skin, bark 1  
41 to bite *kuti bite 9  
108 louse word info *kutu louse 1  
174 in, inside *lalo inside 1  
126 lake *lama lagoon, lake 8  
153 big *lapa big, main 10  
128 sky *laŋi sky, heaven, storm 1  
32 tongue *lewe tongue 17  
201 Five word info *lim-manu   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
201 Five word info *lima-ua   1  
208 Fifty word info *lima-ŋawulu   1  
46 to see *loo to see 14  
192 and *ma and (with) 2  
124 sea *ma-Sawa deep sea, open sea 13  
156 thin word info *ma-nifi thin 1  
156 thin word info *ma-nifinifi flimsy 1  
129 moon *ma-rama moon 7  
151 green *ma-rawa green, blue 13  
22 to fear *ma-taku to fear, be afraid 1  
157 thick word info *ma-tolu thick 3  
157 thick word info *ma-tolutolu thick 3  
157 thick word info *ma-totolu thick 3  
76 to live, be alive *ma[nñ]awa life/alive 7  
39 to cook word info *ma[sS]o cooked 19, 82  
39 to cook word info *ma[w0]u[sS][au] cooked 19, 82  
51 to sit *maaso to sit 18, 101  
112 rotten word info *maca very ripe 50  
139 cold word info *maci be cold 1  
139 cold word info *macici   1  
112 rotten word info *mamaca rotten 50  
140 dry word info *mamasa dry 11  
140 dry word info *masa be low tide 11  
160 painful, sick *masaki be painful, hurt 1  
51 to sit *masoso to sit 18, 101  
45 eye *mata eye, face 1  
53 person/human being *mata person 70  
75 to die, be dead *mate die, lose consciousness 1  
48 to sleep *maturu sleep 1  
76 to live, be alive *mauri alive 1, 76  
47 to yawn *mawa (?) yawn, be open mouthed 19  
21 to think *maŋi have in mind, think, remember 11  
188 what? word info *mee-Saa interrogative suffix 1, 64  
54 man/male *mʷaane man, male 1  
37 to eat *mʷaŋau to eat food 8  
48 to sleep *mʷoe   10  
35 to vomit *mʷumʷuta to vomit 1  
56 child *natu child/classifier for cherished possessions 5  
4 leg/foot *ney[ae] leg 63  
196 to count *paa   11  
196 to count *paapaa   11  
111 fish *pali a fish 26  
134 thunder *para ? 15, 16  
149 red *para red 17  
111 fish *parapara a fish 8  
134 thunder *parara ? 15, 16  
1 hand *pau hand, arm, wing 8  
137 to blow word info *pau blow (of the wind) 14  
137 to blow word info *paupau blow (of the wind) 14  
146 ash *peata ashes 7  
146 ash *peyata ashes 7  
121 sand *pia   12  
121 sand *piapia   12  
122 water word info *pili   4  
121 sand *pipia   12  
80 to split word info *pʷ[ae]la to split s.t. open 1, 76  
64 to say *pʷaa to say 13  
93 to pound, beat word info *pʷau to pound food 3  
27 nose *pʷauSu nose, not set 1,set 12, see Blust 1984 1, 12  
119 earth/soil *pʷelu   13  
167 night *pʷoŋi night 1  
187 they *ra- they (independent pronoun), them (suf. obj. prn.),their (suf. poss. prn.) 1, 70  
168 day *raani   6  
79 stick/wood *rae branch 2  
113 branch word info *rae branch 1  
138 warm word info *rara to heat, be warm 9  
187 they *re- they (3pl subject marker) 1, 70  
44 to hear *roŋo hear, listen 1  
198 Two word info *rua two 1  
67 to sew word info *sai-ti sew 2  
67 to sew word info *saisai sew 2  
29 to sniff, smell *saŋu to smell something / May = PPn *songi 11  
72 to hit word info *suku hit/strike 8, 63  
18 breast *susu breast, to suckle 1  
42 to suck *susu breast, to suckle 25  
195 no, not *ta not 4  
124 sea *taSi Salt water 1  
78 to cut, hack word info *tafa to cut in pieces 18  
78 to cut, hack word info *tafasi slice 18  
195 no, not *tai not 4  
13 back word info *takuru back (of body) 12  
65 rope *tali rope 1  
43 ear *taliŋa ear, mushroom, fungus 1  
60 father *tama father 1  
56 child *tari child 7  
53 person/human being *tau person 1  
189 who? word info *tau who? 9  
34 to cry *taŋi cry 1  
34 to cry *taŋi-Si weep 1  
197 One word info *te- one (prefixed to classifiers) 14  
199 Three word info *telu three 1  
199 Three word info *telu-ua three (general) 1  
14 belly *tia   1  
59 mother *tina mother 1  
93 to pound, beat word info *tuki to pound 20, 2  
93 to pound, beat word info *tukituki to pound 20, 2  
87 to swell word info *tupʷu I don't think *tupwu is reconstructed for PMc with this meaning and is not, at least, an ancestor of the "9" forms - JCM.    
52 to stand *tuu to stand 2  
133 rain *u[sS]a rain 1  
25 neck *ua neck 18  
24 head *ulu extremity, top, tip, head 1  
61 house *umʷa house 1  
26 hair word info *una hair/feathers/scales/remove (hair or scales) 10  
99 feather *una hair/feathers/scales 30  
26 hair word info *una-fi   10  
26 hair word info *unauna   10  
99 feather *unauna hair/feathers/scales 30  
49 to lie down word info *w[eo]n[eo] lie down, sleep 1  
196 to count *waSe   10  
196 to count *waSe-ki   10  
4 leg/foot *wae leg/foot 1, 100  
115 root *waka root 2  
115 root *wakara root 2  
127 woods/forest *walu vegetation, forest 17  
204 Eight word info *walu   3  
204 Eight word info *walu-ua   3  
72 to hit word info *wece strike/hit/beat 15  
72 to hit word info *woco strike/hit/beat 15  
202 Six word info *wono-   1  
117 fruit *wuaa fruit 1  
137 to blow word info *wuku to blow 15  
14 belly *wupʷa   11  
137 to blow word info *wuuku to blow 15  
170 when? word info *ñai-Sa when? 1, 24  
109 mosquito *ñamʷu mosquito 1  
182 I *ŋaa I (1st person singular pronoun) 12  
170 when? word info *ŋai-Sa when? 1, 24  
33 to laugh *ŋiTi chant, sing, be noisy, laugh 17  
90 to dig [sS]owu-ti- to dig 8  
155 long word info alala[iu] long 13  
136 wind aŋiaŋi wind 1  
23 blood cacaa be bloody 1  
203 Seven word info fitu-ua   1  
61 house imʷa house 1, 48  
46 to see loo-Si behold 14  
80 to split word info pʷ[ae]la-ŋaki to split s.t. open 1, 76  
80 to split word info pʷ[ae]la-ŋi to split s.t. open 1, 76  
182 I ŋau I (1st person singular pronoun) 12  

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